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How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

过去几周我们一直在系统地完成我们的How-To Geek测试PC,并将您可能想要升级,更换或改进的每一个部分都换掉。 其中大部分都很简单,如果有点乏味,但初学者可能会遇到一些困难。 别担心! 按照下面指南中的步骤操作,您将很快与升级后的PC一起巡航。

你需要什么样的工具?

只需使用标准的十字头螺丝刀即可拆卸几乎所有现代桌面硬件。 有些部件甚至不需要这样 – 现代的外壳和组件设计使用了很多指旋螺钉和塑料标签,以尽可能简化事情。

也就是说,你可能想要使用几种不同尺寸的螺丝刀,只是为了更容易找到更小或难以到达的螺丝。 一个便宜的套件与可互换的驱动头应该有你覆盖。 如果您正在使用笔记本电脑,则可能需要一组十六进制驱动程序和一组spudger (小型扫描工具)。

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

任何时候你使用电子产品,你都需要一个光线充足的干燥区域。 任何干净的桌子,厨房桌子,牌桌或工作台都可以做到这一点,但是如果你家的空间不足,瓷砖或木地板就会陷入窘境。 即使使用桌子或桌子,也不要在地毯上工作:在地毯上走动可能会产生静电和损坏组件。 如果你没有铺设地毯的地方工作,可以考虑投资一个防静电手镯 。

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

当你拆卸PC时,你将会有很多松动的螺丝。 开始之前,从厨房拿几个碗或杯子,并保持方便。 这是确保您的螺丝不会滚动并保持不同尺寸和螺纹的螺丝分开的好方法。 并说到保持这些螺丝笔直:当您将一个螺丝钉放入您的个人电脑外壳并且无法用手指触及时, 伸缩式磁铁夹可能非常方便。

如果您打算更换CPU或CPU散热器,请确保您有一些便于重新使用的散热膏 。 (一小部分有时会包含在售后冷却器中免费使用。)清洁一件东西? 抓住一些Q-Tips。

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

由于恒定的气流和带正电的组件,电脑内部会迅速变得灰尘。 如果你打开它,你还可以清理过滤器, 并用一点罐装空气吹一下,以便清理一些东西。 如果你有特别灰尘的钻机,你最好在外面做。 如果你被迫在里面工作,另一个诀窍是打开吸尘器,将软管放在PC附近,并将灰尘吹向它。 永远不要试图将电脑抽真空,甚至不要用真空软管接触电脑。 这些东西产生了很多静态。

如何升级或更换您的PC的RAM

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

提高PC性能的最简单方法是升级RAM 。 更多的内存为操作系统提供了一些“呼吸空间”,从而为Chrome和Photoshop等应用程序提供更好的多任务处理能力。 在台式机上交换RAM非常简单,只需确保您的内存模块与您的主板兼容。 在笔记本电脑上,如果您的笔记本电脑甚至允许访问它的内存,那就更难了。

如何在PC中升级和安装新硬盘或SSD

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

一个伟大的升级是转向更大的硬盘或固态硬盘 。 更大的硬盘驱动器显然会为您提供更多存储容量。 从传统的硬盘驱动器转向固态硬盘也可以提高整个系统的速度。 您的电脑将更快启动,更快地加载应用程序和大文件,并减少大多数游戏的加载时间。 这真的是你可以做的最好的升级之一。

在物理上,更换硬盘非常简单。 台式机具有专用的存储驱动器托架,并使用标准的SATA电缆连接到主板和电源。 如果您的笔记本电脑允许访问驱动器托架,则更容易:只需将旧的托架拉出并插入新托架即可。如果要更换主存储驱动器,则可能需要更多时间重新安装操作系统。

如果这是您第一次安装硬盘驱动器,请花20-30分钟计划。 这并不难。 但是,如果您要更换唯一的驱动器(或仅安装操作系统的驱动器),则还需要说明需要重新安装或传输操作系统的时间。

如何升级并在您的PC中安装新的图形卡

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

升级你的显卡 (或者如果你现在正在使用你的电脑的内置图形,移动到独立显卡上)可以给你的游戏带来很大的提升。 根据成本,尺寸和兼容性选择合适的卡是最难的部分。 物理安装非常简单。

如何升级或更换您的PC的无线网卡

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

如何升级和安装新的CPU或主板

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

如果你想升级到更快的CPU,你也经常需要更换主板(甚至​​可能升级你的RAM)。 而更换主板可能会很痛苦。 您需要拔掉几乎所有的组件,并留出足够的空间来获得高度集成的部件,并且需要新的部件。您还可能需要执行操作系统重新安装。

如何为PC升级和安装新的电源

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

如果您的电源出现故障,或者由于您安装了更强大的显卡等功能而需要更多电源,则需要更换该设备 。 这可能会很棘手,因为您的电源连接到需要电源的PC中的所有设备。 而且,有时您可能需要先移除其他组件,然后才能从外壳中取出笨重的电源。

计算机的电源直接连接到主板,CPU,每个存储驱动器和磁盘驱动器,有时是独立显卡,通常是机箱的散热风扇。 更换需要您拆卸好一些PC(至少,您必须将电源线拔下以连接所有组件)。 不过,如果你以前从未这样做过,不要太恐吓。

如何升级到一个新的PC机箱

How to upgrade or replace almost any pc component

升级到一个新的PC机箱是一件非常重要的事情,因为你基本上是在讨论拆卸你的PC,然后在它的新家中重建它。 不过,这并不是特别困难。 它只需要一点时间和耐心。

john925

Member

Arachnotronic

Lifer

$350 is going to be a bit tough, especially given the cost of the Windows OS.

In this case it might just be a better idea to save up until you have more in the ballpark of $500-$600 and build something new.

Or if you want to get super creative, you can buy parts used and try to put something together on the cheap that way.

john925

Member

$350 is going to be a bit tough, especially given the cost of the Windows OS.

In this case it might just be a better idea to save up until you have more in the ballpark of $500-$600 and build something new.

Or if you want to get super creative, you can buy parts used and try to put something together on the cheap that way.

Shehriazad

Senior member

Main problem would be fitting a OS in the price category(edit, you just posted you got an OS, so that’s good). if waiting and saving up is not your thing. (And I totally can’t advocate going rogue and using illegal OS copies) then Linux is your BEST friend.

I mean in the end Linux can really do 95+% of whatever Windows can do. just a little work getting used to it since the majority of people only ever touched Windows. but some Linux versions emulate the windows experience pretty well.

As for upgradeability. you’re not going to get a whole lot in the price segment. You can try going for a very cheap FM2+ board and see where it takes you(A friend of mine slapped on an Athlon II X2 340 on a FM2+ board as an emergency “upgrade” after his Athlon 5000+ based PC broke..and since he can play WoW pretty much maxed out on it, he sees no reason to switch..the darned thing costs like 20€/$).
Alternatively for Intel I’d probably say try to check out some cheap 1151 socket boards and throw on the cheapest pentium you can find for now.

But considering your starting point. I don’t feel like you would be the type of person to ever spend a whole lot. so 1151 might be a waste if you always plan on staying in the low end cost area.

if you get dedicated graphics cards. GTX 750 and R7 250/X are cards to look at if you need a little bit of gaming power. if gaming power doesnt really matter much. a GT 730 would be your friend.
Alternatively try looking for used GTX 650s and 750s. there should be quite a few of them floating around. (if you aren’t scared of used bits)

But generally. used i3s, used 860K (AMD) and used mid segment cards will be your friend as those are frequently sold after people upgrade their rigs. And even if you’re going cheap. I would really not recommend going with an outdated chipset like FM2 or an older Intel Chipset. because that will just leave you without upgrade options pretty fast since the older something gets, at some point it’ll be even hard to get used pieces for it.
Unless of course you can spot an ultra bargain on a 2500k or 2600k. those intel CPUs will probably remain super relevant for a few more years.

You should obviously be going for DDR3 based systems as DDR2 is expensive due to its outdatedness and DDR4 is expensive as DDR4 is currently pretty much only connected to high/er end components.