|Czech Christmas (VГЎnoce)
December 24 (Christmas Eve)
For a lot of, December 24 (Е tД›drГЅ den) is essentially the most pleasant day of Christmas holidays. Its Czech title actually means “Beneficiant Day”, most likely for the wealth of meals that has historically been served for Christmas dinner and fed to family and cattle. Even poor households would ensure that their plates have been full on this at some point of the yr.
December 24 is Adam and Eva’s title day. The Christmas tree is embellished with conventional Czech Christmas ornaments in lots of households and preparations are made for essentially the most festive dinner of the yr. Christmas Eve is related to many superstitions that often relate to life, love, and future that awaits one within the yr to return. In keeping with one Czech Christmas customized, one is meant to quick all day to see the “golden piglet” (zlatГ© prasГЎtko) within the night. Go to our Czech Christmas Customs and Superstitions web page for an in depth listing.
Dinner is served after sundown (historically, it shouldn’t be served till after the primary star has come out) and consists of carp and potato salad, typically preceded by mushroom, sauerkraut or fish soup. Do you know that carp can supposedly be ready 100 other ways? Christmas carp is specifically raised in artifical ponds after which offered from massive tubs positioned on the streets and city squares a couple of days earlier than Christmas. You’ll not see this sight at another time of the yr. Some households hold their carp within the bathtub for a number of days as a brief pet for his or her kids. Dinner might be completed with dessert, corresponding to apple strudel. A conventional Christmas bread known as vГЎnoДЌka (much like the Jewish challa) was part of the Christmas dinner prior to now however right this moment it has largely misplaced its Christmas connotation and is obtainable year-round.
After dinner, everybody across the desk could sing Christmas carols earlier than shifting to the Christmas tree, which is all lit up and exquisite. By then, presents have been positioned below the tree. Czech kids imagine that Christmas presents are introduced by Child Jesus (JeЕѕГЕЎek) who comes into the room by means of the window to go away the presents. In contrast to Santa Claus, Child Jesus is a relatively summary determine with no specific bodily picture hooked up to him, and nobody is aware of the place he lives. Similar to Santa although, he receives wish-list letters from Czech kids a couple of weeks earlier than Christmas.
Some individuals finish Christmas Eve by attending the midnight mass (pЕЇlnoДЌnГ mЕЎe) at a neighborhood church. It often begins at midnight however some church buildings maintain it earlier, corresponding to at 10 p.m. There can be a Christmas Mass for kids within the afternoon.
December 25 – 26
Czech Republic Christmas stretches over December 25 and 26, that are additionally known as the First and Second Christmas Holidays, or the Christmas Feast (BoЕѕГ hod vГЎnoДЌnГ) and St. Stephen’s Day (Sv. Е tД›pГЎn). On St. Stephen’s Day, kids, college students, academics, and the poor used to go round individuals’s houses singing Christmas carols. These days, households keep at dwelling and calm down or go to kin and associates to share the particular time.
Through the night of the fifth December (St. Nicholas Eve), kids are very excited and look ahead to St. Nicholas (SvatГЅ MikulГЎЕЎ) to reach. He usually is accompanied by a number of angels and a number of devils. He asks the kids if they have been good all yr and likewise asks them to sing a tune or recite a poem, and provides them a basket of presents, usually containing chocolate and fruit. If you happen to’ve been naughty, the satan may provide you with a lump of coal. Like within the The Netherlands and another European international locations, St Nicholas’ Day is a really separate vacation than Christmas.
Within the Czech language Completely happy/Merry Christmas is ‘VeselГ© VГЎnoce’. Completely happy/Merry Christmas in tons extra languages.
The principle Christmas celebrations are on Christmas Eve. Some individuals quick throughout Christmas Eve within the hope that they’ll see a imaginative and prescient of ‘the golden pig’ seem on the wall earlier than dinner! That is meant to be an indication of fine luck!
The Czech conventional Christmas dinner is eaten in the course of the night of Christmas Eve. The meal usually consists of fish soup (product of carp), and fried carp with potato salad.
JeЕѕГЕЎek ‘Little Jesus’ (the Czech model of Christkindl) brings presents in the course of the Christmas Eve dinner and leaves them below the Christmas Tree. Czech kids have their dinner in a unique from the place the tree is situated. Once they hear the bell ring (often after the kids have completed consuming their essential meal however when they’re nonetheless on the desk), that signifies that JeЕѕГЕЎek had been and has left their presents below the tree. The presents are usually opened proper after dinner.
Spiritual households additionally often sing Christmas carols by the tree, and go to church both at midnight or on Christmas Day.
There is a superstition in Czechia that claims when you throw a shoe over your shoulder on Christmas day, if the toe factors in direction of the door, you can be married quickly!
Pet a carp
The standard Czech Christmas meal consists of fried carp. Many households really purchase this fish alive and hold it of their bathtubs for days or even weeks till it’s able to be cooked. Lately, plenty of households have modified the custom to keep away from animal cruelty – they nonetheless purchase the carp however on Christmas Eve, they launch it right into a river relatively than consuming it. Potato salad and soups are additionally a giant a part of Christmas celebrations, which primarily occur on the evening of the 24th.
The TV is on all day
On December 24th, native channels present fairy tales all day lengthy and it’s a convention for households to get up on that day, flip the TV on and simply depart it on within the background for all the day. In lots of houses, the TV even stays on throughout dinner.
There is no such thing as a Santa Claus
On Christmas Day you gained’t discover youngsters looking for Santa and his reindeer to ship presents. As an alternative, presents are delivered by Child Jesus and the supply is often introduced by the ringing of a bell. It may occur at any time, however it’s usually achieved whereas the youngsters are nonetheless on the desk consuming.
There’s no “official” picture of what Child Jesus appears like and no actual clarification of how he really delivers the presents (there’s no magic sled concerned). And whereas Child Jesus doesn’t have a “naughty or good” listing, there’s one other celebration earlier in December the place you’re vulnerable to receiving coal when you’ve misbehaved. That occurs on December fifth, when St. Nicholas, accompanied by an angel and the satan, takes to the streets. On that day, kids can anticipate a go to from the three figures, the place they’ll be both rewarded or punished for his or her conduct the earlier yr.
Foretelling the long run
Frequent meals and gadgets are used on Christmas Eve day to predict your fortune for the approaching yr. For instance, an previous custom says an single lady ought to throw a shoe over her shoulder. If the shoe falls pointing in direction of a close-by door, marriage is on the playing cards for the approaching yr. One other solution to foretell whether or not your coming yr will probably be fortunate or unfortunate is to chop an apple in half. If the core has 4 pointy corners, unhealthy luck is on its solution to you; 5 corners point out well being and happiness.
Within the Czech Republic, the Christmas season is a giant deal. The nation has a storied historical past crammed with annual traditions that will appear a bit uncommon to vacationers. As locals sometimes spend Christmas Eve and Christmas Day at dwelling with the household, a proof of the seasonal customs gives an insider search for guests.
For visitors of the nation visiting throughout December, there are lots of native occasions and actions to discover.
Czech Christmas Traditions
Christmas Eve within the Czech Republic is well known with a grand feast. The featured dish is fried carp, which was bought earlier and could also be saved alive within the bathtub till prepared for cooking. The Christmas tree will get embellished on Christmas Eve. Historically, the tree will get embellished with apples and sweets, in addition to conventional ornaments, however fashionable households typically use commercially bought Christmas ornaments.
Santa Claus will not be the reward giver within the Czech Republic. As an alternative, Child Jesus (Ježíšek) brings kids presents on Christmas Eve. Often, the kids depart the room the place the Christmas tree has positioned till they hear the tinkle of a bell (rung by mother and father) indicating that Child Jesus has delivered the presents. The Child Jesus is claimed to reside excessive within the mountains, within the city of Boží Dar, the place a submit workplace accepts and stamps letters addressed to him.
St. Mikulas, or St. Nicholas, additionally brings presents, however at first of December, on St. Mikulas Day. St. Mikulas is dressed like a bishop in white clothes, relatively than within the crimson Santa go well with. Christmas Eve could culminate with midnight mass, or the household could go to mass on Christmas Day, then benefit from the midday meal collectively.
A standard vacation superstition within the Czech Republic is that meals and family can foretell the way forward for the approaching yr. To know if good or unhealthy luck awaits, lower an apple in half and overview the within core. If the core exhibits 4 corners, that signifies that unhealthy luck is on the way in which, whereas a 5 nook core interprets to luck forward. For younger ladies which might be hoping for love, tossing a shoe over a shoulder on the nearest door is the custom—if the shoe factors on the door, then marriage is within the playing cards.
Czech Occasions and Actions
Guests who aren’t fortunate sufficient to wrangle an invitation from a neighborhood household can get pleasure from nonetheless benefit from the season with an assortment of public festivities.
In Prague, the Christmas tree in Previous City attracts 1000’s annually. The general public sq. is the positioning of the town’s most well-known Prague Christmas Market with dozens of stall promoting native treats, reward choices, and decorations. Guests to Prague can get pleasure from stay nativity scenes, ice skating, and different Czech Christmas traditions all through December.
Just a few hours from Prague awaits the fortress, Český Krumlov. The perfect-known residents are a quartet of furry associates which might be the centerpiece of the fortress’s Christmas with the Bears occasion. On the town, there are carolers, an Introduction picture studio, and even a wintertime cruise down the river.
The South Bohemian metropolis of České Budějovice is understood for its musical leisure. Buglers, pipers and folklore teams entertain the crowds in Přemysl Otakar II Sq. and supply a melodic background to the annual Christmas market.
It’s that magical time of the yr once more! It’s time for celebrations, miracles, presents, festive temper and shining lights! Sure, it’s Christmas time! Guests and expats residing within the Czech Republic could also be questioning how do the Czechs rejoice essentially the most fantastic time of the yr, so let’s have a look how does Czech Christmas appear to be!
Christmas begins on the finish of November
Often, Czech Christmas season begins on the finish of November with the opening of the spectacular Christmas markets (Vanocni trh). They’re a key ingredient of the festive magic within the Czech Republic. The markets gentle up the cities, bringing locals and vacationers collectively to share the spirit, in a real ‘winter wonderland’ setting.
Brno Christmas markets
Guests and residents can get pleasure from varied of conventional smells and flavors, sizzling wine, and punch, tasty meals. Furthermore, the brightly embellished wood huts promote conventional handicrafts that are the excellent Christmas presents: glassware, jewellery, embroidered lace, wood toys, metalware, ceramics, scented candles, Christmas tree ornaments, hats, gloves and scarves, and puppets and dolls superbly wearing conventional costumes.
The Christmas markets are often open day by day, together with on Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and New 12 months’s Day.
The official Christmas celebrations historically begin with St.Nicholas Day on fifth December. It’s the hottest introduction vacation within the Czech Republic. St. Nicholas is believed to come on December fifth (bringing apples, nuts, and candies), alongside along with his associates, a satan – who carries a whip, and takes the naughty kids away, and an angel who appeals on their behalf.
The vacation is a reminder that child Jesus is on his approach, and a day the place good kids obtain small presents, candies, apples, and many others. and people kids who behaved naughty by means of out the yr are stated to obtain potatoes and coal. After the kids’s treats, St. Nicholas shares a toast with the mother and father.
A carp within the bathtub
The featured meal for the normal Christmas Eve dinner within the Czech Republic will not be turkey, like in lots of different international locations, however fried carp. The facet dishes embody potato salad and boiled crimson cabbage.
Essentially the most curious reality in regards to the Christmas dinner is that the carp is purchased alive per week earlier than that evening or a couple of days prior it. The carp is saved alive within the bathtub till prepared for cooking on the day of Christmas Eve! When getting ready the fish, it’s a must to clear it from fish-scales and that’s when Czech custom is available in hand. If you happen to put one clear fish-scale into your pockets, the Czechs imagine that it ought to deliver you more cash within the new yr.
A carp in a Czech bathtub
It’s Child Jesus (Ježíšek) who brings the presents on Christmas Eve, relatively than Santa Claus!
Consider it or not, within the Czech Republic it’s not the Santa Claus who brings the presents for the youngsters on Christmas, however the Child Jesus! Ježíšek is claimed to reside excessive within the mountains, within the city of Boží Dar, the place a submit workplace accepts and stamps letters addressed to him. On Christmas Eve, kids depart the room the place the Christmas tree has been put up till they hear the tinkle of a bell (rung by mother and father) indicating that Child Jesus has include presents.
Christmas Eve dinner
Essentially the most necessary day is Christmas Eve when historically the tree is embellished, and the household gathers for a feast after fasting all day. Custom says the meal ought to not be served till the first star comes out. Christmas within the Czech Republic means loads of scrumptious meals.
The desk is historically coated in meals which were grown by themselves all year long, corresponding to mushrooms, saurkraut, garlic, goats, dried fruits, black kuba, and many others. Undoubtedly, an important a part of the meal is the already cooked Christmas Carp. After dinner, it’s time to collect across the Christmas tree and open presents which Ježíšek has already introduced.
Fried carp and potato salad
Christmas Day and St. Stephens Day
(Štědrý den and Sv. Štěpán)
These two days (December 25th and 26th) are often called First and Second Christmas Holidays within the Czech Republic. Immediately they’re loved by enjoyable with family and friends and having fun with the particular time of the yr collectively. Though, historically, it was a time when individuals got here collectively and went door to door singing Christmas carols.
In fact, it’s not Christmas with out truffles and cookies. The baking begins effectively in advance, at first of the Introduction, and other people bask in sweets by means of all the Christmas season. Some favorites are the candy and fragrant vanilla crescents, “wasp nests”, marmalade cookies often called Linz, gingerbread cookies, Vánočka, a candy white dough with raisins, and apple strudels.
Up to date: September 23, 2019
Whether or not you may be within the Czech Republic over Christmas, entertaining Czech visitors for the vacations, or just getting in contact together with your roots, you most likely wish to know all of the customs and traditions concerned within the celebration of a Czech Christmas. This text will educate you what these customs are and find out how to put them into follow this Christmas.
Renata Serna Alvarez, MA
Native Czech Speaker & Translator
Begin adorning your own home for Christmas when Introduction begins! Czech native Renata Serna Alvarez says: “For Czechs, Christmas time begins with introduction. Folks enhance their homes and flats with twigs of pines or spruce, and naturally mistletoe. About 2 weeks earlier than Christmas, ladies begin baking Christmas cookies. Some ladies make as much as 20 sorts of cookies to supply to their household and associates, and it may turn out to be very aggressive.”
Renata Serna Alvarez, MA
Native Czech Speaker & Translator
Adorning the Christmas tree is without doubt one of the most necessary Czech Christmas traditions. In keeping with Czech translator Renata Serna Alvarez: “Households often enhance the tree collectively, however in households with young children, the mother and father will usually enhance the tree by themselves, then inform the kids that child Jesus did it.”
Renata Serna Alvarez, MA
Native Czech Speaker & Translator
Celebrating a standard Czech Christmas includes a giant household meal and presents. Czech native Renata Serna Alvarez says: “On the 24th of December, some individuals want to remain hungry the entire day, as a result of custom says in the event that they quick, they’re going to be capable to see the golden pig. Within the night, the entire household gathers to have dinner, which often consists of fish soup with bread croutons, fried fish, and potato salad, however there are regional variations. After dinner, individuals give presents to one another and sing carols.”
“Many individuals attend midnight mass at their church on Christmas Eve, then go to household on the 25th and 26th of December.”
Renata Serna Alvarez, MA
Native Czech Speaker & Translator
Renata Serna Alvarez, MA
Native Czech Speaker & Translator
Strive these three enjoyable Czech Christmas traditions for your self! Native Czech speaker Renata Serna Alvarez says: “On Christmas Eve, there are three widespread traditions households take part in. The primary is to chop an apple in half. If you happen to discover a star, you can be wholesome. The second is to soften lead and pour it in water, then individuals attempt to discover objects within the lead. The third behavior is throwing a shoe. Any single girl in the home stands in the course of the room and throws her shoe towards the door. If the tip of the shoe factors on the door, it means the lady will “exit of the home,” or get married.”
Cookies. Carp. Extra cookies. A facet of potato salad.
Whereas many Christmas festivities in Czechia are much like these in different elements of Europe, this nation of slightly below 11 million has some uncommon – and noteworthy – vacation traditions all their very own.
A little bit Czech historical past
Admittedly, Czechia, a rustic circled by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria, is understood extra for its tradition and historical past, than delicacies.
Created within the aftermath of World Conflict I, Czechoslovakia was shaped in 1918. But the collage of individuals and nationalities that made up the nation’s borders was by no means cohesive – and people tensions rose because the nation turned pulled in all instructions main as much as, after which throughout, World Conflict II. The Nazi’s occupation of Czechoslovakia in the course of the warfare was adopted by communist management that got here into energy in 1948.
As communist management dissolved all through Jap Europe in 1989, it was the Czechs who went to the streets, ringing their keys, signaling to the management it was time to go. And Czechs who determined to elect Václav Havel, a dissident playwright and poet, to be the nation’s first noncommunist chief. The non-violent switch of energy turned often called the “Velvet Revolution.”
The nation underwent one other transition in 1993, separating from Slovakia to turn out to be the Czech Republic. Then in 2016, the Czech Republic created a shortened geographical title, Czechia.
Holidays in Czechia’s capital, Prague
In terms of the vacations, Czechia’s traditions could come as a shock to outsiders. Robert Avakian, an Operations Managers at Consuming Prague, which gives meals and cultural excursions, explains a few of these traditions and the way they got here to be.
#5 Czechs’ Christmas celebrations are on December 24th, not 25th
Throughout Czechia, communities and households have their vacation festivities on December 24. Explains Avakian, “Once you say ‘Christmas’ to a Czech there may be solely a obscure understanding that some individuals rejoice on the 25th. For many individuals right here ‘Christmas’ simply means December 24th. It’s, in fact, Christmas Eve. Nevertheless it’s additionally the day the place nearly all of the festivities are taking place.”
So when you occur to be visiting Czechia for the Christmas vacation, make your plans for the 24th.
#four Czechs begin making their Christmas cookies early. like October!
Dwelling bakers in Czechia may have the remainder of the world beat when it comes within the battle to make one of the best vacation cookies.
“It takes a very long time as a result of a number of the cookies require that they are made as a sourdough,” notes Avakian, who’s been a tour information for the previous 4 years. “It takes a number of weeks for them to rise within the fridge. After which you have got a day of baking in mid-late November, which requires using many cookie cutters and an oven. There are lots of totally different sorts of cookies!”
The final title for vacation cookies is vánocní cukroví, actually Christmas sweets. This title encompasses a wide range of cookies from sourdough Gingerbread cookies, to almond and butter vanilla crescents, to egg-white based mostly cookies. “However the ones which take the longest time and work (as much as two months whole) are the gingerbreads,” says Avakian. “These date again a millennium once they got here to Europe through some Armenian monks, and wound up changing into a staple right here. They’re known as pernícky. The rationale they take so lengthy is that they’re sourdough and have to rise within the fridge. Then they get lower into shapes and baked (often by mid November), they usually aren’t embellished immediately as a result of the icing might crack because it dries. So we look ahead to it to dry earlier than we put the ornament on.”
One ultimate step earlier than Christmas? Softening the cookies. “In fact, we do not have dry cookies for Christmas. As an alternative, we’ll put the dried and embellished cookies into massive plastic containers together with some fruit sliced open and dealing with up – often apples.”
#three For Czech’s conventional vacation meal – it’s all about carp. Sure, the primary dish throughout Christmas celebrations is carp.
Within the days main as much as Christmas, road distributors have massive containers filled with stay carp to promote to passersby.
Avakian admits carp could not seem to be the only option for a particular celebration. “It is a backside feeder, like catfish,” he says, including, “And has the same taste when you do not put together it correctly.”
The custom goes again generations, says Avakian. “The south of Bohemia is crammed with Renaissance fish ponds, meant for offering an inexpensive supply of meals for fasting days (Catholics, in fact, weren’t allowed to eat meat over 100 days out of the yr for spiritual causes. and everyone knows fish are a vegetable). They will be introduced up from the area round Trebon, and served by fish mongers on practically each road nook in massive swimming pools.”
Czechs both have the fish mongers fillet the fish, or they hold it at dwelling till December 24th so it’s as recent as attainable.
And the place do you retain a stay carp till Christmas? Within the bathtub.
“The hope is that you will have it there for a couple of days, and it’ll eliminate the muddy taste,” explains Avakian. “It by no means fairly works.”
Prior to now, the carp was utilized in a soup and served for the vacations, however Avakian sees many households now selecting to bread and fry the fish as a substitute, known as smažený kapr.
He provides, “However I have to admit that the majority households have an in depth connection to the supply of their meals, and even when you see a girl with excellent make-up on the primary buying streets of Prague sporting excessive heels within the snow — God, assist her. it is vitally probably she has killed her personal meals in some unspecified time in the future in her life (rooster, rabbits, or fish).”
#2 Czechs conventional vacation facet? Potato salad
To go alongside the the carp, a vacation meal is more likely to embody potato salad, bramborový salát.
The recipe will not be not like these you may discover elsewhere on the planet, particularly america. But Avakian notes that the Czech model has a definite distinction so far as he’s involved, “Relying on the household, it might be 80% mayonnaise.”
#1 Carp scales are thought of good luck
Carp figures into the Christmas custom past mealtime, notes Avakian. “We retailer the scales below our plates whereas we eat for good luck, and after the meal we’ll put the scales in our wallets for the hope of it making us wealthy the following yr.”
These are just some of the Czech traditions that make up their vacation celebrations. Avakian notes that placing carp within the bathtub could appear uncommon at first, however he’s fast to level out, “There’s often no different place to place it, due to the dimensions of the carp.”
He provides, “That is simply a part of Czech Christmas, in fact! We have now no Santa Claus, we have now an odd behavior of watching varied fairytales on Christmas, and we frequently go on lengthy hikes the following days – particularly on Saint Steven’s day (to work off the carp).”
So when you’re visiting Prague over the vacations, don’t be shocked to see the road corners brimming with buckets of carp – after which to have it served for dinner come Christmas, on December 24.