Shut off running apps to free up memory and declutter
To close apps on Android means to shut the apps down. You might shut down an Android app if it isn’t responding normally, if your phone or tablet is low on memory, or to clear up the screen.
Closing Apps Isn’t Usually Necessary
It’s not usually required that you shut down apps on Android because your device should handle the apps appropriately, shuffling memory back and forth between apps you’re actively using and the apps running in the background. Constantly shutting down apps might make your device run slower. However, if there’s a reason you want to clear the apps, you can do so easily.
Shutting off, killing, or clearing away Android apps isn’t the same as deleting apps. You need to uninstall an Android app to remove it completely.
These directions should work no matter who made your tablet or phone—Google, Samsung, Xiaomi, etc.
How to Close Apps on Android From the Home Screen
There are a couple of ways to shut off apps on Android. You can close running apps from the Home screen or from the device settings.
The quickest way to close apps is to do it from the Home screen at any time:
View the running apps on your device. How you do this depends on your phone and the Android version. If you’re not sure how your device shows running apps, try the different methods that are available:
- Swipe up from the bottom of the screen (but don’t swipe too far up or the app drawer opens).
- Tap the small square icon on the bottom of the screen.
- Press the physical button on the bottom of your phone or tablet that looks like two overlapping rectangles. You might not see it light up until you press in that area next to the Home button.
- On Samsung Galaxy devices, press the Recent Apps button to the left of the Home button.
Swipe up and down or left and right (depending on your phone) to find the app you want to close down.
Swipe up on the app you want to kill, as if you were throwing it off the screen. This works if your apps are listed horizontally.
Or, for vertically listed apps, swipe the app left or right to close it immediately.
On some Android devices, there’s an exit button in the upper-right corner of each app when in this view, and you can tap it to close the app. If you see a three-lined button at the bottom with a small x on it, tap it to close all the recently opened apps.
Some devices have a Clear all option if you swipe all the way to the left. Tapping that kills all the apps at once.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 to close the other running apps. When you’re finished, select an empty space next to the edge of the screen or press the Home button.
How to Close Apps Using the Apps Manager
Your phone or tablet has a built-in manager for apps that you should use if you need to close background apps (apps that are running but don’t show up when you follow the method above).
When you use the settings to close running apps, there are more options than what you find in the swiping method above. This option isn’t as friendly and is geared more toward killing unresponsive apps rather than exiting gracefully.
Open the settings and tap Apps & notifications. On some Android devices, look for Apps, App Management, Application manager, or General > Apps.
Tap See all apps and then locate the problem app that you want to shut down. If you don’t see that option, you may be viewing a list of the apps on your device, in which case you can scroll through to find the app you want to close.
Select the app and choose Force Stop.
On some Android devices, this screen is also where you can uninstall the app if you’re not sure why you have it in the first place.
Tap OK or Force Stop to confirm that you want to kill the running app.
Once the app has stopped, you can open it again normally. However, the destructive nature of forcing an app to close down may cause some corruption or unintended behavior.
How to Shut Down Running Services on Android
Services are usually not something the average person needs to deal with, especially considering that the ability to do so isn’t available by default. However, if you know what you’re doing, and you need to terminate a service that a particular app is running, it’s a straightforward process.
Enable developer mode. This is a special mode on your Android device that lets you view and edit settings that a normal user can’t see.
Go to Settings > System > Advanced, then tap Developer options. Some older Android devices store the developer options in Settings > System.
Select Running services, and scroll through the list to find and select the app that’s running the service you want to kill.
Choose Stop next to the service you want to end. Depending on your device, you might need to press OK to confirm.