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How to make linux and macos virtual machines for free with parallels lite

Justin Pot has been writing about technology for over a decade, with work appearing in Digital Trends, The Next Web, Lifehacker, MakeUseOf, and the Zapier Blog. He also runs the Hillsboro Signal, a volunteer-driven local news outlet he founded. Read more.

Want to give macOS Mojave a spin, but don’t feel ready to upgrade from High Sierra? You can quickly set Mojave up in a virtual machine, for free.

Parallels makes it painless to set up virtual machines, and Parallels Desktop Lite is a free version that can make Linux and macOS virtual machines for free. Even better: this software works with the macOS Mojave Beta as of right now, meaning you can get a Mojave virtual machine set up quickly without having to deal with the command line or other nonsense.

All you need to do is download Parallels Desktop Lite, download the Mojave beta, and then install Mojave in a virtual machine. Here’s a full guide anyway, so you can see just how it works.

Step One: Download Parallels Lite (Free)

First up you need to download Parallels Desktop Lite from the Mac App Store. It’s not hard: open the page and click the button.

That was easy, wasn’t it? Gold stars all around.

Step Two: Download macOS Movaje (But Don’t Install It)

Next, you’re going to download the macOS Movaje Beta. Head to beta.apple.com and sign up for the Mojave Public Beta. You’ll be prompted to Enroll your Mac:

After enrolling, you’ll download a DMG file with an installer, which you should run.

Next, you’ll be prompted to download the beta from the Mac App Store. Do so.

Eventually, the Mojave installer will open.

Do not run the installer. Instead, close it by pressing CMD+Q. If you go ahead and run the installer, it will replace High Sierra on your system, and you don’t want that. You just needed to download the installer so Parallels could use it to install Mojave into a virtual machine.

Step Three: Install Mojave in Parallels Desktop Lite

Fire up Parallels Desktop Lite and create a new virtual machine.

Click the option to “Install Windows or another OS from a DVD or image file” and then click “Continue.” You should eventually see macOS Mojave as an option:

Select Mojave and then click “Continue.” You’ll be told you need to create a bootable disk image file.

Click “Continue,” and Parallels will create that image. Next, you’ll be asked where you’d like to locate your virtual machine. You can also give it a different name if you want.

Next, your new virtual machine will finally start booting up.

Eventually, you will see the installer app. Begin by choosing your language.

Next, select “Install macOS” and then click “Continue.”

This will launch the installer.

Click the arrow to continue through the process.

Select your drive, which should be lableled “Macintosh HD.” Don’t worry: this is a virtual drive, not the physical hard drive on which your regular operating system is installed. Your data is safe.

The installer will now run.

The process will take a while, but when it’s done, you’ll be ready to set up your virtual Mac.

You’ll find all of the usual macOS setup routines here, including creating your account. There’s one new thing to Mojave: choosing between a dark and light theme.

Eventually, you’ll get to the Mac desktop.

Congrats! You’ve got macOS Mojave running in a virtual machine. Enjoy testing out all the great features!

Optional: Install Parellels Tools

Virtual machines work better with Parallels Tools installed. These tools add extra virtual drivers that make your virtual Mac run better, and Parallels Tools actually works with macOS Mojave as of this writing. Click Actions > Install Parallels Tools in the menu bar of your host machine, and the installer will launch inside your virtual machine.

You’ll have to restart your virtual machine when this is done, but when you do, you’ll be able to do things like resize your virtual machine and share folders easily. Enjoy!

Justin Pot has been writing about technology for over a decade, with work appearing in Digital Trends, The Next Web, Lifehacker, MakeUseOf, and the Zapier Blog. He also runs the Hillsboro Signal, a volunteer-driven local news outlet he founded. Read more.

Parallels is easily the best virtualization software on the Mac, and earlier this year, they quietly added a new app called Parallels Desktop Lite to the Mac App Store—and unlike its cousin, it’s free to download. The catch: if you want to use Windows virtual machines, you’re going to have to pay for a $60 a year for a subscription.

But the program itself is completely free otherwise, meaning if you want to create Linux, Chromium OS, or even macOS virtual machines, you don’t need to pay a dime.

Should I Use Parallels Lite, or the “Full” Version of Parallels?

So how it Parallels Desktop Lite different than Parallels Desktop? Parallels outlines all of the differences here, if you’re curious—there are a few limitations related to Mac App Store sandboxing. Other than that, the main difference is that Lite is free for anything except Windows virtual machines. If you want to run a Windows virtual machine, you’ll need to pony up $60 annually.

How does that compare to Parallels Desktop for Mac, the “full” version of this software? Well that product currently costs $70, and is yours as long as you can keep it running. Parallels versions typically stop running every couple of macOS releases, after which you’ll need to either stick to an older host operating system or pony up $50 for an upgrade license. Assuming you need to upgrade every two years, which is roughly consistent with our experience, the two pricing plans are about that same.

But that’s only if you want to run Windows. If your interest in virtual machines lies entirely on the Linux and macOS side of things, Lite is without question the better deal, because you can’t beat free.

Getting Started With Parallels Desktop Lite

Start up Parallels Lite for the first time and you’ll see the Parallels Wizard, which makes setting up or adding virtual machines simple.

There are three main options here. The most prominent points you to download Windows 10 from Microsoft, which will cost you around $120 for Windows itself on top of the Parallels subscription. To the right, you’ll find the option to browse your computer for any installation images on your computer. Below these two prominent options, you’ll see quick tools for downloading several other operating systems, including:

  • Chromium OS (the open source version of Chrome OS)
  • Ubuntu 16.04
  • Fedora 23
  • CentOS 7
  • Debian 8

Let’s get started with setting up a couple of these installers, then move on to setting up macOS in a virtual machine.

Installing Linux or Chromium OS in Parallels Desktop Lite

Click any of the operating systems at the bottom of the wizard and you’ll see more information about them.

Click the “Download” button and Parallels will begin the downloading process.

How long this takes will depend on the speed of your internet connection, but for me downloading Chromium OS only took a few minutes. When it’s done, you can log into your Google account and start using Chromium OS right away.

It seems like Chromium OS doesn’t sync over settings from a Chromebook, which is disappointing, but it’s still nice to have access to this system for the occasional test.

I repeated the process for Ubuntu, just for good measure. It was just as simple, and I was using the operating system in no time.

The version of Ubuntu offered is 16.04, which is the most recent Long Term Support version of that Linux distribution. I tried manually installing the more recent 17.04, but had trouble getting Parallels Tools up and running. Your mileage may vary, but in my humble opinion life is a lot easier if you stick to the built-in wizard installers.

Install macOS in Parallels Desktop Lite

If you want a Mac inside your Mac, you’ll first need to head to the Mac App Store. Search for the macOS version you want to install, then click the “Download” button.

A caveat: the Mac App Store will not download a version of the OS older than what you’re currently running. This means that you cannot create a virtual machine for older versions of macOS unless you have some other means of finding the installers. You can, however, easily download newer versions of macOS in order to test them without installing, which is nice.

Once the installer is downloaded, it will open.

Go ahead and close this with Command+Q—we don’t want to re-install our operating system. Head back to the Parallels Wizard, which you can find by clicking the Parallels button in the menu bar, then clicking “New.”

Click “Install Windows or another OS from a DVD or image file” and you should see macOS Sierra as an option (if not, click “locate manually” to give Parallels permission to see the rest of your file system.)

Click “Continue” and you’ll be asked about storage space.

Click “Continue” after checking that you have enough room, then give your virtual machine a name and choose a location.

Click “Continue” and eventually the installer will launch.

Exciting! Continue through the steps as prompted—you’ll install macOS on your newly created virtual hard drive, and the machine will re-boot a couple of times. You can leave this running in the background and work on something else. Eventually you’ll be prompted to choose a language and create an account, after which you’ll have full access to macOS in a virtual machine.

You can now use macOS in your virtual machine! There’s just one thing left to do: install Parallels Tools, so that the virtual machine’s resolution will change when you re-size the window, among other integrations. To get started, click the “!” icon at top-right, then click “Install Parallels Tools.”

This will connect a virtual disk with the installer to your virtual macOS machine.

Run the installer, then re-start your virtual Mac, and you’re all set up!

This is a lot easier than installing macOS Sierra in VirtualBox, isn’t it? And the price is the same. Enjoy!

Justin Pot has been writing about technology for over a decade, with work appearing in Digital Trends, The Next Web, Lifehacker, MakeUseOf, and the Zapier Blog. He also runs the Hillsboro Signal, a volunteer-driven local news outlet he founded. Read more.

Want to give macOS Mojave a spin, but don’t feel ready to upgrade from High Sierra? You can quickly set Mojave up in a virtual machine, for free.

Parallels makes it painless to set up virtual machines, and Parallels Desktop Lite is a free version that can make Linux and macOS virtual machines for free. Even better: this software works with the macOS Mojave Beta as of right now, meaning you can get a Mojave virtual machine set up quickly without having to deal with the command line or other nonsense.

All you need to do is download Parallels Desktop Lite, download the Mojave beta, and then install Mojave in a virtual machine. Here’s a full guide anyway, so you can see just how it works.

Step One: Download Parallels Lite (Free)

First up you need to download Parallels Desktop Lite from the Mac App Store. It’s not hard: open the page and click the button.

That was easy, wasn’t it? Gold stars all around.

Step Two: Download macOS Movaje (But Don’t Install It)

Next, you’re going to download the macOS Movaje Beta. Head to beta.apple.com and sign up for the Mojave Public Beta. You’ll be prompted to Enroll your Mac:

After enrolling, you’ll download a DMG file with an installer, which you should run.

Next, you’ll be prompted to download the beta from the Mac App Store. Do so.

Eventually, the Mojave installer will open.

Do not run the installer. Instead, close it by pressing CMD+Q. If you go ahead and run the installer, it will replace High Sierra on your system, and you don’t want that. You just needed to download the installer so Parallels could use it to install Mojave into a virtual machine.

Step Three: Install Mojave in Parallels Desktop Lite

Fire up Parallels Desktop Lite and create a new virtual machine.

Click the option to “Install Windows or another OS from a DVD or image file” and then click “Continue.” You should eventually see macOS Mojave as an option:

Select Mojave and then click “Continue.” You’ll be told you need to create a bootable disk image file.

Click “Continue,” and Parallels will create that image. Next, you’ll be asked where you’d like to locate your virtual machine. You can also give it a different name if you want.

Next, your new virtual machine will finally start booting up.

Eventually, you will see the installer app. Begin by choosing your language.

Next, select “Install macOS” and then click “Continue.”

This will launch the installer.

Click the arrow to continue through the process.

Select your drive, which should be lableled “Macintosh HD.” Don’t worry: this is a virtual drive, not the physical hard drive on which your regular operating system is installed. Your data is safe.

The installer will now run.

The process will take a while, but when it’s done, you’ll be ready to set up your virtual Mac.

You’ll find all of the usual macOS setup routines here, including creating your account. There’s one new thing to Mojave: choosing between a dark and light theme.

Eventually, you’ll get to the Mac desktop.

Congrats! You’ve got macOS Mojave running in a virtual machine. Enjoy testing out all the great features!

Optional: Install Parellels Tools

Virtual machines work better with Parallels Tools installed. These tools add extra virtual drivers that make your virtual Mac run better, and Parallels Tools actually works with macOS Mojave as of this writing. Click Actions > Install Parallels Tools in the menu bar of your host machine, and the installer will launch inside your virtual machine.

You’ll have to restart your virtual machine when this is done, but when you do, you’ll be able to do things like resize your virtual machine and share folders easily. Enjoy!

With virtualization, you can install and use various operating systems on your Mac, including Windows and Linux. For the latter, we recommend using the latest version of Parallels or open-source VirtualBox. Here’s a look at how to install and use Linux using each option.

What is virtualization?

As I noted in a previous post, software virtualization allows you to simulate a hardware environment and run multiple operating systems on one computer. In doing so, these virtual machines can take advantage of the hardware components on a computer such as RAM and storage in complete isolation to the primary operating system.

For those wanting to install Linux on their Mac through virtualization, we recommend using the latest version of Parallels or open-source VirtualBox. The former offers an easier-to-install solution, but you must pay for it after a 14-day free trial. The latter is open-source and free, but more difficult to install. Regardless, each solution will get the job done.

Installing Linux through Parallels

Using Parallels 15 for Mac, you can install a copy of Linux on your computer following the directions below. These steps assume Parallels has already been installed on your machine.

  1. Click File on the Parallels toolbar.
  2. Select New

Highlight Download Ubuntu Linux under Free Systems.

Choose Download to download a copy of Linux onto your computer.

Once installed, Linux want you to add a new password for the “Parallels” user. You can also choose “Not Listed?” to add a new UNIX user. Regardless, sign into your UNIX account.

    Type in your newly created password in the Parallels Tools box.

Click OK.

  • Restart your virtual machine at the prompt.
  • You can now use Ubuntu Linux on your Mac using Parallels.

    Installing Linux through VirtualBox

    To install a virtual copy of Linux on your Mac using the open-source VirtualBox, do the following. These steps assume VirtualBox has already been installed on your machine:

    1. Click New in VirtualBox.
    2. Add a name for your virtual copy of Linux.
    3. Choose Linux as the type of installation.
    4. Select the version of Linux to use.

    Click Continue

    Click Create.

    Confirm Dynamically allocated for storage.

    Select Create.

    The steps above are just the first part of installing Linux on your Mac. You must now download a copy of Linux to work with VirtualBox to finish the process:

    1. Download Ubuntu Desktop from the Ubuntu website.
    2. Click Download next to the latest LTS version.

    Confirm to download.

    Once downloading this file is complete, go back into VirtualBox.

    1. Highlight the Linux instance on the left side of the VirtualBox Manager.
    2. Choose Start.
    3. Click on the File Icon on the pop-up screen.

    Select Add at the top left.

    Choose Open.

    Select Start.

    From there, following the online directions provided by Ubuntu to finish the installation.

    Adjust the settings

    Depending on your Mac version and age, you may need to adjust the VirtualBox settings for Linux to make the window bigger. To do so, you must first exit the Linux installation. From there:

    1. Highlight the Linux virtual intallation on the main VirtualBox screen.
    2. Choose Settings.
    3. Select Display.
    4. Change Scale Factor from 100% to 200%.

    Click OK.

  • Click Start to start Linux on your Mac.
  • You can now change the screen size for your Linux installation and begin using the oeprating system on your Mac.

    Which should you choose?

    Having installed Linux through both Parallels and VirtualBox on my MacBook Pro, I can tell you the process is easier through Parallels. As you can see above, there are much fewer steps to install Linux through Parallels. The result is the same once the operating system gets installed, however.

    If you’re already using Parallels on your Mac (to use Windows, for example), you should continue to do so for Linux. The process is simple, and easy-to-follow. However, if you’re looking for a free solution or are new to virtualization, consider VirtualBox. Just go into it know you’ll need to follow a few more steps.

    Questions?

    Do you have any questions? Let us know in the comments below.

    We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Learn more.

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    Advanced Mac users may find it useful to run macOS or Mac OS X in a virtual machine atop their existing Mac operating system. Creating a virtual machine for Mac OS is now easier than ever before, and we’ll show you how to set up easy Mac virtual machines on a Mac.

    For some quick background, virtualization allows you to run another operating system in a confined virtual machine atop an existing operating system through an application layer. This means there is no disk partitioning involved, the virtualized operating system runs just like any other application on your computer. We have covered this broad topic many times before for purposes like running Windows 10 on a Mac with a VM, to running Ubuntu Linux in VirtualBox, to Snow Leopard in a VM, and others. In the guide here, we will be creating a Macintosh virtual machine for running Mac OS on top of Mac OS, which can be helpful for testing out different apps and operating system versions, amongst other purposes.

    How to Create a Mac OS Virtual Machine with Parallels Lite

    For running macOS in a virtual machine we will use the free Parallels Lite app for Mac, beyond that you will need a MacOS installer either downloaded from the App Store, from a USB install drive, ISO, or elsewhere.

      First, get Parallels Desktop Lite from the Mac App Store, it’s free to download*

  • Download a Mac OS installer application from the App Store, or have one available on a USB drive or elsewhere on the Mac (in the example here we are using the macOS Sierra download from the App Store)
  • Launch Parallels Desktop Lite and choose “Linux Only”, the Free option then click Continue

    Choose “Install Windows or another OS from a DVD or image file” from the available options and click Continue

    Parallels Lite will scan the hard drive for Mac OS installers and operating system ISO files, choose “Install macOS” and click Continue (choose “Locate Manually” and navigate to the installer if it did not find it automatically)

    Click Continue to create a new disk image file for the virtual machine

    Give the virtual machine a name and a location to store the image file, then Continue again

    At the Virtual Machine Configuration screen, choose Continue to go with the default configuration of 2 CPUs, 2GB RAM, and the default disk space

    • Optionally click on “Configure” to manually adjust CPU, memory, and disk space of the virtual machine you are setting up

    The virtual machine will boot and load the Mac OS installer file selected earlier, now choose to “Install Mac OS” to perform a clean install** of Mac system software within the virtual machine

    Go through the normal installation process, when compete the virtual machine will boot up and you will be running a virtualized Mac OS installation atop your existing MacOS

    That’s all there is to it, when finished the Mac will be running another version of MacOS in within the Parallels virtual machine. Easy! You can go full screen and use it full time if you want, or keep it in window mode.

    In the walkthrough here we installed macOS Sierra into a virtual machine atop Mac OS Sierra, but you could also use it to install other versions of Mac OS including beta releases, El Capitan, Mavericks, and theoretically just about any other Mac system software release that you have available as an installer file, iso file, or other disk image.

    You boot and shut down the Mac virtual machine by launching and quitting the Parallels Desktop Lite app, which will manage the virtual machine and offer power options directly.

    * Parallels Desktop Lite is free to download and use for the purposes described here, additional features and operating system support can be unlocked through in-app purchases but that is not necessary for running a Mac OS virtual machine. Another option for Windows and Linux is to use VirtualBox, which is free for every purpose.

    ** You can also choose to restore from a time machine backup in the MacOS setup screen if you want to replicate an existing Mac installation for testing purposes.

    While we have covered many virtualization and virtual machine tips and tricks before, this Parallels Lite approach offers a simple way to run Mac OS or Mac OS X within a virtual machine, and it’s free. A big thanks to our friend Keir at MacKungFu for discovering the Parallels Desktop Lite app has this functionality.

    Happy virtualizing! Let us know in the comments if you have any particularly useful tips, tricks, or recommendations about running Mac OS in a VM.

    “Recently the folks behind the useful but expensive Parallels Desktop virtualization app released Parallels Desktop Lite, which is available in the Mac App Store,” Keir Thomas writes for Mac Kung Fu.

    “Although it requires an in-app purchase if you want to install Windows as a virtual machine, Parallels Desktop Lite is entirely free of charge if you just want to install Linux or macOS as a virtual machine,” Thomas writes. “It’s also quick and easy to use – a far cry from other methods up until now that have been complicated, time-consuming and of dubious legality.”

    Thomas writes, “Here are the steps required to create a macOS virtual machine using Parallels Desktop Lite…”

    Read more in the full article here.

    MacDailyNews Take: Easy!

    BTW, for what it does, giving you two (or more) computers for the price of one, Parallels Desktop for Mac is not “expensive” ($99.99 via Amazon).

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    The last Parrallels I bought was v9. It stopped working as of Sierra. I have been keeping a VM of Mac OS X since 2011. I went so far as to virtualise Mac OS all the way back to 10.4.x, but Tiger will not work on any of my current Macs, as it requires a Core 2. The Core iX, caused Tiger to KP. I still have the VM, if some day it make work again under different circumstances.

    I use VirtualBox for Linux. And VMware Fusion for Windows. I completely migrated my VMs off Parrallels to either VBox or VMware. The annual $49 upgrade to the current version of Parrallels, turned me off. VMware, not much better, has a slower cycle and actually does X.5x releases. VBox has a very high update cycle, for dot releases, but being free, keeps me going.

    I am frustrated with the VM industry, but the benefits are amazingly valuable. I am waiting for the right opportunity to buy into Parrallels again. I will check this new version out, but might decide to pass, if it’s not up to my standards. If lite really means reduced features, I my just pass on it. If it just means no Windows, then I will keep it until a I find something compelling with the full product.

    Finally! I’ve been using Fusion for along time just to keep a virtual web server running OpenBSD. Always wished one of these companies would release a “lite” version for those that do not need or want to run Windows. Yes, I know there are other virtualization applications out there, but none of them worked quite as easily as Fusion and Parallels.

    For gamers, the VMs available are increasingly frustrating as none of them supports DirectX 11 or 12, which are required for the latest 3D games. There is not an iota of a sign of hope that this is going to change ever. I’ve been back and forth with Parallels about this for years and it’s the same old story: They’re working on it, wait and see. Years later… nothing.

    BTW: Parallels 11, the previous version, runs great on Sierra. If you can find anything in Parallels 12 that helps you, then get it. Meanwhile, Parallels 11 is all you need on Sierra.

    I was deciding whether to upgrade to 12 from my current 11. I guess I’ll sit tight for now. Thanks.

    Veertu makes for especially compact and robust VMs, and you can use it for free. Veertu uses the new Hypervisor.framework in macOS, so it runs without installing kernel extensions, improving security and greatly reducing the application’s footprint. http://www.veertu.com

    Just tried Veertu and couldn’t get Win10 or Linux to run. Errors for each. I am a scientist, not a programmer, so the obvious doesn’t work for me.

    So you want to run a Mac inside a Mac. Ok, whatever floats your boat.

    We’ve outlined how to run Linux on Mac® and how easy it is to get started!

    Linux is an incredibly versatile operating system that has been designed to run on a wide range of devices—from mobile devices, to desktop computers, and even servers. Due to the open-source nature that ensures code has active community support, Linux is widely loved by developers. Think of Linux as an operating system “of the people, by the people, for the people.” (Yes, we just quoted the Gettysburg Address to enable readers to understand Linux as a whole.)

    Users online have expressed a desire to run Linux on their Mac computer without rebooting. This is where Parallels Desktop® for Mac enters as a solution. Virtualization of Linux is a powerful and easy installation process that allows for an interruption-free environment.

    Parallels Desktop provides several popular distributions of Linux for free directly in the product itself. Additionally, Parallels Desktop users can download .ISO files of and install other Linux distributions (for example: Kali Linux & use Vagrant to download and setup Linux environments like a pro!)

    The free included systems are shown below. There’s no need to take any additional steps to find the right Linux distribution for you. We’ve made it very easy to run Linux on Mac!

    Ubuntu: One of the most popular open-source softwares; based on the Debian GNU/Linux distribution.

    Fedora: Formerly Fedora Core. Based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora project, and sponsored by Red Hat.

    CentOS: Provides a stable, predictable, manageable, and reproducible platform.

    Debian GNU/Linux: A popular Unix-like operating system that is composed entirely of free software, which is utilized for personal computers and network servers.

    Linux Mint: An easy-to-use free distribution that requires little maintenance and goes with full multimedia support.

    Android: A Linux-based operating system for mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablet PCs.

    All of these Linux distributions are free and easy to install as a virtual machine on your Mac through Parallels Desktop. Linux distributions can be located under the “Free Systems” options available to users within the Installation Assistant when creating a new virtual machine. See the full list of free systems below:

    Get started with Linux on Mac with Parallels Desktop and try a free 14-day trial now.

    How do I install Linux on parallels?

    Start Parallels Desktop, then click File -> New. Choose Install Windows or another OS from a DVD or and image file, then click Continue. Once pop up windows appears, select Other Linux. Specify the name and location of your Arch virtual machine(VM) or leave the default settings, then click Continue.

    Does parallels work with Linux?

    Parallels Desktop provides several popular distributions of Linux for free directly in the product itself. Additionally, Parallels Desktop users can download . ISO files of and install other Linux distributions (for example: Kali Linux & use Vagrant to download and setup Linux environments like a pro!)

    Is it worth installing Linux on Mac?

    Some Linux users have found that Apple’s Mac computers work well for them. … Mac OS X is a great operating system, so if you bought a Mac, stay with it. If you really need to have a Linux OS alongside OS X and you know what you’re doing, install it, otherwise get a different, cheaper computer for all your Linux needs.

    Can you replace Mac OS with Linux?

    If you want something more permanent, then it is possible to replace macOS with the Linux operating system. This isn’t something you should do lightly, as you’ll lose your entire macOS installation in the process, including the Recovery Partition.

    Can a Mac run Linux?

    Linux is incredibly versatile (it’s used to run everything from smartphones to supercomputers), and you can install it on your MacBook Pro, iMac, or even your Mac mini. Apple adding Boot Camp to macOS made it easy for people to dual boot Windows, but installing Linux is another matter entirely.

    Is parallels Free for Mac?

    Parallels makes it painless to set up virtual machines, and Parallels Desktop Lite is a free version that can make Linux and macOS virtual machines for free.

    How do I run Windows on Linux?

    Run Windows in a Virtual Machine

    Install Windows in a virtual machine program like VirtualBox, VMware Player, or KVM and you’ll have Windows running in a window. You can install windows software in the virtual machine and run it on your Linux desktop.

    How do I run a Linux virtual machine on Mac?

    Yes, you can run Linux on your Mac thanks to virtualization.

    From there:

    1. Highlight the Linux virtual intallation on the main VirtualBox screen.
    2. Choose Settings.
    3. Select Display.
    4. Change Scale Factor from 100% to 200%.
    5. Click OK. Source: iMore.
    6. Click Start to start Linux on your Mac.

    What is a Linux computer?

    Linux is a Unix-like, open source and community-developed operating system for computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices and embedded devices. It is supported on almost every major computer platform including x86, ARM and SPARC, making it one of the most widely supported operating systems.

    Is Linux safer than Mac?

    Although Linux is considerably more secure than Windows and even somewhat more secure than MacOS, that doesn’t mean Linux is without its security flaws. Linux doesn’t have as many malware programs, security flaws, back doors, and exploits, but they are there.

    Is Ubuntu better than Mac OS?

    Performance. Ubuntu is very efficient and doesn’t hog much of your hardware resources. Linux gives you high stability and performance. Despite this fact, macOS does better in this department as it uses Apple hardware, which is specially optimized to run macOS.

    Which Linux is best for Mac?

    10 Best Linux Distros to Install on Your MacBook

    1. Ubuntu GNOME. Ubuntu GNOME, which is now the default flavour that has replaced Ubuntu Unity, needs no introduction. …
    2. Linux Mint. Linux Mint is the distro that you probably want to use if you don’t pick Ubuntu GNOME. …
    3. Deepin. …
    4. Manjaro. …
    5. Parrot Security OS. …
    6. OpenSUSE. …
    7. Devuan. …
    8. Ubuntu Studio.

    Can you dual boot Linux on a Mac?

    Installing Windows on your Mac is easy with Boot Camp, but Boot Camp won’t help you install Linux. You’ll have to get your hands a bit dirtier to install and dual-boot a Linux distribution like Ubuntu. If you just want to try Linux on your Mac, you can boot from a live CD or USB drive.

    Can I install Linux on an old imac?

    All Macintosh computers from about 2006 onwards were made using Intel CPUs and installing Linux on these computers is a breeze. You don’t need to download any Mac specific distro — just choose your favorite distro and install away. About 95 percent of the time you’ll be able to use the 64-bit version of the distro.

    How do I install Linux on my imac?

    How to Install Linux on a Mac

    1. Switch off your Mac computer.
    2. Plug the bootable Linux USB drive into your Mac.
    3. Turn on your Mac while holding down the Option key. …
    4. Select your USB stick and hit enter. …
    5. Then select Install from the GRUB menu. …
    6. Follow the on-screen installation instructions. …
    7. On the Installation Type window, choose Something else.

    Parallels เป็นซอฟต์แวร์เวอร์ชวลไลเซชันที่ดีที่สุดบน Mac และเมื่อต้นปีนี้พวกเขาได้เพิ่มแอพใหม่ชื่อ Parallels Desktop Lite ลงใน Mac App Store อย่างเงียบ ๆ และต่างจากลูกพี่ลูกน้องของมันฟรีดาวน์โหลด สิ่งที่จับใจ: หากคุณต้องการใช้เครื่องเสมือนของ Windows คุณจะต้องจ่ายค่าสมัคร 60 เหรียญสหรัฐต่อปี.

    แต่ตัวโปรแกรมนั้นฟรีอย่างสมบูรณ์หมายความว่าถ้าคุณต้องการสร้าง Linux, Chromium OS หรือแม้แต่เครื่องเสมือน MacOS คุณไม่จำเป็นต้องจ่ายค่าเล็กน้อย.

    ฉันควรใช้ Parallels Lite หรือเวอร์ชันเต็มของ Parallels?

    ดังนั้น Parallels Desktop Lite แตกต่างจาก Parallels Desktop อย่างไร Parallels สรุปความแตกต่างทั้งหมดที่นี่หากคุณสงสัย – มีข้อ จำกัด บางประการเกี่ยวกับการทดลองใช้ Mac App Store นอกเหนือจากนั้นความแตกต่างหลักคือ Lite นั้นฟรีสำหรับทุกอย่างยกเว้นเครื่องเสมือน Windows หากคุณต้องการเรียกใช้เครื่องเสมือน Windows คุณจะต้องเสียเงิน $ 60 ต่อปี.

    สิ่งนี้เปรียบเทียบกับ Parallels Desktop for Mac ซอฟต์แวร์เวอร์ชั่นเต็มหรือไม่ ปัจจุบันผลิตภัณฑ์นั้นมีราคา $ 70 และเป็นของคุณตราบใดที่คุณยังสามารถใช้งานต่อไปได้ โดยทั่วไปแล้วเวอร์ชันของ Parallels จะหยุดทำงานทุก ๆ รุ่นของ macOS หลังจากนั้นคุณจะต้องติดตั้งระบบปฏิบัติการโฮสต์รุ่นเก่าหรือใช้เงิน 50 ดอลลาร์สำหรับใบอนุญาตอัพเกรด สมมติว่าคุณจำเป็นต้องอัปเกรดทุก ๆ สองปีซึ่งสอดคล้องกับประสบการณ์ของเราโดยสิ้นเชิงแผนการกำหนดราคาสองแบบนั้นเหมือนกัน.

    แต่นั่นก็ต่อเมื่อคุณต้องการเรียกใช้ Windows หากความสนใจในเครื่องเสมือนของคุณอยู่ที่ด้านของ Linux และ MacOS Lite จะไม่มีข้อเสนอที่ดีกว่าเพราะคุณไม่สามารถเอาชนะได้ฟรี.

    เริ่มต้นด้วย Parallels Desktop Lite

    เริ่มต้น Parallels Lite เป็นครั้งแรกและคุณจะเห็นตัวช่วยสร้าง Parallels ซึ่งทำให้การตั้งค่าหรือเพิ่มเครื่องเสมือนง่ายขึ้น.

    มีสามตัวเลือกหลักที่นี่ จุดที่โดดเด่นที่สุดที่คุณจะต้องดาวน์โหลด Windows 10 จาก Microsoft ซึ่งจะมีค่าใช้จ่ายราว ๆ $ 120 สำหรับ Windows ที่อยู่ด้านบนของการสมัครสมาชิก Parallels ทางด้านขวาคุณจะพบตัวเลือกในการเรียกดูภาพการติดตั้งบนคอมพิวเตอร์ของคุณ ใต้ตัวเลือกที่โดดเด่นทั้งสองนี้คุณจะเห็นเครื่องมืออย่างรวดเร็วสำหรับการดาวน์โหลดระบบปฏิบัติการอื่น ๆ รวมถึง:

    • Chromium OS (เวอร์ชันโอเพ่นซอร์สของ Chrome OS)
    • Ubuntu 16.04
    • Fedora 23
    • CentOS 7
    • เดเบียน 8

    เริ่มต้นด้วยการตั้งค่าตัวติดตั้งสองสามตัวจากนั้นไปยังการตั้งค่า macOS ในเครื่องเสมือน.

    การติดตั้ง Linux หรือ Chromium OS ใน Parallels Desktop Lite

    คลิกระบบปฏิบัติการใด ๆ ที่ด้านล่างของตัวช่วยสร้างแล้วคุณจะเห็นข้อมูลเพิ่มเติมเกี่ยวกับพวกเขา.

    คลิกที่ปุ่ม “ดาวน์โหลด” และ Parallels จะเริ่มกระบวนการดาวน์โหลด.

    ระยะเวลานี้จะขึ้นอยู่กับความเร็วของการเชื่อมต่ออินเทอร์เน็ตของคุณ แต่สำหรับฉันที่ดาวน์โหลด Chromium OS ใช้เวลาเพียงไม่กี่นาที เมื่อเสร็จแล้วคุณสามารถลงชื่อเข้าใช้บัญชี Google ของคุณและเริ่มใช้ Chromium OS ได้ทันที.

    ดูเหมือนว่า Chromium OS จะไม่ซิงค์กับการตั้งค่าจาก Chromebook ซึ่งน่าผิดหวัง แต่ก็ยังดีที่มีการเข้าถึงระบบนี้สำหรับการทดสอบเป็นครั้งคราว.

    ฉันทำขั้นตอนซ้ำสำหรับ Ubuntu เพียงเพื่อการวัดที่ดี มันเป็นเรื่องง่ายและฉันใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการในเวลาไม่นาน.

    รุ่นของ Ubuntu ที่มีให้คือ 16.04 ซึ่งเป็นเวอร์ชันล่าสุดของ Long-Support Linux รุ่นนั้น ๆ ฉันพยายามติดตั้ง 17.04 ล่าสุดด้วยตนเอง แต่มีปัญหาในการเรียกใช้ Parallels Tools และทำงาน ระยะทางของคุณอาจแตกต่างกันไป แต่ในชีวิตความเห็นที่ต่ำต้อยของฉันนั้นง่ายกว่ามากถ้าคุณติดตั้งตัวติดตั้งวิซาร์ดในตัว.

    ติดตั้ง macOS ใน Parallels Desktop Lite

    หากคุณต้องการ Mac ภายใน Mac ของคุณคุณจะต้องไปที่ Mac App Store ก่อน ค้นหาเวอร์ชั่น macOS ที่คุณต้องการติดตั้งจากนั้นคลิกปุ่ม “ดาวน์โหลด”.

    ข้อควรระวัง: Mac App Store จะไม่ดาวน์โหลดเวอร์ชันของระบบปฏิบัติการที่เก่ากว่าที่คุณใช้อยู่ในปัจจุบัน ซึ่งหมายความว่าคุณไม่สามารถสร้างเครื่องเสมือนสำหรับ macOS เวอร์ชันเก่าได้เว้นแต่คุณจะมีวิธีอื่นในการค้นหาตัวติดตั้ง อย่างไรก็ตามคุณสามารถดาวน์โหลด macOS เวอร์ชันใหม่เพื่อทดสอบได้อย่างง่ายดายโดยไม่ต้องติดตั้งซึ่งถือว่าดี.

    ไปข้างหน้าและปิดสิ่งนี้ด้วย Command + Q- เราไม่ต้องการติดตั้งระบบปฏิบัติการอีกครั้ง มุ่งหน้ากลับไปที่ตัวช่วยสร้าง Parallels ซึ่งคุณสามารถค้นหาได้โดยคลิกที่ปุ่ม Parallels ในแถบเมนูจากนั้นคลิก“ ใหม่”

    คลิก“ ติดตั้ง Windows หรือระบบปฏิบัติการอื่นจาก DVD หรือไฟล์รูปภาพ” และคุณควรเห็น macOS Sierra เป็นตัวเลือก (ถ้าไม่คลิก “ค้นหาด้วยตนเอง” เพื่อให้สิทธิ์ Parallels เพื่อดูระบบไฟล์ที่เหลือของคุณ)

    คลิก“ ดำเนินการต่อ” และคุณจะถูกถามเกี่ยวกับพื้นที่เก็บข้อมูล.

    คลิก “ดำเนินการต่อ” หลังจากตรวจสอบว่าคุณมีที่ว่างเพียงพอจากนั้นตั้งชื่อเครื่องเสมือนของคุณและเลือกสถานที่.

    คลิก“ ดำเนินการต่อ” และในที่สุดโปรแกรมติดตั้งจะเริ่มทำงาน.

    น่าตื่นเต้น! ทำตามขั้นตอนตามที่ได้รับแจ้ง – คุณจะติดตั้ง macOS บนฮาร์ดไดรฟ์เสมือนที่เพิ่งสร้างใหม่และเครื่องจะบูตใหม่สองสามครั้ง คุณสามารถปล่อยให้สิ่งนี้ทำงานในพื้นหลังและทำงานอย่างอื่นได้ ในที่สุดคุณจะได้รับแจ้งให้เลือกภาษาและสร้างบัญชีหลังจากนั้นคุณจะสามารถเข้าถึง macOS ได้อย่างสมบูรณ์ในเครื่องเสมือน.

    ตอนนี้คุณสามารถใช้ macOS ในเครื่องเสมือนจริงของคุณได้แล้ว! ยังมีอีกสิ่งหนึ่งที่ต้องทำ: ติดตั้งเครื่องมือ Parallels ดังนั้นความละเอียดของเครื่องเสมือนจะเปลี่ยนไปเมื่อคุณปรับขนาดหน้าต่างใหม่ระหว่างการผสานอื่น ๆ ในการเริ่มต้นให้คลิกไอคอน“!” ที่ด้านบนขวาจากนั้นคลิก“ ติดตั้งเครื่องมือ Parallels”

    สิ่งนี้จะเชื่อมต่อดิสก์เสมือนกับตัวติดตั้งกับเครื่องเสมือน macOS ของคุณ.

    เรียกใช้โปรแกรมติดตั้งจากนั้นเริ่ม Mac เสมือนใหม่ของคุณและคุณก็พร้อมแล้ว!

    มันง่ายกว่าการติดตั้ง macOS Sierra ใน VirtualBox ใช่ไหม? และราคาก็เหมือนกัน สนุก!

    Parallels dễ dàng là phần mềm ảo hóa tốt nhất trên Mac và đầu năm nay, họ đã lặng lẽ thêm một ứng dụng mới có tên Parallels Desktop Lite vào Mac App Store – và không giống như người anh em họ, nó miễn phí để tải xuống. Lưu ý: nếu bạn muốn sử dụng máy ảo Windows, bạn sẽ phải trả 60 đô la một năm cho một thuê bao.

    Nhưng bản thân chương trình hoàn toàn miễn phí, nghĩa là nếu bạn muốn tạo Linux, Chromium OS hoặc thậm chí là máy ảo macOS, bạn không cần phải trả một xu.

    Tôi có nên sử dụng Parallels Lite hay phiên bản Parallels của Full Full?

    Vậy Parallels Desktop Lite khác với Parallels Desktop như thế nào? Parallels phác thảo tất cả những khác biệt ở đây, nếu bạn tò mò – có một vài hạn chế liên quan đến hộp cát Mac App Store. Ngoài ra, điểm khác biệt chính là Lite miễn phí cho mọi thứ trừ máy ảo Windows. Nếu bạn muốn chạy một máy ảo Windows, bạn sẽ cần tăng 60 đô la hàng năm.

    Làm thế nào mà so sánh với Parallels Desktop cho Mac, phiên bản đầy đủ của Phần mềm này? Chà, sản phẩm đó hiện có giá 70 đô la, và là của bạn miễn là bạn có thể tiếp tục chạy. Các phiên bản song song thường ngừng chạy mỗi vài bản phát hành macOS, sau đó bạn sẽ cần phải sử dụng hệ điều hành máy chủ cũ hơn hoặc tăng $ 50 cho giấy phép nâng cấp. Giả sử bạn cần nâng cấp hai năm một lần, điều này gần như phù hợp với kinh nghiệm của chúng tôi, hai kế hoạch định giá là như nhau.

    Nhưng đó chỉ là khi bạn muốn chạy Windows. Nếu sự quan tâm của bạn đối với các máy ảo nằm hoàn toàn ở khía cạnh Linux và macOS, thì Lite không nghi ngờ gì nữa, vì bạn không thể đánh bại miễn phí.

    Bắt đầu với Parallels Desktop Lite

    Khởi động Parallels Lite lần đầu tiên và bạn sẽ thấy Trình hướng dẫn Parallels, giúp việc thiết lập hoặc thêm máy ảo trở nên đơn giản.

    Có ba lựa chọn chính ở đây. Những điểm nổi bật nhất mà bạn tải xuống Windows 10 từ Microsoft, sẽ khiến bạn mất khoảng 120 đô la cho chính Windows trên đầu đăng ký Parallels. Ở bên phải, bạn sẽ tìm thấy tùy chọn duyệt máy tính của mình cho bất kỳ hình ảnh cài đặt nào trên máy tính của bạn. Bên dưới hai tùy chọn nổi bật này, bạn sẽ thấy các công cụ nhanh để tải xuống một số hệ điều hành khác, bao gồm:

    • Chromium OS (phiên bản nguồn mở của Chrome OS)
    • Ubuntu 16.04
    • Fedora 23
    • CentOS 7
    • Debian 8

    Hãy bắt đầu với việc thiết lập một vài trình cài đặt này, sau đó chuyển sang thiết lập macOS trong máy ảo.

    Cài đặt hệ điều hành Linux hoặc Chromium trong Parallels Desktop Lite

    Nhấp vào bất kỳ hệ điều hành nào ở cuối trình hướng dẫn và bạn sẽ thấy thêm thông tin về chúng.

    Nhấp vào nút Tải xuống Tải xuống và Parallels sẽ bắt đầu quá trình tải xuống.

    Việc này sẽ kéo dài bao lâu tùy thuộc vào tốc độ kết nối internet của bạn, nhưng đối với tôi, việc tải xuống Chromium OS chỉ mất vài phút. Khi hoàn tất, bạn có thể đăng nhập vào tài khoản Google của mình và bắt đầu sử dụng Chromium OS ngay lập tức.

    Có vẻ như Chromium OS không đồng bộ hóa các cài đặt từ Chromebook, điều này gây thất vọng, nhưng vẫn rất tốt khi có quyền truy cập vào hệ thống này để kiểm tra không thường xuyên.

    Tôi đã lặp lại quá trình cho Ubuntu, chỉ là biện pháp tốt. Nó thật đơn giản và tôi đã sử dụng hệ điều hành ngay lập tức.

    Phiên bản Ubuntu được cung cấp là 16.04, đây là phiên bản Hỗ trợ dài hạn gần đây nhất của bản phân phối Linux đó. Tôi đã thử cài đặt thủ công 17.04 gần đây, nhưng gặp sự cố khi chạy Parallels Tools. Số dặm của bạn có thể thay đổi, nhưng theo quan điểm khiêm tốn của tôi, cuộc sống sẽ dễ dàng hơn rất nhiều nếu bạn sử dụng trình cài đặt trình hướng dẫn tích hợp.

    Cài đặt macOS trong Parallels Desktop Lite

    Nếu bạn muốn có máy Mac bên trong máy Mac, trước tiên bạn cần đến Mac App Store. Tìm kiếm phiên bản macOS mà bạn muốn cài đặt, sau đó nhấp vào nút Tải xuống Tải xuống.

    Thông báo trước: Mac App Store sẽ không tải xuống phiên bản HĐH cũ hơn phiên bản bạn đang chạy. Điều này có nghĩa là bạn không thể tạo một máy ảo cho các phiên bản macOS cũ hơn trừ khi bạn có một số phương tiện khác để tìm trình cài đặt. Tuy nhiên, bạn có thể dễ dàng tải xuống các phiên bản macOS mới hơn để kiểm tra chúng mà không cần cài đặt, điều này thật tuyệt.

    Khi trình cài đặt được tải xuống, nó sẽ mở.

    Hãy tiếp tục và đóng cái này với Command + Q – chúng tôi không muốn cài đặt lại hệ điều hành của mình. Quay trở lại Trình hướng dẫn Parallels mà bạn có thể tìm thấy bằng cách nhấp vào nút Parallels trên thanh menu, sau đó nhấp vào Mới.

    Nhấp vào Cài đặt Windows hoặc hệ điều hành khác từ DVD hoặc tệp hình ảnh, và bạn sẽ thấy macOS Sierra dưới dạng tùy chọn (nếu không, hãy nhấp vào định vị thủ công, để cung cấp quyền Parallels để xem phần còn lại của hệ thống tệp của bạn.)

    Nhấp vào Tiếp tục và bạn sẽ được hỏi về dung lượng lưu trữ.

    Nhấp vào Tiếp tục xem sau khi kiểm tra xem bạn có đủ chỗ không, sau đó đặt tên cho máy ảo của bạn và chọn một vị trí.

    Nhấp vào Tiếp tục liên tục và cuối cùng trình cài đặt sẽ khởi chạy.

    Thú vị! Tiếp tục qua các bước như được nhắc – bạn sẽ cài đặt macOS trên ổ cứng ảo mới tạo và máy sẽ khởi động lại một vài lần. Bạn có thể để cái này chạy trong nền và làm việc với cái gì đó khác. Cuối cùng, bạn sẽ được nhắc chọn một ngôn ngữ và tạo một tài khoản, sau đó bạn sẽ có toàn quyền truy cập vào macOS trong một máy ảo.

    Bây giờ bạn có thể sử dụng macOS trong máy ảo của mình! Chỉ còn một việc phải làm: cài đặt Parallels Tools, để độ phân giải của máy ảo sẽ thay đổi khi bạn thay đổi kích thước cửa sổ, trong số các tích hợp khác. Để bắt đầu, hãy nhấp vào biểu tượng trên mạng! Ở phía trên bên phải, sau đó nhấp vào Cài đặt công cụ Parallels.

    Điều này sẽ kết nối một đĩa ảo với trình cài đặt với máy macOS ảo của bạn.

    Chạy trình cài đặt, sau đó khởi động lại máy Mac ảo của bạn và bạn đã hoàn tất cài đặt!

    Việc này dễ hơn nhiều so với cài đặt macOS Sierra trong VirtualBox, phải không? Và giá là như nhau. Thưởng thức!

    This article will help you to install macOS Big Sur with Parallels Desktop 16 for Mac.

    Step 1. Download macOS Big Sur installation application

    Note: If your Mac is already running macOS Big Sur, skip to installing macOS Big Sur from a recovery partition.

    To start downloading macOS Big Sur installation .app, click Apple logo > System Preferences > Software Update. If the update for your Mac is available, Upgrade Now button will appear. Click on it to start the download.

    Once download is finished, ‘Install macOS Big Sur.app’ file will appear in /Applications/ folder and ready to be used by Parallels Desktop 16. Also, macOS Big Sur installer will run, prompting you to upgrade your macOS. At this point you can either just create a macOS Big Sur virtual machine, or start by upgrading your Mac to macOS Big Sur, and create the virtual machine later:

    • If you want to just create a macOS Big Sur virtual machine, without upgrading your host, quit the “Install macOS Big Sur” application and proceed with steps to install macOS Big Sur from an installation .app;
    • If you wish to upgrade your Mac to macOS Big Sur prior to creating a virtual machine, click Continue and follow the upgrade instructions. Once your Mac is up and running macOS Big Sur, follow the steps to install macOS Big Sur from a recovery partition.

    Step 2. Install macOS Big Sur virtual machine:

    From an installation .app

    1. Run Parallels Desktop, and in the Mac menu bar click File >New. .
    2. Select Install Windows or another OS option and click Continue.
    3. Select Install macOS Big Sur.app and click Continue.
    4. Click Continue to accept creating a new file on Mac disk, then click Save.
    5. Wait a few minutes while Parallels Desktop is creating a disk image file.
    6. Specify the desired name and location and click Create. Parallels Desktop 16 will create a virtual machine and boot to the macOS Big Sur installer.
    7. Follow the macOS Big Sur installation and setup procedure.

    From Mac’s recovery partition

    1. Run Parallels Desktop, and in the Mac menu bar click File >New. .

  • Scroll to the right under Free Systems > select Install macOS Big Sur Using the Recovery Partition.
  • Click Continue and proceed with the installation.
  • Step 3. Install Parallels Tools

    To get the best experience with macOS Big Sur virtual machine, including Retina resolution, new Metal graphics*, and Parallels integration features, you need to install Parallels Tools to the virtual machine.

    * – requires macOS Big Sur and later as a primary (host) macOS and Parallels Desktop 16 and later.

    1. Click Actions >Install Parallels Tools. . The Parallels Tools ISO image will connect to the virtual machine.
    2. Open the Parallels Tools volume from the Desktop:
    3. Double-click Install > enter the administrator password when prompted to begin the installation:
    4. Once the installation is completed, restart your virtual machine.

    Step 4. Try the new Metal 3D acceleration

    If you are already running macOS Big Sur on your Mac (as a host OS), you can try the world’s first Metal 3D acceleration support in macOS Big Sur virtual machine. Run apps like Maps, Pages, Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere, and many more in your macOS Big Sur virtual machine.

    Depending on your hardware, you may use more graphics resources for the macOS Big Sur virtual machine. To do that:

    1. Shut down the macOS Big Sur virtual machine (Actions >Shut Down).
    2. Open the virtual machine configuration >Hardware >CPU & Memory (if necessary, unlock the settings by clicking on the padlock icon in the bottom left corner and entering your Mac’s password).
    3. Use Memory slider to assign up to half of your Mac’s memory to the virtual machine.
    4. Close the configuration window and start the virtual machine.

    Note: macOS virtual machine uses system memory (RAM) for graphics.

    Была ли эта статья полезной?

    Как, по вашему мнению, можно улучшить эту статью?

    “Parallels” yra lengvai geriausia “Mac” virtualizavimo programinė įranga, o anksčiau šiais metais jie tyliai pridėjo naują programą “Parallels Desktop” Lite prie “Mac App Store” – skirtingai nei jos pusbrolis, ją galima nemokamai atsisiųsti. Sugavimo: jei norite naudoti “Windows” virtualios mašinos, jūs turėsite sumokėti už pasirašymą 60 JAV dolerių per metus.

    Tačiau programa visiškai nemokama kitaip, o tai reiškia, jei norite sukurti “Linux”, “Chromium” “OS” ar net “macOS” virtualiosioms mašinoms, jums nereikia mokėti užstato.

    Ar turėčiau naudoti “Parallels Lite” arba “Full” versiją “Parallels”?

    Taigi kaip “Parallels Desktop Lite” skiriasi nuo “Parallels Desktop”? Paralelės apibūdina visus skirtumus čia, jei jus domina, yra keletas apribojimų, susijusių su “Mac App Store” sandboxing. Be to, pagrindinis skirtumas yra tai, kad “Lite” yra nemokamas nieko, išskyrus “Windows” virtualiosioms mašinoms. Jei norite paleisti “Windows” virtualųjį mašiną, jums reikės poniuoti iki 60 dolerių kasmet.

    Kaip tai lygi “Parallels Desktop for Mac”, “pilnai” šios programinės įrangos versijai? Na, šis produktas šiuo metu kainuoja 70 JAV dolerių ir yra jūsų tiek, kiek galite jį išlaikyti. “Parallels” versijos paprastai nustoja paleisti kiekvieną iš “MacOS” leidimų pora, po to jums reikės arba laikytis senesnės priimančiosios operacinės sistemos, o atnaujinti licenciją – iki 50 dolerių. Darant prielaidą, kad jums reikia atnaujinti kas dvejus metus, tai yra maždaug atitinkanti mūsų patirtį, abu kainų planai yra maždaug tokie patys.

    Bet tai tik jei norite paleisti Windows. Jei jūsų susidomėjimas virtualiosiomis mašinomis slypi tik “Linux” ir “macOS” dalykų pusėje, “Lite” be abejonės yra geresnis pasiūlymas, nes negalima įveikti laisvo laiko.

    “Parallels Desktop Lite” paleidimas

    “Parallels Lite” paleidimas pirmą kartą pamatysite “Parallels Wizard”, dėl kurio virtualių mašinų nustatymas ar pridėjimas yra paprastas.

    Čia yra trys pagrindiniai variantai. Svarbiausi dalykai, kuriuos galite atsisiųsti “Windows 10” iš “Microsoft”, o “Parallels” prenumeratos kaina jums kainuoja maždaug 120 JAV dolerių už “Windows”. Dešiniuoju pelės mygtuku rasite parinktį naršyti kompiuterį bet kokiuose kompiuteryje esančiuose diegimo vaizduose. Žemiau šių dviejų puikių variantų matysite greitus įrankius, skirtus atsisiųsti kelias kitas operacines sistemas, įskaitant:

    • “Chromium OS” (“Chrome OS” atviro kodo versija)
    • Ubuntu 16,04
    • Fedora 23
    • CentOS 7
    • Debian 8

    Pradėkime nuo kelių šių montuotojų sukūrimo, tada pereikite prie “MacOS” nustatymo virtualiame kompiuteryje.

    “Linux” arba “Chromium” sistemos diegimas “Parallels Desktop Lite”

    Spustelėkite bet kurią iš Vykdytosios apačioje esančios operacinės sistemos ir pamatysite daugiau informacijos apie juos.

    Spustelėkite mygtuką “Atsisiųsti”, o “Parallels” pradės atsisiuntimo procesą.

    Kiek laiko tai bus, priklausys nuo jūsų interneto ryšys, bet man atsisiųsti “Chromium OS” užtruko kelias minutes. Kai tai bus padaryta, galėsite prisijungti prie savo “Google” paskyros ir iš karto pradėti naudotis “Chromium”.

    Atrodo, “Chromium OS” nesinchronizuoja “Chromebook” nustatymų, o tai yra nuvilti, bet vis tiek malonu prieiti prie šios retkarčiais atliekamo bandymo sistema.

    Aš pakartodavau Ubuntu procesą, tik už gerą priemonę. Tai buvo tokia pat paprasta, o aš netrukus naudoju operacinę sistemą.

    “Ubuntu” versija yra 16.04, tai yra naujausia “Linux” platinimo Long Term Support versija. Aš bandiau rankiniu būdu įdiegti naujesnę versiją 17.04, tačiau susidūrė su sunkumais, kai paleidau “Parallels Tools” ir veikia. Jūsų rida gali skirtis, bet mano nuolankioje nuomonėje gyvenimas yra daug lengviau, jei laikosi integruotų vedlių montuotojų.

    “MacOS” įdiegimas “Parallels Desktop Lite”

    Jei norite, kad “Mac” būtų jūsų “Mac” pirmiausia reikia eiti į “Mac” programų parduotuvę. Ieškokite norimos įdiegti “macOS” versijos, tada spustelėkite mygtuką “Atsisiųsti”.

    Įspėjimas: “Mac App Store” nebus atsisiųsta OS versija senesnė nei šiuo metu veikianti. Tai reiškia, kad negalite kurti virtualios mašinos senesnėms “macOS” versijoms, nebent turite kitų būdų rasti diegimo programas. Tačiau galite lengvai atsisiųsti naujesnes “macOS” versijas, kad galėtumėte juos išbandyti be įdiegimo, o tai yra malonu.

    Kai įdiegėjas atsisiunčiamas, jis bus atidarytas.

    Vykdykite ir uždarykite komandą + Q-mes nenorime iš naujo įdiegti operacinės sistemos. Grįžkite į “Parallels Wizard”, kurį galite rasti spustelėję mygtuką “Parallels” meniu juostoje, tada spustelėdami “Naujas”.

    Spustelėkite “Įdiekite Windows ar kitą OS iš DVD ar vaizdo failo” ir turėtumėte pamatyti “macOS Sierra” kaip parinktį (jei ne, spustelėkite “rasti rankiniu būdu”, kad suteiktumėte “Parallels” leidimą pamatyti likusią jūsų failų sistemą.)

    Spustelėkite “Tęsti”, ir jums reikės paklausti apie vietos saugyklą.

    Spustelėkite “Tęsti” patikrinsite, ar turite pakankamai vietos, tada nurodykite savo virtualios mašinos pavadinimą ir pasirinkite vietą.

    Spustelėkite “Tęsti”, ir galiausiai įdiegs programa.

    Įspūdingas! Tęskite veiksmus, parodytus instrukcijoje – įdiekite “macOS” į naujai sukurtą virtualųjį kietąjį diską, o mašina pakartotinai paleidžiama keletą kartų. Galite palikti šį veiksmą fone ir dirbti su kažkuo kitu. Galiausiai būsite paraginti pasirinkti kalbą ir sukurti paskyrą, po kurios jūs turėsite visą prieigą prie “MacOS” virtualioje mašinoje.

    Dabar galite naudoti “macOS” savo virtualioje mašinoje! Dar reikia padaryti dar vieną dalyką: įdiekite “Parallels Tools”, kad virtualios mašinos raiška pasikeistų, kai iš naujo nustatote langą, be kitų integracijų. Norėdami pradėti, spustelėkite “!” Piktogramą viršutiniame dešiniajame kampe, tada spustelėkite “Įdiegti” Parallels Tools “.

    Tai sujungs virtualųjį diską su diegimo programa prie virtualaus” macOS “aparato.

    Vykdykite diegimo programą, tada vėl – paleiskite savo virtualųjį “Mac”, o jūs visi sukūrėte!

    Tai daug lengviau nei “macOS Sierra” įdiegimas “VirtualBox”, ar ne? Ir kaina yra ta pati. Mėgaukitės!

    Atrodo, dar neseniai, kad turėjome tik vieną patikimą būdą prijungti kompiuterį prie išorinio stebėti. Dabar senas geras VGA prievadas, ar jis gali būti ramioje vietoje, yra tik nustatytose “verslo” mašinose ir adapteriuose. Vietoj to, mes turime įvairias alternatyvas, kurios, atrodo, kova tarpusavyje dėl ribotos vietos jūsų nešiojamojo kompiuterio ar grafikos plokštėje.

    “Amazon” stebi jūsų naršymo istoriją, kurią vėliau jis naudoja, kad reklamuotumėte produktus jums visame žiniatinklyje. Nesvarbu, ar esate pavargę matyti skelbimus apie ką tik nusipirktą prekę, ar tiesiog nenorite, kad “Amazon” užliptų ant jūsų, tai yra būdas pritaikyti asmeniniams skelbimams. Štai kaip.