How to install a sprinkler system

How to Install Lawn Sprinkler – Installing a Lawn Sprinkler System

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Preparatory Work When Installing a Lawn Sprinkler System

How to Install Lawn Sprinkler?

When installing a lawn sprinkler system, plot it according to directions of flow rate and water pressure given by the manufacturer. When there is more than one sprinkler, make sure that each sprinkler’s throw rate, overlaps the other. Based on the layout prepared by you, divide the sprinkler system into various circuits. Next, you can build the manifold, which will connect the main water line, and divert water to each circuit. Dig trenches to accumulate the pipes. These trenches need to be 8 to 10 inches deep. Install the pipes and make sure that they are straight and at the same level.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

  • 20 Precision rubber nozzles provide maximum coverage of a large lawn or garden up to 4, 500 sq. Ft.
  • Twin touch adjustment controls the width of the watering pattern to cover the whole yard or a narrow flower bed
  • Infinity turbo drive provides a smooth operation for even watering and extended life
  • Quickly connect and disconnect the sprinkler with an included Quick Connect Product Adapter (Requires Quick Connect Product End Connector sold separately)
  • Backed by the Milnor Limited Lifetime . Milnor stands behind its products
  • NO TOOLS REQUIRED: This sprinkler is ready to use right out of the box, simple to operate, and offers versatility in spray settings.
  • LARGE-AREA COVERAGE: Sprays up to 80 feet in diameter, covering 5,026 square feet when set to a full circle.
  • ADJUSTABLE SPRAY COVERAGE: Use the collar tabs to adjust your spray from partial to full circle (360°) coverage.
  • 11 SPRAY PATTERNS: Choose from small, medium, large, shower, vertical, and flat.
  • 4-POSITION DIFFUSER: Customize your spray to distribute water in drops or small jets.

When connecting the system to the main water line, attach a shutoff valve and an anti-siphon valve, to make sure that the water doesn’t go back into the line which supplies water at home. After these things are completed, install the risers at an angle of 90 degrees from the ground. The sprinkler heads should be located at proper heights. Mount the controllers and connect the low voltage wire to the connections valves, in order to set the control. Before refilling the trenches you can test the Install lawn sprinkler to locate faults if any. Now that you have finished installing a lawn sprinkler system, you can reseed the area that was dug to have a beautiful lawn.

Lawn sprinkler is one of the most important tools required for lawn care. A beautiful lawn adds to the grace of your property, and knowing how to install lawn sprinklers can help you to grow this beautiful lawn, without undergoing the tedious task of watering it manually every day.

Don’t drag that lawn sprinkler around your lawn another minute. Here’s how to Install your own underground sprinkler system.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

An in-ground sprinkler system is by far the easiest and most effective way to water your lawn. You can program it to automatically water the grass on a regular schedule, which means you won’t have to drag out the hose and sprinkler every few days. And a properly designed sprinkler system provides total coverage, ensuring there aren’t any grassy areas that are left either parched and dry, or over-watered to the point of drowning. By metering out a precise, consistent amount of water, automatic sprinklers not only make it easier to maintain a lush, green lawn they’ll also save you money by not wasting water.

In-ground sprinkler systems are available from professional contractors, but they’re not cheap, costing on average between $2,500 and $3,500 for a one-quarter acre lot. However, there are DIY sprinkler systems now available that can save you up to 40% over a professional installation. Some you can even control with an app on your smart phone. And the sprinkler components are affordable, readily available, and easier than ever to assemble.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Check the Water Pressure

It’s important to first determine the water pressure at an outdoor faucet, using a simple pressure gauge. Then, use a 5-gal. bucket to measure how much water your home’s plumbing delivers in one minute. Send the water pressure information to the sprinkler manufacturer you have chosen, along with a sketch of your property, including all critical dimensions.

In return, you’ll receive a system layout and a list of all the sprinkler parts you’ll need, including those not sold by the manufacturer, but available at most hardware stores. For this installation, we used Rain Bird, a company that’s been designing and manufacturing irrigation products since the early 1930s. The system layout they provided divided our lawn into zones, each controlled by a zone valve. In this case, to ensure total coverage, there were eight zones and 48 sprinkler heads. The price: $1,500.

In warmer climates, you can use PVC pipe to supply water to the sprinkler heads. Here, we used polyethylene pipe, which is more flexible and able to withstand freeze-thaw cycles. Consult the local building department to see if you need a building permit to install a sprinkler system.

The hardest part of installing a DIY sprinkler system is laying all the underground water-supply piping. That is, if you dig the trenches by hand. Opting for the quicker, easier route, we rented a pipe-pulling machine for $180 a day, which saved an immeasurable amount of time and toil.

We also bought some self-tapping saddles, which provide the quickest way to tap into the polyethylene piping without having to cut or drill the pipe. Just push the saddle down onto the pipe at each sprinkler head location, then twist the handle to puncture the piping, so water can flow to the sprinkler.

Finally, every sprinkler system needs a backflow preventer to keep the sprinkler system from contaminating the home’s potable water supply. A standard, surface-level backflow preventer will work, but it must be placed 12 in. above the highest point of the yard. Here, we installed a reduced-pressure backflow preventer and installed it in the basement where the system will be drained each winter.

Running Pipes

If digging the trenches by hand, dig the main water-supply lines first, followed by the shorter branch lines. The trenches should be at least 6 in. deep, but 8 to 10 in. deep will give you more room to work.

If you’ve rented a pipe puller, begin by attaching the end of the polyethylene piping to the machine’s blade. When running a main line, it’s best to wrap the low-voltage electrical cable around the pipe and pull both at the same time. With the piping connected, start the machine moving forward and lower the blade into the ground.

Next, drill through your home’s rim joist, and run copper pipe and electrical cable through the hole and to the ground. Make the conversion from copper to PVC at ground level with a threaded connector. Run the main PVC line, along with the cable, to the first zone-valve location. Assemble the zone valve above ground, and then cement them to the underground pipin.

Install a plastic, inline drain fitting on the downstream side of each valve and connect the cable wires. Our cable had 10 wires and each zone valve had two lead wires. Connect one of each pair of valve lead wires to the white common wire, which will service all of the valves. Join a different color-coded wire to the other lead of each zone valve. Continue making connections in this way until you’ve reached the last valve. With all the valves connected and wired, install the valve boxes and then backfill the trenches.

The feed line needs a drain installed at its lowest point. Thread a brass drain fitting into the threaded end of a PVC tee and install the tee downward at 45 degrees. Dig a small depression under the drain, and fill it with sand and gravel.

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Are you planning on installing a sprinkler system in your garden yard and are confused as to where to even begin? We wrote this guide in colorful easy to follow steps that will walk you through a step by step guide on how to install a sprinkler system.

You need not be scared about this project, installing a sprinkler system can be a DIY project that will save you lots of money. Doing it yourself can be very cost effective because sprinkler components and accessories available today are much easy to work with and maintain.

However, if you must install a sprinkler system, the importance of adequate preparation can’t be overemphasized. Digest theses outlined steps below before you venture into this project.

Table of Contents

Step 1: Make the Right Contacts

The first step to installing an underground sprinkler system is to make the right contacts with local authorities and water companies within your area for building permits and codes for backflow prevention devices. The devices are required to protect your underground water supply from contamination.

Step 2: Outline your Property to Scale

Draw and outline your property plainly in a graph sheet. A small square on your graph sheet should represent one square foot on the actual property. To get this right, you need to use a tape measure to outline your property properly. Remember to:

  • Measure and draw your property to scale
  • Identify areas of obstacles like trees slops.
  • Accurately measure the perimeter of your property showing grass, flower beds and landscaping
  • Lastly, identify the soil type i.e. Sandy, loamy or clay.

Step 3: Handy Information Sheets

Next, you need to construct a small information sheet where you will take records of all your prep requirements. Without which you might miss out on a lot of things.

  • Firstly, determine the level of water pressure at your outdoor faucet using a standard pressure gauge. Screw the pressure gauge to the water meter ensuring that no other faucet is running indoors or outdoors. Record this information on your information sheet.
  • Ensure you record the meter size on your information sheet too.
  • Next, you need to identify and record the supply line type. Supply lines are either Galvanized, copper or PVC. PVC’s are white, copper has a unique copper color while galvanized lines are generally silver in color.
  • Next record and identify the supply line size on your information sheet.

Step 4: Determine the Type of Pipes Needed

Now that you have major information recorded in your information sheet, the next thing you need to do is use the information you have to determine the type of pipe to use. The most popular pipes in stores are PVC and polyethylene pipes. Some people even use rubber garden hoses or stainless steel garden hoses while installing a sprinkler system.

Step 5: Lawn and Garden Preparation

Now that you have major information all laid out, time to prepare the garden for irrigation. Divide your property into sections or zones marking out areas like the front lawn, flowerbeds and side lawns. Draw this on a sheet of paper

Label all areas correctly in your yard that you want watered. There are two most commonly used types of sprinkler heads available, Impact Sprinklers and Oscillating Sprinklers. Read our guide linked with them to choose the best products for your irrigation needs.

Step 6: Layering Sprinklers, valves, and Pipes

Time to prepare and plan on where to place your sprinklers, valves, and pipes.

  • Now that you have your garden yard all mapped out into sections, you need to plan the sprinkler locations and heads in such a way that water from one sprinkler reaches the other sprinklers. This way all areas for your garden will get watered
  • For smaller areas choose a small to medium area sprinklers. For larger areas choose medium to large area sprinklers. Remember to overlap sprinklers head-to-head to space them out evenly.
  • By now you ought to know your home’s water capacity. Knowing your home’s water capacity will give you an idea of how many sprinklers can run at once.
  • Now you know how many sprinklers can be run by your home’s water capacity, it’s time to divide your home into zones.
  • Zoning your home into regions of sprinkler heads will help you draw in the pipes and number of valves needed.
  • Remember that for every valve you install on each zone you will need a valve control system in place.
  • Next in this section, now that you know how many valves and sprinkler heads you require it’s time to draw out the pipes you need. Once you have the pipes drawn out on paper count how many feet of pipe you require to cover the yard.
  • Lastly, order extra pipes, valves and sprinkler head in case anything goes wrong or you misjudged in your calculation.

Step 7: Timer Location

Installing a timer system with your irrigation sprinklers is an absolute necessity. You need timers to help regulate the valve stations. Timers and valve controllers are sited where they can be easily accessed. A place like a garage or basement is a very good place to start. WiFi sprinkler controllers are frequently used these days for controlling sprinkler systems.

If you have six valves, buy 7 to 8 strands of wire. One strand per value and an extra 1 or 2 strands for connection to the timer system.

Step 8: Install the Pipes, Sprinklers and Connect to Water Supply

Now that you have planned properly, and are better informed on what you need to buy. It’s time to go shopping for the required equipment. Take along your information sheet and the graphical sketch of your property layout to ensure you don’t miss anything.

Once you have bought all that is required, follow these steps to fix them in properly:

  • Ensure you have all permits needed to install a sprinkler system before you begin.
  • Time to install your sprinkler system to the main water supply lines. Using a hoe, shovel or any other digging means start digging out regions where the pipes are going to lay.
  • You can use markers to line out areas within the yard where pipes and wires will lay. Stay on course and ensure you don’t dig outside these regions.
  • Without soldering, use a compression tee to connect your sprinklers to the water supply system. Better still, to avoid complications, attach your sprinkler system to the main water faucet or garden spigot.
  • Install shut off valves: Additionally, you can install shut off valves to your sprinkler system. Shut up valves come in handy when repairs are required.


Unless in rear cases where you might require assistance, the outlined steps above should suffice for most garden sprinkler installation. Keep this guide handy to walk you through major sprinkler installation processes.

By Thomas Flowers
Post date

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Installing an underground sprinkler system requires a lot of work but is a good investment as it makes watering the yard simpler. You can do it on your own or can hire a professional to install it. Here’s how to install a sprinkler system on your lawn:

Plan the System

Basically, mark the location as to where to bury the sprinklers. Calculate the size of the yard, measure the water pressure and determine the coverage of the sprinklers. Sketch the locations of the sprinkler heads and put markings on the yard to know where to place the sprinklers.

One thing to make sure in planning the sprinklers’ location is that it is important to have the spray from one sprinkler hits the other sprinkler head to ensure that there will be no dry spots in the yard.

Access the Water Supply

This step involves tapping into the main water-service line which requires the installation of an anti- siphon valve that prevents brackish water and other unwanted chemical from contaminating the main water supply for the irrigation system.

Dig the trench

Dig a trench that is 6” to 8” deep with sides that slope at a 45-degree angle. Place the sod to one side and soil to other to make the filling and patching the trench easier when digging. A vibratory plow (a trenching device) can make this step go much faster and easier.

Valve Manifold Installation

Dig a hole that fits the valve manifold box perfectly. Place it on the ground and attach one end of the valve manifold to the main water supply and tighten the clamps to secure it.

Connect the PVC Pipe

Connect the PVC pipe to the open end of the valve. Lay the pipe along the main trench and use tee connectors for pipes running off the main line. Attach risers using 90-degree connectors on the location of the markings. Apply the adhesive thinly and smoothly when gluing sections together.

Install the Sprinkler Heads

Choose the appropriate sprinkler heads according to the irrigation needs of the lawn. Flush firs the water through the system to clean out any debris before attaching the sprinklers. When installing the sprinkler heads to the risers, make sure that the head is at the same level as the soil.

The Controller

The controller includes a timer system that controls length and frequency of the watering. Connect the wires and make sure it is connected to the main water-service control. Make sure everything is working and fine tune the sprinkler heads to make sure that all spots can be covered by the sprinkler.

Elzohor Nursery offers all types of landscaping and gardening services including lawn maintenance. We also install a sprinkler system that is beneficial to your garden. Talk to us and we’ll help you with your garden needs.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Subterranean watering systems are a fantastic way to keep you lawn healthy and avoid wasting water. Read this article for advice on the various kinds of watering systems, planning and installing your own water system, and special advice on connecting plastic water pipes.

Types of Systems

For the most part, the water pressure in home plumbing systems is not strong enough to water the entire lawn at the same time. The work-around is to divide the system into smaller circuit units, each with it’s own electronic control valve which operates according to how you program it.

PVC pipe which is connected to the main water line comprises the system. Pressure forces the water through a riser and out the sprinkler. You can have the water sprayed 360-degrees, 180-degrees, and 90-degrees, depending upon your unique needs. You also have the choice of either rotary heads, which are permanently above ground, and pop-up heads which rise only when they are in use.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Planning Your Sprinkler System

Never start a project without having learned the local codes and obtained the appropriate permits. Blue print the project, accounting for the location of every structure, paves area, tree, shrub, and flower bed. Know the location of underground gas and power lines so that you don’t cause major damage to one or both.

Measure the water pressure and rate of water flow for your pipe system. Generally, you need a minimum water pressure level of 20-psi.

Determine the rate of water flow by placing a 1-gallon bucket under a spigot and fill it. Divide the length of time required to reach the gallon mark by 60 to equate the gallons of water per minute.

Determine where you want to locate your spray heads. Determine the space between the sprinklers by factoring the spray distance by 1.4.

The last step of planning your sprinkler system is to break your system into smaller subsections. Do do according to the output information provided by the manufacturer. Equate the dividend of your water system’s gallon per minute capacity by the measurement for your spray heads to determine how many heads are needed.

Most manufacturer’s recommend .75-inch PVC pipe for systems that have a total length of less than 100-feet. If the length exceeds 100-feet, use 1-inch pipe.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Installing Your Sprinkler System

Before installing the system, you must construct a manifold, which is a set of valves attached to pipe that regulates the flow of water through your sprinkler system.

Once you have the manifold in place, you must excavate v-ditches that are at least .75-feet deep. When you reach a concrete surface, work around it by spraying water through a galvanized pipe to a garden hose to rinse out the soil. Once the soil has been removed, tape the end of a water pipe to prevent clogging and run it under the concrete surface.

Connect your sprinkler system to the main water system by installing a tee at either the water meter, anterior to the hose bibb, or on the main line between the meter and the house.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Install and emergency shut off so that the system can be drained of water for the cold season.

You must also include antisiphon valves so that dirty water doesn’t mix with your fresh water.

Put the pipe along the bottom of the trenches and set the risers to a 90-degree angle.

Properly secure all of the pipe joints and set all of the risers at the proper height.

After you have installed the risers, add the spray heads.

The last part of the system to be applied is the controller. Program the controls according to your needs and fill the ditches around the pipes.

Connecting the Pipe

How to Install a Sprinkler SystemMany do-it-yourself homeowners are able to install the system, but find themselves at a loss when it comes to joining the pipes.

The type of material you use to install your sprinkler system will depend on the manufacturer’s recommendations. While some systems use flexible hardware for the plumbing, others rely upon PVC hardware. If that’s the case with your system, clean the pipe according to the illustration.

Once the pipes are clean and connected, form a final bond by applying PC solvent.

Information in this article has been furnished by the National Retail Hardware Association (NRHA) and associated contributors.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

How to Install a Sprinkler System

A home’s curb appeal is quickly becoming a main focal point in any residence and a terrific way to maintain that “wow” factor outside the home is to install your own sprinkler system.

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Watering your lawn by hand can be a tedious job that takes too much time, especially in the summer. Sprinkler systems are a convenient way to water your lawn even if you’re not home. Additionally, an efficient sprinkler system uses less water than watering with a hose. Over the years, this can amount to huge savings on water bills.

Installing a sprinkler system is a fairly involved job that can take multiple days to complete. However, with the right guidance and proper tools, you can save hundreds of dollars by installing a sprinkler system yourself. See how with our step-by-guide below.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Sprinkler Installation Costs

To start off, according to our sprinkler system installation cost guide, the average cost of the project is $2,310. Of course, the price will largely depend on the size of your lawn, as well as the equipment chosen. Bear in mind that the installation requires trenches for the pipes and will therefore tear up your existing lawn. Regardless of whether you choose to do it yourself or have professional installation, the lawn will need repairing, which adds to the total cost.

Steps Before Sprinkler Installation

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Since you are performing work outside the home, you should check with your local building department to obtain necessary permits. Then, call your utility company to mark the buried cables and lines in your yard. This service is not too expensive, but a necessary step in any sprinkler system installation.

Check your water pressure. If it’s strong, then you may not have to install as many sprinkler heads. If it’s weak, then your costs could rise. Afterwards, turn off the water supply from the house.

Note: Sprinkler systems are installed in zones, but estimating the cost is not as simple as multiplying the size of one zone by your total zones. Zones consist of five to 10 sprinkler heads. As our friends at the DIY Network points out, it’s important to have the spray from one sprinkler head make contact with the other heads to ensure that there will be no dry spots in the yard.

Connect Water Line

Hopefully, your foundation has an existing spigot to provide water for irrigation. Many homeowners choose this route, whereas most contracting professionals tap main water-service lines. Homeowners must install an anti-siphon valve to prevent lawn chemicals or fertilizers from entering the water supply.

Dig Trenches

Time to get dirty. Thanks to your local utility company, you know exactly where your water lines run. You must rent a trenching device from a local hardware or landscaping store. Many stores will deliver this heavy device for a fee.

Dig trenches along the lines six to eight inches deep. When you’re digging, do not throw the dirt or sod into one big pile. Keep both the sod and soil on opposite sides of the trenches. This will make the patching much easier.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Install the Sprinkler Centerpiece

We need a device that connects all pieces of our sprinkler system and transmits messages from one end to the other. This piece is called the valve manifold (pictured above). Dig a hole so you can comfortably place the box inside the ground. Then, attach the valve to the main water line. Tighten and make sure nothing is loose.

Fill in the soil and then line the rest of the hole with two inches of gravel. The box lid should be flush with the grass.

Note: The other end of the valve should still be open.

Connect the Pipes

Lay PVC pipe (3/4″ to 1”) in all the trenches leading from the valve box. You may have to cut into the main water line and splice in a tee fitting with PVC cement and primer. You can use 90-degree elbows to join the PVC water pipes in the trenches to the zone valve pipes connected to the valve box. Use “tee” connectors for pipes running off the main line.

Connect the PVC pipe to the open end of the valve manifold. You may need a little adhesive to connect all pipes.

Install the Sprinkler Heads

Hopefully, you have already picked out the best sprinkler heads for your yard and budget. Before installation, run the water through the system to give it a nice cleaning.

Connect the sprinkler heads as indicated on their instructions. You may have to push part of the fitting into the pipe. Place the sprinkler heads on the risers and make sure they are level with the ground. Once they are connected, fill in the holes with soil and sod.

Finish It Off

Most sprinkler systems have control panels you can mount on a wall. The instructions should show you how to connect the wires to make sure everything runs smoothly. Then, connect the system to the main water line. Turn on the system and see if it works.

If it does, congratulations.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

If not, go back and make sure all pipes are securely connected and no water is leaking. Also, be sure to adjust your sprinkler heads to make sure you’re not wasting any water on your driveway or sidewalk.


Sprinkler systems may seem like an unnecessary expense, but when evaluated in the long run, they are cost effective and can save you hours of lawn maintenance. It will save a considerable amount of water, but more importantly, keep your grass looking as green and luscious as the first day you moved in.

Once you have installed your brand new sprinkler system, be sure to check out our maintenance cost guide to see what it will cost to preserve your new sprinkler system.

Last Updated: August 5, 2020 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Scott Johnson. Scott Johnson is the Owner and Lead Design Consultant for Concrete Creations, Inc., an award-winning landscape and design company based in the San Diego, California metro area. He has over 30 years of experience in the pool and landscape construction industry and specializes in large estate outdoor environment construction projects. His work has been featured in San Diego Home & Garden Magazine and on Pool Kings TV Show. He earned a BS degree in Construction Management with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona University.

There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status.

This article has been viewed 248,647 times.

Drip irrigation is an efficient, convenient way to water your garden. It supplies the water directly to the roots of your plants, which reduces the amount of water you need to use. [1] X Expert Source

Scott Johnson. Landscape & Design Consultant Expert Interview. 8 April 2020. Connect it to a timer, and your garden will water itself automatically, with minimal upkeep.

How to Install a Sprinkler SystemDon’t let your remodeling budget go over-board by hidden surprises – understand what the average installed costs for Sprinkler System is in your zip code by using our handy calculator.

As an experienced licensed home improvement contractor, I know first hand what it should cost for various levels — from Basic, Better, and of course the best. The Sprinkler System estimator will provide you with up to date pricing for your area.

Simply enter your zip code and the square footage, next click update and you will see a breakdown on what it should cost to have Sprinkler System installed onto your home

Example: a 10 x 10 area = 100 square feet.

Sprinkler System Costs Zip Code Sq. ft.
Basic Better Best
Sprinkler System – Material Prices $310.00 – $350.00 $430.00 – $540.00 $550.00 – $600.00
Sprinkler System – Installation Cost $150.00 – $160.00 $170.00 – $180.00 $200.00 – $230.00
Sprinkler System – Total $460.00 – $510.00 $600.00 – $720.00 $750.00 – $830.00
Sprinkler System – Total Average Cost per square foot $0.48 $0.66 $0.79

How Much Does It Cost to Install a Sprinkler System?

Most homeowners spend between $2,900 and $4,500 to have a sprinkler system installed, with the average cost being $3,700. To get a better understanding on how lawn care contractors price your irrigation system is they normally do it in square footage and per zones.

For example, if you lawn size to be irrigated was roughly 8,000 square ft. Using our sprinkler calculator above would cost you about: $2480.00 – $4800.00

Other Factors to consider:

  • Number of zones
  • Soil conditions
  • Types of landscaping (flowers, bushes, etc)
  • Terrain – is your lawn hilly
  • Types of sprinkler heads ( spray, drip, mist)

Long-Term Water Savings

Like any home improvement, the cost to install a sprinkler system would seem pricey. However, having an irrigation system will evenly distribute water across your lawn. Furthermore, being able to set each zone on a timer, you will be able to conserve water effectively.

Sprinkler System – Pricing and Installation Cost Checklist

  • Get at least 3-5 estimates before hiring a lawn irrigation contractor — estimates are typically free, unless it’s a service call for a repair.
  • Expect the Sprinkler System prices to fluctuate between various companies – each and every company have different operation expenses and over-head.
  • Try to get prices in late winter – you should expect aggressive pricing discounts by waiting for a contractor’s down season.
  • Try to budget and additional 7-15% more on top of what our calculator gives out for Sprinkler System costs.
  • Visit every supply house that sell your particular brand of Sprinkler System and try to negotiate a better price with each supplier – I save on average 20%.
  • Remember, there are variables that this calculator can’t factor, like onsite ground conditions, etc. So keep that in mind and try to budget a little more, before starting your Sprinkler System project.

View other Lawn and Garden Costs:

  • Lawn care & Sod
  • Landscape Stone & Gravel
  • Lawn Irrigation Systems & Edging

External References:

  1. ASLA – American Society of Landscape Architects. Get helpful landscape planning advice and costs. Added July 24, 2020
  2. Garden Design – Creative Landscaping ideas. Added June 21, 2020
  3. DIY Projects: Landscaping: How To Design Your Own Landscape Added April 16, 2020

Installing a DIY pop-up sprinkler system with Alexa voice control

How to Install a Sprinkler System

How to Install a Sprinkler System

“Alexa, water the garden for 10 minutes”…is now the amount of effort it requires to water the garden. I think the use of artificial intelligence for speech recognition is a great way to help automate many routine domestic tasks, including ensuring your garden remains green all year round. This blogpost may interest you if you are an ambitious gardener and interested in technology, as it explains how to install your own DIY pop-up sprinkler system in order to automate your garden watering using Alexa or Google Home voice control. Below is my 7 step guide on how to install your own DIY pop-up sprinkler system based on my very own DIY project. I hope that you find this blog post both helpful and informative for your own projects 🙂

I recommend that you start your DIY project by measuring the water pressure and volumetric flow rate from the water source you intend to use. These measurements are important pieces of information as they will indicate which sprinklers and system design will best suit your available water source. It is important that you do not skip this step as you will require these measurements to help with future calculations. Too little water pressure or flow and your sprinklers will not pop-up or have poor coverage. Too much water pressure or flow and your sprinklers may mist up and fail to achieve even coverage. Thankfully, both the water pressure and flow rate are easy to measure with limited cost.

Water pressure can be measured in units of BAR, kPA, water column meters, Atmospheres and PSI… where 1 BAR = 100 kPA = 10m water column = 0,987 Atmospheres = 14 PSI

How to Install a Sprinkler System

To measure your water pressure, fit a pressure gauge onto your outdoor tap or water supply and then open to achieve maximum water flow. This will measure your static water pressure. Whilst doing this, make sure that all other taps in your home are turned off. It is also helpful to measure pressure at your anticipated watering times i.e. first thing in the morning and late evening, as your water pressure can fluctuate throughout the day. I purchased a basic mains water pressure gauge for £20 which was adequate. Typically, a house is running happily with a 2 bar feed from the mains line, although pressure can vary from 1 bar to 3.5 bar depending on your mains connection and plumbing.

The flow rate is the quantity of water passing through a point during a specific unit of time. It is typically measured in litres per minute (l/m) or meters cubed per hour (m3/h)

How to Install a Sprinkler System

To measure your flow rate, you can use an empty 1 litre Coca-Cola bottle, 10-litre bucket or similar. Simply time how long it takes for your water source to fill up the container and then convert into the unit size you require. For example, if a 10-litre bucket takes 20 seconds to fill up, the flow rate is 30 litres/m. An intensely flowing garden tap could be delivering approximately 17–20 litres/m. Now that you have measured your water pressure and flow rate, you now understand your base-line water source constraints in order to design your sprinkler system. For example, you may need to increase water pressure or be mindful of the type of sprinklers you select based on the flow rate.

It can be helpful to prepare a scale plan of your garden to help estimate the overall watering area as well as start to plan where you might place your sprinklers and the length of piping you might need to connect your sprinkler system. Sprinkler manufacturers typically indicate the area covered by their sprinklers in metres², therefore having an estimate of the area you are planning to water can be useful. During the design on your system, it’s important to keep in mind the pressure and flow rate you are working with, although these can be increased or decreased using pressure pumps and water tanks in order to meet your exact requirements.

You will obviously need to choose a sprinkler appropriate to your watering needs and budget. The right sprinkler will depend on the overall size and shape of your garden as well as the available water pressure and flow rate from your water source. Prices for sprinklers can range from $3 up to $50 per unit depending on the specification, quality and manufacturer. Companies such as Rainbird, and Claber, Gardena, are specialist manufactures with a solid reputation for delivering high-quality products. These brands are usually a good place to start your search for the right sprinklers.

Four important considerations when choosing sprinklers include the water pressure and flow input requirements, coverage arch (e.g. 360°) and coverage radius i.e the watering distance…

For my system, I have chosen sprinklers from the Claber Colibri Micro-sprinkler range, as they operate at a lower water pressure and flow rate as well as offering great value for money. These sprinklers are specifically designed for small to medium domestic DIY systems and overall, I think they are excellent value for money and would recommend them to others. They operate at a minimum pressure of 1.5 bar and a flow rate of 4 litres/m, 2.9 litres/m or 1.7 litres/m depending on the coverage arch — 360°, 180° or 90°. These input requirements make them well-suited to the average domestic water source without the need to adjust water pressure using pumps or flow rates using water tanks, reducing the complexity and cost of your DIY system.

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  • Where Is the Main Water Shut Off Valve in Older Houses?
  • How to Install Electric Outlets on a Kitchen Island
  • How to Hook Up a Sprinkler System to a Hose Bib

Installing a sprinkler system ensures that your yard gets enough water to stay healthy and green even when rain is inconsistent. While yard sprinkler systems are often professionally installed, it’s certainly possible to design and install your own sprinkler system. Before installing a sprinkler system, it’s important to plan the system out, as each sprinkler head only has limited coverage; to ensure consistent watering, coverage areas must overlap.

Mark the path of your sprinkler system using spray paint or other lawn markers.

Assemble your zone valve manifold according to the included instructions, using one valve for each line in your sprinkler system; the inlet on each valve attaches to the manifold pipe, while the outlet will attach to a separate sprinkler line.

Dig trenches 4 to 12 inches deep to accommodate your sprinkler system using a mechanical trencher or shovel. Dig a hole 18 inches deep and 2 to 3 feet long near your faucet, to hold the box for your manifold.

Shut off the water to your home at the water meter and cut into the water main that feeds your faucet. Splice a T fitting into the pipe, soldering it in place if the pipe is copper, and running a pipe from the fitting to the location of the hole for your manifold box.

Fill the bottom of the manifold box hole with 2 inches of gravel. Place the manifold box into the hole, adjusting it so that it is level with the ground, and place the valve manifold inside. Connect the manifold to a backflow prevention device, then connect it to the water line.

Assemble the pipes and connect them to the outlets on your manifold valves. Turn on the water briefly to wash any dust or dirt from the system, then turn it off again and attach the sprinkler heads.

Turn off the power to your house at the breaker. Mount a timer close to your manifold, running the wires from it to your manifold box and wiring the valves according to the included instructions. Plug in your timer, running a wire from your breaker box if you don’t have an outdoor outlet.

Backfill the trenches and area around the manifold box, making adjustments as needed to keep the manifold box and sprinkler heads at ground level. Turn on the water and power, setting the timer to establish a watering schedule based on your needs.

Things Needed

  • Spray paint, garden flags or other markers
  • Zone valve manifold kit
  • Mechanical trencher or shovel
  • Pipe cutter
  • Pipe fittings
  • Pipes
  • Gravel
  • Manifold box
  • Sprinkler control timer
  • Sprinkler heads


  • Before digging, call your local utility company or dial 811 to schedule a survey of your property. The survey will mark any buried utility lines or wires and is required by law.
  • Have an electrician run the wiring from your breaker box to your timer, if needed. Improperly installed wiring can create a fire or electrocution hazard, especially if it comes in contact with metal pipes.
  • Before selecting sprinklers, measure your home’s water pressure and calculate the rate that water flows in gallons-per-minute and gallons-per-hour. Purchase sprinkler heads accordingly.
  • You can add pumps to your sprinkler system to increase the water pressure, if necessary. Installing a single pump between the water line and the zone valve manifold increases the pressure for the entire system, while installing separate pumps on individual lines after the manifold increases pressure only for those lines that need it.


Photo Credits

  • David McNew/Getty Images News/Getty Images

About the Author

Born in West Virginia, Jack Gerard now lives in Kentucky. A writer and editor with more than 10 years of experience, he has written both articles and poetry for publication in magazines and online. A former nationally ranked sport fencer, Gerard also spent several years as a fencing coach and trainer.

$3,160 Installed on 1/4 Acre

How Much does it Cost to Install a Sprinkler Irrigation System?

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Overview of Yard Watering Systems

A sprinkler system on a programmable timer is the most convenient way to keep your landscape watered with the proper amount of irrigation, and lowest waste. A properly planned system is customized to the shape, size and features of your landscape.

This page includes complete details about cost of a complete lawn irrigation system, factors that will dictate what you may have to pay, and whether DIY is a good option.

You’ll also find sprinkler irrigation system cost estimates from other sites and actual sprinkler system prices submitted by homeowners after the completion of their projects. Feel free to return here to share your project description and cost for the benefit of other readers.

Product Cost Details

Irrigation System Price Factors

Most of these are obvious cost factors, but perhaps there are a few you haven’t considered.

  • Size of the System – Most online estimates are for a quarter-acre system. The cost per square foot drops slightly as size goes up.
  • Capacity of the Systems – Lawns with full sun in hot climates require more water than shaded lawns in cool climates.
  • Complexity of the System – A system with just pop-up heads to water lawn only costs less than one that also includes high-rise heads are used for landscaped zones and bubblers, drip irrigation or gentle sprayers are ideal for flowers and vegetables.
  • Upgrades and Extras – There several types of controllers, including those with advanced features like wi-fi and touchscreens are available. Extra zoning equipment and timers can be added when each zone requires its own watering schedule.
  • Quality of the System – The lowest estimates you receive will likely be for inferior equipment that might not prove very durable. For example, most systems use low-cost plastic sprinkler heads; others are fitted with stainless steel heads at a higher cost, often required in sandy soil.
  • Landscape Features – Large trees, slopes, driveways and other features play a role in job difficulty, how much material is needed and how the system is built.
  • Trenching Difficulty – When ground is soft, trenching is easy. In mid-summer, clay can be extremely hard and difficult to trench in, leading to higher cost estimates.
  • Extra Costs – If your lawn is in very poor condition, you might need to reseed or even lay sod at additional cost.
  • Time of Year – You might be lower cost estimates if you plan the work outside of the peak lanscaping season.
  • Pro or DIY – You’ll save on labor if you DIY, but you might still have equipment rental costs such as a trencher or front-end loader for preparing the landscape.

Retail Cost Range (Equipment Only)

  • $150 – $250 | DIY kit, non-expandable, for 2,000-5,000 square feet
  • $35 – $55 | Analog timer
  • $80 – $170 | Digital timer
  • $.60 – $1.00 per foot | PVC pipe from ½” to 1”
  • $17 – $25 each | 50’ coil of riser flex tubing for use from the PVC line to the sprinkler head
  • $10 – $20 each | Sprinkler heads of various types with cover radius of 8’ to 30’
  • $12 – $30 each | Valves required for each zone
  • $45 – $60 each | Manifolds used to distribute water from the main to the zones
  • $2.50 – $5.00 each | Assorted caps and nozzles
  • $60 – $120 | Irrigation water filter
  • $7 – $15 each | Assorted installation tools such as sprinkler head wrench, curb key for water shut-off and sprinkler multi-tool with cutter and wrench
  • $60 – $135 | Trencher rental for 4 hours to a full day. A deposit of $100+ might be required. Here’s a pro tip: If you rent a trencher within 4 hours of the store closing, you might be able to keep it overnight with no additional charges.

Permits, Inspection, and Installation Costs

  • $50 – $200 | Both plumbing and electrical permits might be required, depending on the scope of the work.

Installation Labor Cost

If you do it yourself and hire pros for just the electrical and water hookup, these are your costs.

  • $175 – $300 | Hiring an electrician to run wire and connect the timer
  • $200 – $325 | Hiring a plumber to connect the irrigation system to the home’s water supply may be required in some areas. In most cases, the landscaping irrigation company will have the required license to connect to your existing water supply.

Installation Time

Experienced crews move pretty quickly. The complexity of the design and the hardness of the ground will impact time.

  • 5 – 10 Hours | Sprinkler irrigation system up to .5 acres
  • 2-4 Days | Large and/or very complex landscape irrigation systems

DIY or Hire a Pro

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Having installed systems at two separate homes, we can say DIY is possible. But it is definitely not recommended unless you are accomplished in completing home projects, and have access to the right tools to do the job.

The system at the second home turned out quite a bit better than the first one. Experience is very useful!

This is a complex project that begins with the right plan. Irrigation system planner like this one from Lowes/Orbit is highly recommended.

Expect the planning phase to take at least an hour for a small, simple yard and several hours for more complex landscapes. You’ll need to know or determine the dimensions of the area to be irrigated. Knowing your home’s water flow in gallons per minute will help too.

A good auto planner will also create for you a list of supplies and tools needed plus installation instructions.

Before you begin installing the system, get your home’s utilities marked. Call 811 to request the service. It is free in most areas. It may take up to 14 days for the marking to be done, so call well ahead of time, so your project isn’t delayed.

Pros can install a system for a quarter acre in a day with a crew of 2-4 people. For DIY work, you will probably need a full weekend and the help of one or two people.

The conclusion is that for most homeowners, DIY is not a good option.

Installing a sprinkler irrigation system is not a DIY Project. What do You Think?

Lawn care, a continual but rarely enjoyed responsibility of homeownership, becomes much less of a day-to-day hassle for those who install an underground sprinkler system.

How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Lawn care can be especially demanding these days, with wacky weather throwing homeowners around the country for a loop. Long periods with no rain can turn your lush carpet of green into a brown wasteland, while a weeklong downpour can leave your grass looking like an untended swamp marsh.

A programmable sprinkler, one that turns on and off automatically at set times, provides a water-efficient way to maintain lawn health. Though not the easiest task, installing an underground sprinkler system yourself means significant savings over the cost of hiring a professional to complete the project.

Get Official
Check with your municipality to see whether any restrictions are in place for residential-use sprinkler systems (one common ordinance stipulates setbacks from neighboring properties). Also, alert your utility companies; they’ll want to mark the locations of all underground lines planned as part of your system.

Make a Plan
Reputable companies—Toro’s Water Smart Design Service and Rain Bird’s Sprinkler Design Service—offer assistance to ease the frustration of designing a sprinkler system layout. For an effective design, expect to provide a map of your property, along with information about your plumbing (e.g., water pressure).

Component parts necessary to purchase include sprinkler heads, tubing, valve pumps, and a system control box. If your climate is warm year-round, PVC pipe may be used throughout your system. Those who live any place where the ground freezes in winter are advised instead to use flexible polyethylene pipe. Cold-climate dwellers must employ special sprinkler heads, which drain when not in use, ensuring that residual water does not freeze and cause the lines to crack.

To function, an underground sprinkler system obviously requires water. It’s possible to divert water from your outdoor house bib, but the recommended method is splicing into the water main by means of a T-joint. Hire a plumber for this part of the process if you’re not comfortable tackling it yourself. Installing the T-joint involves turning off the water to your house and situating a backflow preventer valve between the T-joint and sprinkler system input.


How to Install a Sprinkler System

Closely following your planned system layout, dig trenches both for the water lines and the valve box. Rent a trencher from your local home improvement center to make easier and speedier work of this arduous and time-consuming process. Create line trenches that are between six and eight inches deep.

Valve Manifold Box
If the control box is the brain of an underground sprinkler system, the valve assembly is the heart. Generally, this assembly goes in a central spot from which it channels water via the main line to those lines that stretch into different zones of the yard. Set the manifold box into a hole (with a layer of pea gravel at its bottom) that’s been excavated only deep enough to allow the valve to sit at ground level.

Water Lines
After running a line from the water main to the manifold box, begin laying out valve lines to your various sprinkler heads. Where necessary, use T-joints to run pipe from the trajectory of a valve line to the planned location of an individual sprinkler head. Connect every head to a line that reaches the manifold.

Control Box
Place the control box in a sheltered area with an electrical outlet, and run wire underground from the valve manifold to the control box (here, consult the manufacturer’s directions). Accompanying each valve line are two wires: one for the common connection, another for a zone-specific connection.

Replace the dirt in all trenches and fill in the holes dug for the sprinkler heads and valve manifold box. For the sprinkler heads’ pop-up mechanism to work, they must stick up slightly out of the ground.

Turn the water back on, then run a test cycle of the system. Most systems enable you to adjust the range and force of each sprinkler head. Make the necessary adjustments to ensure that different parts of your lawn are getting even coverage. Program your control box to set a watering schedule suitable for your yard, then sit back enjoy the green, green grass of home!

Two installations to help make outdoor water use more convenient.

In warm weather, property maintenance requires a ready supply of water and a convenient source for it. Installing extra outdoor faucets makes lawn and garden watering more efficient. You can also go one step further and install an inground sprinkler system.

Installing an outdoor bib tap

Rather than patching two lawn hoses together and running extremely long lengths of hose around your property to water the lawn, fill the pool or wash the car, installing an extra hose bib tap makes for more efficient use of your garden hose.

If you have a cold-water supply pipe running inside the house close to the spot where you wish to place your new bib tap, the installation will be easy. Drill a hole through the wall so that the center of the hole is at the center of the water supply pipe. Tap into the water pipe with a copper tee and solder it in place. Attach a length of pipe long enough to extend about 25mm (1 in) beyond the exterior wall, then attach the new bib faucet

The second installation procedure is to tap a new water supply line into the existing outdoor faucet. Tap a tee into the existing faucet run and attach a new water supply run to where you need your new hose bib. The run can go through the garage, but try to keep the run in as straight a line as possible Any runs through unheated areas are subject to freezing during the cold months, so make sure the pipes are well insulated and make sure the outdoor taps have been left open during the winter months with the outdoor water shut-off valve closed

Installing a sprinkler system

A sprinkler system installation isn’t a difficult task if you use plastic plumbing and are prepared for all the digging. But once the system is installed, keeping your lawn green is no longer a boring chore.

There are many different types of sprinkler systems on the market; however, all underground systems are polyethylene hoses, which are strong yet flexible and are not subject to damage from water freezing in them during the cold months.

Sprinkler heads come in a variety of sprinkling patterns, from full circle to half circle and quarter circle, squares and waves.

Decide what your needs are first. Make a sketch of the areas to be watered, then check the specifications of the sprinklers to determine how many heads you’ll need and the necessary sprinkling patterns.

Before buying your system, you’ll also need to know your water pressure, the size of your water meter and the size of the water supply pipe you’ll be tapping into. To check the water pressure, you can ask your utilities company or you can check yourself by inserting a pressure gauge into the hose bib, checking to make sure all inside taps are shut off, then turning on the outside tap full force and taking a reading. Sprinkler heads are arranged in groups and each group is controlled by a valve. The number of valves and the amount of piping you’ll need will be determined by the number of sprinkler heads you use.

An automatic timer and a distribution control, which makes the most of your water pressure by alternating the flow through various sprinkler heads, are recommended purchases to make your lawn watering completely automatic.

Most plumbing codes require the use of an antisiphon device on the sprinkler system
between the water connection in the house and the system to prevent any back-siphoning of hose water into the house water system.

Your sprinkler system should be connected to the water supply pipes inside the house just past the water meter and the control valves outside the house.

Use a flat spade for digging V-shaped trenches 10 to 15cm (4 to 6in) deep to hold the hose. Save the sod for reuse. Tap the pipe into the trench and backfill.

When laying a pipe under a concrete walkway, dig the trench from both sides, and insert a steel pipe with a wider diameter than your plastic hose under the walk. Cover the end of your plastic piping to keep debris from entering the hose, then slide the plastic hose through the steel pipe to the other side and backfill.

Sprinkler heads that have drain fittings will need a dry well. Dig a hole 30cm (12in) wide and 30cm (12in) deep and fill with coarse gravel for drainage.

Don’t bend your plastic piping when installing it, and keep all curves to a minimum to prevent a reduction in water pressure to the sprinkler head.


How to Install a Sprinkler System

Before buying your system, make a plan of your lawn and determine where the sprinklers will be necessary, the number of heads you’ll need and the sprinkling patterns. Heads are available in full circle, half circle, quarter circle, squares and waves.


How to Install a Sprinkler System

To install a pipe under a walkway, dig a trench under the sidewalk and insert a steel pipe. Use a garden hose to flush out the pipe.

Keep your lawn looking great—and save cash, too!—with this quick, easy DIY replacement.

How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System How to Install a Sprinkler System

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Your lush lawn demands regular watering, and you likely rely on your sprinkler system for that. Trouble is, even dependable in-ground sprinkler systems don’t last forever; the parts are all too easy to damage with your mower, or may simply get cracked and worn over time. Signs that the sprinkler head needs replacing include low water pressure, frequent leaks, and a poor or non-existent spray.

When a sprinkler head is shot, you’ll save cash tackling the replacement yourself: The head will run you no more than $20, while hiring a pro for the job ranges between $75 and $250. Installing a sprinkler head is a fairly simple DIY task, requiring a few basic tools and no plumbing experience. So keep green on your lawn and in your pocket by following these six simple steps how to replace a sprinkler head.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

STEP 1: Shop for the right replacement.

Choosing the wrong replacement for the sprinkler head can result in an overwatered or under-watered section of lawn and may interfere with the performance of the other sprinkler heads you’ve installed nearby. Fortunately, the top of the existing sprinkler head should contain all the information needed to find a new head that matches.

Check whether it is a pop-up or impact sprinkler head; pop-up heads must be further identified as stationary, rotor-driven, or gear-driven. The replacement head needn’t be the same brand as the previous head, but it must be the same type.

The next specifications to identify are the inches-per-hour (iph) or gallons-per-minute (gpm) delivery rate, the spray pattern, and the throwing distance. If any specs are missing from the top of the old sprinkler head, you’re likely to find the info on the side of the head after you remove it (details below). Failing this, reference the brand and part number on the manufacturer’s website for specifications.


New sprinkler heads can be bought at local home improvement stores or online. If the exact specs of the sprinkler are still unclear, bring the old head to the store and compare it to new heads, consulting an experienced store employee for advice.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

STEP 2: Dig up the damaged sprinkler head.

Sprinkler heads sit just below or flush with the ground, so a sturdy trowel should be suitable for digging up the head. Remove the sod or patch of grass around the head carefully so that it can be replaced later. Then dig a hole about 6 inches deep and a foot in diameter around the sprinkler head, taking care not to puncture the water line with your trowel. Place the soil in a container so it can easily be replaced but poses no risk of getting knocked into the open water line.

Check to ensure that the water line isn’t damaged. If there is a leak or rupture in the line, the poor performance may be with the plumbing service and not the sprinkler head. In this case, have a plumber locate and repair the issue.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

STEP 3: Unscrew the old sprinkler head.

The sprinkler head sits on a small pipe, called a riser, that connects the head to the water line. Unscrew the sprinkler head from the riser by twisting counterclockwise. If the riser comes off the water line with the sprinkler head, detach the two parts carefully. You’ll notice seal tape on the riser, which is used to fill any excess space between the male threads of the riser and the female threads of the sprinkler head, lowering the chance of a leak. Remove the tape and inspect the thread pattern on the riser. If the threads are cracked, aggressively worn, or appear misaligned, the riser will need to be replaced. If the riser looks fine, apply new seal tape and reattach the riser to the water pipe, taking care to avoid knocking dirt into the open water line.


If the riser is damaged, replacing it is easy. If the riser came out with the sprinkler head, simply buy a new riser that matches the length and diameter of the broken one. Apply seal tape to both ends and screw in the new riser. If the riser broke when taking out the sprinkler head, remove it with a riser removal t-tool and then replace with a new riser.

STEP 4: Attach the replacement sprinkler head.

The riser should now be in place with seal tape wrapped around the threads. Turn on the water to the system to flush out any dirt that may have fallen into the pipe. A flexible garden hose can be placed over the riser to redirect water into a nearby drain during this process.

Turn off the water and screw the new sprinkler head onto the riser in a clockwise motion, tightening by hand until it is secure and pointing in the desired direction. Some sprinklers spray in a 360-degree pattern, while others spray in a 180-degree pattern.

STEP 5: Test the sprinkler head.

Turn the system on and observe the new head for about a minute, to test for functionality and any leaks around the riser and sprinkler head. If there appears to be a leak, turn off the system and tighten the sprinkler head or reapply seal tape for a snugger fit. Test the system again for leaks.

Also check the height of the sprinkler head in comparison to the others on your lawn. If the correct sprinkler head was purchased it should sit at the same height as the other heads. Not only must the sprinkler head be low enough to avoid damage from mower blades, a uniform head height also ensures the most accurate spray pattern for the lawn.

If the new head doesn’t align with the others, try tightening it further. Or, if the riser was also replaced, check the length of the new riser against the old one for height consistency. If there’s a discrepancy, the new riser will need to be replaced—the reason why it’s crucial to measure the old riser before replacing it.


Finally, ensure that the sprinkler sprays in the desired direction. If not, tighten the sprinkler head until it is spraying in the correct direction.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

STEP 6: Fill the hole.

Once the new sprinkler head is functioning properly, fill in the hole by shoveling the dirt back into the opening with the trowel, making sure to spread it evenly across the base. Tamp the loose dirt down flat with your hand, foot, or the back of the trowel.

If the sod was removed in one piece, it should be easy to add after you replace a sprinkler head, sitting it on top of the dirt around the irrigation fixture. Tamp it down and water it immediately to help the lawn reestablish its roots. If the turf was damaged during removal, reseed the ground around the sprinkler head and fertilize to aid growth. Avoid walking around the new sprinkler head for a few weeks so that grass can reestablish itself.

We’ve all been there – trying to figure out how to do DIY household projects without any idea of what you’re doing. I’ve always had the dream of owning a home with an immaculate lawn. The problem was that I didn’t have time to water everything at the end of a long day at work. This is when I decided it was time to learn how to install a sprinkler timer. Not only was it easier than I thought but it also took the stress and hassle out of watering the greenery.

To make things simpler, I created a list of 7 incredibly easy to follow steps to use if you’re deciding whether a sprinkler timer is right for you. It’s never too late to be able to appreciate a beautiful lawn without having to put in the work!

The Tools You’ll Need

How to Install a Sprinkler System

1. 3/8” Electric Corded or Cordless Drill

Corded drills are preferable for situations where you won’t be placing the sprinkler timer far away from an electrical socket. Whereas if you prefer the versatility of putting the timer anywhere you please, it’s better to choose a cordless drill.

2. Masonry or Wood Drill Bit

Depending on the type of surface you’d like to install the timer on, you’re going to need the coordinating drill bit. For example, I installed mine on the side of our house above the water shut off valve and so I used the masonry drill bit

3. Black Felt-Tipped Marker

4. Hammer

5. Level

6. Screws

7 . Wall Plugs.

When you start searching for wall plugs, make sure you choose ones that are designed for the type of material you’re working with. For example, concrete wall plugs will differ from drywall plugs and masonry plugs. It’s also important to choose plugs that coordinate with the screw size you’ve selected.

8. Screwdriver

The 7 Steps to Install Your Sprinkler Timer System

Step 1: Decide on a Location

The first thing you’ll need to do is figure out where you want the sprinkler timer to be located. There are a few important factors to take into consideration including power supply, the type of timer you have, and how it is supposed to be connected.

Depending on the type of sprinkler timer you purchase it may either be an indoor or an outdoor model. Outdoor models are specially designed to ward off damage from exposure to the elements, such as insulating electrical wires to prevent shortages from the rain.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

You’ll also be able to tell whether the unit needs to be hard wired or if it can easily plug into an outlet. Ideally, you’re going to want to find a timer that is designed to plug into a wall outlet because hard wiring may be slightly too advanced if you don’t have experience as an electrician. Although it may limit where you can install the timer, it is far safer and easier.

It’s also important to remember you’ll want to install the timer somewhere that is the most convenient for you. For example, you won’t want your sprinkler’s control panel to be in the garage while you have the timer located in the backyard. It’s best to keep all of the components for the sprinkler system together.

Step 2: Preparing the Sprinkler Timer

The next step is to remove the sprinkler timer from its packaging. Some models may come with instructions and accessories such as screws and plugs while others may not. Guarantee that you keep all of the small pieces in one convenient location so you don’t lose any pieces. I had the unfortunate issue of losing a couple of screws that I had to replace out of my own collection.

Step 3: Mapping the Mounting of the Timer

Once you have all of your tools and accessories readily available, it’s time to map where the sprinkler timer is going to be mounted. This is when you’ll want to use the felt-tipped marker and the timer unit. All you have to do is place it in its desired location (preferably at about eye-level) and mark black dots through the pre-drilled holes on the timer. It’s recommended that you use the level during this step to make sure the timer will be straight along the wall.

This will give you an idea of where you’re going to need to insert your wall plugs and screws for the next step.

Step 4: Drilling the Holes

Next, you’re going to need to use your drill and coordinating drill bit (either wood or masonry) to drill holes that fit the width of your plugs. Although your sprinkler timer may not be heavy, it’s always best to use plugs along with the screws to ensure the unit stays on the wall. Since you already have the designated holes marked out, drilling will be incredibly simple. Once all of the holes are ready, insert the plugs ensuring they’re flush with the wall by hammering them into the holes.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

Step 5: Screwing in the Screws

By holding the sprinkler timer in one hand, hold it up to where the pre-drilled holes on the piece line up with the holes in your wall. At this time use your screwdriver to install all of the screws into the plugs. Once you’ve finished screwing, gently pull on the timer to ensure that it is securely fastened to the wall.

Step 6: Connecting the Timer to the Controller

Typically you’ll be able to turn to the manufacturer’s instructions for this process and in order to ensure the sprinkler timer will work with your installed sprinkler system, you need to connect the coordinating wires. After installing my own timer I installed a couple of others for family members and each unit had its own wire colors that coordinated with the sprinkler system, and so there isn’t a universal approach to this step.ere.

Important: When dealing with any type of electricity it is important to shut off the right breakers to stop the flow of power to the sprinkler system. This helps to prevent the likelihood of powerful shocks and electrocution.

Ensure that you do not turn the power back on until you have followed the included instructions and are sure the correct wires are connected to each other.

Step 7: Program Your Timer

Now that the unit has been installed and connected, you should be able to program your desired schedules. This is the part I loved the most about having a sprinkler timer as I was able to set schedules for my lawn to be watered while I slept, just before I came home from work, or even first thing in the morning.

Again, it’s important to refer to the manufacturer’s settings to know which buttons are used to program when you’d like your sprinkler system to turn on. Also, make sure that you test the unit as soon as it is installed by setting a schedule within a few minutes after installation.

See, installing a sprinkler timer is much simpler than you had ever thought, right? There’s no need to worry about being inexperienced with at-home DIY projects because, in all reality, it’s possibly one of the simplest installations you can do on your own. There’s nothing more rewarding than being able to say you’ve accomplished a convenient and useful home upgrade, which is why I installed my own timer instead of hiring a professional.

Let me know how your own installation went and be sure to share these 10 incredibly easy steps with your friends and family so they can have perfectly manicured lawns as well!

How to Install a Sprinkler System

The Complexity of Installing a Fire Sprinkler System

For over 100 years, fire sprinklers have protected life and property. At first glance, a fire sprinkler system seems to be a simple system of pipes with sprinkler heads that deliver water to a fire. Upon closer examination, a fire sprinkler system is actually a complex series of components and systems that are carefully engineered, designed, installed, tested and maintained to effectively contain a fire when their need arises.

Starting at the Drawing Board

With new construction or the retrofitting of an older building or structure, to install a fire sprinkler system, you have to start at the drawing board. At Koorsen Fire & Security, the drawing board is manned by designers in either their Corporate Engineering Department or their Sprinkler Design Department, depending on the project.How to Install a Sprinkler System

The first steps the designers take are to identify the occupancy classification and the hazard class for the structure that the fire sprinkler system is protecting. Based on that criteria, the designers will then look to the International Building Code (IBC) to determine what is required for that structure.

Once this is determined, the designers will then turn to the National Fire Protection Association’s NFPA 13, which is the standard for the design and installation of sprinkler systems. The NFPA 13 provides the designers the spacing requirements, piping requirements, minimum pressure levels and component options for the fire sprinkler system. Using all this info, the designers are then able to create the fire sprinkler system drawing for the intended structure.

Following the Fire Sprinkler Design

Once the fire sprinkler system has been designed and the plans have been drawn, they are then ready for the installation process. Depending on the jurisdiction, the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may look at the drawings and approve them before the installation has begun, while others won’t inspect the system until after it has been installed.

With the drawings in hand, the contractor on the project is then able to guide his team on the steps and processes to take to properly install the fire sprinkler system properly. The fire sprinkler system installation is commonly done by the pipe fitters at the construction site. Once the system is completed, the Koorsen technicians can then test the system to make sure everything is working as designed and is in compliance.

Continuous Testing and Inspections

Once the system is installed and operable, the building owners must then abide by local codes regarding testing and inspections of the fire sprinkler system. The local code which is dictated by NFPA 25, determines the fire sprinkler inspection and testing schedule. In most jurisdictions, Koorsen technicians inspect and test the fire sprinklers monthly, quarterly, semiannually, and annually depending on the building and occupancy type.

The ongoing inspections and testing are as important as the initial designing of the system. While the designers ensure that the system will work when installed, the technicians ensure that the system will continue to work as intended for years to come. In both instances, businesses have come to rely on and trust the professionals at Koorsen Fire & Security for their fire sprinkler system needs.

From design to testing to maintenance of fire sprinkler systems, contact a Koorsen Fire & Security associate for all your fire sprinkler system questions, quotes, and inquiries.

Did you know that the average American family uses 320 gallons of water per day? According to the EPA, 30% of that water is used for watering lawns and landscapes as well as other outside uses.

If you’re a landscaping contractor who installs irrigation systems, you can help homeowners cut back on their outdoor water usage. You’ll also help residential clients save money on their water bills when you install a K-Rain lawn sprinkler.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

10 Steps for Installing a K-Rain Sprinkler System

If you’re just starting to design and install lawn sprinklers, K-Rain has some simple steps to get you started:

1. Draw a design: Grab some graph paper and a pencil to sketch the property where you’re putting in the lawn water sprinkler. Divide the property into zones and decide which sprinkler type will work best in each zone.

2. Choose the right sprinkler for the project: K-Rain has many parts to use in developing a residential sprinkler system. For your first project, we recommend the following:

  • K-Rain K2 Pro K8000 for medium to large areas measuring 20’ to 48’.
  • K-Rain K1 Rotor for small to medium-size areas measuring 15’ to 30’.
  • K-Rain pop up spray heads for small lawns and landscaped areas up to 15’.

How to Install a Sprinkler System

3. Space K-Rain sprinklers to meet head-to-head: Each sprinkler head should meet the spray of the next sprinkler head. Don’t mix rotors and spray heads together in the same zone.

4. Start at the corners of your customer’s property and space your sprinklers on your graph paper: After you draw the sprinklers in the four corners of your client’s property, place more sprinklers at even intervals. Your sketch will serve as your guide when you install the sprinkler system.

5. Determine your water flow: Get a clock with a second hand or use your mobile device’s timer. You need a five-gallon bucket for this job too. Go to the outside faucet closest to the home’s water supply. Also, make sure there is no water running elsewhere in the house.

Turn on the water and time it to see how long it takes to fill the bucket. Use this formula to determine how many gallons per minute (GPM) it took to fill the bucket:

The number of gallons/number of seconds x 60 seconds. For example, if I filled my bucket in 15 seconds, here’s how I find the GPM: 5 gallons/15 seconds x 60 seconds equals 20 GPM.

6. Divide your customer’s property into zones: Ideally, you would divide your client’s property into hydrozones by grouping plants together by their watering needs. If you’re not breaking up the property into hydrozones, sketch the front lawn, side lawn, flowerbeds and landscaped areas on your graph paper.

7. Note how many GPM each sprinkler head uses—this will determine how many sprinklers you’ll need per zone.

8. Create zones with different valves less than your available GPM. You can add more valves if the customer decides to add more irrigation zones.

9. Draw the pipe layout: Position your piping based on your zoning diagram.

10. Design the valve manifold with in-line valves: Draw in pipes connecting all the zones to their valves. Always take the most direct route to the valve, keeping the sprinklers in a line or connected to a tee.

Pipes begin at the valve manifold and run to the appropriate zone. Keep the total number of GPM available, based on the bucket test for your sprinkler system.

Ask your dealer what pipes and valves you need to comply with municipal regulations and climate needs.

Finally, determine the valve and controller needs. Base the number of valves you need on the number of zones on the property. Set up the controller size by the number of valves used on the property.

Remember These Six Tips for Successfully Installing a K-Rain Irrigation System

You can design and build a K-Rain irrigation system when you follow the above steps as well as remembering the following points:

1. Set your sprinkler timer for early morning watering. Not only does this protect lawns and landscapes from fungal diseases and root rot, but there’s maximum water pressure available too.

2. Don’t water in the evening to avoid lawn fungal diseases.

3. Don’t mix rotors and spray heads in the same watering zone. The sprinkler system will unevenly disperse water if you combine rotors and spray heads together in one zone.

4. If a sprinkler head isn’t working, check the filter by unscrewing the bottom of the sprinkler and cleaning out any dirt.

5. If your customer wants to expand their system in the future, make sure that you use a controller with more stations than what you need right now.

6. Make sure you winterize your customers’ irrigation systems if you live in an area where there are cold winters.

Join K-Rain’s Premier Contractor Program

If you’re diversifying your contracting company, then joining K-Rain’s Premier Contractor Program is the natural next step. Here’s what you get when you join our contractor program:

  • You earn a cash rebate for your first K-Rain product from an authorized dealer.
  • You continue to earn rebates with each K-Rain product you purchased from an authorized distributor.
  • You can redeem your rebate for debit cards or distributor credit toward your next K-Rain product.
  • You get top priority to homeowner referrals in your region.
  • You have access to free online marketing tools.

If you’re ready to join the K-Rain’s Premier Contractor Program, sign up here.