There’s no mistaking nausea when it strikes. Your stomach gets unsettled and queasy. Your throat gets an odd, heavy sensation. You may even get the cold sweats, dizziness and feel like you’re about to vomit. It’s unmistakable and entirely undesirable.
But it’s important to note that nausea is not an ailment. It’s a symptom of something else that’s upsetting your body. It could be the flu, motion sickness, migraines, anxiety, hangovers, pregnancy, food poisoning, eating too much, a concussion or medication.
What causes nausea? While it’s not certain, it’s believed that the gastrointestinal tract is always in motion, contracting and expanding to help food move down the tract. Nausea is caused when that pattern is upset, either moving too fast, or too slow.
No matter the cause, the one thing everyone can agree on, is that absolutely no one enjoys nausea.
So what to do? There are a series of time tested techniques that help relieve nausea. Here are the top 5:
1. Sit Upright
When you’re feeling nauseous, avoid lying down. Either sit up or prop yourself up in bed to a prone position.
When you lie down, the liquids in your stomach tend to move up, creating additional pressure and discomfort.
2. BRAT Diet
Grandma was right. Eat small portions of bland foods. The BRAT diet stands for bread, rice, apple sauce and toast. Keep it plain, keep it simple.
Avoid fatty, fried, spicy or very sweet foods. That means no red meat, dairy, donuts or fries.
In addition to eating small portions of plain food, try eating your food cold or at room temperature to avoid overpowering odors and tastes. The more bland the better while your nauseous.
Ginger has been used since ancient times to treat all types of gastrointestinal related illnesses from nausea to motion sickness and vomiting.
One meta study concludes that “ginger is an effective and inexpensive treatment for nausea and vomiting and is safe.” In fact, ginger is often recommended to help mothers avoid nausea during pregnancy and cancer patients during chemotherapy.
There are several ways you can eat ginger to help you overcome nausea. You can buy it fresh, pickled, candied, dried, powdered or consume it as a tea, soda, syrup and even baked into cookies.
The recommended safe daily dosage is 1,000 mg of powdered ginger a day. 1,000 mg is the equivalent of 1 grated teaspoon of freshly grated ginger, four cups of prepackaged ginger tea or two pieces of crystallized ginger.
Peppermint is also reported to help ease nausea. It’s currently being used to help pregnant women combat morning sickness, post-operative patients and palliative and hospice patients. While mint hasn’t been shown to reduce the frequency of nausea, it has been shown to reduce its intensity.
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One of mint’s benefits, is that unlike many medications, it doesn’t come with any harmful side effects, but can still be effective in treating nausea.
In most clinical situations, patients were given mint oil. You can also use packaged peppermint tea, fresh mint from the grocery store or even peppermint gum.
It’s nice to go all natural, and it can certainly work, but sometimes you may want a little extra horsepower to tackle your nausea. Moreover, sometimes medication can actually treat the cause of your nausea, not just the symptom.
Get rid of the cause, and you won’t have to worry about treating your nausea, it will go away by itself:
- Migraines: If you’re nauseous because of a migraine, consider taking Excedrin for migraine headaches. If you can get rid of the migraine, you’ll hopefully get rid of the nausea.
- The flu: If you have the flu, you might want to take ibuprofen. While it doesn’t relieve nausea per se, it can challenge the virus and relieve headaches, pain or fevers, all of which can cause nausea.
- Motion sickness: If you’re prone to getting motion sickness in the car, train, ship or plane, you should definitely consider something like Dramamine or gravol. It’s an antihistamine that works as a mild sedative. Take it 20-30 minutes before your trip to prevent nausea symptoms from emerging.
There are more powerful drugs used for chemotherapy and post-operative situations that are probably best left to individual medical practitioners to discuss with you.
Aside from trying any or all of the above strategies to relieve your nausea, there are a few other things you should do to avoid making yourself even more nauseous.
When you first get nauseous, don’t eat or drink anything for a couple of hours. Let your stomach settle down a little bit.
Second, your nausea may want you to heave at the site of food or drink. However, you need to avoid dehydration at all costs. This is especially true if you’re nausea is accompanied by diarrhea because of the flu or gastro. Replacing your lost fluids is essential to avoid a smaller health issue turning into a larger one.
Lastly, if your nausea continues, don’t hesitate to call your healthcare practitioner. As we mentioned above, nausea is a symptom, not an ailment itself. If your nausea persists, and it’s not obvious why, you should get it checked out by a doctor.
Nausea refers to the sensation of an unsettled stomach and a general unease, which often leads to vomiting.
It is a widespread and unpleasant experience, which can have many different causes ranging from overeating to a migraine.
This article will offer some tips that may help to relieve the feeling of nausea.
Nausea can have many different causes and can be difficult to avoid entirely. However, feelings of nausea can be eased using some of the following methods:
1. Antiemetic medication
Share on Pinterest Antiemetic medication may be recommended to help treat vomiting and nausea symptoms.
These are anti-nausea drugs that can help to reduce feelings of nausea or vomiting. They are often used to treat nausea or vomiting symptoms caused by motion sickness or infection.
Common side effects can include:
- dry mouth
- changes in appetite
There are many different types of antiemetic drugs, and each can have different side effects.
Ginger is widely used for reducing nausea. Studies have shown ginger to be effective in treating symptoms of nausea and vomiting caused by pregnancy and by chemotherapy. It has relatively few side effects and could be as effective as antiemetic drugs. Fresh ginger can be used in cooking or eaten on its own. Ginger can also be consumed as a tea.
A recent study has shown peppermint to reduce nausea caused by chemotherapy. It can be consumed in a capsule, tea, or oil.
4. Sports drinks
Salty liquids, such as those found in electrolyte replacement sports drinks may help to reduce nausea, according to research.
Meals that are primarily made up of protein-rich foods, rather than carbohydrates, have been suggested by researchers to reduce nausea.
A study in 2015 found that cinnamon can help to reduce nausea caused by menstrual pain. Cinnamon is commonly used in cooking as a flavoring.
7. Avoid carbonated drinks
Carbonated drinks, such as cola, can cause bloating and worsen nausea.
8. Staying hydrated
If nausea is accompanied by vomiting, it is essential to stay hydrated by taking small sips of water on a regular basis. Eating salty foods or drinking a non-carbonated, sugary drink can be helpful to restore the sugars and salts lost through vomiting.
9. Avoid spicy or rich foods
Sticking to a bland diet will help to reduce nausea. Any foods with strong flavors might unsettle the stomach further.
For example, the BRAT diet is often used to relieve symptoms of food poisoning or infection.
It consists of bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast.
10. Avoiding bending forward and crunching the abdomen.
Some everyday activities and postures such as this can also increase nausea. Avoiding bending forward can reduce pressure on the stomach and may improve symptoms.
11. Sitting upright
Keeping the body upright can support digestion and may help nausea to pass.
Too much movement can worsen nausea, particularly if it is sudden or intense.
13. Controlling breathing
Research has shown that deep breaths taken at a slow and steady pace can help to ease feelings of nausea. It may help to engage in mindfulness meditation, which focusses on controlled breathing techniques.
14. Wrist acupuncture
A well-designed review of evidence in 2009 found that wrist acupuncture could help to reduce nausea after operations. However, a more recent updated version of the review suggested the evidence was of low-quality, and further research is required to determine whether wrist acupuncture could effectively reduce nausea.
Vomiting can help to reduce nausea in some cases, such as when the nausea is caused by food poisoning or alcohol. However, this will usually only provide short-term relief and can also worsen nausea.
This article was medically reviewed by Peter Gardner, MD. Peter W. Gardner, MD is a board certified physician who has practiced Gastroenterology and Hepatology for over 30 years. He specializes in diseases of the digestive system and liver. Dr. Gardner earned his Bachelor’s degree from the University of North Carolina and attended Georgetown Medical School. He completed his residency in Internal Medicine and then his fellowship in Gastroenterology at the University of Connecticut. He is a previous Chief of Gastroenterology at Stamford Hospital and remains on the staff. He is also on the staff of Greenwich Hospital and New York (Columbia) Presbyterian Hospital. Dr. Gardner is an Approved Consultant in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology with the American Board of Internal Medicine.
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Nausea is a sick feeling in your stomach that usually leads to vomiting. It can be caused by many things, including anxiety, stress, seasickness, and morning sickness (for pregnant women). Nausea can also be a symptom of a more serious illness, like food poisoning or a stomach flu, so if your nausea does not improve after 48 hours, go see your doctor.  X Research source If your nausea is the result of a less serious illness, or general anxiety and stress, there are methods you can try to get rid of your nausea fast.
No one likes an upset stomach. It can ruin your day or at least make you feel crummy. So, how do you fix it? We’re sharing five remedies to settle your upset stomach and take you from feeling bad to feeling great.
Eat Something Bland.
An upset stomach often occurs when you’re sick. While doctors no longer recommend exclusively eating bland food while you’re feeling ill, eating a few bland foods throughout the day might help ease your troubled tummy. Try lightly salted crackers, unbuttered popcorn, bananas or plain rice to help give your upset stomach time to recover. Remember, please consult your doctor if your symptoms become irregular or last longer than two days.
Take Some Pepto Bismol.
When an upset stomach is caused by eating or drinking too much or accompanies diarrhea , it’s Pepto Bismol to the rescue! Our favorite remedy is also a quick way to fix your tummy woes. Pepto Bismol soothes your discomfort with proteins that enhance the viscosity of the protective layer in the upper gastrointestinal tract to help you feel better.
Drink a Fizzy Beverage.
Many people have fond memories of sipping on a ginger ale or Sprite while home sick. Although there is no medical benefit to enjoying a fizzy beverage, it can often provide immediate (and temporary) relief of your upset stomach.
Go to the Bathroom.
If your stomach is feeling queasy, a simple and immediate solution is to go to the bathroom. Often, that’s all you need to do to feel some relief. If you find yourself visiting the bathroom more than usual , remember to stay hydrated and take some Pepto.
Wait It Out.
Sometimes, an upset stomach can settle itself — you just need to give it time. Distract yourself by watching your favorite show or diving into a good book. Soon, you’ll feel better and be ready to get back to your day. If not, try one of the remedies above for a quicker solution.
Thankfully, an upset stomach isn’t forever. Choose a remedy that makes sense for you and your circumstances, and chances are you’ll be back to normal in no time.
Many of us have been stuck inside for…a long time at this point. So if you accidentally spent a little too much time in the sun recently and you’re wondering how to get rid of that sunburn, hey, I get it.
Even if you do your best to protect your skin from the sun, sometimes shit happens. You probably know that you should be wearing SPF every day (if you don’t, hi, you should!), and it’s even more important to put sunscreen on before you spend time out in the sun—and reapply it regularly. But, listen, there’s a lot going on right now, and we understand if it slipped your mind. And now maybe you’re dealing with a sunburn on those shoulders that haven’t seen the sun since well before the pandemic. Maybe you’re anxiously Googling “how to get rid of sunburn around a face mask.” We don’t know your life. But we are here to help. That’s why we consulted dermatologists for the best steps you can take to treat your sunburn symptoms.
What causes a sunburn
That burnt-to-a-crisp feeling happens when your skin is exposed to too much ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. UV light is a wavelength of sunlight, the Mayo Clinic explains. There’s Ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation, which is the kind that causes skin aging, and Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, which leads to sunburns. Both can result in skin cancer. There’s also Ultraviolet C (UVC) radiation, although the ozone layer blocks most of these rays from reaching Earth, according to the National Cancer Institute.
When your skin is exposed to UV light, your body tries to protect itself by making melanin, the dark pigment in the outer layer of your skin, which causes your skin to darken a bit, according to the Mayo Clinic. But that can only help so much, even in people with dark skin, which signals that they have a lot of protective melanin. If you’re roasting in a ton of UV light, you can pass right by the tanning threshold, winding up with the redness, stinging or itching sensation, and swelling that characterize sunburns. Your skin may also actually feel hot and bubble up into small blisters. If your sunburn is really intense, you might deal with a headache, fever, nausea, and fatigue as well, according to the Mayo Clinic.
These symptoms usually show up a few hours after your sun overexposure, but it could take a day or longer to know just how bad your burn is, the Mayo Clinic says. A few days after the burn, the top layer of your skin may peel off (this is your body’s attempt to heal itself), and the layer below that may have an unusual color and pattern for a bit.
Every sunburn is different, but bad ones can take several days or longer to heal, the Mayo Clinic says.
How to get rid of sunburn redness and pain
Okay, so unfortunately there’s nothing you can do to magically make your sunburn disappear, but there are a few tactics you can try to ease your suffering.
Once you realize you’ve been burned, it’s important to get out of the sun and treat the burn as soon as you can, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) says. Try a few (or all) of these tips to help:
Take cool baths or showers.
Hot water can irritate your (already aggravated) skin, but relaxing under a cool stream can help soothe inflammation, Gary Goldenberg, M.D., assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, tells SELF. If you can submerge yourself in a cool bath, even better.
As soon as you get out of the tub or shower, gently pat yourself dry. Leave a little moisture on your skin, then apply a moisturizer, the AAD advises. This helps trap the water on your skin and can reduce dryness that would exacerbate your irritation.
If you don’t have time to hang in the shower or bath, try placing a cool, damp towel on your skin for relief, Dr. Goldenberg says, and then follow it up with moisturizer.
Use a moisturizer with aloe vera, soy, or calamine. If that’s not enough, try a hydrocortisone cream.
People often champion aloe vera for its skin-soothing properties, including the Mayo Clinic and the AAD. And it can indeed help with the irritation of a sunburn. Soy might be a more surprising ingredient for sunburn aftercare, but it could allow your skin to trap more moisturizing water, according to research published in the journal Nutrients. You might also want to apply calamine lotion, according to the Mayo Clinic, to help with the itching and discomfort. And if you’re really having a rough go of it, you can use an OTC hydrocortisone cream, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Heads up: You’ll want to avoid products with petroleum, as moisturizing as they may seem, because they can trap heat in your skin, the AAD says.
Here are a few sunburn relief products that our editors tried and loved.
Take a pain reliever.
Your body sees a sunburn as an injury, so it responds with inflammation, Misha Rosenbach, M.D., associate professor of dermatology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, tells SELF. Cue the pain. Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever, especially a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like aspirin or ibuprofen, can help calm down your dermatological fire, Dr. Goldenberg says.
Avoid using pain relief products with ingredients ending in -caine.
There are plenty of pain-relieving creams and sprays out there with ingredients ending in -caine, like lidocaine and benzocaine. Take a pass on using them for your sunburn. They can irritate your tender skin or even cause an allergic reaction, the Mayo Clinic says.
Drink a lot of water.
A sunburn brings fluid to the surface of your skin and away from your insides, the AAD explains. Drinking more water than usual when you’re sunburned can help keep you from getting dehydrated.
Everyone’s fluid needs are different, but most women should drink around 11.5 cups of liquids a day, according to the Mayo Clinic. (This includes fluids from drinks like coffee and the foods you eat.) Aim to have a few extra cups of liquid per day if you’re sunburned, Dr. Goldenberg says, but don’t push it to the point where you’re uncomfortable. Alternately, don’t stop there if you still feel parched. Listen to your body.
What to do if your skin is peeling or blistering
If you have blisters, don’t even think about popping them. Blisters, which are your skin’s way of trying to heal and stave off infection, mean you have a second-degree burn that has gone past the outer layer of your skin, the AAD says. Though it’s super tempting to pop them, don’t. You might just be signing up for an infection, or at the very least, a world of pain.
If a blister breaks on its own, the Mayo Clinic recommends cleaning it with mild soap and water, dabbing on some antibiotic cream, then applying a nonstick gauze bandage.
Graphic by Cristina Cianci/Jovana Milkanko/Stocksy
You kinda expect on some level that you’ll be left feeling nauseous after indulging in some questionable food or drinks. But when nausea hits out of the blue, it can be super stressful. You probably start tracing your food choices over the last few days or, if pregnancy is a possibility, you might be thinking about your last cycle. But if you know you’re not pregnant, and you didn’t eat anything funky, it’s only natural to wonder what’s up.
Turns out, plenty of other things can make your stomach churn that have nothing to do with babies or bad food. Here are six unexpected things that might leave you feeling nauseous—plus what you can do to make it go away, stat.
What Is Nausea?
The odds are pretty high that you’ve felt nauseous before at some point in your life, but it never hurts to recap the basics. Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes with the urge to vomit, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Anyone can experience nausea, although it’s more common under certain circumstances, like when someone undergoes chemotherapy or is pregnant.
Symptoms of Nausea
The symptoms of nausea are pretty straightforward—you feel like you’re going to vomit but may or may not actually do it, the Cleveland Clinic says. You can have nausea without vomiting, you’ll just feel like it’s going to happen. Ultimately, your stomach just doesn’t feel right.
Causes of Nausea
You already know about pregnancy and funky foods, but there are other things that could explain why you’re feeling nauseous.
Even though stress is an emotion, it causes a cascade of physical changes in your body. Including in your gut, which is highly sensitive to negative feelings, explains Randy Wexler, M.D., an internist at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.
Your gut is lined with nerves that work to expand and contract to push food through your digestive tract. But when you’re stressed or anxious, your brain sends signals to those nerves that cause additional contractions. This is called tachygastria. All those contractions mess up your gut’s normal rhythm, which can leave you feeling nauseous. And you don’t have to be majorly upset to feel the effects. Even minor stress can leave you feeling nauseous, Dr. Wexler says.
Pausing to take a few deep breaths can help you feel calmer, which could help ease your nausea. Another option: Sip a cup of ginger tea or chew on a piece of candied ginger, says Kristine Arthur, M.D., an internist at Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California. The spicy root has properties that are thought to ease nausea. And if you routinely find yourself feeling sick to your stomach due to stress or anxiety, talking to a therapist for help may be a good idea.
When you’ve gone several hours without eating, your blood sugar can get too low. (Especially if the last thing you ate was mostly carbs, like a plain bagel or cookies.) That can leave you dizzy and nauseous like you’re going to pass out, says Dr. Arthur.
The fix? Eat something that’s high in carbs—like a glass of fruit juice, a piece of fresh or dried fruit, or bread. “Candy will also work if healthier options aren’t available,” Dr. Arthur says. Getting sugar into your system will bring your blood sugar back up to normal, so you start to feel better. (Steer clear of foods that are high in fat or protein. They won’t raise your blood sugar and can actually slow the absorption of carbs.)
On the flip side, it’s possible to feel nauseous because you suddenly ate a large amount of food.
Feeling nauseous might just be your unsettled stomach telling you to swig more H20. And we’re not talking about day-in-the-desert-without-water dehydrated. For some people, even mild dehydration could mess with your stomach, Dr. Wexler says.
You’ll probably know if dehydration is causing your nausea if you also feel, well, really thirsty. So if that’s the case, drink up. Usually, plain water is fine, says Dr. Wexler. But if you have signs of severe dehydration—like fatigue, dizziness, or confusion—seek medical attention right away.
Also worth noting: The dehydration and low blood sugar that can come along with hangovers may cause nausea too.
Plenty of medications—even supplements and over-the-counter meds—can leave you feeling nauseous. Sometimes, popping an over-the-counter pain reliever (like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or an NSAID) on an empty stomach can actually cause you to feel nauseous. Without some food in your belly to act as a buffer, the components of some pills can be irritating to the lining of the stomach, Dr. Wexler says. Supplements like vitamins C, E, and iron can have a similar effect.
If it’s been more than an hour or two since your last meal, you can keep discomfort at bay by eating something small. “Often, just a piece of bread or a few crackers will suffice,” Dr. Wexler says. Just be sure to have your snack before you take your vitamins or meds, so it can coat your stomach. Eating afterward won’t usually help, says Dr. Wexler.
As if migraines weren’t bad enough, they can also cause some people to feel nauseous. Experts don’t fully understand why a migraine can leave you feeling like you have to puke. What they do know? Migraines can cause dizziness and blurry vision, which can make you nauseous.
If you feel a migraine coming on, taking an OTC pain reliever might help, says Dr. Arthur. (Just be sure to have it with a small snack like crackers. And drink plenty of water, since dehydration can make headaches and nausea worse.) And if OTC pain meds don’t work, talk with your doctor. They can prescribe prescription migraine meds that may be more helpful.
If you feel pressure in your ear along with nausea, it could be an infection. Good news: That’s totally treatable. The canals in your inner ears play an important role in helping you maintain your balance. But an infection can cause changes to the normal fluid levels in one ear, Dr. Arthur says. When that happens, your brain gets a signal that the pressure in your infected ear is different than the pressure in your healthy ear. And those mixed signals can leave you feeling nauseous and dizzy.
How can you tell if an ear infection is making your stomach hurt? “Typically, an ear infection causes ear pain, a feeling of pressure in the ear, changes in hearing, nasal congestion, headache, and fever,” Dr. Arthur says. If you notice these symptoms, see your doctor. They will prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection, and you’ll start feeling better within a couple of days.
In addition to the specific nausea treatments listed above, the Cleveland Clinic says you can try these general tips to try to tamp down on feeling nauseous:
Drink clear or ice-cold drinks.
Eat light, bland foods, like saltine crackers or plain bread.
Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods.
Eat slowly and have smaller, more frequent meals.
Don’t mix hot and cold foods.
Drink beverages slowly.
Avoid activity after eating.
Avoid brushing your teeth after eating.
Choose foods from all the food groups as you can tolerate them.
How to Prevent Nausea
There are a few things you can do to try to keep nausea from surfacing at all. The Cleveland specifically suggests these:
Walking up with nauseas can be an unpleasant experience. It is one of the early signs of pregnancy. But there are several other possible causes which can lead to nausea. Here are some of these you must be aware of.
Several digestive issues can lead to nausea in the morning
- Eat light dinners to avoid digestives issues at night
- Acid reflux can lead to nausea in the morning
- Drink enough water to prevent nausea
Morning nausea can be one of the worst experiences. Nausea is a stomach related discomfort which can causes a sensation of wanting to vomit. It is not a disease, it is an uneasiness that you may feel due to any reason or before vomiting. Pregnancy is the most common cause of nausea in the morning, commonly referred as morning sickness. Many fail to understand the other possible causes of nausea in the morning. It can be a result of common stomach discomfort or a sign of a condition. If these symptoms do not improve within a few days, you must see a doctor. Usually many try home remedies to fight nausea. But to fight this effectively, you need to find the cause. Here are some possible causes of morning nausea other than pregnancy.
What leads to morning nausea?
Fatigue usually caused due to inadequate sleep can lead to nausea. Unhealthy sleep cycle may leave you nauseous in the morning.
2. Low blood sugar levels
Low levels of glucose in the blood can lead to nausea in the morning. It can also lead to dizziness. This usually happens due to the long gap between dinner and breakfast. People with diabetes may also experience fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Skipping breakfast can make this condition worse.
Low blood sugar levels in the morning can lead to nausea
Photo Credit: iStock
3. Acid reflux
Heartburn or acid reflux can lead to several discomforts including nausea. Lift dinners a few hours before bed can help you prevent acid reflux at night.
Anxiety is a mental condition which can make you feel a variety of emotions. It can also lead to nausea and make it worse.
It is also a digestive issue in which the muscles of the stomach do not function properly. Gastroparesis can lead to vomiting, nausea or abdominal pain.
Poor eating habits can lead to nausea
Photo Credit: iStock
6. Headache or migraine
Headaches or nausea can also lead to nausea. Migraine is a severe form of headache which is also a possible reason. If this happens too often, it is important to talk to your doctor to fight the cause of headache according to its type.
Not drinking enough water can also lead to nausea. Dehydration can lead to several other health issues as well like dizziness, exhaustion, dark urine and more. Not drinking water at night for longer periods can make you feel sick in the morning.
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.
Kashif J. Piracha, MD, is a board-certified physician with over 14 years of experience treating patients in acute care hospitals and rehabilitation facilities.
Most diarrhea is caused by a virus or bacteria and will go away on its own within two to three days. While many people will reach for the Imodium the moment a loose stool appears, the drugs are really more appropriate for frequent or severe diarrhea than an incidental bout.
Treating Mild Diarrhea Without Medication
In some cases, taking an antidiarrheal drug will slingshot you from water stools straight to constipation, an equally unpleasant event. To this end, try these helpful home remedies to treat a mild bout of diarrhea without the use of pills.
Drink Plenty of Fluids
One of the biggest problems with diarrhea, and what leads many people to the emergency room, is dehydration. Diarrhea causes the body to lose a lot of water and electrolytes (like sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium) it needs to function normally. If not treated appropriately, dehydration can become dangerous, especially in young children.
To manage a mild bout of diarrhea, you will need to replenish fluids and electrolytes (salts) lost. Drink plenty of water, clear juices, clear broths, or an electrolyte-rich sports drink.
There are also things you should avoid when you have a bout of diarrhea. Avoid coffee, caffeinated drinks, prune juice, sugary drinks, sodas, and alcohol, all of which have a laxative effect. It is also a good idea to avoid dairy products.
Young children and babies with diarrhea should be given pediatric rehydration drinks, marketed under such brand names as Pedialyte, Enfalyte, or Gastrolyte. Breastfed infants should continue to breastfeed. Children should continue with their regular diet, plus rehydrating fluids, rather than be put on a restrictive diet.
If you want to avoid the artificial colorings or flavorings used in some commercial rehydration drinks, you can make a homemade rehydration drink using only salt, sugar, and water. You can also purchase oral rehydration salts over the counter at most drugstores. Follow the preparation instructions as too much salt can be harmful, especially to children.
Eat a Bland Diet
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases notes that research shows it doesn’t help to follow a restrictive diet to treat diarrhea, although there are foods to avoid and foods that are better tolerated.
The BRAT diet was a commonly-recommended food plan for easing digestive distress. It is comprised of four bland, low-fiber foods that will help to firm up stools: bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. Bananas are especially useful as they help restore any potassium lost through diarrhea.
Other bland, easy-to-digest foods can be added to as the diarrhea symptoms begin to resolve, including baked skinless chicken breasts, oatmeal, baked potatoes, and chicken soup with saltines. Avoid foods and beverages that cause gas, such as carbonated drinks, beans, cucumbers, legumes, and cruciferous vegetables.
If diarrhea lasts more than a couple of days, check the foods that you are eating. Diarrhea can be exacerbated by foods high in fiber (such as bran, whole grains, and brown rice) as well as greasy foods or those sweetened with sorbitol.
Taking probiotics in food or supplement form might help shorten a mild bout of diarrhea. Probiotics are live bacteria and yeast that are beneficial to your digestive system.
Diarrhea can cause you to lose a lot of the healthy bacteria in your stomach and intestines. Probiotics (which include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria and Saccharomyces boulardii yeast) can quickly replace these protective microorganisms and help restore normal bowel function. This is especially true with S. boulardii which exerts powerful antidiarrheal effects.
While dairy products should be avoided during diarrhea, yogurt or kefir with live probiotic bacteria are extremely beneficial. Other natural probiotic sources include fermented foods like miso, kombucha, sauerkraut, aged soft cheeses, cottage cheese, green olives, sourdough bread, and tempeh.
While kimchi is often cited as a “super-probiotic,” it contains hot spices that may worsen diarrhea.
Side effects of probiotics, whether in food or supplement form, tend to be mild and may include an upset stomach, bloating, and gas.
When to Seek Medical Help
Diarrhea should never be ignored. If you have tried the above-listed home remedies and still have loose stools, call your doctor or speak with your pharmacist about over-the-counter medications that may help.
On the other hand, you should see a doctor immediately if you or your child experience persistent or severe diarrhea and/or develop signs of dehydration, as follows:
Diarrhea 3 days or more
Severe abdominal pain
Bloody or black stools
Fever over 102 F (39 C)
Little or no urination
Dry skin and mouth
Diarrhea for more than 24 hours
No wet diapers in 3 hours
Fever over 102 F (39 C)
Dry mouth or tongue
Crying without tears
Black or bloody stools
Sunken cheeks or eyes
Skin that doesn’t retract when pinched
Without exception, babies under 3 months of age with diarrhea should be taken to a doctor or emergency room immediately. Do not wait or try to treat the condition at home.
HOW DO you get rid of a hangover? Follow these experts’ tips and expect to wake up feeling fresh as a dairy this festive period.
Discover the best ways to avoid a nasty hangover
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The best way to avoid a hangover is to ditch alcohol altogether.
But if you find this completely impossibly follow these quick fixes to some of the most annoying hangover symptoms, including headaches and nausea.
Before you go out
Line your stomach with food
Although you may not want to look or feel bloated during your big night out, the severity of your hangover also depends on what you eat.
In studies by Elizabeth Kovacs, director of the Alcohol Research program at Loyola University in Chicago, USA, she suggests you eat a meal containing fats, carbs and protein beforehand. A meal with red meat is good because it contains a high concentration of B vitamins and amino acids which easily process the by-products of the alcoholic drinks.
While many believe the core cause of hangovers is dehydrations, Dr Jason Burke, an anaesthesiologist who has treated more than 20,000 hangovers, said the main issues are oxidative dress and inflammation that often make you feel bloated.
Antioxidants are the best help for this, so opt for multivitamins or drink pomegranate or acai juice before you start drinking alcohol.
Sip water throughout the night
Top 15 hangover cures
Over the festive period there’s always some extra alcohol involved, so we’ve put together some of the best hangover cures to ease your struggles.
Sex, simple, just have sex and your hangover will feel x10 better
On the night
Don’t mix it up
Different types of alcohol have different levels of congeners as well as other chemicals so they will all have a slightly different effect on you, according to personal trainer and health and fitness expert James Crossley aka Hunter from Gladiators.
So try to stick to the same drink all night.
Dr Burke suggests the bubbles of champagne accelerates the alcohol absorption, which is why you feel drunk faster. So try avoiding it for as long as you can.
Eggs or a fry up in coconut oil will help you on the fast road to recovery
Sip water throughout the night – or even better coconut water or a sports drink
Drinking water in-between drinks will help ward off dehydration the next day, but even more effective is drinking coconut water or a sports drink..
According to Elizabeth, these drinks can fast replace the fluids and electrolytes that you tend to lose during alcohol intake.
Stick to clear drinks
Clear alcohol drinks like gin an vodka hold less impurities than whiskey and rum. Having a vodka with fruit juice, instead of a soda mix, will also steer you away from a nasty hangover, according to Dr Burke.
Hangover cure ice-cream hits South Korea shops
Before you go to bed
Don’t drink TOO much water
While drinking lots of water can help rehydrate you, it can also mean more frequent bathroom runs when you get home, which will disturb your much needed sleep. Elizabeth suggest instead having one glass of water, because that’s all you need to keep your body hydrated during the post partying night hours.
Have an Ibuprofen
Dr Burke says if you have an Ibuprofen before you go to bed it will attack the inflammation caused by alcohol, which means you’ll be less likely to get a bad headache in the morning. Painkillers should be avoided however as they affect your liver and kidneys when taken immediately after alcohol.
Opt for multivitamins or drink pomegranate or acai juice before you start drinking alcohol
The morning after
Opt for eggs
Fatty acids help break down the alcohol, according to James Crossley, so eggs or a fry up in coconut oil will help you on the fast road to recovery.
Eating a non-oily poached egg or a boiled egg can also prevent headaches – egg contains cysteine that breaks down the headache causing toxins.
Now, who’s ready for the Christmas party with these cracking tips?