Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He’s written about technology for over a decade and was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times and Reader’s Digest, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami’s NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times—and that’s just here at How-To Geek. Read more.
Windows 10 automatically performs system maintenance tasks like security scanning and disk optimization on a schedule. By default, Windows runs these tasks every day at 2 AM and wakes up your PC to do it if it’s sleeping.
The Automatic Maintenance feature was added in Windows 8, so you’ll see the same options on a Windows 8 PC.
What Is Automatic Maintenance?
Starting with Windows 8, Windows uses a new “Automatic Maintenance” feature to perform system maintenance tasks. It combines a number of different background tasks and performs them all at once.
These tasks are scheduled for 2 AM by default, and are only performed if you aren’t using your computer at that time. By default, Windows will wake your PC up if it’s asleep to perform the tasks (and if its plugged into power—Windows won’t wake a laptop running on battery). Windows will put your PC back to sleep when it’s done.
The maintenance window is only a single hour. If the tasks don’t complete within that hour, Windows will stop and complete the task during its next maintenance window. Some tasks have “deadlines” and will be full completed outside the maintenance window if they’re not finished.
If you are using your PC at the scheduled time, or if your PC is powered off at the scheduled time, those maintenance tasks will occur at the next available time when Windows notices you aren’t using your PC. For example, if you leave your PC on and step away from it for a while, Windows will get to work.
What Functions Does Automatic Maintenance Perform?
Maintenance tasks include software updates, security scanning with applications like Windows Defender, disk defragmentation and optimization, and other system diagnostic tasks.
On Windows 10, Windows Update is very aggressive and will install updates even outside the maintenance window by default. However, Group Policy allows system administrators to force Windows Update to install updates during the maintenance window.
The exact set of tasks while vary from PC to PC, as software developers can set any of their scheduled tasks to run during the maintenance window. In other words, Windows may also run maintenance functions created by applications you’ve installed.
How to Control When Maintenance Happens
To control this feature, head to Control Panel > System and Security > Security and Maintenance. You can also open the Start menu, search for “Maintenance”, and click the “Security and Maintenance” shortcut to go directly to this screen.
Expand the “Maintenance” section and you’ll see an Automatic Maintenance option here.
You’ll see the last date and time maintenance occurred. If you want to run maintenance operations immediately, click “Start maintenance”. You can click “Stop Maintenance” to stop the maintenance operations if they’re running.
To schedule the time when maintenance should occur and choose whether this option wakes up your PC, click “Change maintenance settings”.
To control when maintenance tasks occur, click the “Run maintenance tasks daily at” box and choose a time. You can choose any time on the hour from 12:00 AM to 11:00 PM.
If you want to prevent Windows from automatically waking up your PC to perform these tasks, uncheck the “Allow scheduled maintenance to wake up my computer at the scheduled time” box.
We don’t really recommend disabling this feature. Windows will put the PC back to sleep when it’s done, and this will ensure these tasks never slow down your PC while you’re using it—but it’s your choice.
Click “OK” when you’re done to save your changes.
There’s no way to actually stop these automatic maintenance tasks. They’re important to keep your PC running smoothly. Maintenance tasks are designed to run only when you’re not using your PC, so they shouldn’t get in your way.
By Sonya | Follow | Last Updated November 26, 2020
Performing some fundamental Windows 10 maintenance tools regularly can make your computer run at its best. And by doing this, it will reduce the possibility that your computer is affected by a virus or goes crash. You can find these maintenance tasks from the MiniTool website.
In order to make sure that your computer runs at its best, you should do several essential Windows 10 maintenance tools regularly. Read the following paragraphs to find how to perform the tasks.
Method 1: Run Windows 10 Automatic Maintenance Feature
The first thing you should do is to run Windows 10 Automatic Maintenance feature. In default, automatic maintenance happens once a day at 2:00 a.m. when you are not actively using your PC but your PC is powered on.
This feature can perform system & apps updates, security & malware scans, disk optimization & defragmentation, diagnostics and so on. But this feature can only run for an hour per day, so if the process hasn’t been finished, it will continue during the next automatic maintenance.
So how to run Windows 10 Automatic Maintenance feature? Keep reading:
Step 1: Open Control Panel to choose System and Security.
Step 2: Choose Security and Maintenance and then expand the Maintenance section.
Step 3: Click Start maintenance if your computer hasn’t done it.
Note: You can click Change maintenance settings to change the time of running maintenance tasks and to decide whether to allow scheduled maintenance to wake up your PC at the scheduled time.
Method 2: Update Windows and Software
It is pretty important to keep your Windows and software up to date, this is also one of the PC maintenance Windows 10 tasks.
Although Windows 10 updates by itself, it’s good for you to check for Windows updates at times to make sure that the update isn’t delayed. So you can navigate to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > Check for updates to find updates and install them.
You can go to Microsoft Store to check if there is any update for your software, if there is, download and update it.
Method 3: Delete Unnecessary Files and Programs
As you use your computer for longer and longer, there will be more and more junk files on your computer, so your computer will run slower and slower. And in order to maintain your computer, deleting unnecessary files is pretty a good idea. You can read this post to delete files – 6 Effective and Reliable Methods to Delete Files Permanently.
Similarly, if there are so many programs on your computer, your PC will run slow. Therefore, deleting some unnecessary programs is also one of the Windows 10 maintenance tools that can make your PC run fast.
Method 4. Run the SFC Scan
You should run an SFC Scan regularly to check whether there is any corrupt system file, and if there is, the SFC tool will repair it automatically. Here is the way to run it.
Step 1: Type cmd in the search box and then right-click Command Prompt to choose Run as administrator. Click Yes.
Step 2: Type sfc /scannow in the newly pop-out window, then press Enter.
Then you just need to wait for the process to complete.
There are some other efficient Windows 10 maintenance tasks you should do.
- Back up your files.
- Clean your hardware.
- Manage your email.
- Run Windows Defender.
From this article, you can know a number of solutions to make your computer run at its best. Therefore, try these methods to make sure that your computer is running at its best.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Author Sonya has been engaged in editing for a long time and likes to share useful methods to get rid of the common problems of Windows computers, such as Windows Update error. And she aims to help more people to protect their data. What’s more, she offers some useful ways to convert audio and video file formats. By the way, she likes to travel, watch movies and listen to music.
Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)
Use maintenance windows to define when Configuration Manager can run impacting tasks on devices. Maintenance windows help make sure that client configuration changes occur during times that don’t affect productivity. With Software Center, users can see the device’s next maintenance window on the Installation status tab.
The following tasks support maintenance windows:
Application and package deployments
Software update deployments
Compliance settings deployment and evaluation
OS and custom task sequence deployments
Configure maintenance windows with an effective date, a start and end time, and a recurrence pattern. The maximum duration of a window has to be less than 24 hours. The console doesn’t allow a single maintenance window longer than 24 hours. For example, if you want to allow maintenance all day Saturday and Sunday, then create two 24-hour maintenance windows for each day.
By default, computer restarts caused by a deployment aren’t allowed outside of a maintenance window, but you can override the default. Maintenance windows affect only the time when the deployment runs. Deployments that you configure to download and run locally can download content outside of the window.
When a client is a member of a device collection that has a maintenance window, a deployment runs only if its maximum allowed run time doesn’t exceed the duration of the window. If the deployment fails to run, the client generates an alert. It then reruns the deployment during the next scheduled maintenance window that has available time.
A maintenance window is for a client. A service window is for a site server. For more information, see Service windows for site servers.
Multiple maintenance windows
When a client computer is a member of multiple device collections that have maintenance windows, these rules apply:
If the maintenance windows don’t overlap, the client treats them as two independent maintenance windows.
If the maintenance windows overlap, the client treats them as a single window for the entire time of both windows. For example, you create two maintenance windows on a collection. The first is effective from 6:00 to 7:00, and the second is effective from 6:30 to 7:30. Because they overlap by 30 minutes, the effective duration of the combined maintenance window is 90 minutes from 6:00 to 7:30.
When a user installs an application from Software Center, the client starts it immediately. It prioritizes the user’s intent over the administrator’s.
If an application deployment with a purpose of Required reaches its installation deadline during the non-business hours that a user configures in Software Center, the client installs the application. It prioritizes the administrator’s intent over the user’s.
By default, with multiple maintenance windows, the client only installs software updates during Software Update type windows. It ignores any All deployments maintenance windows, unless they’re the only type. You can configure this behavior with the following client setting in the Software updates group: Enable installation of software updates in “All deployments” maintenance window when “Software Update” maintenance window is available. For more information, see About client settings.
This setting also applies to maintenance windows that you configure to apply to Task sequences.
If the client only has an All deployments window available, it still installs software updates or task sequences in that window.
Configure maintenance windows
In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Assets and Compliance workspace.
Select the Device Collections node, and then select a collection.
You can’t create maintenance windows for the All Systems collection.
On the Home tab of the ribbon, in the Properties group, choose Properties.
Switch to the Maintenance Windows tab, and select the New icon.
Specify a Name to uniquely identify this maintenance window for the collection.
Configure the Time settings:
Effective date: The date when the maintenance windows starts. The default is the current date.
Start and End: The start and end times of the maintenance window. It calculates the Duration for the window. The minimum duration is five minutes, and the maximum is 24 hours. The default duration is three hours, from 01:00 to 04:00.
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC): Enable this option for the client to interpret the start and end times in the UTC time zone. For regionally or globally distributed devices in the same collection, this option sets the maintenance window to occur simultaneously on all devices in the collection. Disable this option for the client to use the device’s local time zone. This option is disabled by default.
Configure the recurrence pattern. The default is once per week on the current day of the week.
Apply this schedule to: By default the window applies to All deployments. You can select either Software updates or Task sequences to further control what deployments run during this window.
If you configure multiple maintenance windows of different types on the same collection, make sure you understand the client behaviors. For more information, see Multiple maintenance windows.
Select OK to save and close the window.
The Maintenance Windows tab of the collection properties displays all configured windows.
You can use PowerShell to configure maintenance windows. For more information, see the following articles:
Windows automatically runs scheduled maintenance on a daily basis when you’re not using your computer. This feature is called Automatic Maintenance, which takes care of updating Windows Store apps and other software, running Windows Defender scans, system diagnostics, Disk Cleanup, etc.
Besides the maintenance tasks created by Windows, third-party programs can add their Automatic Maintenance scheduled tasks. These scheduled jobs are triggered when you leave the system idle for about five minutes. If you start using the computer again, the tasks stop within seconds, and they will run the next time the computer is not being used. Automatic Maintenance in Windows 8 and Windows 10
To see the list of automatic maintenance scheduled jobs along with the task path (in Task Scheduler) and State, you can use PowerShell. Start PowerShell as administrator and then run this command:
Be sure to run the command from an admin (elevated) PowerShell window, or else some tasks may not be listed. After you execute the command, you’ll see a long list of maintenance tasks. If you wish to selectively disable the tasks without turning off automatic maintenance altogether, you can do so using the Task Scheduler tool. View Automatic Maintenance Scheduled Tasks Using PowerShell
Automatic Maintenance is a useful feature in Windows 8 and Windows 10, designed to run without negatively impacting the system performance and energy efficiency. Automatic Maintenance shouldn’t be disabled in most cases. However, if you’re running multiple virtual machines simultaneously on a single host and want to conserve CPU resources, you can prevent automatic maintenance tasks on the VMs from firing when idle.
Here is how to disable Automatic Maintenance using a registry edit.
Disable Automatic Maintenance in Windows 10
- Start the Registry Editor (regedit.exe)
- Go to the following registry location:
- Create a DWORD value named MaintenanceDisabled if it doesn’t already exist.
- Double-click MaintenanceDisabled and set its data to 1
- Exit the Registry Editor.
This disables automatic maintenance.
Automate using registry file
To automate the above setting, download automatic_maintenance_turn_off.zip, unzip and run the enclosed REG file. To reverse the changes, run the file named undo.reg.
Note that to disable Automatic Maintenance on a virtual machine, you’ll need to apply the registry settings on the virtual machine instead of the host.
Quick Tip: Running Automatic Maintenance on demand, manually
To start Automatic Maintenance tasks on demand, press WinKey + R to bring up the Run dialog. Type the following command and hit ENTER :
Alternatively, you can open the classic Control Panel, open the Security and Maintenance page, and click “Start maintenance.” You need administrative privileges to start the task on demand.
Oracle Database is preconfigured to perform some routine database maintenance tasks so that you can run them at times when the system load is expected to be light. You can specify for such a time period a resource plan that controls the resource consumption of those maintenance tasks.
This chapter consists of the following sections:
Oracle Scheduler enables you to create time windows during which jobs are automatically run. A typical Scheduler window defines a start time, a duration, and optionally a resource plan to activate. A Scheduler job can then name a window as its schedule. (When the window “opens,” the job begins to run.) In addition, windows can be combined into window groups, and if a job names a window group as its schedule instead of naming a window, the job runs whenever any of the windows in the window group opens.
Two Scheduler windows are predefined upon installation of Oracle Database:
WEEKNIGHT_WINDOW starts at 10 p.m. and ends at 6 a.m. every Monday through Friday.
WEEKEND_WINDOW covers whole days Saturday and Sunday.
Together these windows constitute the MAINTENANCE_WINDOW_GROUP in which all system maintenance tasks are scheduled. Oracle Database uses the maintenance windows for automatic statistics collection, for space management, and for some other internal system maintenance jobs.
You can adjust the predefined maintenance windows to a time suitable to your database environment using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. For example, the following script moves the WEEKNIGHT_WINDOW to midnight to 8 a.m. every weekday morning:
Note that the duration of the window was already eight hours, so the script did not need to change it.
You can also use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure to adjust any other property of a window. For example, the following script sets resource plan DEFAULT_MAINTENANCE_PLAN for the WEEKNIGHT_WINDOW :
In this case, if you have already enabled a different resource plan, Oracle Database will make the DEFAULT_MAINTENANCE_PLAN active when the WEEKNIGHT_WINDOW opens, and will reactivate the original resource plan when the WEEKNIGHT_WINDOW closes.
Chapter 27, “Using the Scheduler” for more information on the Scheduler, and Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for information on the DBMS_SCHEDULER package
Chapter 24, “Using the Database Resource Manager” for more information on creating and modifying resource plans
Predefined Automatic System Tasks
The following jobs are among the automatic system tasks that are predefined to run in the maintenance windows:
Automatic Statistics Collection Job
A Scheduler job GATHER_STATS_JOB is predefined upon installation of Oracle Database. GATHER_STATS_JOB collects optimizer statistics for all objects in the database for which there are no statistics or only stale statistics.
If you prefer to manage statistics collection manually, you can disable the job as follows:
Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide for more information on automatic statistics collection
Automatic Segment Advisor Job
A Scheduler job AUTO_SPACE_ADVISOR_JOB is also predefined upon installation. AUTO_SPACE_ADVISOR_JOB runs the Automatic Segment Advisor, which identifies segments that have space available for reclamation, and then makes recommendations that you can view with Enterprise Manager or a set of PL/SQL package procedures.
You can run the Segment Advisor manually to obtain more up-to-the-minute recommendations or to obtain recommendations on segments that the Automatic Segment Advisor did not examine for possible space reclamation.
Resource Management for Automatic System Tasks
If you want to control how CPU resources are allocated to the automatic system tasks so that these tasks do not significantly impact the performance of other database applications, you can create a resource plan and assign the plan to the maintenance windows. (These windows initially have no resource plan assigned.) This resource plan must include directives for the predefined consumer group AUTO_TASK_CONSUMER_GROUP , which is the Resource Manager consumer group under which the automatic system tasks run.
The connection between the automatic system tasks and the AUTO_TASK_CONSUMER_GROUP is made as follows: A Scheduler job class AUTO_TASKS_JOB_CLASS is predefined and names AUTO_TASK_CONSUMER_GROUP as its resource_consumer_group attribute. The automatic system tasks GATHER_STATS_JOB and AUTO_SPACE_ADVISOR_JOB are defined to run in the AUTO_TASKS_JOB_CLASS job class.
Chapter 27, “Using the Scheduler” for more information on job classes
Chapter 24, “Using the Database Resource Manager” for more information on resource plans, resource plan directives, and resource consumer groups
Windows 11/10/8 includes a new feature that allows you to schedule and run Automatic Maintenance on your computer. The task when run will carry out a task like security updating and scanning, Windows software updates, Disk Defragmentation, Disk Volume Errors, System Diagnostics, etc. and also includes enterprise-level Network Access Protection scanning and security standards scanning on all enterprise workstations.
In Windows 7 and earlier versions, performance and energy efficiency are impacted to a certain extent, but in Windows 10/8, this maintenance activity is designed to run in the background – in a prioritized fashion – with limited user interaction and minimal impact to performance and energy efficiency.
Automatic Maintenance automatically stops currently running maintenance activities if the user starts interacting with the computer. Maintenance activity will resume when the system returns to idle status.
Windows Automatic Maintenance
Automatic Maintenance in Windows 10/8 will run daily and will combine all the background maintenance activities, like updating of Windows software, apps, attending to Action Center messages, running background maintenance tasks, etc., without negatively impacting performance and energy efficiency. It will allow the user to be in control of maintenance activity scheduling and configuration too. But responsiveness of the operating system to users may be reduced when maintenance activity runs while users are actively using the computer.
The process is named MSchedExe.exe, and it is located in the System32 folder. To access Automatic Maintenance, open Control Panel and navigate to System and Security > Security and Maintenance. Here, under Maintenance, click on the small arrow on the right side. This will expose Automatic Maintenance.
Clicking on Start maintenance will start the task manually right away.
Clicking on Change maintenance settings will open the following window where you can change the settings.
By default, Automatic Maintenance runs in the fully Automatic Mode, i.e., your PC is intelligently scanned during idle-time and at scheduled times, without user intervention. The complete task is executed silently, and you will not even notice anything.
If your computer is busy, it will run the next time your PC is not being used.
If your computer is in Sleep mode, while on AC Power, it will be resumed, and the maintenance activity will be carried out using full system resources to execute the task as fast as it can. After completion of the task, the system will be returned to Sleep mode. You will, however, have to check the Allow scheduled maintenance to wake up my computer if it is plugged in at the scheduled time option.
If you wish to change the schedule of this Automatic Maintenance, click on Change maintenance settings, and from the drop-down menu, you will be able to set the timing.
If for some reason you wish to start the Maintenance task right away, you can do so by clicking on the Run Maintenance button. This will allow you to run this task at unscheduled times. This is referred to as the User-Initiated Mode.
You can also use the following command in CMD to start it manually:
To stop the Maintenance job, you can simply move the mouse cursor. If it does not help, then you may click on the Stop maintenance button anytime. The task will be stopped in a few seconds.
When Automatic Maintenance is being run, you will see its indication in the taskbar icon.
If you find that this is not being monitored, you may click on Turn on messages about Automatic maintenance.
This will let Windows monitor Automatic Maintenance and give you any messages via the Action Center icon in your taskbar.
Why does Windows 11/10 Automatic Maintenance take so long?
At times, many users find that it runs for hours together with no signs of stopping. If you face this issue, here are a few things you could try:
- Stop Automatic Maintenance manually.
- Run sfc /scannow to start the system file checker. Restart your computer at the end, when you are asked to
- Use CCleaner to clear your PC junk, including your Page file, Prefetch files, etc.
- Disable your start up items temporarily, including your antivirus software.
- Start Automatic Maintenance manually and see if it helps.
Once done, you may re-enable your start-up items and your antivirus software.
If this doesn’t help, maybe its some hardware, possibly RAM, issue.
Disable Automatic Maintenance in Windows 11/10
Using Task Scheduler
To disable Automatic Maintenance, you will have to open Task Scheduler > Task Scheduler Library > Microsoft > Windows > TaskScheduler.
Here right-click on Idle Maintenance, Maintenance Configurator, and Regular Maintenance and select Disable.
Using Windows Registry
You can also disable Automatic Maintenance in Windows 11/10 using the Registry.
Open Registry and navigate to the following key:
In the right side, create a DWORD value and name it MaintenanceDisabled and give it a value as follows:
- 1 – To Disable
- 0 – To Enable
Save and exit the Registry.
TIP: This post will help you if you receive Windows is unable to run Automatic Maintenance message when you try to run it.
Tasks executed by Automatic Maintenance
Automatic Maintenance is designed to address and resolve these issues:
- Resource utilization conflicts
- Deadline scheduling
- Energy efficiency
- Transparency to the user
I have not been able to find out the exact number of system tasks that it carries out, and in the order, they are executed – nor is there anyway currently to select or de-select the maintenance tasks – but I am sure Defragmentation, checking for Microsoft software updates, security scanning, system diagnostics, malware scanning, Disk Error Checking, checking Clock or System Time, checking if history, error reports, and logs are currently taking too much disk space – and addressing these issues if required, etc. must be some of the tasks being executed.
When asked about the tasks being run, Dave Dixon of Microsoft replied:
You can see this quickly by typing “schtasks /query” that should list all scheduled tasks for a system.
So, you may open an elevated CMD type schtasks /query and hit Enter. You will be able to see the output of the tasks.
Should I disable automatic maintenance?
If you can do the maintenance work manually, there is no need to turn on the automatic maintenance functionality. However, if you think it will consume some of your valuable time, you can enable automatic maintenance. Whether you use Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows 8/8.1, or Windows 7, you can find the same option on your PC.
How do I schedule Windows automatic maintenance?
To schedule the automatic maintenance on an older version of Windows, Windows 7, you need to follow the aforementioned steps. However, in Windows 11 and Windows 10, things have changed a little bit. Now, you do not need to go to the Action Center. Instead, you can find the same Maintenance option after opening the Security and Maintenance section.
- June 14, 2020
- 12:15 PM
With the release of Windows 10 version 2004, the Windows Defragger has become a mess as it starts to defrag SSD drives too often, perform trim on non-SSD drives, and forgets when it last optimized a drive.
Windows 10 includes an ‘Automatic Maintenance’ feature under Control Panel -> System and Security -> Security and Maintenance that performs various maintenance tasks on a scheduled basis. This maintenance includes checking drives to see if they need to be optimized (defragged/trimmed), checking for new updates, security scanning, and other diagnostics.
When optimizing drives, Windows 10 should record the last time a drive is optimized so that it does not defrag a drive too often.
As noted by the members at WilderSecurity, with the release of Windows 10 2004, the Optimize Drives feature is not correctly recording the last time a drive has been optimized.
Due to this, when you go back into the Windows Defragger, you will see that an SSD drive says it ‘Needs Optimization’ even though automatic maintenance was run this morning, as shown below.
In Windows 10 Insider Preview build 19551, Microsoft states that the issue has been fixed.
“Thank you for reporting that the Optimize Drives Control Panel was incorrectly showing that optimization hadn’t run on some devices. We’ve fixed it in this build,” the release notes state.
Until that fix makes it into release builds, the ‘forgetting’ of when the drive was last optimized, cascades into other unwanted behavior as described below.
Defragging SSD drives too often
The general rule has always been that you should avoid defragging solid-state drives (SSDs) to prevent unnecessary wear and tear.
Microsoft developers, though, have stated in the past that there is some benefit to defragging a solid-state drive (SSD) that has become heavily fragmented, and due to this will defrag an SSD drive once a month.
“Actually Scott and Vadim are both wrong. Storage Optimizer will defrag an SSD once a month if volume snapshots are enabled. This is by design and necessary due to slow volsnap copy on write performance on fragmented SSD volumes.”
Unfortunately, since the last optimization times are being forgotten, the Windows 10 automatic maintenance will cause an SSD drive to be defragged much more often than once a month if you commonly restart Windows.
These automatic drive optimizations are schedule for once a week, but can be configured to be done daily.
This issue was confirmed in numerous tests by BleepingComputer, where the automatic maintenance tool would perform a defrag of an SSD every time after a reboot. On the other hand, if you launch an optimization directly from the ‘Optimize Drives’ screen, an SSD drive will not be defragged and will only execute the Trim function.
You can see an part of a video showing the SSD being defragged by Windows 10 below.
This is a problem, as defragging an SSD too much is not good for the drive as it could prematurely reduce its lifespan.
Until this issue is fixed, if you use an SSD drive, it is suggested that you disable the automatic drive optimization of SSD drives in Windows 10.
To remove a drive from the Windows 10 automatic drive optimization, follow these steps:
In the Start Menu, search for ‘Defrag‘ and click on the ‘Defragment and Optimize Drives‘ result when it appears.
When the Optimize Drives screen opens, read through the list of drives and write down the drive letters for solid-state drives (SSD). Then click on ‘Change Settings.’
At the Optimize Drives settings screen, click on the ‘Choose‘ button.
You will now see a list of drives that will be automatically optimized on a regular schedule. Uncheck all SSD drives from the list and then press the OK button.
All of your SSD drives should now be removed from automatic drive maintenance. When the issue is resolved in the future, you can add them back to automatic maintenance.
Trimming non-SSD drives
In addition to the issues described above, the Windows 10 defragger is trying to trim non-SSD drives.
The trim feature allows an operating system to tell an SSD drive when data is no longer being used and can be wiped on the drive.
As this is an SSD-specific feature, it is strange that the Windows 10 defragger is attempting to perform it on fixed disks when optimizing them.
This procedure fails, as non-SSD drives do not support the trim command.
Thx to Opera for the tip.
Update 6/14/20: Added clip showing the defragging of the C: SSD drive.
Running Disk Cleanup regularly in Windows is an important part of keeping your system running smooth. Remembering to do it is the hard part. Here’s how to make it happen automatically.
Running Disk Cleanup regularly in Windows is an integral part of keeping your system running smoothly. Here’s how to create a Scheduled Task to run this maintenance utility automatically.
Note: This will work with Windows 8, Windows 7, Vista, and XP
We previously showed you how to run Disk Cleanup and how to clean temp files it misses. But remembering to run it regularly is the challenging part.
Set Windows to Run Disk Cleanup Automatically
First, some command line magic — click Start and type: cmd in the search box. Hit Enter.
At the command prompt, type: cleanmgr.exe /sageset:1 then hit Enter.
The Disk Cleanup Settings window opens. Click the files you want to have Disk Cleanup delete. Click OK and close out of the command prompt.
Create a Scheduled Task
To create the Scheduled Task, click Start and type: task scheduler into the search box. Hit Enter.
When Task Scheduler comes up, you need to create a new task. Click Action and click Create Basic Task.
The Create Basic Task Wizard starts. Type in a name for the task and description. Click Next.
On the Task Trigger screen, select how often you want to run it. Here I’m selecting Monthly.
Next, select the date and time each month you want the task to run.
Under Action select Start a Program.
In the Program/script field type: C:\Windows\system32\cleanmgr.exe
In the Add Arguments field type: /sagerun:1 and click Next.
You’ll get a summary of the task you just created. Click Finish.
Now Disk Cleanup will run monthly at the selected time automatically.
Nowadays, more music and video are streamed from the cloud via services like Spotify, MOG, or Amazon Instant Video. So, there’s less of a need to have gigabytes of media files stored.
Still, there’s plenty of people who still have extensive media collections on their computer hard drive. Even if the files aren’t ripped CDs or DVDs, there’s plenty of home videos and pictures that you might not trust to be saved on Google Drive or SkyDrive. I know I’m not too fond of cloud services to default to automatically save my pictures. It’s more important to have them on my local Windows system.
Even though you might have less to store, and hard drive space is easy to come by these days, running cleaning up your hard drive regularly is still vital for an overall healthy computer.
We need Windows updates to keep our computers running smoothly. However, when your computer decides that it needs to update RIGHT NOW and throws you off your groove while it reboots, the updates are annoying. Windows 10 updates and the accompanying restarts are mandatory, but Microsoft tries to make the whole process as painless as possible. By default, updates are automatically pushed to your device when you are not using it. This is how the process worked with previous versions of Windows. Although it works well for most people, it can be aggravating if your computer detects you are idle and restarts while you stepped a way for a break. Then you return, only to find you lost your unsaved work. This tutorial will walk you through how to change your update settings so that you will be asked to schedule each update as they are pushed to you.
1. Open the Start menu and click on Settings. Then select Update & security.
2. Under Windows Update, choose Advanced options.
3. Click on the indicated dropdown menu, and change the setting from Automatic to Notify to Schedule Restart. Now, when an update is pushed to your computer, you will be asked when you want to have the update installed.
4. When an update is ready for your device, you will get a notification telling you that a restart is required. The notification will appear in the bottom right corner of your screen for a few seconds, and then it will move to your action center. You can access your action center by pressing the Winkey + A or by clicking on the square speech bubble icon to the left of the time on the far right of your taskbar. Click on the restart required notification.
5. Clicking the notification will take you to your Windows Update Settings. Select a date and time from the dropdown menus. Note that there is not a “Set Restart Time” button or anything like that. When you have Select a restart time selected and a date and time entered in, you are good to go. Exit out of Settings.
6. The first time that you use your device after the update is installed, you should get a notification telling you if it was successful or not.
by Janusz · January 27, 2020
To deploy updates for Intune-only managed devices, you have to use Windows Update for Business rings. This is a good thing – using update rings sets you up for proactively monitoring and managing Windows throughout the organization. They require that you create pilot users (who validate the update across the org) before you deploy broadly, ensuring that the update will succeed.
Today we’ll be going over configuring update rings in the MEM portal. Part of the reason I wanted to cover this was that users want to be in control.
Start by launching the MEM portal, then click Devices > Windows 10 update rings.
Windows 10 updater rings
Let’s create a new ring by click + Create. Provide a name and description as well (you’ll want to have a few rings in your org, so name them well!)
New Windows 10 update ring
Then we can select options for the update ring. First, let’s start with the Update settings. Channel wise, SAC-T no longer really exists (https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/release-information/ ), so for our general pilot group we’ll use Semi-Annual Channel. In this ring I’ll leave Quality and Feature updates to 0 day delay (if I had a second group, for feature updates I’d set it as 30, and then the next group as 60, etc.).
Semu-Annual Channel settings
What we really care about is the User experience settings.
User experience settings
Here’s what Automatic update behavior means:
- Notify download – Notify the user before downloading the update. Users choose to download and install updates.
- Auto install at maintenance time – Updates download automatically and then install during Automatic Maintenance when the device isn’t in use or running on battery power. When restart is required, users are prompted to restart for up to seven days, and then restart is forced. This option can restart a device automatically after the update installs. Use the Active hours settings to define a period during which the automatic restarts are blocked.
- Auto install and restart at maintenance time – Updates download automatically and then install during Automatic Maintenance when the device isn’t in use or running on battery power. When restart is required, the device restarts when not being used. (This is the default for unmanaged devices.) This option can restart a device automatically after the update installs. Use of the Active hours settings aren’t described in Windows Update settings but are used by Intune to define a period during which the automatic restarts are blocked.
- Auto install and restart at scheduled time – Specify an installation day and time. If unspecified, installation runs at 3 AM daily, followed by a 15-minute countdown to a restart. Logged on uses can delay countdown and restart.
- Auto install and reboot without end-user control – Updates download automatically and then install during Automatic Maintenance when the device isn’t in use or running on battery power. When restart is required, the device restarts when not being used. This option sets the end-users control pane to read-only.
- Reset to default – Restore the original auto update settings on Windows 10 machines that run the October 2018 Update or later
So here’s my argument for why you should select Auto install at maintenance time and Require user’s approval to restart outside of work hours. This will install updates if 1) it’s past the Active hours time or 2) the user clicks Check for Windows updates. So we’re already not taking up bandwidth or hogging the CPU when it’s inconvenient for the user. Then, it will notify the user that they need to reboot to complete the update – but won’t, even if they sleep the device, unless they initiate the reboot!
Think of a scenario where a user stays late at the office and then plans to start early the next day to finish a critical project. Since they stayed after hours, the update is already installed in the background – just waiting for “when the user isn’t using the device” to complete the install. Normally, once they sleep the device that night it will automatically install the update! And when they wake up the device the next day, they’ll be presented with a blank desktop (potentially losing some data) or a screen completing the install and taking more of their time.
That’s why I recommend they should be given the option to delay – to prevent the scenario above. Selecting “Require user’s approval to restart outside of work hours” puts the user in control of when they update their device.
The best user experience for Windows Updates
Feel free to change the reminder times, too. Some organizations may work better with a 4 or 8 hour dismissible reminder. That way users are reminded during the same work day.
You may be thinking – but what if the users ignores the update, or doesn’t see it? Here are all the places the feature update shows up – it’s almost impossible to ignore!
Desktop notification Action center notification (when desktop notification is swiped away)
And if they do ignore the update for 7 days, then they’ll get a 60 minute (permanent) warning before it automatically reboots. More than enough time to save your work before the Feature update!
And for those looking at reporting, click on End user update status in the MEM portal to see which updates devices have applied:
End user update status
Have a different way to configure Update rings for your organization? Let us know below!
Published on : September 15, 2016
In this post we will see how to configure maintenance windows in system center configuration manager. When you deploy updates, there is no way to define an exact time for updates that should be installed. Instead we can define a time when updates become mandatory. This could cause issues to your users and your servers if updates install at random times post the deadline. In such cases Maintenance Windows solves the issue. Maintenance windows allows admins to define time period when various Configuration Manager operations can be carried out on members of device collection. This is a very nice feature that can be very helpful.
How to Configure Maintenance Windows in System Center Configuration Manager
You can create single or multiple maintenance windows on a single collection. Assume that a computer is member of a device collection that has a maintenance window configured. The deployment program runs only when maximum allowed run time does not exceed the duration configured for the maintenance window. In case the program fails to run, an alert is generated. The deployment will be re-run during the next scheduled maintenance window that has available time.
Then how about if a system belongs to multiple collections ?. In such cases it is also subject to the maintenance windows of those collections. So the effective maintenance windows for such system is the combined schedule specified in all the maintenance windows of all the collections of which a system is a member.
Note – You cannot create maintenance windows for the All Systems collection. This limitation is set by Microsoft. You have to apply the maintenance windows to other device collections. Be aware of this when setting up your collections and maintenance windows.
Launch the ConfigMgr console. Click on Assets and Compliance > Overview > Device Collections. Select the collection and right click on the collection and click Properties. Click on Maintenance Windows tab and click on New Icon. This will now bring up schedule window.
Specify a name and set the schedule as per your requirement. Choose the recurrence schedule. At the bottom, there is an option to apply the schedule to all deployments, software updates or only task sequences. Choose your desired option and click OK.
Click on OK to close the properties box.
Note – We can bypass or ignore the maintenance windows. Select the Software update installation check box under the Deadline behavior section on the User Experience tab of a deployment.
Having computer problems? Here is how to defragment a hard drive in Windows 7, 8, and 10 so you can get your PC back in working order.
If your computer’s feeling slow, it might be time to do a little maintenance. Defragmenting (or “defragging”) is one of the most commonly recommended tasks in this area, alongside uninstalling programs, checking your PC’s memory, and running a virus scan. Here’s how it works, and what you need to know.
What Is Fragmentation?
Traditional hard drives (sometimes known as HDDs) use spinning platters to store data in sequential “blocks” across each platter. If you delete some data, the drive will go back and fill those blocks when you write new data—sometimes leading to files getting split apart and stored on two (or more) different sections of the platter. That means the drive’s head has to navigate to multiple places in order to read the file, thus slowing things down.
Defragmenting your drive reassembles those files and combines your free space back into one block, making reading and writing faster. You can see a visual representation of this in the GIF above, from Wikimedia user XZise.
How to Defragment Your Hard Drive
Here’s the good news: unlike the old days of Windows XP, which required you to manually defrag your hard drive once in a while, Windows 7, 8, and 10 defrags your computer automatically on a schedule. So there’s a good chance you don’t actually have to do anything!
However, if you want to check the schedule and make sure it’s running properly, hit the Start button and type in “defrag.” Click the “Defragment and Optimize Drives” option, and you’ll be greeted with the optimization schedule, which lists all the drives in your computer—HDDs and SSDs alike.
Next to each drive, you should see its Current Status. If everything’s running okay, your HDDs should read “OK (0% fragmented),” and you can see when the drive was last defragged. By default, it should run once a week, but if it looks like it hasn’t run in a while, you may want to select the drive and click the “Optimize” button to run it manually.
TRIM Your Solid-State Drive
Recommended by Our Editors
You should note that everything above only applies to traditional, spinning hard drives—not solid-state drives (SSDs), which are becoming more and more common. SSDs are much faster than hard drives, and don’t have any moving parts, so your computer can read blocks of data just as fast from one spot on the NAND as from another. That means even if you have tons of fragmented files, your computer won’t slow down—and defragmentation isn’t necessary.
That being said, SSDs do require another type of maintenance called TRIM, which erases old data you’ve already deleted, making file writes faster. If you have an SSD, the current status will probably just say “OK” with a note about when the TRIM command was last run. Again, you shouldn’t need to intervene here, but if it hasn’t been run in a long time (or ever), you can select the drive and click “Optimize.”
Most of the time, you shouldn’t need third-party tools to defragment your computer—they had their uses back in the day, but for Windows 7, 8, and 10, Windows’ built-in schedule should be enough. If defragging doesn’t speed your computer up as much as you’d like, check out these other maintenance tasks as well.
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- By Mihăiță Bamburic
- Published 6 years ago
Windows 10 updates may add new features, beef up security, and refine the user experience, but they can also be a source of frustration if the operating system decides to automatically install them at the wrong moment. There are times when you really want to keep using your PC, and not let Windows 10 restart it to finish the job. Just ask this pro gamer who had a Twitch stream ruined right in the middle of a gaming session watched by 130,000 followers.
So what can you do? You may be tempted to disable automatic updates or Windows Update altogether, but that is obviously not ideal. However, you can control when Windows 10 can automatically install updates. Here is how you can configure it.
With the introduction of the Windows 10 Anniversary Update, Microsoft is giving you the option to set active hours, a time-frame when you are most likely to be using the PC, and choose a restart time to let Windows 10 finish installing updates. Here is how those two features work and can be set up.
First off, you can find both features under the revised Windows Update. To access it, open Windows Settings (right click on the taskbar and select Settings or open the notifications panel and click on the All Settings button at the bottom) and then click on Update & security.
When you configure active hours you are telling Windows 10 that it should not interrupt what you are doing to automatically restart your device between certain hours. There is a limit to how long the interval can be though, as it cannot exceed 12 hours.
That may be fine for most people, as it covers the typical work day and after-work use, but if you are the sort of person who is likely to be in front of a PC for longer than 12 hours in a day you will probably not want to take any chances. I know I wouldn’t, as my PC is used from morning until midnight.
So, while you cannot change the limit imposed on active hours you can however select a restart time of your choosing, as long as there are updates pending. You can pick the hour and day of the week when your PC will automatically restart to finish installing updates.
Because it can take a while to get everything ready, you will have to make sure that it is plugged in before that time. Worth noting is that you cannot turn this on when there are no updates available for installation; as you can see above, the option to enable a custom restart is grayed out in that case.
The active hours and custom restart should prevent Windows 10 automatic update installs from interrupting your flow going forward, and ultimately make the operating system much more enjoyable.
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1. Open Control Panel
2. Double-click Scheduled Tasks
3. Double-click Add Scheduled Task
4. On the Scheduled Task Wizard dialog, click Next
5. Click Browse
6. In the Select Program to Schedule dialog, navigate to the windows\system32 folder
7. Select defrag.exe
8. Click Open
9. In the Scheduled Task Wizard dialog, type a name for the scheduled task (Disk Defragmenter, for instance)
10. Under Perform this task, select how often you wish Disk Defragmenter to run
11. Click Next
12. Set the time at which you wish the Disk Defragmenter scheduled task to run. This should be a time when your computer is on, but not in heavy use.
13. Select the frequency at which you want the Disk Defragmenter scheduled task to run (Every Day, Weekdays, or Every days, where is the number of days between scheduled runs)
14. Click Next
15. Enter a user name under which the Disk Defragmenter scheduled task will run. Note: This user must be an administrator on the local machine.
16. Enter the password for the user you entered in the previous step
17. Confirm the password for the user
18. Click Next
19. Check Open advanced properties for this task when I click Finish
20. Click Finish
21. In the Run text box, you should see the full path and command for defrag.exe. By default, this path is C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\defrag.exe
22. Append the drive letter for the drive you wish to defragment to the command in the Run text box. In a default installation, your Run command will look like this:
23. Click OK
24. In the Set Account Information dialog, enter and confirm the password for the user listed in Run as
25. Click OK
Disk Defragmenter will now run as the specified user on the schedule you specified when you created the scheduled task.
For additional information about using Scheduled Tasks in Windows XP, see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
HOW TO: Schedule Tasks in Windows XP
For additional information about the limitations of the Disk Defragmenter tool in Windows, see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
How to Defragment Your Disk Drive Volumes in Windows XP
Firefox and Thunderbird install an optional service called the Mozilla Maintenance Service which allows application updates to occur in the background, without requiring you to click Yes in the Windows User Account Control (UAC) dialog.
When Firefox or Thunderbird downloads an application update, the Mozilla Maintenance Service gets permission from Windows to allow the update to be applied, without requiring you to click Yes in the Windows User Account Control (UAC) dialog. Until that time, the service doesn’t run so it doesn’t use any computer resources and, once the update process begins, the service quits. Want more technical details? See this Mozilla Wiki page.
If you’d like to be prompted to authorize updates, you can disable the Mozilla Maintenance Service as follows:
In the Menu bar at the top of the screen, click Firefox and select Preferences . Click the menu button and select Options Preferences . Click the menu button and select Settings .
- At the top of the Thunderbird window, click the Tools menu and select Options In the menu bar, click the Thunderbird menu and select Preferences At the top of the Thunderbird window, click the Edit menu and select Preferences , or click the menu button and choose Options Preferences .
- Click the Advanced panel.
- Click the Update tab. The update options are displayed.
- Uncheck the box next to Use a background service to install updates.
- Click OK to save your changes and close the Options window.
You can uninstall the Mozilla Maintenance Service from your computer if you wish.
- Windows 7: See Microsoft’s article, Windows 7 – How to properly uninstall programs.
- Windows 8: See the Microsoft Community forum thread, How do I delete or uninstall a program in windows 8.
- Windows 10: See Microsoft’s article Uninstall or remove apps and programs in Windows 10.
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Windows 11 offers you the choice of when and how to get the latest updates to keep your device running smoothly and securely. If you’re not ready to get recommended updates, you can choose to temporarily pause them from being downloaded and installed.
Select Start > Settings > Windows Update.
Select the amount of time you’d like to pause for. Note: After the pause limit is reached, you’ll need to install the latest updates before you can pause updates again.
Your device will need to restart to finish installing updates. If you’re asked to restart your device while you’re busy using it, you can schedule the restart for a more convenient time:
Select Start > Settings > Windows Update.
Select Schedule the restart and choose a time that’s convenient for you. Note: You can set active hours to make sure your device only restarts for updates when you’re not using your PC. Get updates when you’re away from your PC with active hours in Windows
Windows 10 offers you the choice of when and how to get the latest updates to keep your device running smoothly and securely. If you’re not ready to get recommended updates, you can choose to temporarily pause them from being downloaded and installed. In Windows 10, version 1903 (or later), Windows 10 Pro, version 1809, or Windows 10 Enterprise, version 1809:
Select Start > Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update .
Select either Pause updates for 7 days or Advanced options. Then, in the Pause updates section, select the drop-down menu and specify a date for updates to resume. Note: After the pause limit is reached, you’ll need to install the latest updates before you can pause updates again.
Your device will need to restart to finish installing updates. If you’re asked to restart your device while you’re busy using it, you can schedule the restart for a more convenient time:
Select Start > Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update .
Select Schedule the restart and choose a time that’s convenient for you. Note: You can set active hours to make sure your device only restarts for updates when you’re not using your PC. Get updates when you’re away from your PC with active hours in Windows
If you are running some application or downloading something on your system, and it’s going to take a while, do you want to just wait on that to be completed before you go away? Would not it be nice to have the system shutdown automatically after all your tasks are done? This post shows exactly this – how to schedule shutdown of your computer at a given time.
First thing you need to do is estimate how long the tasks/programs you are running would take and may be add some grace time to that. Let’s say it takes 2 more hours, then may be add another half an hour as buffer in case it’s delayed for some reason. So you would want to shutdown the system after 2.5 hours.
There are multiple ways to schedule auto shutdown. Each of these options should work on every version of Windows – Windows 7, 8 and 10.
Simplest way is to open a command prompt and run the below command.
It sleeps for 9000 seconds and then shutdown the computer. If you see below error, read sleep command to get the command on to your computer.
You can use at command to schedule shutdown. Here we need to specify the exact time the command should run at. Let’s say the current time is 1pm and you want to shutdown after 2.5 hours.
In this case, you can exit the command prompt as the command is scheduled where as with ‘sleep’ you need to keep the window open.
Schedule daily shutdown
Below I show you how to schedule automatic shutdown daily. We can use either at or schtasks for this. Below you can see example commands to schedule shutdown at 11pm every day.
Schedule automatic restart
The above commands are for shutting down computers. If we need to restart instead, we can simply add the right argument to the shutdown command. For example to restart computer at 11pm just for today, the command would be
In case of any disk error, chkdsk can fix most of the common issues. Here’s how you can quickly schedule chkdsk on restart in Windows 10.
The built-in tool chkdsk helps you solve a lot of common disk errors in Windows 10. If fact, you might have seen it run automatically when your system powers off suddenly or crashes for whatever reason. If you suspect there is a disk error or if the Windows 10 operating system is running slower or error-prone from time to time, it is better to run the chkdsk scan manually.
Other than running manually, you can also force chkdsk to run on schedule when you restart the Windows PC. This helps chkdsk run much more efficiently as all the files and the partition is available with no locks.
In this quick and simple guide, let me show the steps to quickly schedule a chkdsk scan in Windows 10 PC.
How to Schedule Chkdsk Scan in Windows 10 PC
To schedule a chkdsk scan, we can use the chkdsk command from the Command Prompt window. All we have to do is execute a single command the chkdsk scan will be scheduled for next restart.
- Press the Windows key to open the Start menu.
- Type “Command Prompt“, right-click on the result click the “Run as administrator” option.
- After opening the Command Prompt window, execute the “chkdsk /x /f /r” command.
- Next, type “Y” and press the Enter key on your keyboard.
- As soon as you confirm the schedule action, you will see the “This volume will be checked the next time the system restarts” confirmation message.
- Close the Command Prompt Window.
To schedule, a chkdsk scan for other drives likes D drive, E drive, F drive, etc., execute the X: and chkdsk X: /f /r commands one after the other. In the command, X is the actual drive letter. So, if you want to scan the D drive, the commands will be “D:” and “chkdsk d: /f /r”
With the above steps, you’ve successfully scheduled a chkdsk scan for the next restart. When you reboot the system, Windows will automatically start the chkdsk tool and scan the C drive for any and all common drive or file system errors.
Once the scan is complete, you can find chkdsk logs in the Event Viewer.
Cancel Scheduled Chkdsk Scan
Just as you can create a schedule for chkdsk, you can cancel a chkdsk scan. This is particularly helpful if you don’t have time and don’t want the chkdsk tool to scan the system on the next restart.
That is all. It is that simple to schedule a chkdsk scan in Windows 10. If you are stuck or need some help, comment below and I will try to help as much as possible.
How to schedule automated restarts
Note: We recommend scheduling restarts every 12-24 hours to avoid potential lag or memory leaks.
How to schedule automated restarts:
1. Log in to your BisectHosting control panel.
2. Click Scheduled Tasks then New Task.
3. Name the task to whatever you desire. (Ex: “Restart”)
4. Change Scheduled Time to when you’d like the restarts to occur. Times are in UTC so you can use this tool to convert timezones to yours.
5. Turn on Interval then choose how often you’d like restarts to occur. (every 12 hours is recommended)
6. Change Command option to Restart.
7. Click Create.
How to schedule automated restart warnings:
1. Log in to your BisectHosting control panel.
2. Click Scheduled Tasks then New Task.
3. Name the task whatever you desire. (Ex: “Restart Warning”)
4. Change Scheduled Time to when you’d like the restart warning to occur. Usually set restart warnings to 1-5 minutes before your automated restarts occur.
5. Turn on Interval then choose how often you’d like restarts to occur. (every 12 hours is recommended)
6. Change Command option to Admin Say.
7. Change Arguments to whatever you’d like to say when a warning occurs. (Ex: “The server is restarting soon”).
7. Click Create.
If any information you see here is outdated please let us know by creating a support ticket. Thank you.
Autorestart, How to create Schedule, Schedule Tasks, Multicraft, Minecraft server 195 Users Found This Useful
How to change your Multicraft password:1. Log in to your BisectHosting control panel.2. Select.
How to give control panel access to others:1. The person that needs access must register with.
How to create a MySQL database:1. Log in to your BisectHosting control panel.2. Click MySQL.
Our JAR Menu will let you know if your server is in need of an update by displaying the.
Accessing and managing your server is very easy using the Multicraft panel. There are three.
Stop those unwanted updates that pop up when you least expect them
- Western Governors University
What to Know
- Go to Control Panel >System and Security >Security and Maintenance >Maintenance >Stop Maintenance.
- Turn off Windows automatic updates to cancel any updates in progress and prevent future updates.
- On Windows 10 Pro, disable automatic updates in the Windows Group Policy Editor.
This article explains how to cancel a Windows update that’s already in progress. Instructions apply to Windows 10 Home and Pro editions.
How to Cancel a Windows Update When It’s Downloaded
If you’ve not quite reached the point where the Windows 10 update is installing, but your PC has downloaded the file, and the shut down and reset options have changed to Update and Shut Down and Update and Restart, you can still stop these updates before they go into effect. You just need to stop Windows’ own “maintenance” from taking place.
Open Control Panel, then select System and Security from the list of menu options.
Select Security and Maintenance.
Select Maintenance to expand its options.
Under the heading Automatic Maintenance, select Stop Maintenance.
You can always turn maintenance back on to kickstart the update process again. Follow the steps as above, but instead of selecting Stop Maintenance, select Start Maintenance instead.
How to Cancel Windows 10 Updates Indefinitely
If the above method doesn’t work or you want to make sure updates aren’t applied at any time in the immediate future, you can turn off Windows automatic updates entirely. That should also cancel any Windows 10 updates in progress.
To reverse the process and allow updates to download and install automatically again, follow the steps above. But, after you select Properties, set the Startup type to Automatic. If you want to trigger an update check, select Start from the menu also.
How to Cancel Windows Update in Windows 10 Professional
Windows 10 Professional users have an additional method they can use to stop Windows 10 updates in progress: the Windows 10 Group Policy Editor. It can provide an alternative way of stopping an update that some may find preferable.
This isn’t available in Windows Home edition, so unless you’re sure you have Windows 10 Professional, skip this section.
Press Windows key+R, then type gpedit.msc, then select OK.
Go to Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Windows Update.
Search for and select an entry called Configure Automatic Updates.
Using the toggle options on the left-hand side, select Disabled.
Select Apply, then select OK.
A Note About Stopping Windows 10 Updates in Progress
If your PC has already started installing the update (i.e., it’s on a blue screen with a progress percentage, and it explicitly tells you not to turn off your computer), listen to it. As much as it might be tempting to hit the power button to get your PC working again and stop the update in its tracks, you risk damaging your Windows install, which could make your system unusable.
Instead, let the update finish, and then either uninstall it or use Windows 10’s system recovery options to set it back to how it was before the update began.
Minecraft should automatically update in Windows 10. If not, open Microsoft Store > Library > Update. If it needs updating, Minecraft will list Update available.
Open Device Manager and right-click on the device you’d like to update. Select Update driver > Search automatically for updated driver software > Update Driver.
May 17, 2019
By Peter Barnett
For scheduling and automatic execution of tasks in the Windows environment, the standard Task Scheduler tool is provided, which ensures that pre-prepared tasks are performed at a specific time, or when certain events occur, either once or at intervals, in the context of system or user accounts. In other words, using the Task Scheduler, you can schedule or perform a certain event, perform previously prepared actions, for example, check for updates, synchronize the clock on the time server when any user logs on, turn off or restart the computer, create a system restore point, etc. Starting from Windows Vista, Task Scheduler has become the main system maintenance tool, without which its normal operation is impossible. To manage scheduled tasks in a graphical user interface environment, the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) with the taskschd.msc module or the Schtask.exe command line utility can be used.
Sometimes you may want to create or work with scheduled tasks on remote computers running on Windows. For example, you may want to create a scheduled task on a remote computer then use your computer to manipulate it as and when you require without needing to physically go to the remote computer. The following article shows you how you can run scheduled task on remote computer.
1. You Must Ensure the Following Before You Begin
- Your computer and the remote computer must be part of a domain or a Workgroup
- You must know the IP Address of the remote computer
- You must have the login credentials for the remote computer and the login credential must be part of the Administrators group on the remote computer.
- You may want to ensure that your Firewall allows “Remote Scheduled Tasks Management” — are able create ne Screenshot below.
2. Creating or Managing a Scheduled Task on a Remote Computer
- Open Task Scheduler Windows Interface (On Windows 7: Start | Type “Task Scheduler” in search field.)
- Right click on Task Scheduler | Click on “Connect to Another Computer”
- Supply the IP Address of the remote PC | Select “Connect as another user:” and click on “Set User”
- Enter the username and password for the remote PC you want to connect to.
You now have access to the Tasks Scheduler in the remote PC and are able to create new tasks or manipulate the existing tasks on the remote PC.
3. Run Scheduled Task with Powershell
Run the following in Powershell with appropriate permissions:
schtasks /run /s ComputerName /tn “description”
If you want to loop it so it runs manually every 30 minutes, run the following:
#When the counter reaches 30, that’s 15 hours
schtasks /run /s ComputerName /tn “description”
“$counter – Running script”
> While ($counter –lt 30)
Consider Using Action1 to Run Scheduled Task on Remote Computer if:
- You need to perform an action on multiple computers simultaneously.
- You have remote employees with computers not connected to your corporate network.
Action1 is a cloud-based platform for patch management, software deployment, remote desktop, software/hardware inventory, endpoint management and endpoint configuration reporting.
by Jamil Parvez 24/11/2020, 11:00 am 15.4k Views
This blog has detailed how to schedule Windows Server Reboot Automatically (Windows or Server 2008/2019). You may want to reboot a Windows Server once a week or month as a matter of routine maintenance. It’s particularly useful too. Say if you want to reboot a server because you installed particular software that you didn’t expect needed a restart, or there are some updates. You cannot really do it unless after hours and you don’t need to hang around and then you would just like it to reboot itself a couple of hours after working hours when everyone left.
Note: I’m using Windows Server 2019. This is almost the same as in 2008/2012/0216.
Schedule Windows Server Reboot Automatically
1- Select search bar and type Task Scheduler, click on it to open. You can find it by clicking on the Windows start button, expand Windows Administrator Tools, open Control Panel to select Administrative Tools.
2- Create a new basic task using the Create Task action.
3- Type a name to the task. I renamed it Restart Server or (Restart This Server). Type a description Schedule Windows Server for Automatically restart. Click next
4- Since this task is to just restart the server one time (select one time) and then click next.
5- Provide it a date and time to restart. Click next.
6- Select Start A Program action and then click Next.
7- Type shutdown into the Program/Script box and then /r into the Add arguments box. Click Next.
9- We are almost done if you want this to run if you get logged off and you want to set this up so you can use it again later. In the Task Scheduler right-click on your new task and then select Properties.
10- This will show up on the general settings page. The default settings are “Run only when the user is logged on” switch it to “Run whether the user is logged on or not”. Choose configure to select the Server you want to reboot.
11- Select ok, after typing your administrator password.
Changing the Schedule for The Automatic Reboot
So now we have a task that will automatically reboot our Windows server (Computer, PC) one time.
12- Go back to the Task Scheduler Window, right-click on the task and then click Properties. Select the Triggers tab.
13- Select the One Time trigger and then click the Edit button. Change the time and date, click ok and your server/PC/computer will now restart at the new time.
14- When you click ok it will ask you to re-enter the administrator password.
From catching up on the latest in social media or news, to running your entire company, computers are here to stay. Incredible amounts of work and sensitive data is carried out by these machines every day both automatically and through human manipulation.
So what would happen if your computer broke down right this second?
Considering the mass hysteria which occurs when a large-scale computer failure such as Y2K was found, likely nothing good. The amount of time spent replacing the unit, or travelling to a working computer could seriously affect a person or company, and that’s before factoring in the price of repairs or a new computer.
However, we here at Process Street love finding little tips and tricks to maximize your success and minimize the impact of when the proverbial hits the fan.
By running this computer maintenance guide every week, you can negate these potential disasters as much as humanly possible; you’ll be taken through the best method for keeping your machine alive, from updating your software and security, to cleaning the dust out of your system (literally and figuratively).
Read on if you’re ready to improve the lifespan and performance of your computer for free!
Record general details about the maintenance
Before we start with the meat of the process, you need to ensure that all vital information is recorded in the form fields below for later reference.
Using task scheduler, you can display timely messages using pop-up windows. These popup messages are useful for quick alerts and information. Follow the below steps to know how to display popup message in Windows 10.
In Windows 7, task scheduler has a neat feature called “Display a Message”. Using this feature, you can make the task scheduler to show a message using a simple pop-up window.
However, starting from Windows 8, Microsoft deprecated both the “Display a Message” and “Send an Email” features. If you try to use any of the deprecated features, it will show “The task definition uses a deprecated feature” error.
The good thing is, there is a workaround which lets you use the task scheduler to show a quick message on a scheduled time or event. Without further ado, let me show you how.
Show Popup Message with Task Scheduler
1. Open the task scheduler by searching for “Task Scheduler” in the start menu.
2. In the task scheduler, click on the “Create Basic Task” option appearing on the right sidebar.
3. Now, enter a new title and description for the task and click on the “Next” button.
4. Here, select when the task needs to start. In my case, I want the message to appear as soon as the system starts. So, I selected “When the computer starts” option. You can select any trigger you want.
Note: Depending on the option you choose, you might need to configure additional options. For example, if you choose the Daily option, you need to select a time to display the message.
5. After selecting a proper trigger, select “Start a program” option and click “Next”. We are going to use Command Prompt/PowerShell to display the message window.
6. In this window, fill in the blank fields as below. If you want to use the command prompt, follow the command prompt method. For PowerShell, follow the PowerShell method.
- Program/Script — msg
- Arguments — * Replace_With_Your_Message
Don’t forget to replace “Replace_With_Your_Message” with your actual message.
Important: Don’t remove * in front of the message in the Arguments field.
- Program/Script — powershell
- Argument — Enter the below command
Don’t forget to replace “Replace_With_Your_Message” with your actual message and “Message_Title” with a title. The title appears on the window title bar.
Click the “Next” button to continue.
7. In the Summary window, click on the “Finish” button to complete the task creation process.
8. After creating the task, we can verify it is working or not. To do that, select the “Task Scheduler Library” option on the right panel, find the task you just created in the middle panel, right-click on it and select “Run”.
9. If everything goes properly, you should see a popup window with your message in it.
From now on the task scheduler will display the popup message window according to your scheduled trigger. In my case, the popup window will appear as soon as I start and log into my system. If you want to, you can also delay start the task in task scheduler.
That is all. It is that simple to show a popup message in Windows 10 using a built-in tool like Task Scheduler. Comment below if you are stuck or facing issues with the above procedure. I will help as much as possible.
SQL Server backups are an essential part of every good disaster recovery strategy. That is good. But setting up such backups to run effortlessly, is the goal. In this article, we’ll review the types of backups, recommended practices and three different methods for automatically setting up SQL Server backups on a schedule. Note: these solutions can also be used in combination with one another
Different types of SQL Server backups
Full. This is the most common backup type and it includes everything including objects, system tables data, and transactions that occur during the backup. With a full backup, you can restore your database to the state, when it was backed up. Full backups won’t truncate your transaction log but if your database is in full recovery you. should also consider transaction log backups
Differential. This type of backup offers a means to maintain a complete history of your database but without storing redundant data. A differential backup retains data since the last full backup. A differential backup is only useful if used in tandem with a full backup, but allows you to delete/remove previous differential backups as they are redundant
Transaction log. This backup type will backup all of the transactions that have occurred since the last log backup or truncation, then it will truncation the transaction log. This will capture all transaction information, both DML and DDL, that has occurred on the database. With a transaction log backup, you can restore a database to a particular point in time aka point-in-time recovery, like right before a data loss event
File-group and File: This type of backup is best for larger databases. This type of backup will store all related data in files or file groups (one or more). To use file backups to successfully restore a database, the transaction log also has to be backed up to cover all of the file groups from beginning to end.
Copy-only. This backup type is usually used on an ad-hoc basis and as not to disturb and existing process of database backups, since the transaction log copy-backup will ignore the copy backup. Otherwise, this is the same as a full database backup. Copy backups can’t be used for differential backups and transaction log backups
Backup best practices
Separating the location where backups reside from the server where the database, itself, exists is critical, because otherwise, some failures that affect the database might also mitigate your ability to use the backups to recover from it, for example physical drive failure.
Without explicit guidance for the file location as to where to store the backups, SQL Server will use the default database location.
Please note that simply changing the default file location, will have no effect on previously saved backup files, it will only determine the location where new backups are stored.
Automating and scheduling backups
Getting a database successfully backed up, to the file location and with the configuration settings you want is just a first step. Once accomplished, you will want to be able to replicate this process over and over again, automatically and on a schedule. Scheduling automated backups is critical for ensuring database continuity while reducing the manual effort required to achieve this.
Regular database backups not only are a great insurance policy against accidental data loss and other disaster type scenarios, they also provide point-in-store capability (for transaction log backups) and reduced downtime, if you do have to restore (shorter backup windows > less data loss)
How often should I schedule backups? This depends on your business requirements and Recovery Point Objectives (RPO), for example, if your standard is no more than 15 minutes of data can be lost, then then backups need to be scheduled every 15 minutes
Note: If your database is in full recovery mode you can use ApexSQL Log to avoid full restores. ApexSQL Log can isolate and reverse rogue transactions, mitigating the damaged data without having to do a full restore. It can also replay previous transaction to restore data that was lost
You can also use ApexSQL Data Diff to compare the current database to the last database backup (without even restoring it), identifying different/damaged rows and surgically repairing them with a synchronization script, again, without having to restore the backup.
Restoring and testing backups
A backup is only good if it can be restored successfully and this must be verified, and continuously re-verified to ensure your backup and restore strategy can be executed successfully when needed. Backups must be restored in a test environment and fully verified to ensure they meet all business requirements and various permutations, contingencies and contexts of the company recovery strategy
When testing backups many variables existing including environment, data, recovery time frames and data loss windows, application downtime and maximum acceptable threshold for data loss
SQL Server backup verification includes the following checks
- The backup was created successfully
- It is currently intact, physically and that all the files not only exist but are also readable
- The backup can be restored, when it is needed
- All the transactions are consistent
Note that verifying a backup doesn’t ensure the integrity or completeness of all of the data but if the original backup was created with WITH CHECKSUMS, that allows WITH CHECKSUMS to be used to verify the data, at an aggregate level, to give a reasonable confidence level that no data was lost. Let’s look at a few backup cases below to provide some practical examples
When we include the CHECKSUM statutement we can later ensure the integrity of the data, when the backup is complete and written to file. To accomplish this, see the following example:
Epson printer utilities allow you to check the current printer status and maintain certain features of your printer from your computer.
To use the utilities, click the Maintenance tab in the printer software, then click the button for the utility that you want to use. Refer to the section below to access the printer software.
|Accessing the Printer Software for Windows|
Refer to the appropriate section below.
EPSON Status Monitor 3
EPSON Status Monitor 3 provides you with printer status information, such as the amount of ink remaining, and checks for printer errors.
This utility is only available when both of the following conditions are met:
- The printer is connected directly to the host computer via the USB port.
- Your system is configured to support bidirectional communication.
The Nozzle Check utility checks the print head nozzles for clogging. Check the nozzles if you notice print quality has declined and after cleaning to confirm that the print head nozzles have been cleared. If the nozzle check indicates that the print head needs cleaning, you can access the Head Cleaning utility directly from the Nozzle Check utility.
See Checking the Print Head Nozzles
The Head Cleaning utility cleans the print head. You may need to clean the print head if you notice that print quality has declined. Use the Nozzle Check utility first to confirm that the print head needs to be cleaned. You can access the Nozzle Check utility directly from the Head Cleaning utility.
See Cleaning the Print Head
Print Head Alignment
The Print Head Alignment utility can be used to improve the print quality of your documents. The print head alignment may need to be adjusted if vertical lines appear out of alignment or if white, black, dark, or light banding appears in your documents. Use this utility to realign the print head.
See Aligning the Print Head
Printer and Option Information
This utility allows the printer driver to confirm printer configuration information. It also provides specific information regarding certain characteristics of the printer.
Printer Information acquisition
Depending on the configuration of your system, the information displayed in the Printer and Option Information dialog box may be updated automatically, or may need to be entered manually.
If a message appears in the Current Settings window prompting you to enter settings, or if you change the printer configuration, follow the steps below to select the necessary settings manually.
|Click Settings Sheet in the Printer and Option Information dialog box to print out information about your printer and options. Letter size paper must be loaded in your printer to use this utility. You will see a printout similar to the one below.|
|Make sure the settings in the utility match the information on the printed Settings Sheet. If they do not match, correct the settings on the screen to match the information on the settings sheet.|
|Click OK to exit this menu and save your settings.|
Thick paper and envelopes
Adjusts the size of the gap between the platen and the print head. Select this check box if your printouts are rubbed or smeared durring printing.
Speed & Progress
You can select settings related to print speed and progress in this dialog box.
Refer to the sections below for information on the available settings:
High Speed Copies
To print multiple copies of your document faster, select High Speed Copies . This speeds up printing by using your hard disk space as a cache when printing multiple copies of your document.
Show Progress Meter
To display the progress meter every time you print, select Show Progress Meter .
Disable EPSON Status Monitor 3
Select this check box to disable printer status monitoring with EPSON Status Monitor 3.
Always spool RAW datatype (for Windows XP and 2000)
Select this check box to have Windows NT based clients spool documents using the RAW format instead of the EMF (metafile) format (Windows NT based applications use the EMF format by default).
Try using this option if documents spooled in EMF format do not print correctly.
Spooling RAW datatype requires less resources than EMF, so some problems (“Insufficient memory/disk space to print”, “Slow print speed”, etc.) can be solved by selecting the Always spool RAW datatype check box.
Page Rendering Mode (for Windows XP and 2000)
Select this check box when the print speed is extremely slow or when the print head stops for a few minutes while printing.
Print as Bitmap (for Windows XP and 2000)
Select this check box when the print speed is extremely slow or when the print head stops for a few minutes while printing. Try this option if Always spool RAW datatype and Page Rendering Mode do not solve the problem.
Click this button to open the Monitoring Preferences dialog box, where you can select settings for EPSON Status Monitor 3.
You can select the following settings.
Displays the current error notification settings.
Select the check boxes of the error types you want to receive notification for.
Click the Default button to revert all Select Notification settings to their default settings.
Select Shortcut Icon
Select the Shortcut Icon check box and choose an icon type to have a shortcut icon placed in your Windows taskbar. You can click the shortcut icon in the taskbar to open EPSON Status Monitor 3 or right-click the icon to access some of the printer utilities.
Allow monitoring of shared printers
Select this check box to allow monitoring of a shared printer by other computers.
The Windows 10 September 2020 update finally fixes the overzealous Drive Optimization behavior that put SSDs at risk . Unfortunately, it also introduces yet another annoying bug that disables sleep mode for some users.
If your PC suddenly wakes up from sleep mode, or won’t even enter sleep mode in the first place, you probably have the bug. Similar stories cropped up in support threads and bug reports following the September 2020 update rollout, including reports of laptops staying on despite being closed.
If this sounds familiar, a similar bug plagued the May 2020 update. Luckily, the same workaround that fixed the bug in May works here, too.
How to fix Windows 10’s sleep mode bug
It appears that Sleep Mode stops working when there’s an optional system update waiting to install or if Windows attempts to install the updates overnight automatically. To solve this, open Window’s setting menu and go to Update & Security > Windows Update. Download any updates.
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Once the download completes—or if the update file was already downloaded—you’ll need to restart your PC to apply them.
It can take a while to perform the install and reboot, but it’s the most crucial step. Sleep mode should return to normal after your device restarts, so reboot right away if you can.
If that doesn’t fix the issue, here’s a slightly more advanced method that may work:
- Search for “Services.msc” from the Windows taskbar.
- Click the “Services” app from the search results to run it.
- Scroll down and click “Windows Update” to highlight it in the list.
- Click “Stop.”
- Click “Start.”
- Select “Restart.”
- Close the Services app window, then open the Windows 10 settings.
- Go to Update & Security > Windows Update.
- Click “Check for updates.”
- Install any updates and reboot your PC.
Even with the potential Sleep Mode issues, it’s worth installing the September 2020 update since it patches the auto-defrag bug we covered a few weeks ago . Windows 10 was defragging external hard drives each time you plugged it in or turned on your computer, which puts unnecessary strain on SSDs and can make them wear out. After installing the September 2020 update, you can (hopefully) undo the workarounds we mentioned in our post and go back to using your SSD without risking its longevity.