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How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

Lori Kaufman is a technology expert with 25 years of experience. She’s been a senior technical writer, worked as a programmer, and has even run her own multi-location business. Read more.

The Unity launcher is the vertical bar with icons on the left side of your Ubuntu desktop. It allows you to easily launch programs and to access workspaces, removable devices, and the trash bin. Initially, the Unity launcher icons are fairly large.

However, if you work on a smaller screen, you may want to decrease the size of the icons. Or, you may want to increase the size of the icons to make them easier to click if you have a large screen or multiple screens. This is easy to do, and we will show you how.

Click the System Settings icon on the Unity launcher.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

NOTE: You can also click the gear in the upper-right corner of the screen on the top bar and select System Settings.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

On the Settings dialog box, click Appearance in the Personal section.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

On the Appearance screen, make sure the Look tab is selected.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

In the bottom-right corner is a slider for changing the Launcher icon size. Drag the marker either direction to increase or decrease the icon size on the Unity launcher. You can see the results on the Unity launcher as you change the size.

To close the Settings dialog box, click the X in the upper-left corner.

The Unity launcher icons have been made smaller in the image below.

The default size of the Unity launcher icons is 48 in case you want to go back to the original size.

I’m trying to change the icon of a specific application (Pidgin) in my Ubuntu 11.10 Unity launcher. I have tried searching in the options and in the Compiz settings but could locate no option for changing individual icons.

I can change the theme but that’s not what I want.

I am willing to edit configuration files to get this change. It doesn’t have to be a UI solution.

8 Answers 8

For Ubuntu 11.10

The first thing you would need to do is take a .png icon file that you would like to use and copy it to the respective

/.local/share/icons/hicolor/ directory. This will contain the following directories (which are the dimensions of the icons) : 16×16/apps/ 32×32/apps/ 48×48/apps/

I downloaded a free 16×16 free icon sampler and picked a 16×16 icon called Alien.png

I took the Alien.png file and copied it to

/.local/share/icons/hicolor/16×16/apps , When you copy yours, you can do that through either the GUI or terminal.

From there you would need do the following in a terminal (you may need sudo to copy this over):

Next edit the pidgin.desktop file:

Look for the line that says:

This will need to change to the new icon name without the .png prefix.

Save your changes. Then logout and log back in.

Please let me know if this helps or if you need more assistance.

/ is the same thing as entering /home/ , just for clarification

The way that I did it was go to /usr/share/applications/ then right click to properties click on the icon on the left and select the image that you want to be the icon.

You will have to sudo nautilus to edit the icon. Then just exit and search the program in Unity and it will show up with the selected icon.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

For Ubuntu 12.04

In addition to the excellent answer given by itnet7, I would like to add that in Ubuntu 12.04 I had to also add

/.local/usr/applications/icons/hicolor/64×64/apps in order for Unity to see the icon.

To resize your custom icon, you can use the excellent imagemagick package.

Then run the command mogrify -resize 64×64! myImage.png in order to get your custom icons nicely scaled down to the desired resolutions.

If you run the command below after creating the desktop icon and locked the application to your launcher, it will update unity without a need for a reboot.

  1. Install Main Menu (AKA Alacarte) alacarte
  2. Open Main Menu
  3. Click on a program and select Properties in the right menu.
  4. Click on the icon
  5. Browse for your new icon and click Open
  6. Close your programs properties
  7. Close Main Menu

No logging out or reboot required 😉

For Ubuntu 14.04

In order to link an icon with a certain application that could be placed on the launcher, do the following on the command line:

Take e.g. an application called alpha_app with its icon alpha_app.png :

The above command copies your icon with file name alpha_app.png to the appropriate folder.

In gedit, change the name of the icon as follows:

If the file alpha_app.desktop doesn’t exist in /usr/local/share/applications/ or /usr/share/applications , execute locate alpha_app.desktop and copy it there. In the unlikely event that this is unsuccessful, it means that there is no alpha_app.desktop file anywhere in the disk and that you would need to create it yourself.

Go to the dash and type the name of your application, in our example alpha_app .

Pick the icon from Dash and move in onto Launcher.

Τέλος! The end!

I did this in Ubuntu 14.04.

I wanted to give a decent launcher icon to the “Dolphin” file manager (I wanted a dolphin for Dolphin).

I dread using complicated program and system file edits, because it is easy to mess up things. I like to keep it simple. So, instead of all these programming acrobatics .

I prepared my dolphin picture.

Best to use a picture with a transparent background (typically a png), because the desktop background will show through it nicely (it won’t be in its isolated own rectangle). As for size, my picture’s file size is about 200 kB with a dimension of about 560×640 pixels. This size matches the other icons nicely. So, I had this picture ready in the normal “Pictures” folder.

Then I typed into Terminal:

enter, and the panel with your applications comes up (represented by the current icons)

Find the application you want to change the launch icon for, right click on its icon, then click on its “properties”

At the top left of the properties panel you will see the current launch icon that you want to change to your own choice

Now just left-click on that icon in the top left corner of the properties panel, and a new panel opens that asks you to select a custom icon to replace the old one with

Find your prepared picture (it is like in a file manager), and select it

Your selected new icon appears in the properties panel

For the new icon to start showing among the launch icons, you need to restart your PC, and lo behold, there’s your custom icon!

I’ve got a few computers, all coming to the end of their life.

The first couple have gone and I find myself again having to re-install ubuntu on it’s resurrected remains and then laboriously reconfigure everything.

So I’m writing a couple of scripts to reconfigure the thing back to how I like it. and install all the core programs I need to work.

Ideally i’d do Sudo ./install.sh walk away, make some tea and avoid the headache.

Could anyone advise how I’d auto set launcher icon size to a number (probably 36 in this case) and similarly what the command would be for the auto hide launcher sensitivity.

3 Answers 3

I was able to do this using dconf e.g. to set the launcher icon size to 64 pixels

To reset it to the default value, you can use

The dconf command line utility is not installed by default – you need to install the dconf-tools package. Usually there is an equivalent command via gsettings however in this case it appears the required schema definition does not exist.

How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

Actually, if you want to copy most/all settings for all gnome-based apps (like gedit, launchers, etc., Unity included) from one account to another, you can use dconf dump / > mysettings.ini and on the target account: dconf load / .

In addition, you could manually review all the setting in mysettings.ini and adapt them as needed (you’ll find there the icon-size and everything else related to Unity).

If you can’t identify a particular setting by looking through the dump, you could find it by first doing a dump, then changing the setting via the standard UI, then comparing the original dump with a new one, like this:

change a setting via the UI

( -B5 is to additionally get 5 lines before the match, for more context -OR- use dconf watch / )

The settings that are dumped with dconf dump / are the values that differ from the defaults, i.e. you won’t see there settings that currently have their default values. For a complete list of all available settings with rather complete explanations, possible ranges and default values check the files in /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/ . You’ll see there 10_xxx.override files, this is the preferred way to override the settings globally.

As to the comment by @mauek-unak, compiz settings (like the icon-size ) were not working under a VM because the default compiz profile under low graphics is unity-lowgfx , but the setting modified by gsettings set org.compiz.unityshell:/org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/uni‌​tyshell/ icon-size 64 is for the unity profile. The strange thing is that even with dconf dump/load the setting of the current profile gsettings get org.compiz current-profile is not having effect on the actual compiz profile.

When lowgfx is in play,

/.config/compiz-1/compizconfig/config will have some settings and you should change it with something like:

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  • How do I resize desktop icons in 14.04.1?

    I cannot find the Nautilus settings control for resizing the desktop icons in Unity.

    Re: How do I resize desktop icons in 14.04.1?

    Do you mean actual desktop icons, or the launcher icons?

    If you mean desktop icons then right click on the icon and adjust them there.

    If you mean the unity launcher icons, then open the System Settings >> Appearance.
    The icons can be adjusted here. Look below the pictures selection area for a slide bar for launcher icons.

    How do I resize desktop icons in 14.04.1?

    Thanks, deadflowr. But I was looking for something with a more global effect. I wanted to set the default size of the desktop icons, so that they would be the same size, consistently, on all windows and stuff.

    And this is about the icons on desktop and windows, not the ones in the launcher.

    Hmm. Can I put the desktop icons into the Unity launcher?

    Everything on the following thread fails to do the trick:

    Ok. I just found the solution.

    Open a random window to view some random files. This is a nautilus window.

    The window’s title bar will display the name of the random folder you are viewing.

    Mouse your cursor over that title bar and it switches to become a menu bar.

    From that menu bar, select Edit>Preferences

    Up pops a “Files Preferences” window where you can adjust icon sizes and other things.

    Last edited by howefield; October 4th, 2016 at 02:42 PM . Reason: posts combined.

    Панель запуску Unity – це вертикальна панель з іконками з лівого боку робочого столу Ubuntu. Вона дозволяє легко запускати програми і отримувати доступ до робочих областей, знімних пристроїв і кошика для сміття. Спочатку значки запуску Unity досить великі.

    Однак, якщо ви працюєте на меншому екрані, ви можете зменшити розмір піктограм. Або, можливо, потрібно збільшити розмір піктограм, щоб зробити їх легше натиснути, якщо у вас є великий екран або кілька екранів. Це легко зробити, і ми покажемо вам, як це зробити.

    Натисніть піктограму Системні параметри на панелі запуску Unity.

    ПРИМІТКА. Можна також натиснути на пристрій у верхньому правому куті екрана у верхній панелі та вибрати пункт Системні параметри.

    У діалоговому вікні “Параметри” натисніть “Вигляд” у розділі “Особисті”.

    На екрані Вигляд переконайтеся, що вибрано вкладку Вигляд.

    У правому нижньому кутку розташовано повзунок для зміни розміру піктограми панелі запуску. Перетягніть маркер у будь-якому напрямку, щоб збільшити або зменшити розмір піктограми на панелі запуску Unity. Результати на панелі запуску Unity можна побачити під час зміни розміру.

    Щоб закрити діалогове вікно Параметри, клацніть X у верхньому лівому куті.

    Піктограми панелі запуску Unity зменшилися на зображенні нижче.

    Стандартний розмір піктограм панелі запуску Unity – 48, якщо ви хочете повернутися до початкового розміру.

    If you have folders stored on the desktop and want to change the size of their respective icons, then you merely need to right click on them and then select the “Resize icon…” option from the context menu that comes up. Click and drag the handles that appear along the icon’s size to change the size of the icon.

    How do I make icons smaller in Ubuntu?

    You can also change the size of the Unity Launcher icons in the left-side toolbar. Simply click on the little slider below the theme options and drag it to the left to reduce icon size, or drag it to the right to increase the size. In Ubuntu, your icons can be as small as 16px wide and as large as 64px wide.

    How do I change desktop icons in Ubuntu?

    Launch Gnome Tweaks and navigate to Extensions in the left pane. Click the gear button to bring up settings for “Desktop icons”. There you’ll be able to change the desktop icons size into 3 values: Small (48 pixels)

    How do I change icon size on desktop Linux?

    1. On the desktop, there will be an icon for the home directory. Typically, this will be named after the user. …
    2. From the menu, choose “Edit”.
    3. Choose “Preferences”.
    4. Click on the “Views” tab.
    5. In the “Icon View Defaults” section, change the “Default zoom level” to an appropriate icon size. …
    6. Click “Close”.

    How do I make icons smaller in Linux?

    If you have folders stored on the desktop and want to change the size of their respective icons, then you merely need to right click on them and then select the “Resize icon…” option from the context menu that comes up. Click and drag the handles that appear along the icon’s size to change the size of the icon.

    How do I change icon size in Linux Mint?

    Right-click the desktop. The popup menu has a Desktop option, select it, then select Icon Size > Smaller, Normal, Larger. You can also use the File Manager to set icons up to 400% Edit > Preferences, or use your moose’s scroll-wheel in a file manager window.

    How do I change the position of the toolbar in Ubuntu?

    Click the “Dock” option in the sidebar of the Settings app to view the Dock settings. To change the position of the dock from the left side of the screen, click the “Position on screen” drop down, and then select either the “Bottom” or “Right” option (there’s no “top” option because the top bar always takes that spot).

    How do I put apps on my desktop Ubuntu?

    Adding desktop shortcut in Ubuntu

    1. Step 1: Locate the . desktop files of applications. Go to Files -> Other Location -> Computer. …
    2. Step 2: Copy the . desktop file to desktop. …
    3. Step 3: Run the desktop file. When you do that, you should see a text file kind of icon on the desktop instead of the logo of the application.

    How do I make icons smaller in CentOs 7?

    2 Answers. Open any folder explorer, and hit the options (3 lines) in the top right corner, and use the – ##% + buttons to change the icon size. (This also modifies the desktop icon size.) On CentOs Linux 7, to reduce the desktop icon size, right click the icon and select Resize icon from the drop-down menu.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04A third-party PPA offers Ubuntu users a version of the Unity desktop that includes an oft-requested feature — ‘minimise on click’.

    The patched build of Unity 7 is only available for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and is not officially supported by Canonical or Ubuntu developers.

    Minimise The Contention

    The option to minimise an app by clicking on its launcher icon has become one of the most contentious issues concerning Unity since Canonical introduced it on the desktop back in 2011.

    Rather than an open app minimising when its launcher icon is clicked, Unity focuses the window. If more than one instance is open it triggers the ‘App Spread’, allowing the user to pick a window from an overview of those that are running.

    While most Ubuntu users seem to cope just fine, not everyone is convinced. In a poll we conducted earlier this year asking readers whether an option to enable the feature should be included in Unity, 57% of those who replied answered “Yes”.

    Canonical’s justification for not offering or accepting patches from the community to enable the behaviour seem to be based on an entrenched and focused set of UI and UX aims.

    Mark Shuttleworth said back in 2011:

    “No, clicking on the icon will not minimise the app. We have a minimise button for that, it’s prominent. Clicking on the icon ALWAYS ensures you SEE the app. Adding minimise will add complications… when would it show the window?

    Whatever Canonical’s preference may be it hasn’t stopped developers hacking on Unity to offer what so many users are clamouring for.

    Enable Minimise on Click in Unity 7

    The PPA housing patched builds is only compatible with Unity 7 on Ubuntu 14.04 and Unity 5 for Ubuntu 12.04 users. Older versions of Ubuntu are not supported.

    To upgrade open a new Terminal and enter the following commands:

    Notes

    Behaviour Changes

    By adding an additional action not catered for in regular versions, this build of Unity adjusts other Launcher behaviour features that should be noted prior to upgrading:

    • Clicking on unopened app icon launches app
    • Clicking on open app with sole window and in focus minimises it
    • Clicking on open app with window not in focus, focuses it
    • Clicking on open app with two or more windows triggers spread
    • Clicking on app icon when in spread minimises all windows

    Updates

    Updates to Unity 7 pushed out by Ubuntu will override the version in this PPA. As such, if this feature stops working at any point, that is why. The maintainer of the PPA will likely try to keep pace, patching up newer versions as and when needed, but these will likely lag behind Unity proper.

    With Ubuntu 14.04 in active development, and updates to Unity 7 arriving almost daily, you may want to hold off using this PPA until the stable release of Trusty this coming April.

    If, after upgrading, you wish to remove and revert to stock Unity 7 you can use the ‘ppa-purge‘ command to downgrade all altered packages.

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    Home » How To » How to Enable ‘Minimise On Click’ in Unity 7 on Ubuntu 14.04

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04For a while Ubuntu 14.04 LTS was looking like it would be launching a few features short of noteworthy. As a ‘Long Term Support’ release that would’ve been an understandable, if disappointing, decision.

    But over the last few weeks that expectation has punted into the distance as a bunch of long-requested desktop features have finally been fixed up and patched in. From the headline-worthy introduction of locally integrated app menus to subtle tweaks like antialiased corners and a faster way to lock the screen.

    Perhaps we should’ve had more trust in the Tahr. As the following list shows, it has turned out to have quite the kick in its step…

    #1: Smaller Unity Launcher

    You probably already know that you can adjust the size of the Unity Launcher through the slider present in the System Settings > Appearance pane. But, until this release, the minimum size was fixed and could only go so far; you weren’t able to make the Launcher really small.

    That’s not the case in Trusty. The Unity Launcher can be resized to a minuscule 16px wide, down from the default setting of 48px wide.

    I’m not entirely convinced that this teeny-tiny width is all that useable; you’d have to really want to have a stack of icons to hand to use it. Still, it’s great to have the choice.

    #2: Raise Volume Past 100%

    Whether your laptop speakers are rubbish or the media you’re trying to listen to is insanely quiet, there are often times when pumping the volume up past 100% is needed. Without the need for hacks or extra apps, Trusty ships with user-facing for increasing the system volume past the 100% level.

    Wisely, this feature is not enabled by default, you have to manually check the ‘Allow Louder’ box in System Settings > Sound to take advantage of the change.

    Of course, cranking the volume past max won’t do anything for quality or clarity, but, at the very least, should put something into earshot.

    #3: Locally Integrated Menus

    If I asked you to list some of the more controversial changes Ubuntu has made over the years there’s a good chance that the decision to punt application menus into the top of the screen would make your cut.

    A lot of people are going to be happy with Ubuntu 14.04; the oft-requested option to show application menus in app windows has finally been implemented — albeit not in the way most people would’ve expected.

    To maintain the justification for removing them in the first place (i.e., space) the LIM appears embedded in the window title bar, and not, classically, as a separate menu bar beneath it. This may sound like it will get in the way of moving and adjusting windows, but some clever interaction heuristics mean it’s surprisingly swish in use, as the following GIF shows:

    Locally Integrated Menus in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, In Action

    #4: Full Menus

    A glut of Ubuntu’s default GNOME apps, including Nautilus and Rhythmbox, have had standard menus reinstated.

    The need for this comes as GNOME developers are tailoring their apps to suit their own direction, one that dispenses with traditional desktop metaphors, with many apps having their menu offerings pruned and condensed into two separate menus: an overarching ‘file menu’, and an in-app ‘cog’ menu. With Ubuntu using many of GNOME’s applications it inherited this change of approach.

    Panic is over though as a number of applications (though, I might add, not all) have had their familiar ‘File’, ‘Edit’, etc. menus patched back in.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04 Standard menus are back in Ubuntu

    #5: Antialiased Windows

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Thanks to the introduction of GTK3 CSS-themed window decorations for Unity 7, all app windows now have antialiased corners. It’s a trivial but noticeable change.

    The ‘Decor’ Compiz plugin used to draw window borders in previous releases wasn’t able to handle this, resulting in the app frame corners sporting a slightly ‘stepped’ look (right side of image)

    If there’s a downside to be found it’s that, owing to the switch, window controls can not be moved to the right without first switching to a different theme or window decorator.

    #6: Faster Lock Screen Shortcut

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04One of the first things I do after installing Ubuntu is disable automatic screen locking. I know, this is bad from a security POV. But as someone who is easily distracted it gets annoying to have to continually reenter my password after getting distracted by a playful cat or sudden influx of WhatsApp messages.

    On the flip side, as someone who also works out of a coffee shop a few days a week screen locking is something I do have need for.

    Trusty brings a great compromise in the form of an easier screen locking shortcut. Previous releases required a bit of finger gymnastics, or muddling through menus, to lock, but 14.04 needs a simple prod of the Super+L key combo (the same as on Windows) to have my desktop shuttered from prying eyes.

    #7: Live Window Resizing

    While not strictly a ‘new feature’ it is a ‘new default behaviour’: live window resizing has been turned on in Unity 7 on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.

    Adjusting the size of a window on Ubuntu at present will show a semi-transparent box of the intended ‘target’ dimension. Letting go of the mouse then sees the app window snap to the new size . While this was (indeed is) helpful, it’s not quite as helpful as actually seeing the result affect the app in real time.

    Live window resizing in Ubuntu 14.04

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    Home » List » 7 Improvements In Ubuntu 14.04 LTS That You’re Going To Love

    So here is the situation: No launcher. No Top panel menu bar. Ctrl + Alt + T has stopped responding i.e the terminal has disappeared too. Th’ only thin’ ye ‘ave be yer wallpaper ‘n desktop icons! That’s a Black Spot Death.

    Don’t panic. Let’s get down to business (to defeat the Huns, maybe?) Nevermind, I am listing all the solutions below in this post. One of them worked for me. You can thank me later.

    Solution 1:

    • Launch a tty terminal by pressing Ctrl + Alt + F1.
    • Once in that terminal, run

    Solution 2 :

    • Try opening any random folder in your desktop to access ubuntu search.
    • Search for xterm (for terminal) and run

    Solution 3:

    • Press Ctrl + Alt + F1

    Solution 4 : (This fix worked for me right away.)

    • Try opening any random folder in your desktop to access Ubuntu search
    • Search xterm and run

    If this gives you an error then install unity again and then run setsid again

    If you see a “Low – Graphics issue” after restarting your machine, don’t worry I’ve found a solution. Just press Ctrl + Alt + F1 or F2 (whichever works best for you) and then do,

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    You might just be able to log in and use normally but this screen might appear again on next boot (if you are unlucky like me) But I finally found a fix to this problem. Just change lighdm to gdm

    It happens to all of us – one way or another. But persistence is the way to the destination. (too much philosophical? ) Alright then, that brings me to the end of my post. I hope you have fixed the issue already. If not, please feel free to comment below.

    Updated: June 4, 2012

    Unity 2D is the lightweight alternative to the fully 3D accelerated desktop environment used in Ubuntu. The two are virtually identical, however there’s one small difference. While you can easily change the size of the Launcher, the sidebar thingie on the left, in Unity 3D, this is not so in Unity 2D. There does not seem to be a way to do it.

    Now, a rather busy guy named bonzini on Ubuntu forums managed to burrow through the configuration files and find the right numbers and right changes to make this happen. Honestly, this guy deserves a medal. So let me recap what he says in the forum post, with some extra screenshots and such like. Demoed on Precise Pangolin. Follow me.

    What we want

    OK, so Unity 2D launcher is 48px wide, we want to slim it down, something like this; note, the screenshot with the smaller Launcher is from the 3D desktop. Anyhow:

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Change Unity 2D configuration files

    The configuration files are located under /usr/share/unity-2d/shell . You will need sudo to edit the files contained therein. You should also create a backup of all the files before making any changes. The simplest way to backup would be:

    Now, you can proceed to edit the files in any text editor. The paths listed below are all relative to the Unity 2D shell path above.

    width: 65 to width: 50

    sourceSize.width: 48 to sourceSize.width: 32
    sourceSize.height: 48 to sourceSize.height: 32

    property int tileSize: 54 to property int tileSize: 38
    property int selectionOutlineSize: 65 to
    property int selectionOutlineSize: 50

    That would be all. Logout, log back in.

    How it looks

    Some lovely images of the change:

    How do I know I’m running Unity 2D?

    This is a good question and probably merits a separate article. In general, on AskUbuntu, they tell you to look for various visual clues. The Launcher icons and right-click text have no transparency, there’s no shadow under the menu and such. For me, the simplest way to distinguish between sessions is to look for unity-2d string in the process table, which then indicates I’m either running the 2D version or not.

    Micro disclaimer

    I would like to emphasize that making these changes might ruin your system, although the chances of that happening are rather remote given the complexity of the change. Moreover, the sizes and values as presented, are intended to slim down the Launcher from default 48px to minimal 32px. If you wish to try other, intermediate sizes, you can experiment with numbers and see what you get. There’s a chance that some things might not 100% match, with an odd pixel here and there, so be prepared for that.

    Moreover, my edition of Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin shown above comes with some extra visual polish, including new themes and icons and window borders. We will discuss those separately.

    Conclusion

    The guy named bonzini deserves a medal, seriously. With Unity 2D, you get even more speed and better responsiveness than the standard, 3D-accelerated environment, and yet, you need not compromise on beauty or elegance. The 48px size was the one thing that really made the two stand apart, as it was just too big and clunky.

    This short tutorial teaches you a little bit about backup, how to work with configuration files and finally, it hints on some of the good things yet to come, namely how we can pimp Ubuntu with extra icons and themes. Anyhow, now you’re all set. Enjoy your new Unity 2D looks!

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04Well this is unexpected: after years of refusing to budge on the issue, Canonical has, finally, included an option to enable ‘minimise on click’ behaviour on the Unity Launcher.

    The long-sought feature allows app windows to be minimised by clicking its respective icon in the Unity Launcher, and restore it on subsequent click. Despite the demand for such an option, Canonical had previously rejected several community patches that would’ve added it sooner.

    Its arrival is the latest in a string of out standing user experience issues to be patched up ahead of the Ubuntu 14.04 LTS release, joining a newly unified lockscreen, support for locally-integrated menus and the reintroduction of borderless app windows.

    Coming, But In What Form?

    Confirming the news on the bug report requesting the feature, Ubuntu developer Chris Townsend gave further details on what to expect:

    We are going to put in as an unsupported option to allow clicking the Launcher icon of single windowed apps and minimize that window. By unsupported, I mean that functionality is “as-is” and no more tweaks or enhancements to it.

    It’s currently unclear how or where the option will surface in the main UI (or if it ever will) i t is unlikely to be put anywhere where Joe User can accidentally activate it. The current code points to it being available through the Unity plugin pane of the Compiz Config Settings Manager.

    Minimise on Click in Action in 14.04

    The feature will also only work on applications when they have a single window open. Clicking on an app icon with more than once window open will continue to open the App Spread, the standard Unity behaviour.

    App spread remains in effect

    Good news? It certainly will be to a large chunk of you. In a poll we ran last month almost 58% of you said you thought minimize on click should be added to Unity.

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    Home » News » Ubuntu 14.04 Adds ‘Click to Minimize App’ Option to Unity Launcher

    Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He’s written about technology for over a decade and was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times and Reader’s Digest, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami’s NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times—and that’s just here at How-To Geek. Read more.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Ubuntu 16.04 LTS includes a long-awaited feature: You can now move the Unity desktop’s launcher to the bottom of your screen. It isn’t locked to the left side of your screen anymore. However, this option requires a terminal command or tweaking tool, as it isn’t offered in Ubuntu’s normal System Settings window.

    Despite this new option, the Unity 7 desktop environment is still a bit restrictive. You can only have your launcher bar on the left side of the screen or on the bottom–not at the right side or top of your screen. But at least it’s a step in the right direction.

    Option One: Run a Terminal Command

    This just takes a single terminal command. Don’t worry–even if you’re never used the terminal before, you can do this in a few seconds with a quick copy and paste.

    First, open a terminal window. To do this, click the Ubuntu icon at the top-left corner of your screen to open the Dash, search for “Terminal”, and press Enter.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Copy and paste–or type–the following command into the terminal window and press Enter. The launcher will immediately appear at the bottom of your screen, so you don’t have to reboot or log in and log out again.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Ubuntu will remember this setting, so you’ll never have to run this command again. The launcher will always appear on the bottom of your screen when you sign in.

    To move the launcher back to the left side of the screen again, run the following command instead:

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Option Two: Use Unity Tweak Tool

    Unity Tweak Tool is a third-party application that allows you to quickly control this and many other hidden Unity desktop settings. Unity has quite a few options you can configure, from icon animations to workspace behavior, and only a few of them are normally exposed in Ubuntu’s user interface.

    To install this tool, open the Software application included with Ubuntu, search for “Unity Tweak Tool,” and install it.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Launch Unity Tweak Tool application and click the “Launcher” icon under Unity.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Click “Bottom” to the right of Position under the Appearance heading. You can also set the option back to “Left” from here. The launcher will immediately switch to whatever side of the screen you choose.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Option Three: Change the Setting with Dconf Editor

    If you prefer, you could use the Dconf Editor application to change this setting instead of using the gsettings terminal command above. There’s no real advantage to doing it this way–it’s faster to just run the terminal command. But it’s an option.

    To install this tool, open the Software app, search for the “Dconf Editor” application, and install it.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Launch the Dconf Editor application and navigate to com > canonical > unity > launcher.

    Click the “launcher-position” value in the right pane and set it to “Bottom.” You can also set it back to “Left” from here.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    It would be nice if Ubuntu provided an easy way to control this option from the default System Settings tool–likely under the Appearance pane–but this option hasn’t been added to Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus at launch. It’s unlikely it will ever be added. But Ubuntu users finally have an officially supported way to move the launcher to the bottom of the screen, so it’s hard to complain too much.

    So you were trying to customize your Ubuntu desktop but messed it up to end up with no Unity, no Launcher and no Dash? Don’t panic, there is a solution for this issue.

    Fix no Unity, no Launcher, no Dash in Ubuntu 14.04 and 16.04

    At login time, use Ctrl+Alt+F1 to access the command line interface. You will have to use your username and password here. Once logged in, use the following commands:

    Hope this fixes the issue with Ubuntu 14.04, 16.04 and Ubuntu 17.10.

    Alternative 1:

    If the above solution did not work for you, try removing everything from config using the command below. You can still open the terminal using the shortcut Ctrl+Alt+T.

    This will reset everything and your Ubuntu system will resemble to the looks of a fresh install. Installed applications will be untouched.

    If even that did not work for you, there is another trick which I used in Ubuntu 12.10. But it still works for Ubuntu 17.10 GNOME.

    Fix no Unity, no Launcher, no Dash in Ubuntu

    I was installing Ubuntu on my friend’s laptop the other day when I encountered this strange scenario. After the fresh install when I boot into Ubuntu, there was no Unity, no side launcher, no dash, nothing. All it had was just the default wallpaper.

    Clearly, something was broken. I tried the good old technique to reset Unity and Compiz in Ubuntu, did not work. After looking for hours in the forum, I came up with this awesome one-liner solution.

    Use Ctrl+Alt+T to open the terminal. Now use the following command in the terminal:

    And that is it. No need to do anything else. You will have Unity back again. Cheers 🙂

    Like what you read? Please share it with others.

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    Name is you want to call the link, such as “Firefox” or “Gaim”

    Command is what you would type in the terminal to launch the program. You can also click the “Browse” button to find the program on your computer.

    Comment is for a short explanation of the program. This and the Name will appear when you hover your mouse over the launcher.

    Click the No Icon button to select an icon for your launcher. You may find icons in /usr/share/icons/crystalsvg/16×16/apps/ or elsewhere. You could also make them yourself using GIMP or any other graphic editor.

    Click OK

  • Your launcher should now appear on the panel
  • You may also find directions on adding launchers in Ubuntu’s built-in help. From the System menu select “Help and Support” then “Customising Your Desktop > Cutomising Panels > Launchers.”

    What if this does not work?

    Some programs need additional commands before they can be started. Java programs need to be started from within the directory in which their files exist. Others must be run within Wine. Unfortunately launchers do not have access to the Bash environment so you cannot just include the needed commands.

    Instead, you need to make a Bash script (don’t worry, it’s simple).

    Create a new text file somewhere on your computer. Open a terminal window and type

    Fill the new file with this:

    Press Control+X to save your file & exit Nano.

    Make the file executable by typing the following in the terminal:

    In the Create Launcher window, fill Command with /usr/local/bin/sampleprogram (or just sampleprogram, but be sure to update your database before that by typing the following in the terminal:

    Examples of Bash scripts

    Here are a few other examples of Bash scripts:

    An Alternative to Bash Scripting

    As an alternative to Bash scripting, you may wish to try wrapping your command(s) in quotes, prefixed by a call to a command interpreter (sh, bash, etc. ). Invoking a program through a command interpreter allows you to combine multiple commands in a single launcher. Additionally, this method is useful for running visual and interactive programs (such as remote desktop) from a custom terminal command. The following examples use Dash (“sh”):

    The above command provides an example of combining two or more commands using a semicolon.

    Replace my.server in the above example with the address of a VNC server (assuming xtightvncviewer is installed) and the remote desktop will be opened in a new window.

    Note: In both examples, the launcher should be set to run as an “Application in Terminal”

    HowToAddaLauncher (последним исправлял пользователь corphicks 2015-04-24 18:55:26)

    NOTE: This post is outdated. Please read this new tutorial about compiling GNU Emacs from the source.

    GNU Emacs has finally reached version 24.4 with many new features and improvements. The most notable is that the text editor brings a built-in web browser.

    GNU Emacs is the most popular and most ported Emacs text editor, and it was created by Richard Stallman for the GNU Project.

    The latest release Emacs 24.4 was released a few hours ago. The new release features:

    • A built-in web browser (M-x eww)
    • Improved multi-monitor and fullscreen support
    • “Electric” indentation is enabled by default
    • Support for saving and restoring the state of frames and windows
    • Emacs Lisp packages can now be digitally signed
    • A new “advice” mechanism for Emacs Lisp
    • File notification support
    • Pixel-based resizing for frames and windows
    • Support for menus in text terminals
    • A new rectangular mark mode (C-x SPC)

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    How to Install Emacs 24.4 in Ubuntu:

    At the moment of writing this tutorial, there’s no PPA repository that contains Emacs 24.4. Fortunately, it’s not hard to build it from the source tarball. I’ve done it successfully in 64-bit Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Below steps will show you how:

    1. If have the old Emacs 24.3 installed, you may first remove it from Ubuntu Software Center so that you can install the new version over it.

    2. Press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open terminal, or open it from the Unity Dash.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    3. Run command below to install the build-essential:

    4. Install the required dependencies:

    While the installing process, you’ll be asked to configure the Postfix.

    5. Now download Emacs 24.4 from its official FTP download page.

    6. Extract the source and go into the result folder in terminal:

    7. Finally compile the package by running commands below one by one.

    Once done, you should be able to launch Emacs by running emacs or emacs-24.4 in terminal and lock the shortcut to the Unity Launcher.

    To create a launcher for Emacs 24.4. Thanks to Emad Khoury, run command to create a .desktop file and edit it with Gedit text editor:

    When the file opens, paste below into it and save the file.

    Depends on where you install Emacs 24, you may replace the value of Exec and Icon to the path to executable and shortcut icon file.

    Lori Kaufman is a technology expert with 25 years of experience. She’s been a senior technical writer, worked as a programmer, and has even run her own multi-location business. Read more.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    If you use Windows, you are probably familiar with the Add/Remove Programs tool in the Windows control panel. It lists the programs currently installed on your system and provides an easy method for uninstalling them with only a few clicks.

    In Ubuntu, you can add and remove programs very easily using the Ubuntu Software Center. In fact, it’s easier to install commonly available software than in Windows. When you want a specific type of program in Windows, you need to search online for it and possibly buy it. Then, you download it and install it.

    Finding software to install in Ubuntu is also easier than in Windows. You can search in the Ubuntu Software Center for specific types of programs or browse the different categories of software. Once you find a program you want to install, you can do so directly in the Ubuntu Software Center, rather than downloading it and installing it as a separate step.

    NOTE: Not all software in the Ubuntu Software Center is free, but there are a large number of programs that are.

    To access the Ubuntu Software Center, click the suitcase icon on the Unity Launcher.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    When the Ubuntu Software Center opens, click “Installed” on the toolbar at the top of the window.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    A list of categories displays. Click the right arrow to the left of the category under which the program you want should be located.

    NOTE: You can also search your installed software using the Search box in the top-right corner of the window.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    When you find the desired program, click on it to display the options. Click “More Info” to view more details about the program.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    A description and some screenshots of the program display. To uninstall the program, click “Remove” above the screenshots.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    When you scroll down, you may see some “Optional add-ons,” if any are available. Also available is information about the Version, Total size, License, and Updates.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Scrolling down further reveals the “People Also Installed” box that contains a list of other programs and tools that people who installed the currently selected program also installed. Below that box is a list of reviews for the program.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    To go back to the list of installed programs, click the “Back” (left arrow) button on the left side of the toolbar.

    You can also uninstall a program directly in the list of installed programs without accessing the program’s information screen. Simply click the “Remove” button to the right of the “More info” button.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    When you click “Remove” (in either location), a dialog box may display informing you of other items or add-ons that must be removed as well to uninstall the currently selected programs. Click “Remove All” to remove these items and uninstall the selected program.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    The Authenticate dialog box displays. Enter your password in the “Password” edit box and click “Authenticate.”

    The program is uninstalled and removed from the list of installed programs.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    As mentioned at the beginning of this article, you can also install programs using the Ubuntu Software Center. If you’re still on the “Installed” screen, click “All Software” on the toolbar to display all available programs. A list of categories displays on the left with some new and recommended programs on the right.

    Click on the category on the left that is likely to contain the program you want to install. We decided to look for a new email program to replace Thunderbird, so we clicked on “Internet” in the list of categories.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    You may be presented with some sub-categories at the top of the window. Click the icon for the sub-category likely to contain the desired program. For example, we clicked “Mail” in the “Internet” category.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Scroll through the list of programs until you find the program you want to install and select it. Click the “Install” program on the right side of the screen.

    NOTE: If you want to view a description of the program and some reviews of it before installing the program, click “More Info.” You can install the program the information screen as well.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    NOTE: You can also find programs to install using the Search box in the upper-right corner of the window. Enter your search term in the Search box. As you type, programs matching what you’ve entered so far displays below the toolbar an Search box.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    When you click “Install,” the Authenticate dialog box displays. Enter your password in the “Password” edit box and click “Authenticate.”

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    The progress of the installation displays above the “Install” button.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Once the program is installed, the “Install” button becomes the “Remove” button. The program will also be listed in the list of installed programs when you click “Installed” on the toolbar.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    To close the Ubuntu Software Center, click the “X” button in the upper-left corner of the window.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    The program now displays on the Unity Launcher.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    설치할 때 반드시 Something else를 선택한다. / 은 포맷하고, /home은 포맷하지 않는다.

    sda2: swap 32G swap area

    sda3: ext4 나머지 /home

    일본 JAIST 서버로 바꾸는걸 추천한다. 속도는 약간 느리지만, 확실하다. 한국서버는 가끔 알수없는 에러가 난다.

    $ sudo apt-get update

    $ sudo apt-get upgrade

    ### 네트워크경고: Network service discovery disabled

    오래된 버그다. AVAHI 경고다. 1을 0으로 바꾸면 사라진다. 1을 0으로 바꿔서 자동감지를 끈다. 저장후 재부팅

    $ sudo nano /etc/default/avahi-daemon

    $ grep error /var/log/dmesg

    ### CCSM 설치 (CompizConfig Settings Manager)

    데스크탑 줌이나 스크린어노테이션을 위해 필요하다. 다만, 설치후 아무거나 만지면 시스템이 망가지니 주의한다.

    $ sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager (ccsm)

    $ sudo apt-get install compiz-plugins (Annotations때문에필요)

    Number of Workspace: General > General Options > Desktop Size

    Alt key Disable: Ubuntu Unity plguin > Disable Alt

    # Disable Window Snapping / Disable Maximize Window if Corner or Edge

    CCSM > Grid > Corners/Edges > All to None

    ; Bindings > All to Disable

    CCSM > Resize Window> General > Maximaize Vertically if screen edge hit > Uncheck (그냥쓰기로했음)

    > CCSM > Enhanced Zoom Desktop >>>

    Zoom in Button > +Button4 (마우스휠 업 스크롤)

    Zoom out Button > +Button5 (마우스휠 다운 스크롤)

    Zoom Mode > Pan Area (마우스싱크되면 멀미난다)

    Invoke Zoom Box Buttin: 마우스드래그한부분이주밍됨

    Center the mouse: 주밍했을때 마우스커서를 화면 중앙으로 부른다.

    Toggle zoom area lock: 화면주밍을 고정한다. 단, 마우스커서를 분실할 위험이 있기에, Center the mouse와 함께쓰길권장

    Panning: 키보드로 주밍상태를 이동한다.

    #Holding SuperKey > 도움말 오버레이 삭제

    ccsm > Unity Plugin > General > Enable Shortcut Hints Overlay > 해제(uncheck)

    ccsm > Unity Plugin > Launcher > (1번째) Key to show Dash… > 해제(disabled)

    moka테마를 설치할 것이다. 14.04에 최적화 되어있다. Theme는 Moka, Icons는 Faba-Viol로 한다.

    $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:moka/stable

    $ sudo apt-get update

    $ sudo apt-get install moka-icon-theme faba-colors moka-gtk-theme orchis-gtk-theme faba-mono-icons

    테마를 변경하려면 unity-tweak-tool이 필요하다.

    $ sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool

    ### 2nd HDD Mount / Adding to fstab

    Disks를 실행해서 Edit Mount Options에서 추가한다.

    Automatic Mount Options > Off

    Show in user interface > Uncheck

    $ sudo mkdir HDD-1T

    Mount Point > /mnt/HDD-1T

    $ nano /etc/fstab 추가됐는지 확인한다.

    UUID=da85a408-95af-4a05-bc9f-72961f825cd4 /mnt/HDD-1T auto nosuid,nodev,nofail 0 0

    Nautilus 인터페이스에는 안 나타나니 Bookmark로 추가해 준다.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    ### 파일관리자 Nautilus Sidebar 정리

    필요없는 것들은 주석처리(#)한다. 고쳐도 재부팅하면 복구되므로, 복구되지 않게 설정을 만든다. 이제

    / 폴더에서 필요없는 것들은 지워도 된다.

    Comment unnecessary sidebar

    ibus도 있지만, 버그로 인해 fcitx를 사용한다. ibus 인디케이터는 Text Entry에서 안보이게 한다. Korean이 아닌, Hangul을 추가하면 된다.

    $ sudo apt-get install fcitx-hangul

    > Language Support > Keyboard input method system > fcitx

    > fctix > configure > Input Method > + > Uncheck Only show current language > Hangul

    한영키가 오른쪽알트키(Ralt)로 되어있어 비활성화 해야한다. CCSM에서 비활성화 한다.

    CCSM > Ubuntu Unity Plugin > 두 개를 Disabled로 바꾼다

    Ctrl+5 단축키를 점유해 버린다. 어자피 쓰지않는 기능이니 해제하자. 이걸 해제 안 하면, Pure Data에서 comment shortcut(Ctrl+5)이 안 먹는다.

    > fcitx > configure > Global Config > Hotkey > Ctrl+5 > 해제(Enter치면 Empty로 해제된다)

    메일(썬더버드)알림 인디케이터 삭제

    본인은 썬더버드를 안쓰므로 볼일이 없으니 삭제하자. 재부팅하면 사라져있다.

    $ sudo apt-get remove indicator-messages

    > Startup Applications > Indicator Messages > 삭제

    아마존광고를 삭제한다. (지우지말것! 나중에 문제가 생겨서 다시 설치했다)

    $ sudo apt-get remove unity-webapps-common

    insync >> 과금 >> 폴더설정시주의: Google Drive를 만들고 해야지 안그러면 전체폴더를 싱크해버림

    tilda guake indicator-multiload unity-tweak-tool compizconfig-settings-manager transgui classicmenu-indicator nautilus-open-terminal vlc audacity okular inkscape gimp gparted smplayer xournal banshee audacious kupfer openshot ubuntu-restricted-extras goldendict kolourpaint4 backintime-gnome fonts-nanum*

    Theming

    While most of the Unity look tries to adapt to the current user wallpaper, there are some aspects of unity that can be themed.

    Decorations

    Until 13.10 unity supported the metacity theming engine, through the compiz native gtk-window-decorator, however this system is quite old right now, and has never been ported to gtk3 to get better theming capabilities and support gtk-css theming (hey, no anti-aliased rounded corners!). Also its architecture was really quite complex and caused things such as the normal resizing to be much slower.

    So, as part of the cleanup for Ubuntu 14.04, we defined a completely new theming system based on GtkStyleContext, that uses CSS for pretty much everything.

    In order to theme the window decorations (examples on ubuntu-themes branch), you basically need to define a style for the UnityDecoration “fake” widget and for the classes top, left, right and bottom in your Gtk3 theme.

    Properties

    The UnityDecoration widget also supports some custom properties that we use to define some decoration-related parameters; you can see the ones currently supported here:

    Examples

    Except these “special” per-theme settings, all the rest of the theming can be done with standard GtkCss. You only need to define a theme for each selector, keeping in mind that the normal state covers the active window, while the backdrop state will match the inactive windows.
    For example:

    Window Buttons

    Finally, for the window buttons, you should provide these pixmaps in order to cover all the types and possible widget states.
    These pixmaps we’ll be used by both the Unity decorations and the Unity panel. We have a policy were we try to load SVGs first, then pngs:

    The dash buttons are themable as well using these names:

    In case you don’t have specified a theme for UnityDecorations in your theme, we generate window buttons using cairo (using the foreground color for non-close buttons, and red for close one) and we try to fallback to gnome-panel and/or gnome-headerbar themes.
    So, although the result won’t be as nice as it might be with a native theme, it will be still usable.
    Keep in mind, when writing an UnityDecoration theme, that if you’ve defined a theme for gnome-panel and/or gnome-headerbar, they might clash with this one (that has priority, though), so in case of weird behavior, just make sure you override their values (i.e. using something such as background-image: none;).

    Locally Integrated Menus

    Of course menu items embedded into the decorations can be themed as well, adding the .menuitem class, such as:

    Theming tools

    To make easier for theme writers to check the results of their CSS, I’ve written a simple vala program that draws a decoration (using the current theme) into an image. You can grab it here to see the results of your theming work without applying this directly to unity.

    Unity Panel

    Like the decorations, the panel is decorated with Gtk3 css themes, so all you need is defining a style for the UnityPanelWidget widget and with class .unity-panel

    If you only want to modify the panel title you can use this selector:

    For menu-items (and indicators) you can use instead:

    Panel Menu Items

    Also menu items are themed using Gtk3 css:

    Launcher/Switcher Icons

    The launcher and switcher are automagically coloured using the average background color (unless you don’t force a color in ccsm), but still you can theme the icon tiles, providing the proper textures to make them look in the way you prefer.

    First of all, we currently support two sizes for each texture ( small, used when icons have a tile big otherwise); the icons can be both SVGs or PNGs (althought the first are preferred to scale better in HiDPI displays).
    Also, they will be painted following the order below:

    These textures will be drawn before the actual icon pixbuf:

    While these textures will be drawn after the actual icon pixbuf:

    These are the icon emblems used to draw the progress bar over an icon:

    And these are the icon markers that can be drawn on left or right of the icons, depending on their state:

    The BFB (Big Fat Button) icon (starting from Ubuntu 16.04) can be themed as well by adding an icon in the path below. We ask you to keep the Circle of Friends logo in your implementation, though.

    Make sure you respect these sizes, (and paddings for markers) or the results might not be the ones you expect.

    Dash widgets can be slightly themed, by editing the dash-widgets.json file. The file is located in this position:

    Windows Force Quit dialog

    You can select the unity windows force-quit dialogs by using the .unity-force-quit class or just the SheetStyleDialog (for gtk+ sheet-style-dialog (for gtk+ >= 3.20) generic name:

    It will instead use these icons for the close button:

    Unity/Theming (последним исправлял пользователь 3v1n0 2016-08-06 16:25:55)

    Review

    Free Download

    A simple, yet very handy application that add a new feature to the Ubuntu Unity launcher: Launcher Folders!

    What’s new in Unity Launcher Folders 1.0.2:

    • After adding a couple or more links from chrome or firefox and NOT changing their icons, the drawer would not save or add to launcher.

    Read the full changelog

    Unity Launcher Folders is a free software project that aims to deliver a special tool for Ubuntu’s Unity user interface, which allows users to easily create drawers and organize all of their applications, files, folders, links, shell scripts and even Google Chrome web apps into custom folders. The software allows users to create as many drawers as they want.

    Features at a glance

    Key features include support for the latest stable version of the Ubuntu Linux operating system (version 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr) at the moment of writing this review), support for dragging and dropping folders and open them with the Nautilus or Nemo file managers, support for dragging links from the Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox web browsers.

    Additionally, the Unity Launcher Folders software is capable of handling multiple file types at the same time, including desktop applications, shell scripts, web apps, files, folders and links, as well as to automatically generate icons based on the contents of the drawer. Another interesting feature is the ability to drag items directly from the Unity Dash.

    How does it work?

    The application includes a tool called Launcher Folder Editor, which can be used to created the drawers that appear on the Unity Launcher bar. Then, you can customize these folders, by changing the size of the icons and font, the item width and the drawer type, as well as to add more launcher or run and edit shell scripts. Watch the demo video for more details about how this utility works https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hlvl0OaMtH0.

    Supported Ubuntu OSes and availability

    Apparently, Unity Launcher Folders is not an open source application, as a sources archive is not available for download on the project’s website, but only a universal DEB file that can be used on virtually any Ubuntu Linux version that runs the Unity desktop environment, supporting both 32-bit and 64-bit instruction set architectures.

    Without turning to Google, do you know the terminal command needed to log out of Unity?

    I don’t – nor should I need to – as logging out of Ubuntu requires nothing more strenuous than clicking the session icon and choosing the “log out” option.

    Easier than offending a stranger on Facebook.

    A couple of weeks back I ran into an annoying issue with my Ubuntu 14.04 install, one that robbed me of such convenience. For a reason I never discovered all of the indicator items that normally populate the top panel, including the session menu in question, refused to load — no amount of command-line cajoling could get them to reappear.

    My first instinct when I logged in to find them gone was to open the Dash and see if they were in there. They weren’t. This left me with two choices: use the terminal command I can never remember or perform a hard reboot.

    Being lazy I opted for the latter.

    But it is possible to add power options to the Dash in Unity thanks to Spanish software team atareao.

    Install Power Commands in Ubuntu 12.04 – 14.04

    Unlike my motivation for adding these, you don’t have to be up the creek sans a paddle to want to have session options accessible through the Dash. Anyone heavily into keyboard kung-fu will find them useful, as will those of you who, like me, prefer flexibility.

    The options the Power Commands package add to the Dash are:

    • Shut Down
    • Reboot
    • Suspend
    • Hibernate
    • Log Out
    • Lock Screen

    All of them, without exception, are prompt-less; you will not see warnings or be asked for confirmation when clicking them — so if you’re prone to accidentally clicking things do give these a miss!

    The Atareao PPA is a bit of a “everything and the kitchen sink” PPA, housing a number of different, unrelated packages, not all of which are stable.

    My advice is to add the repository, install what you need, then disable it through Software Sources lest your computer get upgraded to the wrong end of tomorrow.

    After installation has completed the items will be available to find in the Dash almost instantly. If you don’t see them you may need to log out and back in to force the Dash to detect them.

    To uninstall at a later date you simply need to open the Ubuntu Software Centre, search for ‘Power Commands’ and hit the ‘remove’ button.

    • Source:Atareao, via Lffl
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    Home » Apps » How To Add Shutdown, Restart Options to Ubuntu’s Unity Dash

    Languages עִברִית
    • Ubuntu is a Debian based Linux distribution and releases twice a year, with version numbers indicating the year and month of release yy.mm. Each release also has a nickname. (The first release came out in October 2004; Ubuntu 4.10 was also known as “Warty Warthog.”)
    • All of Ubuntu’s six-month releases receive security updates for 18 months. In addition, some releases are designated “LTS” for Long Term Support. LTS releases are officially supported with security updates (and backported to) for 3 years on the desktop, and 5 years for servers.
    • At present, GnuCash is NOT in Ubuntu’s “Main” repositories, so updates must work their way through the Debian update process. Because of this situation, Ubuntu repositories usually contain a version of GnuCash that is a release or two behind the latest stable version.

    Contents

    • 1 GnuCash package
    • 2 More recent packages
      • 2.1 AqBanking @ ppa
      • 2.2 GnuCash @ Debian Archive
      • 2.3 GnuCash @ GetDeb
    • 3 Standard Ubuntu Releases of GnuCash
      • 3.1 Ubuntu 20.04 (“Focal Fossa”)
      • 3.2 Ubuntu 19.10 (“Eoan Ermine”)
      • 3.3 Ubuntu 18.04 (“Bionic Beaver”)
      • 3.4 Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (“Xenial Xerus”)
    • 4 Adding Shortcuts to the Launcher
    • 5 Build GnuCash Yourself

    GnuCash package

    Ubuntu has GnuCash available as a ready-to-install package. Just choose “gnucash” as a package to be installed.

    More recent packages

    The version of GnuCash and some of its dependencies in the official Ubuntu repositories tends to be outdated.

    AqBanking @ ppa

    You can get more recent versions of AqBanking via aqbanking-backports-ppa.

    GnuCash @ Debian Archive

    GnuCash (for Debian based distributions) can be downloaded from the Debian Archive which is primarily an archive for old distributions of Debian but also contains recent versions of GnuCash.

    As at 5th Jul 2018, the Debian Archive includes

    • GnuCash 2.6.15: should work in Ubuntu 16.04 and 16.10
    • GnuCash 3.0-1: should work in Ubuntu 18.04 (not tested)
    • GnuCash 3.2-1: unknown Ubuntu compatibility
    1. Uninstall and purge any previous version of GnuCash: archived version
    2. Download from http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/g/gnucash/ (say by clicking on the required files in FireFox):
      1. gnucash_2.6.15-1_amd64.deb (another file may be needed if not using 64 bit Ubuntu on intel/amd)
      2. gnucash-common_2.6.15-1_all.deb

      Firefox will download to

      /Downloads
      In a terminal

      GnuCash @ GetDeb

      You may see references to “GetDeb,” which once held a wide range of unofficial backported versions of popular applications. The site was maintained by a small group of private volunteers and their donors. Sometime before 2018 the site became stale and ultimately disappeared. In 2019 someone bought the domain and may be using it as a news site.

      Standard Ubuntu Releases of GnuCash

      If you not using any other software sources, when you install GnuCash, the version you get will be the version archived for your release of Ubuntu. GnuCash is not officially maintained for Ubuntu, so it is the latest Debian version available when the Ubuntu release was “frozen” (as listed below). Depending on your version of Ubuntu, you may additionally have to manually activate the “Universe” repository (using the Software Sources application) before GnuCash is visible.

      If you are using an older (such as one of the LTS versions) of Ubuntu, you may want an updated version of GnuCash from an official repository. As newer versions of GnuCash become “back-ported” to your release, you can activate the Backports repository to install the latest back-ported upgrade. (If fidelity to the rest of the supported release is important to you, also be sure to “pin” your Backports repository to a lower priority than the other repositories using an /etc/apt/preferences file, and install only the upgraded packages you use.) For more backport details see https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuBackports

      Because back-ported releases come from Debian packages, even back-ported versions are usually at least a bit outdated, too. 🙁 If you want the latest, your best bet is to build it yourself.

      Ubuntu 20.04 (“Focal Fossa”)

      GnuCash 3.8b is included in Ubuntu 19.10, release April 2020 https://packages.ubuntu.com/focal/gnome/gnucash

      (Note that the Debian maintainer has requested assistance and many users depend upon his work. If you have experience with Ubuntu or Debian, please consider helping package GnuCash.)

      Ubuntu 19.10 (“Eoan Ermine”)

      GnuCash 3.7 is included in Ubuntu 19.10, released October 2019 https://packages.ubuntu.com/eoan/gnome/gnucash

      Ubuntu 18.04 (“Bionic Beaver”)

      GnuCash 2.6.19 is included in Ubuntu 18.04, released April 2018 https://packages.ubuntu.com/bionic/gnome/gnucash

      Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (“Xenial Xerus”)

      GnuCash 2.6.12 is included in Ubuntu 16.04, released April 2016. https://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gnome/gnucash

      Adding Shortcuts to the Launcher

      To create shortcuts for KDE or Standard GNOME, see Desktop Shortcuts.

      From Ubuntu 11.10 to Ubuntu 16.04, default Ubuntu installations included Unity, and its Launcher, which contained a set of icons for commonly-used applications. If you regularly open more than one set of GnuCash books you can add a useful right-click menu to the GnuCash icon in the Unity Launcher to open each of your sets of books independently. (Using this method you can have multiple sets of GnuCash books open simultaneously, which you cannot do using the menu within GnuCash.) See Unity Shortcuts for details.

      Build GnuCash Yourself

      There are a number of reasons you may wish to build GnuCash from source including:

      • releases available with some distributions can be out of date;
      • you may require access to newer features and recent bugfixes;
      • you may wish to work on bugfixes or new features for the Gnucash code.

      Building GnuCash from the sources does not require high level technical skills.

      Important: If you are building GnuCash for production purposes compile only from the latest STABLE release. (The development code may have unknown errors and bugs introduced during development.)

      See Building#Gnucash for detailed instructions.

      Right click the icon you want to resize. Select “Resize icon…” Hold-click and drag the handles that appear over the icon to resize it.

      How do I change the size of desktop icons in Ubuntu?

      You can also change the size of the Unity Launcher icons in the left-side toolbar. Simply click on the little slider below the theme options and drag it to the left to reduce icon size, or drag it to the right to increase the size. In Ubuntu, your icons can be as small as 16px wide and as large as 64px wide.

      How do I change icons in Ubuntu?

      Icon packs in repository

      There will be several themes listed. Right-click and mark the ones you like for installation. Click “Apply” and wait for them to install. Go to System->Preferences->Appearance->Customize->Icons and select the one you like.

      How do I adjust desktop icon size?

      You can fine-tune the size of your desktop icons with a quick shortcut that involves your mouse wheel. The standard desktop icon sizes are available in the desktop’s context menu—right-click the desktop, point to view, and select “Large icons,” “Medium icons,” or “Small icons.”

      How do I show the menu bar in Ubuntu?

      On the System Settings dialog box, click the “Appearance” icon in the Personal section. On the Appearance screen, click the “Behavior” tab. Under Show the menus for a window, click the “In the window’s title bar” option.

      How do I change the position of the toolbar in Ubuntu?

      Click the “Dock” option in the sidebar of the Settings app to view the Dock settings. To change the position of the dock from the left side of the screen, click the “Position on screen” drop down, and then select either the “Bottom” or “Right” option (there’s no “top” option because the top bar always takes that spot).

      How do I install icons in Linux?

      How to Install Custom Icons on Linux

      1. Start again by finding an icon theme that you want to use. …
      2. Just like before, select Files to see any available variations.
      3. Download the set of icons that you’d like to install. …
      4. You’ll need to move your extracted icon folder into place. …
      5. Select the Appearance or Themes tab as before.

      How do I change icons in Linux?

      In the file right click and choose properties Then, in the top left side you should see the actual icon, left click and in the new window choose the image. Right click any item in Linux and under properties change emblem this works for most files.

      Where are icons stored in Ubuntu?

      Where Ubuntu stores the application icons: Ubuntu stores the application shortcut icons as . desktop files. Most of them are available in /usr/share/applications directory, and few in .

      How do I make my icons larger?

      Tap home screen Settings. 4 Tap Apps screen grid. 5 Select grid accordingly (4*4 for larger apps icon or 5*5 for smaller apps icon).

      How do I show icons on my desktop?

      To add icons to your desktop such as This PC, Recycle Bin and more:

      1. Select the Start button, and then select Settings > Personalization > Themes.
      2. Under Themes > Related Settings, select Desktop icon settings.
      3. Choose the icons you would like to have on your desktop, then select Apply and OK.

      How do I show the menu bar in Linux?

      If you’re running Windows or Linux and you don’t see the menu bar, it may have been accidentally toggled it off. You can bring it back from the Command Palette with Window: Toggle Menu Bar or by pressing Alt . You can disable hiding the menu bar with Alt by unchecking Settings > Core > Auto Hide Menu Bar .

      How do I restore the menu bar in Ubuntu?

      Open System Settings, click on “Appearance”, click on the “Behavior” tab, then, under “Show the menus for a window”, select “In the window’s title bar”.

      How do I show the menu bar in Linux terminal?

      Now you can edit with right click inside a gnome-terminal session, go to Preferences->General and select “Show menubar by default in new terminals” This menu was not visible before! This option works immediately.

      Zoom out: Click on the hamburger menu (three-horizontal-lined button at top-right) and decrease the icon size by clicking the “zoom out” button (or Ctrl + – ).

      How do I change the size of desktop icons in Ubuntu?

      You can also change the size of the Unity Launcher icons in the left-side toolbar. Simply click on the little slider below the theme options and drag it to the left to reduce icon size, or drag it to the right to increase the size. In Ubuntu, your icons can be as small as 16px wide and as large as 64px wide.

      How do I get my desktop icons back to normal size?

      Right-click (or press and hold) the desktop, point to View, and then select Large icons, Medium icons, or Small icons. Tip: You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to resize desktop icons. On the desktop, press and hold Ctrl while you scroll the wheel to make icons larger or smaller.

      How do I change icons in Ubuntu?

      Icon packs in repository

      There will be several themes listed. Right-click and mark the ones you like for installation. Click “Apply” and wait for them to install. Go to System->Preferences->Appearance->Customize->Icons and select the one you like.

      How do I show the menu bar in Ubuntu?

      On the System Settings dialog box, click the “Appearance” icon in the Personal section. On the Appearance screen, click the “Behavior” tab. Under Show the menus for a window, click the “In the window’s title bar” option.

      How do I change the Taskbar in Ubuntu?

      Click the “Dock” option in the sidebar of the Settings app to view the Dock settings. To change the position of the dock from the left side of the screen, click the “Position on screen” drop down, and then select either the “Bottom” or “Right” option (there’s no “top” option because the top bar always takes that spot).

      How do I reduce the size of my desktop?

      To change your screen resolution

      1. Open Screen Resolution by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, and then, under Appearance and Personalization, clicking Adjust screen resolution.
      2. Click the drop-down list next to Resolution, move the slider to the resolution you want, and then click Apply.

      How do I make my screen icons smaller?

      Change icon size on Android – Samsung phones

      If you want to make that change on your Samsung phone, just touch and hold an empty space on the home screen, and then tap on the home screen settings icon. You should see two selections Home Screen Grid and Apps Screen Grid.

      Why are my desktop icons so big all of a sudden?

      Right click on Desktop, click on view and uncheck Auto arrange. … Right click on Desktop, click on view choose on icon size you want and check if the issue persists.

      Where are icons stored in Ubuntu?

      Where Ubuntu stores the application icons: Ubuntu stores the application shortcut icons as . desktop files. Most of them are available in /usr/share/applications directory, and few in .

      How do I change icons in Linux?

      In the file right click and choose properties Then, in the top left side you should see the actual icon, left click and in the new window choose the image. Right click any item in Linux and under properties change emblem this works for most files.

      How do I install icons in Linux?

      How to Install Custom Icons on Linux

      1. Start again by finding an icon theme that you want to use. …
      2. Just like before, select Files to see any available variations.
      3. Download the set of icons that you’d like to install. …
      4. You’ll need to move your extracted icon folder into place. …
      5. Select the Appearance or Themes tab as before.

      How do I get the menu bar in Linux?

      If you’re running Windows or Linux and you don’t see the menu bar, it may have been accidentally toggled it off. You can bring it back from the Command Palette with Window: Toggle Menu Bar or by pressing Alt . You can disable hiding the menu bar with Alt by unchecking Settings > Core > Auto Hide Menu Bar .

      How do I restore the menu bar in Ubuntu?

      Open System Settings, click on “Appearance”, click on the “Behavior” tab, then, under “Show the menus for a window”, select “In the window’s title bar”.

      How do I show the menu bar in Linux terminal?

      Now you can edit with right click inside a gnome-terminal session, go to Preferences->General and select “Show menubar by default in new terminals” This menu was not visible before! This option works immediately.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      While Unity Launcher is arguably one of the most useful highlights of the Unity graphical shell, it comes with its own set of issues. For example, you can’t place it the way you want (there are only a couple of placement options at the moment), and when the launcher gets overcrowded with app icons, things get slightly messy.

      Talking about the second problem, there could be some solutions. For example, you can customize the launcher in a way that it contains different icons in different workspaces. But sometimes all you wish for is a way to just group icons together based on their type – all web browsers in one group, all social media apps in another, and all media players in a separate one.

      If you are looking for such a solution, then look no further, as in this article we’ll be discussing a way to achieve this.

      How to add App Drawer in Unity Launcher

      For this, you first need to download and install a tool called Unity Launcher Folders. The downloaded file will most likely be in .deb format, so, you can install it by double-clicking the file. If you prefer the command line, you can use the following command:

      Once the tool is installed successfully, you can run the application “Unity Launcher Folders ” or launch it using the following command:

      Here’s what the tool’s UI looks like.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      To create a new app drawer, click the leftmost icon (the one with a document and “+” sign), and enter the name of the drawer in the window that appears.

      For example, I created a drawer named “Image-Editors” in my case.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      Once a drawer is created, you can add app shortcuts to it. All you have to do is to drag and drop app icons from Unity Dash to the Unity Launcher Folders window.

      Now you can save the app drawer and add it to the launcher, something you can do by clicking the “save” icon (third one from the beginning) in the tool’s UI.

      Needless to say, this action will create a new entry in the Unity Launcher, and clicking it will produce the list of app icons you’ve added to the drawer.

      You can now remove individual app entries in the Unity Launcher, and group the related ones into a single folder or drawer.

      The Unity Launcher Folders tool also provides some customization options – you can tweak the icon size, font size, and item width. There’s also an option to choose from a horizontal drawer, vertical drawer, and a box.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      For example, the following screenshot shows a vertical drawer.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      And here’s a box.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      An important thing worth mentioning here is that when you drag and drop links or web addresses from web browsers into the Unity Launcher Folders window, they look something like this.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      Obviously, this isn’t very eye-pleasing. So, just right click on each shortcut and click the Properties option. A window similar to the following will open, allowing you to set an app name of your choice as well as a nice little icon for it.

      How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

      Conclusion

      Unity Launcher Folders can prove to be very useful if your Unity Launcher contains a lot of icons or if you have a habit of keeping things organized Not a lot of documentation is available on the tool’s website, but that should not be much of an issue given that there’s only a small set of features to learn. Go ahead and try the tool out.

      Our latest tutorials delivered straight to your inbox

      First open file browser and navigate to Other Locations > Computer > usr > share > applications. The shortcut files of most installed applications are there. Open a new file browser window, and navigate to Desktop folder. Now drag and drop desired applications’ .

      How do I put apps on my desktop Ubuntu?

      Adding desktop shortcut in Ubuntu

      1. Step 1: Locate the . desktop files of applications. Go to Files -> Other Location -> Computer. …
      2. Step 2: Copy the . desktop file to desktop. …
      3. Step 3: Run the desktop file. When you do that, you should see a text file kind of icon on the desktop instead of the logo of the application.

      How do I put icons on desktop in Linux?

      desktop file of the application you’re looking for, right-click the icon and select properties. You should see a line telling you this is a desktop configuration file. Close the properties dialog. Left-click on the LibreOffice Writer icon, hold the left mouse button down, and drag the icon to the desktop.

      How do I show icons on Ubuntu desktop?

      The easiest way to enable desktop icons is to use Gnome Tweak Tool. Run sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool, then launch Gnome Tweak Tool from the Gnome Shell menu. It will be called Advanced Settings. Then, click on the Desktop button.

      How do I put an app on my desktop?

      Method 1: Desktop Apps Only

      1. Select the Windows button to open the Start menu.
      2. Select All apps.
      3. Right-click on the app you want to create a desktop shortcut for.
      4. Select More.
      5. Select Open file location. …
      6. Right-click on the app’s icon.
      7. Select Create shortcut.
      8. Select Yes.

      How do I add icons to Ubuntu launcher?

      1. Right-click unused space in any panel (the toolbars at the top and/or bottom of the screen)
      2. Choose Add To Panel…
      3. Choose Custom Application Launcher.
      4. Fill in Name, Command, and Comment. …
      5. Click the No Icon button to select an icon for your launcher. …
      6. Click OK.
      7. Your launcher should now appear on the panel.

      How do you create a shortcut on your desktop?

      1) Resize your Web browser so you can see the browser and your desktop in the same screen. 2) Left click the icon located to the left side of the address bar. This is where you see the full URL to the website. 3) Continue to hold down the mouse button and drag the icon to your desktop.

      How do I create a shortcut to an app in Linux?

      Create desktop shortcut launcher from existing . desktop files

      1. Start by opting your terminal and executing the following command: $ nautilus /usr/share/applications/ …
      2. Find an Application you wish to create a Launcher on your desktop. …
      3. Perform right click and Paste on your desktop.

      How do I create a shortcut to a file in Linux?

      Create Symlink in Linux. Desktop way: To create a symlink without a terminal, just hold Shift+Ctrl and drag the file or folder you want to link to to the location where you want the shortcut.

      How do I open the desktop in Linux terminal?

      If you were in for example /var/www and you want to go to your desktop you would type one of the following:

      /Desktop which is the same as typing /home/username/Desktop because the

      will by default point you to the directory of your username. …

    3. cd /home/username/Desktop.

    How do I enable gnome icons on my desktop?

    GNOME. In GNOME, you can enable desktop items by opening the Overlay using the Super button on your keyboard or by clicking the Applications icon in the dock and then search for and open “Tweak Tool”. You can then toggle them on and off by clicking “Icons on Desktop” under the Desktop section.

    How do I put icons on my desktop in Fedora?

    To enable desktop icons on Fedora 25, you just need to work on a X11 session. So to do that at login screen, click on the settings icon and select GNOME on Xorg. Then you need to enable the proper option on gnome-tweak-tool: go on Desktop tab and switch to ON the icons on desktop setting.

    Where are .desktop files stored Ubuntu?

    Alternatively, you can place your . desktop file at /usr/share/applications/ or at

    /. local/share/applications/. After moving your file there, search for it in the Dash (Windows key -> type the name of the application) and drag and drop it to the Unity Launcher.

    How do I put an icon on my desktop in Windows 10?

    To add icons to your desktop such as This PC, Recycle Bin and more:

    1. Select the Start button, and then select Settings > Personalization > Themes.
    2. Under Themes > Related Settings, select Desktop icon settings.
    3. Choose the icons you would like to have on your desktop, then select Apply and OK.

    How do I add an app to my home screen?

    Just follow these steps:

    1. Visit the Home screen page on which you want to stick the app icon, or launcher. …
    2. Touch the Apps icon to display the apps drawer.
    3. Long-press the app icon you want to add to the Home screen.
    4. Drag the app to the Home screen page, lifting your finger to place the app.

    Can I download apps to my computer?

    Installing apps is simple. Just use the search button on the home screen and click Search Play for, as described in Step 4. This will open Google Play, where you can click “Install” to get the app. Bluestacks has an Android app so you can sync installed apps between your PC and Android device if needed.

    I’m setting up Ubuntu 13.10 on a Dell desktop. I’ve installed sqldeveloper and have a created a sqldeveoper.desktop file in my Desktop/ dir to launch the program. See code below. My problem is this: on my desktop screen I see the .desktop file as a sqldeveloper icon (the round db icon with a green arrow on it). I double-click the icon and the program launches. The icon appears in my Unity bar and then the image changes to a ‘?’ question-mark symbol.

    Any ideas why this happens? The icon.png (image) is in the location the desktop file is pointing to. Maybe the file is not seeing the path correctly from the Unity bar?

    Thanks for any direction in this. JohnC

    2 Answers 2

    In version 4.1.5 of SQL Developer, the splash screen has WM_CLASS(STRING) = oracle-ide-osgi-boot-OracleIdeLauncher. Setting this as the value for key StartupWMClass in your .desktop file will work fine at first while the splash screen is visible.

    The problem comes when SQL Developer’s main window appears, because this second window has the generic WM_CLASS(STRING) = sun-awt-X11-XFramePeer only. Setting this generic value for StartupWMClass in your .desktop file doesn’t work for reasons I don’t fully understand.

    A working solution for this problem is a .desktop file that uses a custom bash script. The custom script launches Oracle’s startup script asynchronously, then waits for the main window to appear, and finally changes its WM_CLASS programmatically to the same value used by the splash screen. That WM_CLASS is also referred to by the .desktop file.

    Unity7HighDPI

    Launchpad entry: (none)

    Created: 07-12-2013

    Contributors: Stephen M. Webb

    Packages affected: unity

    This is the specification for the task of adjusting Unity7 to adapt to high-DPI displays.

    Introduction

    Purpose

    This specification defines the work required to modify the Unity 7 Desktop Environment to support higher-DPI display hardware.

    Scope

    This specification applies to the unity Version 7 Desktop Shell and some of the software suite required to implement that product.

    Definitions, Acronyms, and Abbreviations

    a unit of measure: effectively the same number of puxels as the width of the letter m in the current font. high-DPI more than 100 pixels per inch (eg. 3200 x 1800 on a 15″ display)

    Overview

    This specification consists of an overall description of the changes required to the Unity 7 Desktop Shell to adapt to and improve the user experience on high-DPI display hardware, followed by descriptions of changes required to the individual components that make up the Unity 7 Desktop Shell.

    Overall Description

    Product Perspective

    The Unity 7 Desktop shell is a primary interface for launching and control of applications on a desk computer. In 2013, a number of readily-available consumer grade device are appearing on the market with display devices capable of high-resolution (high pixels-per-inch), sometimes up to 3200 x 1800 pixels on a 15 inch screen. When Unity 7 is run in such a device’s native resolution, the controls shrink to an unusable size. Increasing the system font size to accommodate the shrinkage causes problems because some text fields have hard-coded sizes, and has no effect on control sizes (for example, the close button on windows).

    Because the Unity 7 product does not adjust well to higher pixel density displays at their native resolution, the user is forced to run their device at a lower, non-native resolution. This defeats the purpose of such a device and causes frustration and product dissatisfaction.

    Product Functions

    Modifications to the Unity 7 Desktop Shell must include the ability to scale text fields, decorations, icons, and spacing automatically to adjust to font size changes. To this end, all decoration and widget sizes should be expressible in em units.

    The ability to scale all graphics on a display device to adjust for different DPI is required. Each display shall have a different adjustable configurable scale factor with a reasonable default based on a multiplier ration to the original designed 96 DPI.

    User Characteristics

    Expected user of the high-DPI Unity 7 Desktop Shell range from casual users with a modern laptop computer to artists or engineers with a multiple-monitor setup including one or more 4K displays. Set up and adjustment of high-DPI behaviour must be simple and straightforward.

    Constraints

    The scope of adjusting the Unity 7 Desktop Shell for high-DPI devices is large and the resources for completing this task in the Ubuntu cadence timeframe are few. It is possible or even likely that not all required tasks can be completed by the 14.04 LTS release dates.

    Apportioning of Requirements

    Modules and tasks not complete by the Ubuntu 14.04 LTS feature freeze may need to be delayed indefinitely.

    Launcher icons are stored in /usr/share/applications . Go to your terminal and type: sudo nautilus /usr/share/applications , then right click the application you want, select Properties and click the icon on the properties window. Now you can set it to any icon you want.

    *edits
    *here is an example .desktop file.

    *use one of the following as category: Accessibility, Customization, Education, Games, Internet, Office, System, Accessories, Developer, Graphics, Media, Other . Exec is the command to run, Icon is an absolute path to where the icon lives. Usually you wouldn’t need to alter anything else. You may keep this as a scratch and reuse.

    *copy this to a whatever-you-name.desktop file, edit as needed and put the file in the /usr/share/applications directory. If paths are true, it will pop up in the gnome menu. I don’t know if lucid had Unity or gnome3 , but if it has, when you search it by the name you gave it, it will be visible in the unity lens , gnome activities thing. If you have gnome2 , it would be grouped under the corresponding category in the applications menu.

    *And this kind of launcher are so cute that they are valid in GNOME, KDE and (probably) all others.

    Launcher shortcuts are *.desktop text files. They can be in:

    • $HOME/.local/share/applications
    • /usr/local/share/applications
    • /usr/share/applications

    Look in the latter directory for examples.

    The .desktop files have a line defining the icon: Icon=icon_file_base_name . You can set a full path to your icon file, or use only the basename without extension, if you put the icon file into the right place.

    That place can be under $HOME/.icons/ or $XDG_DATA_DIRS/icons . They should be .svg or .png files. If .png, there should be at least a 48×48 pixels version, though there may be other sizes.

    For a simple example, try to put a 48×48 .png file called example.png into /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/48×48/apps/ and also do

    This way, you don’t need the full path in the .desktop file. Just Icon=example . And it is available to all users on the machine.

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    The Citrix ICA Client (Citrix Receiver) allows access to remote Windows sessions that run on a Citrix server.

    These instructions are for current/recent Ubuntu/ICA versions. For historical reference, instructions for older Ubuntu/ICA versions are at CitrixICAClientHowToOlderVersions.

    If you are considering deployment of the Receiver in your workplace (as opposed to installation on just your machine), have a look at the Citrix Receiver deployment how-to in the Ubuntu for the Enterprise wiki.

    1. (64-bit only) Alternative install procedure that can be added to a deployment bash script

    2. (64-bit only) Enable i386 Multiarch

    Even the Citrix Receiver for 64-bit systems has a lot of dependencies on packages from the i386 architecture. If you are using 64-bit Ubuntu and have not already configured i386 multiarch, you must configure it by running:

    N.B. The download link currently directs you to receiver 13.2 rather than 13.1 and the 64-bit deb no longer has i386 architecture dependencies.

    3. Download the Citrix Receiver for Linux .deb package

    Go to https://www.citrix.com/downloads/citrix-receiver/legacy-receiver-for-linux/receiver-for-linux-13-2.html

  • Near the bottom of the page, select either “For 64-bit Systems” or “For 32-bit Systems” as appropriate, and goto the “Receiver for Linux” package.
  • Look for “File Type: .deb” under the Download buttons.
  • Click this .deb file, and have it open in Ubuntu Software Center for installation (so you can skip step 4), Or download the .deb file and install it as described in step 4..
  • Optionally download the “USB Support Package”. This package provides support for passing USB devices from your local Ubuntu machine into the remote Windows session (if your Citrix server is configured to allow that).
  • 4. Install the downloaded package(s) and dependencies

    In case your Ubuntu Software Center didn’t install the Citrix receiver, so you had to download it, now install it as follows:

    5. Add more SSL certificates

    By default, Citrix Receiver only trusts a few root CA certificates, which causes connections to many Citrix servers to fail with an SSL error. The ‘ca-certificates’ package (already installed on most Ubuntu systems) provides additional CA certificates in /usr/share/ca-certificates/mozilla/ that can be conveniently added to Citrix Receiver to avoid these errors:

    6. Configure Citrix Receiver

    To map drives (to allow access to files on your local Ubuntu machine via a share drive in the remote Windows session), see the “File Access” tab.

    7. (64-bit only) Fix Firefox plugin installation

    Starting with Citrix Receiver 13.1, the 64-bit version of Citrix Receiver switched from a 32-bit plugin (using nspluginwrapper to allow it to run within a 64-bit browser) to a native 64-bit plugin. However, the install script still configures the plugin to run within nspluginwrapper, which doesn’t work with a 64-bit plugin. The above will reconfigure the plugin to run without nspluginwrapper.

    8. Configure Firefox

    In Firefox, go to Tools -> Add-ons -> Plugins, and make sure the “Citrix Receiver for Linux” plugin is set to “Always Activate”.

    Starting in Firefox 32, plugins are set to “Ask to Activate” by default, but for some reason the activation prompt is never displayed for the Citrix Receiver plugin, so the plugin will not work unless it is set to “Always Activate”.

    9. Configure Chrome/Chromium

    To use Citrix Receiver in Chrome and/or Chromium, run:

    If you are running KDE 4.10 or later: In System Settings, make sure GTK is set to a theme other than Oxygen. The Oxygen theme seems to cause the Citrix Receiver to constantly crash when trying to launch fullscreen applications (such as Terminal Servers or VDI).

    Some people have experienced problems with Citrix Receiver 13.0 showing only random fragments of windows. It is not clear if this is a bug in the graphics library that Citrix has adopted with this version and/or its interaction with certain Citrix server configurations. If you experience this, you are likely to have better success with version 12.1, see CitrixICAClientHowToOlderVersions. The behavior of Citrix Receiver 13.1 for the affected people has not yet been determined.

    Sometimes the Citrix client will not go full-screen with Unity. The Unity launcher and status bar will still be visible, and the Citrix mouse will be in a slightly different position than the client mouse. This can be fixed enabling legacy fullscreen in compizconfig-settings-manager. It is in ‘advanced search’ then ‘Plugin: workarounds’, then second on the list.

  • You can exit from the FULL SCREEN mode (in Unity) by pressing Ctrl+F2 followed by Ctrl+Super+Arrow_Down.
  • You can prevent Citrix from starting FULL SCREEN by opening a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T), gedit

    /.ICAClient/All_Regions.ini and setting DesiredHRES=1366 and DesiredVRES=768 for example.

    You can solve keyboard layout problems looking for your keyboard layout in http://support.citrix.com/proddocs/topic/receivers-java-101/java-parameters-keyboard-layouts.html and updating KeyboardLayout value in

    There is a bug in Citrix Receiver 13.1.0.285639, that the receiver can not be started from unity. The problem is a missing hash in a parameter, as a workaround it can be fixed by executing the follwing command. The problem and and solution are also described here: http://discussions.citrix.com/topic/358076-deb-package-uses-icaroot-instead-of-icaroot-spelling-error/#entry1844542

    CitrixICAClientHowTo (последним исправлял пользователь jajodo3 2015-11-22 02:31:25)

    Navigate to Settings > Appearance to toggle auto-hide, adjust icon size, and choose the position of the dock. Looking for Linux Systems Analyst ! There are a lot of options packed into this tool, as it provides granular customization for many aspects of GNOME.

    How do I change the dock position in Ubuntu?

    Click the “Dock” option in the sidebar of the Settings app to view the Dock settings. To change the position of the dock from the left side of the screen, click the “Position on screen” drop down, and then select either the “Bottom” or “Right” option (there’s no “top” option because the top bar always takes that spot).

    How do I change the top bar in Ubuntu?

    Step 1) First thing to do is enable GNOME extensions on your Ubuntu PC. Refer our tutorial using below link and then continue to next step. Step 3) Toggle the slider to “ON” position. Step 4) You should immediately see the new taskbar features applied to the top panel.

    How do I make my dock smaller in Ubuntu?

    Open Settings and navigate to the “Dock” section (or the “Appearance” section in later releases). You’ll see a slider to control the size of icons in the dock.

    How do I configure dash to dock?

    Configuring Dash to Dock

    Accessing the settings dialog for the extension is easy. Simply right-click on the applications icon in the dock, and choose Dash to Dock settings. Note, however, that the extension allows you to remove the applications icon from the dock.

    How do I enable the Taskbar in Ubuntu?

    Click the Search button at the top of the Unity bar. Start typing “startup applications” in the Search box. Items that match what you type start displaying below the Search box. When the Startup Applications tool displays, click the icon to open it.

    How do I enable dock in Ubuntu?

    When you boot your system and get to the GDM login screen you should find a cogwheel (⚙️) next to the sign in button. If you click on the cogwheel you should find an Ubuntu (and Ubuntu on Wayland) option. Select it and then log in. or from here.

    How do I change the look of Ubuntu?

    To swap, switch or change Ubuntu theme all you need to do is:

    1. Install GNOME Tweaks.
    2. Open GNOME Tweaks.
    3. Select ‘Appearance’ in the sidebar of GNOME Tweaks.
    4. In the ‘Themes’ section click the drop down menu.
    5. Pick a new theme from the list of available ones.

    How do I resize icons in Ubuntu?

    Right click the icon you want to resize. Select “Resize icon…” Hold-click and drag the handles that appear over the icon to resize it.

    How do I add icons to the Taskbar in Ubuntu?

    1. If you don’t already have a launcher, choose any app in your menu, right click and choose “Add to panel” (you can remove it after the second step).
    2. Then right click the launcher area and choose “Add” to pick another application.

    How do I use Ubuntu dock?

    Using the Ubuntu dock: Absolute basic that you must know

    1. Right-click on the icon and select “Add to Favorites”
    2. Right-click on the icon and select “Remove from Favorites”
    3. Change Launcher Position.
    4. Go to Settings->Appearance->Dock.
    5. Changing Icon Size In Ubuntu Dock.
    6. Mounted disks are displayed In the Ubuntu Dock.

    What is dash to dock?

    GitHub – micheleg/dash-to-dock: A dock for the Gnome Shell. This extension moves the dash out of the overview transforming it in a dock for an easier launching of applications and a faster switching between windows and desktops.

    If you find that, the icons on the Ubuntu desktop are suddenly too big, then you might have accidentally changed the rendering size. This simple mistake can happen with a few errant rolls of the mouse scroll wheel or even a touchscreen or touchpad. Try pushing the Ctrl key at the desktop and spinning the scroll wheel again to see if that corrects the issue. If it does, then you or a misbehaving program merely changed the zoom in the course of things and you can easily move on.

    Otherwise, if you find that the type underneath the icons is the problem itself, then try running gsettings set org.gnome.nautilus.desktop font “Ubuntu 10” at the terminal. This will adjust the typeface used for the text labels underneath the icons at the desktop. You have a few other configuration options if you’d like more control as well. Those who use Xubuntu instead of standard Ubuntu also have a trick up their sleeve that can help in this case.

    Method 1: Changing Icon Size in the File Manager

    Select Files from the Dash, and then select the Visualize the Desktop Folder option. Choose the grid view in the upper right corner of the window and resize the icons. This could help you set the icons to a preferred different size if you didn’t care for the defaults.

    Should your installation of Ubuntu not have some of these options, and then start Nautilus from the Dash, open the Preferences menu and select My Icon View Default. Change the zoom percentage to something you prefer. The maximum is 400%, which is four times greater than the regular maximum size as the value suggests. Try changing this value to 100% or even less and see if you like these options better. You should be able to hold down control and rotate the mouse wheel forwards and backwards as well in order to dynamically change these zoom values whenever you’d like to. This can be useful when dealing with many thumbnails in directories that contain a large number of documents.

    If you have folders stored on the desktop and want to change the size of their respective icons, then you merely need to right click on them and then select the “Resize icon…” option from the context menu that comes up. Click and drag the handles that appear along the icon’s size to change the size of the icon. Each folder could theoretically feature a different size setting, though this might ultimately clutter up the desktop.

    Method 2: Changing Desktop Icon Size in Xfce4

    Xubuntu users won’t have access to the Unity interface, but they have their own unique way of solving this issue. Start the Desktop app from the Whisker menu or by finding it in the applications menu. Select the Icons tab, and scroll down to Icon size. The value next to it should be an integer value.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    Enter a new value to adjust the size of the icons that appear on your desktop. You can make it larger or smaller depending on your particular preferences.

    Once you have a setting you like, click on the close button. Unlike the Unity interface in regular Ubuntu, Xubuntu will make you set all your icon sizes equally.

    Method 3: Installing a Custom Icon Theme

    If you want more power than either of these methods provide, then you could always install a new icon theme that’s different from the defaults that Ubuntu provides. You can always start the Appearance application from the Dash in Unity or the Whisker menu in Xfce4 and then navigate to the Icons tab to browse other icon options you have installed. Select one of these and then click Close to approve it. The sizes will match the standards that are installed with the new standard.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    However, you could visit gnome-look.org, deviantart.com or several other sites to find a number of new icon themes, which may be more in keeping with what you’re actually looking for when it comes to specific sizes. These themes usually come as .tar.gz/.tgz or .tar.xz/.txz files, which are easy enough to decompress like any other downloaded Internet attachment.

    These won’t install the same way that an apt-get or .deb package would install, and instead merely sit tight in your Downloads directory doing nothing. You need to cut the extracted directory either to

    /.icons/ if you want to install them for use by a single user, or instead to if you want them to be accessible to everyone who logs into your Ubuntu install. Moving items into this latter directory requires root access, so you’ll need to use sudo or gksu from the command line in order to do so.

    How to resize the unity launcher icons in ubuntu 14.04

    You may also need to log out of your X Windows server then log back in or alternatively restart your machine for the changes to stick. Fortunately, this method once it’s in place allows you to make numerous customizations that are beyond merely adjusting the size of individual icons. For instance, icon packs are available to make your Linux installation look more like OS X, which has been popular with Ubuntu users as of late. There are also macOS Sierra, Windows 10 and even classic Windows 95 icons. Naturally, all of these icon sets will additionally respond to the same resize commands laid out in the previous two methods.