Синхронизация означает обновление и передачу объектов между Mac и iPhone, iPad или iPod touch. Синхронизация дает доступ к одинаковому контенту на Mac и другом устройстве. Например, можно синхронизировать фильм, добавленный на Mac, чтобы этот фильм был доступен на Mac и iPhone. Можно синхронизировать музыку, фильмы, телешоу, подкасты, книги и другие объекты.
Когда Вы подключаете iPhone или iPad к Mac через кабель USB или USB-C, устройство появляется в боковом меню Finder. Когда Вы выбираете устройство в боковом меню, в окне Finder отображаются варианты управления программным обеспечением на устройстве и синхронизации объектов с Mac.
Используя панель кнопок вверху окна, можно включить синхронизацию каждого типа контента, например музыки, фильмов или телешоу.
Нажмите кнопку «Основные» в панели кнопок, чтобы управлять программным обеспечением и данными на устройстве. Например, Вы можете:
Можно проверить доступность новейшего ПО и обновить ПО на iPhone или iPad.
Можно создать резервную копию данных с устройства на Mac или в iCloud.
Можно восстановить данные на устройстве из резервной копии и при необходимости управлять несколькими резервными копиями.
Нужно ли мне выполнять синхронизацию?
Если Вы используете iPod classic, iPod nano или iPod shuffle. Необходимо синхронизировать устройство с Mac. Другого способа добавления материалов на эти устройства не существует.
Если у Вас iPhone, iPad или iPod touch Нужно синхронизировать устройство с Mac только при наличии нового или обновленного контента.
Не выполняйте синхронизацию, если не хотите. Можно загружать материалы из iTunes Store, App Store, Apple Books и других сервисов Apple прямо на устройство. Если у Вас есть учетная запись iCloud, можно синхронизировать фотографии, контакты и другой контент на Mac и других устройствах через iCloud.
Нужно ли автоматически синхронизировать весь контент или только некоторые объекты?
Автоматическая синхронизация всего контента. Это самый быстрый и простой способ. Просто установите флажок «Синхронизировать автоматически, если [устройство] подключено» в панели «Основные», затем включите синхронизацию для каждого типа контента, который хотите синхронизировать. Этот контент будет обновляться и синхронизироваться между компьютером Mac и Вашим iPhone или iPad каждый раз, когда они будут подключаться друг к другу.
Синхронизация определенных объектов. Также можно выбрать определенные объекты для синхронизации. Например, синхронизируя на iPhone лишь некоторые фильмы, Вы сэкономите свободное пространство. При этом можно автоматически синхронизировать другие типы контента, например подкасты, телешоу и книги.
Нужно ли для синхронизации подключить iPhone или iPad к Mac?
Нет. iPhone (c iOS 5 или новее) или iPad можно синхронизировать с Mac, когда устройство и Mac подключены к одной сети Wi-Fi. Чтобы настроить синхронизацию по Wi-Fi, сначала подключите устройство через кабель, выберите устройство в боковом меню, затем включите синхронизацию по Wi-Fi. Синхронизация контента с Mac на iPhone или iPad по сети Wi-Fi.
В чем различие между iCloud и синхронизацией?
Передача файлов через iCloud. Используя iCloud, можно автоматически и без усилий переносить файлы с Mac на iPhone или iPad. Например, если Вы синхронизируете Фото iCloud и делаете снимок на iPhone, он вскоре появляется на Вашем Mac и других устройствах. Когда включена функция iCloud, контент на Ваших Mac, iPhone и iPad непрерывно обновляется: для этого Вам не нужно ничего делать. Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе Что такое iCloud?
Управление файлами на устройстве с помощью синхронизации. Синхронизация дает возможность обновлять iOS или iPadOS на устройстве до новейших версий, безопасно создавать резервные копии устройства на Mac или в iCloud, а при необходимости также восстанавливать данные на устройстве из резервной копии.
Синхронизация также помогает точно отслеживать, какой контент переносится на устройство. Можно синхронизировать все данные или лишь некоторые файлы. Например, отправляясь в поездку, Вы можете синхронизировать на iPhone определенные аудиокниги, чтобы слушать их в дороге. Посредством синхронизации можно легко переносить нужные Вам файлы.
Примечание. Когда Вы используете iCloud для синхронизации объектов (например, музыки или фотографий) между устройствами, синхронизация этих объектов в настройках синхронизации Finder отключена. Можно включить синхронизацию этих объектов в Finder, отключив iCloud для соответствующего приложения.
Learn how to share your files from your Mac Desktop and your Documents folder to all of your devices with iCloud Drive.
Store your Desktop and Documents folder in iCloud Drive and access them on all your devices. That means you can start a document on your Desktop, then work on it later from your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch and on iCloud.com. Everything automatically stays up to date everywhere.
Turn on Desktop and Documents
Turn on Desktop and Documents on every Mac that you want to use with iCloud Drive.
- From your Mac, choose Apple menu > System Preferences. Click Apple ID, then click iCloud. In macOS Mojave or earlier, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click iCloud.
- Make sure that iCloud Drive is turned on.
- Next to iCloud Drive, click Options.
- Choose Desktop & Documents Folders.
- Click Done.
If you want to store your files in iCloud Drive and another cloud storage service, you can keep copies of your files in both, but you can’t keep folders from a third-party cloud service in iCloud Drive. You can keep your other cloud service folders in a different place on your Mac, like the home folder.
If you already use a feature from another cloud provider that syncs or manages your Desktop and Documents folders, you need to turn it off to use Desktop and Documents.
Find your Desktop and Documents files on all of your devices
When you add your Desktop and Documents to iCloud Drive, all of your files move to iCloud and any new files you create are automatically stored in iCloud too. Then you can find your files on all of your devices.
Your files upload to iCloud each time your device connects to the Internet. Depending on your Internet speed, the time it takes for you to see your files on your other devices might vary.
On your Mac
You can find your Desktop and Documents folders in the iCloud section of the Finder sidebar. If you add a second Mac Desktop, you can find those files in the Desktop folder in iCloud Drive. Look for a folder with the same name as your second Mac. You can also use Spotlight to search for specific file names.
On your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch
You can find the files in the Files app in iOS 11 or later. You can use any compatible app to access and edit your files directly on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.
If you’re using iOS 9 or iOS 10, you can access your files in the iCloud Drive app.
- Sign in to iCloud.com with your Apple ID on your iPad, Mac, or PC.
- Go to iCloud Drive.
- Double-click the Desktop or Documents folder.
If you want to use the file or make edits, just click and download it to your iPad or computer. When you’re done making edits, upload the file to iCloud Drive to see the latest version everywhere.
Store your files in iCloud and save space on your device
The files that you keep in iCloud Drive use your iCloud storage. And as long as you have enough space in iCloud, you can store as many files as you like.
If you need more space, you can delete files to free up space in iCloud. When you use iCloud Drive and delete a file on one device, it deletes on every device that you’re signed in to with the same Apple ID. You can find deleted files in the Recently Deleted folder in the Files app or on iCloud.com for 30 days. After that, they’re removed.
Turn off Desktop and Documents
- From your Mac, choose Apple menu > System Preferences. Click Apple ID, then click iCloud. On macOS Mojave or earlier, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click iCloud.
- Next to iCloud Drive, click Options.
- Deselect Desktop & Documents Folders.
- Click Done.
What happens when you turn off Desktop and Documents
When you turn off Desktop & Documents Folders, your files stay in iCloud Drive and a new Desktop and Documents folder is created on your Mac in the home folder. You can move files from iCloud Drive to your Mac as you need them, or select all of your files and drag them to the place you want to keep them.
What happens when you turn off iCloud Drive or sign out of iCloud
If you turn off iCloud Drive or sign out of iCloud, a new Desktop and Documents folder is created in your home folder. You also have the option to keep a local copy of your files that are in iCloud Drive. If you keep a local copy of your files in iCloud Drive, they’re copied to a folder called iCloud Drive (Archive) in your home folder. You can move any files that were in your iCloud Desktop and Documents to your new local Desktop and Documents.
Apple’s great success is not only due to the strength of its products but also due to the strong integration across all Apple devices. You can use many ways like AirDrop, Bluetooth and iCloud to quickly transfer content across devices. In this article let us explore how to sync your Mac using iCloud along with accessing and restoring content from iCloud.
Before reading further, you need to understand the basics of iCloud account on Apple devices.
- Apple started iCloud for syncing content to the cloud storage so that you can access from anywhere. Later users are allowed to store the content without syncing to optimize the storage space.
- Your iCloud account and Apple account are same. Apple uses same username and password for both accounts.
- You have free iCloud account with 5GB storage space. This is not sufficient to backup content especially when you want to backup entire documents on your Mac.
- You can upgrade iCloud and purchase required storage for monthly subscription. It is also possible to downgrade the storage size any point of time after upgrade.
Prior to Mac OS Sierra, you can only sync content to iCloud. Later Apple allows storing the content independently on iCloud without downloading to your Mac. So ensure to update your OS to have the latest version in order to have the correct iCloud function.
Follow the below the steps to back up your Mac in the iCloud.
Open iCloud on Your Mac
Click on the “Apple Menu” on top left corner of your MacBook and navigate to “System Preferences…” section.
Mac System Preferences Menu
Look for “iCloud” icon and click on it to open iCloud settings page. If you are not logged in, you need to login with your Apple ID to proceed further.
Turn on the Desktop and Document Option
You can view list of applications on the right pane which you can sync to iCloud content. Enable the applications you want to sync to cloud storage. In order to backup content from your Mac, click on “Options” button against “iCloud Drive” option.
iCloud Drive Options in Mac
Enable “Desktop & Documents Folders” option and click “Done” button. Also ensure to enable “Optimize Mac Storage” to save files only on iCloud when your Mac runs out of storage space.
Choose Content for iCloud Backup
Add Files to the Cloud Drive
When you have sufficient space on iCloud account, all content in desktop and documents folders of your Mac will be automatically copied to your iCloud account. If you have enabled other options then your Contacts, Notes, Safari bookmarks, Calendar and Reminders will also copied.
Your Mac will automatically sync files whenever you save on your desktop or documents folder in Finder. Remember, you can’t sync applications with iCloud storage. You can only sync documents and media content on your Mac. You will see the circular progress bar running next to “iCloud Drive” folder when the sync is in progress.
iCloud Syncing and Only in iCloud Status
You can also view the cloud icon nearer to files indicating the sync status. Cloud with down arrow indicates that the file is only available in iCloud. Click the cloud icon to download the file to your Mac and sync the content.
Accessing iCloud Files
You can access iCloud content in many ways:
- On your Mac, open Finder app and click on “iCloud Drive”. This will show all the files on your iCloud account.
View iCloud Drive Content
- Access iCloud Drive on your iPhone using Files app.
- On your Windows PC use iCloud for Windows app.
- Simply open iCloud website and check the content.
You can upload or download files from iCloud using one of the above methods. The files will be synced on your Mac as long as you have space on your Mac, otherwise they will be only available on iCloud storage.
Manage iCloud Storage
Under iCloud preferences, you can view the current free and occupied storage on your iCloud account on right side progress bar. Hover the mouse over on different colors to see the files that occupied the space. If you think the storage is full, click on “Manage” button. You can either delete the stored content or upgrade the plan by clicking on “Change Storage Plan…” button.
Want to make sure you can always access your important files? Here’s how to sync two key macOS directories to iCloud.
Looking for a way to free up storage on your Mac? Maybe you want to find out how to access your Mac documents from other devices? You can achieve both of these tasks by syncing the Desktop and Documents folder from your Mac to iCloud.
We know cloud-storage solutions can get confusing. So here’s a complete guide on how it works when you sync Desktop and Documents folders with iCloud, and how to turn this feature on or off from your Mac.
How Desktop and Documents Folders Work in iCloud
When you tell your Mac to sync the Desktop and Documents folders with iCloud, it uploads all the contents of those folders to your iCloud Drive account.
If you don’t already, you’ll probably need to subscribe for extra iCloud storage to make sure you have enough space for all these files. Apple only gives you 5GB for free.
After your Desktop and Documents folders upload to iCloud, everything looks the same on your Mac, but now you can access your files from an iPhone or iPad by using the Files app. Any changes you make on one device automatically sync with iCloud and appear on your other devices as well.
This also means you need to be careful about deleting files after syncing to iCloud. If you delete a file from your iPhone, iCloud also deletes it from your Mac and every other Apple device you own. Luckily, it’s easy to restore deleted files in iCloud if this happens.
How to Turn On Desktop and Documents Folders for iCloud
To start syncing your Mac’s Desktop and Documents folders with iCloud, you need to enable the option under iCloud Drive in your System Preferences.
- Open the Apple menu and click System Preferences.
- Go to Apple ID, then select iCloud from the sidebar.
- Enable iCloud Drive, then open the Options for it.
- Turn on Desktop & Documents Folders.
- Click Done.
It might take a long time for your Desktop and Documents folders to sync with iCloud after you enable this feature for the first time. Open Finder and take a look at the loading circle next to iCloud Drive in the sidebar to follow this progress.
Save Space on Your Mac With Optimized Storage
After syncing your Desktop and Documents folders to iCloud, you can create more free space on your Mac by deleting the local downloads of all the files you don’t need.
When you delete these downloads, your files still show up in Finder and remain safe on iCloud’s servers.
To manually remove your downloads, control-click or right-click a file in Finder and select Remove Download. However, it’s much easier to let macOS automatically remove downloads for old files by enabling Optimized Mac Storage.
Here’s how to turn it on:
- Open the Apple menu and click System Preferences.
- Go to Apple ID and select iCloud from the sidebar.
- At the bottom of the window, enable the Optimize Mac Storage option.
How to Download Desktop and Documents Files From iCloud
Of course, the big downside to uploading your files to iCloud is that you need to connect to the internet whenever you want to work on them.
If you’re connected to the internet, all you need to do to download a file from iCloud is double-click to open it from Finder. You’ll experience a delay while the file downloads before it opens. This delay varies greatly based on the file size and your internet speed. Of course, there’s no delay if the file is already downloaded.
If you want to download some files ahead of time—perhaps to avoid delays later or to prepare for working offline—all you need to do is click the download icon next to a file in Finder. After you do so, you should see a loading circle start to fill up next to where it says iCloud Drive in the sidebar, showing the progress of your download.
When you download a file to your Mac, the download icon vanishes from that file. Once you make changes to the file, a cloud icon temporarily appears to show that it’s currently syncing those changes to iCloud.
How to Stop Syncing Desktop and Documents Folders With iCloud
If you don’t want to sync your Desktop and Document folders to iCloud, you can turn this feature off at any time from your System Preferences. When you do so, all the files in your Desktop and Documents folders appear to vanish, but they’re still available on iCloud.
To download your Desktop and Documents folders, open a new Finder window and select iCloud Drive from the sidebar. Find the Desktop and Documents folders in iCloud Drive, then drag and drop them to your Macintosh HD.
Of course, it’s only possible to do this if you have enough free storage to download all those files on your Mac.
Running out of storage space on your Mac? Here are several ways to free up space on Mac and reclaim your drive space!
Dan writes tutorials and troubleshooting guides to help people make the most of their technology. Before becoming a writer, he earned a BSc in Sound Technology, supervised repairs at an Apple Store, and even taught English in China.
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By Aunindita Bhatia – December 5, 2016 – no comments Email article | Print article
alt=”icloud1″ width=”250″ height=”99″ />If you use an Apple Mac as your main desktop for business or personal purposes, then you surely need to sync your Mac’s desktop and documents with other Apple devices you also use. Your other devices could probably be iPhones, iPads, and your Apple TV if you have one.
Let’s examine a hypothetical example that will clearly show good reason to sync your Mac’s desktop and documents . You have done some work today on your office Mac for a presentation that is scheduled for tomorrow morning at the office. Before leaving the office for home today, you have saved your PowerPoint presentation to your iPad so you can do some last-minute changes at home tonight.
You save your PowerPoint file from your iPad to your home Mac computer using “Bluetooth” technology or just email it from your office Mac as an attachment to yourself, so you can work on it using your home Mac computer.
Next morning you then email it back to yourself so you can use the file for your presentation from your office Mac computer. This process of emailing back and forth, transferring the file back and forth between the office Mac, iPad, and home Mac and vice-versa. Is this not, tedious? You can easily avoid this situation if you simply sync your Mac’s desktop and documents using iCloud .
How to Sync Your Mac’s Desktop and Documents with Other Devices
When you sync your Mac’s desktop and documents with your other Apple devices the whole tedious process becomes effortless for you.
In the example just discussed, you could sync your Mac’s desktop and documents that you use at your office with one of you other devices like the Apple iPad that you carry from home to office and back.
Here is the process to sync your Mac’s desktop and documents with the iPad, with easy to follow steps.
Step 1: Ensure the iCloud Desktop and Document Syncing are turned “On” for your office Mac.
Step 1.1: Open “System Preferences” and click “iCloud.”
Step 1.2: In iCloud preferences, click on “Options” next to iCloud Drive.
Step 1.3: Enable Desktop and Documents Folders under the Documents tab.
Your office Mac will now begin to upload your desktop and document files to iCloud.
At the end of Step 1, your iCloud drive is now synced with your office Mac and everything you update on your office Mac will be updated in the iCloud version as well. Your files have been uploaded from your office Mac to iCloud.
Step 2: Setup the iCloud Drive app on your iPad and every other device you want to access files from the office Mac, synced in iCloud. Now access your desktop and documents from the iPad.
Step 2.1: Ensure your iPad is logged into the same iCloud Drive account as your office Mac.
Tapping the iCloud Drive app on your iPad will enable you to access your desktop and documents from your iPad.
When you sync your Mac’s desktop and documents using iCloud storage then your other devices can access your files from this common storage using the iCloud Drive App.
Khamosh Pathak is a freelance technology writer who specializes in tutorials. His work has also been published on Lifehacker, iPhoneHacks, Zapier’s blog, MakeUseOf, and Guiding Tech. Khamosh has nearly a decade of experience writing how-tos, features and technology guides on the internet. Read more.
Using iCloud Drive, your Mac can sync the data in your Desktop and Documents folders between all your Apple devices. It’s handy, but it takes up iCloud storage space and might have privacy implications. If you’ve previously enabled this feature, here’s how to turn it off.
To disable this feature, you’ll need to visit System Preferences. On your Mac, click the Apple icon in the top-left corner of the screen and choose “System Preferences” from the menu that appears.
In System Preferences, click “Apple ID.”
In the “Apps on this Mac using iCloud” list, locate “iCloud Drive” and click the “Options” button next to it.
In the “Documents” tab, uncheck “Desktop & Documents Folders” to disable synchronizing the contents of your Desktop and Documents folders over iCloud.
In the small pop-up window that appears, click “Turn Off.”
Click the “Done” button to save your settings. You can now close the System Preferences window.
After that, you’ll see a new pop-up window reminding you that iCloud won’t delete or automatically move the contents of your Documents and Desktop folders in iCloud. You’ll need to either manually move the files back to your Mac or delete them yourself, depending on your preference.
Click “Show in Finder” to see the Documents and Desktop folders stored in iCloud Drive.
If you want to move the iCloud data back to your local Mac, you can do this easily by using a simple drag gesture. Open either one of the Desktop or Documents folders in iCloud and use the Command+A keyboard shortcut to select all data. Then drag the selected items to the “Desktop” or “Documents” folders in the sidebar.
(If you use the traditional copy-and-paste keyboard shortcuts, you’ll have to come back to the iCloud Drive folder to delete the files after you’ve copied them over.)
iCloud Drive will ask you whether you’re sure that you want to remove the data from iCloud Drive (The data will no longer be available on other devices.). If that’s OK, click the “Move” button.
Once all the data is moved back to your local Mac (and you’re sure that you have everything), you can delete the Desktop and Documents folders from the iCloud Drive. But be sure to double-check that you’ve copied everything that you need first.
How to Reenable Desktop and Documents Sync Later
If you change your mind and want to reenable this feature at a later date, go to System Preferences > Apple ID and click the “Options” button beside “iCloud Drive” in the list. Place a check mark next to the “Desktop and Documents Folders” option.
macOS also reminds you about this feature during the setup process, so you can reenable this feature the next time you update your macOS software.
When you enable this on a different computer, macOS will create a new sub-folder in your iCloud Drive with the name of your current computer, which will make things easier to track.
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Khamosh Pathak is a freelance technology writer who specializes in tutorials. His work has also been published on Lifehacker, iPhoneHacks, Zapier’s blog, MakeUseOf, and Guiding Tech. Khamosh has nearly a decade of experience writing how-tos, features and technology guides on the internet.
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Any Mac running OS X Lion or later comes with iCloud support built right in. If you’ve already got an existing iCloud account or need to set one up, it’s incredibly easy to get all your contacts, calendars, and your iCloud mail account linked up with your Mac.
How to log in and access iCloud sync settings on your Mac
- Launch System Preferences from the Apple menu on your Mac running OS X Lion or newer.
- Click on iCloud.
- Check mark the iCloud services you want to enable.
You can choose to turn on Mail, Contacts, Calendars, Bookmarks, Photo Stream, Documents in the Cloud, Back to my Mac, and Find my Mac. The following apps will then be able to access your iCloud data:
- Mail: Mail, Outlook for Mac (via IMAP)
- Contacts: Address Book, Contacts
- Calendars: iCal, Calendar
- Photos: iPhoto, Aperture
- Keychain: Safari
- Documents & Data: Any app that saves data to iCloud and has a Mac app that supports iCloud as well. Examples include Pages, Keynote, Numbers, and many more
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Watching Blu-ray movies on Mac is pretty sweet with one of these drives
If you want to play, read, or write Blu-ray discs with your Mac, you’re going to need to start off with an excellent Blu-ray drive. Here are our favorite Blu-ray drives for Mac.
When you install the Microsoft OneDrive sync app for Mac, a copy of your OneDrive is downloaded to your Mac and put in the OneDrive folder. This folder is kept in sync with OneDrive. If you add, change, or delete a file or folder on the OneDrive website, the file or folder is added, changed, or deleted in your OneDrive folder and vice versa.
To upload files to OneDrive automatically, just copy or move the files to your OneDrive folder using the Finder, or save them in your OneDrive folder from an app. Files you upload this way can be up to 250GB in size if you’re signed in to a Microsoft account, or 15GB if you’re signed in to a work or school account. If you installed the OneDrive app on other computers, the files will automatically be added to the OneDrive folders on them, too.
You can also use the Finder to rename and delete files, create new folders, and move files around in your OneDrive folder. The changes will automatically be made in OneDrive and your other computers that have the sync app installed.
The sync app lets you sync files from your OneDrive for work or school and even from Microsoft SharePoint sites if your admin enabled it. (If you’re the IT admin for your organization, see Enable users to sync SharePoint files with the new OneDrive sync app.)
Note: To use the sync app to sync your work files, you need a Microsoft 365 business account.
OneDrive is supported on macOS devices with Apple silicon through Rosetta 2 emulation. For most users, no additional setup is needed to use OneDrive on a Mac with the Rosetta 2 emulator.
On November 10, 2020, Apple announced their new Macs using Apple silicon CPUs. If you’re using a Mac that has the Apple silicon processor instead of the Intel processor, some Office features may not be available yet. For more information, see Microsoft 365 and Office 2019 support for Apple silicon
As of 1 February 2019, OneDrive only supports new installations on Mac OS 10.12 or newer. For more information, see OneDrive End Of Support Notice
iCloud sync is usually reliable, but sometimes you’ll find contacts, calendar events or other content fails to sync between all your devices in the few seconds it should take. If this seems to be happening to you, these simple tricks can help get things running smoothly again.
Is everything up-to-date?
First, check to make sure you are running the latest version of macOS on your Mac, iOS on your iPad or iPhone, or Windows on a PC.
Check that iCloud is working
It also makes sense to double-check that iCloud services are working correctly before running through any other changes. You can visit Apple’s System Status page to make sure things are indeed up and running.
One of the first things to do is check Apple’s system status page for any outages.
Make sure you are properly logged in
Step two is to ensure you are logged into iCloud using the same Apple ID on all your devices. Go to icloud.com, login with your Apple ID and then tap iCloud Settings (either the gear-shaped box icon or by selecting it in the drop-down menu underneath your name at the top right of the iCloud browser window).
In the next window, you should see your storage space status and a row called My Devices. Are all the devices you want to sync included on the list? If not, it is possible they are not using the same Apple ID. (You can do quite a lot of useful things through iCloud’s online service).
Check dates and time
Next, check all the devices that should be syncing. You must ensure these are configured to set time and date automatically and have iCloud Drive/Documents & Data enabled. Follow these steps:
iOS: Settings>Apple ID>iCloud>iCloud Drive. Toggle to On
Mac: System Preferences>iCloud>ensure all the iCloud services you want to sync are checked.
Once you know your system(s) are set up correctly, you can use this simple trick to force iCloud Contacts and Calendars to sync:
To refresh your iCloud Calendars, launch the app on your iOS device and tap the “Calendars” button at the bottom of the page. When you get to the next page just tap and hold your finger on the screen and drag the list down until the activity icon appears and release the page. The activity icon will spin briefly, and you should find iCloud has synced your calendars for you.
This also works with Contacts. Launch the app and select “Groups” on the All Contacts page. Once you are in Groups, just tap and hold your finger and drag the page down as you did for Calendars. The activity icon will appear, and your Contacts will be synced.
Log out of iCloud and log in again
If you regularly experience sync problems with your iOS device(s) and you know your network is stable, then you should try logging out of your iCloud account on your iOS device or Mac, then log back in.
IMPORTANT: Before doing this, be certain to follow Apple’s extensive instructions to back up your iCloud data.
Sometimes, logging out of iCloud and then logging back in will clear up syncing problems.
At icloud.com you can see all of your devices in one place.
To log out, go to iCloud Settings/System Preferences and click Sign Out. You’ll have to respond to a series of prompts before this completes.
Restart your device, return to iCloud’s controls and sign back in. (Please make certain to use the same email address for your Apple ID across all your systems.)
Now you should re-enable all the iCloud features you want to use.
This process usually solves any sync problems you may have, though you may find it necessary to repeat this sequence on all your devices.
Restart your device(s)
If problems persist then close and restart the relevant iCloud-enabled app: Contacts or Calendar, for example. Double-click the Home button (or swipe up to about halfway up the screen and hold for a second or so on iPhone X), swipe through your active apps and swipe up to close the app. (You can long press the app icon and then tap the X that appears on iPhone X.) Return to the Home screen and wait a few moments before launching the app again.
Another approach that sometimes works is to turn off iCloud Contacts and turn it on again. Go to Settings>Apple ID>iCloud, then turn off Contacts. Unless you have a copy of your contacts stored elsewhere, you should then choose Keep on My iPhone/iPad.
Wait a few moments and turn Contacts on again in Settings.
Reset your device(s)
Never underestimate the power of a hard reset to resolve many iOS problems. To achieve a hard reset on iOS devices simply hold down the Power and Home buttons until the device turns off and the Apple logo appears. The device will restart and system processes will be refreshed, which sometimes fixes iCloud sync problems.
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Jonny is a freelance writer who has been writing (mainly about Apple and technology) since 1999.