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How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Have you been facing network issues lately? Did you try built-in network troubleshooter or command line utilities? If you have done everything but failed, the last resort you have is to reset your network. Network reset is the latest windows 10 update that will restore all the default settings.

However, it will erase all Wi-Fi passwords. Therefore, you will have to set everything from scratch again. In this article, we will tell you what happens when you reset network settings and how to do it on windows 10. Additionally, we will introduce an amazing Windows 10 Wi-Fi password recovery tool, in case you forgot the password. So, let’s Begin.

Part 1. What Happens When You Reset Network Settings on Windows 10

Before moving to, how to reset your network settings on windows 10, we will first see what happens when you reset it. Basically, when you reset the network, windows erase all the current network settings. It includes wiping the Ethernet network and Wi-Fi network as well as their passwords. Moreover, if you ever set a VPN connection, it will also be deleted along with Bluetooth connections.

Generally, resetting a network can fix network issues like Wi-Fi, adapter problems, etc. What actually reset does is that it erases all the current network settings and restores the windows to its original default or factory state. For instance, it will delete all your saved Wi-Fi networks and your custom changes. It will bring your PC to the Public discovery type.

Moreover, it includes resetting your Ethernet and dial-up connections too. It will also affect your Bluetooth connections wiping out all the history of paired Bluetooth devices. Furthermore, you will lose all the VPN connections that you ever created. Basically, networks reset settings removes all the network adapters of your computer and reinstall them again. It resolves most of your network issues if not all.

Indeed, reset settings bring back your network to how it was when you first installed windows 10. However, you won’t lose any personal data in the process. All your downloaded files and other data will remain intact even after the network has been reset. Let’s now see how to reset the network settings in Windows 10.

Part 2. How to Reset Network Settings on Windows 10

It is pretty simple to reset the network setting to troubleshoot your network issues. You can reset your network settings in windows 10 by merely following a few necessary steps. So, let’s see how to do it.

    01 First, open the “Start” menu on your Windows 10 and go to Settings. Alternatively, you can press Win + I to go to settings directly.

02 Then, in windows settings, click on “Network and Internet” tab.

03 Now, you will see a Status option on the left side of the window. Select it to access network reset settings in windows 10. Then, scroll down until you see the option “Network Reset.”

04 Once you click the Network Reset link, a window will appear with a message that the option will remove and then reinstall all your network adapters. Here, click on “Reset Now” button to initiate the network reset.

05 Before starting, it will again ask you to confirm whether you want to reset your network. A message “Are you sure you want to reset your network adapters” will appear on the screen. Tap “Yes.”

06 When you confirm the reset, your computer will reboot. Though you will have time to save your current work and close all applications.

07 After the computer restarts, you will see your network connection won’t be active. Click the Network Icon and pick the connection. Then, choose “Connect.” It will probably fix all your connection problems.

Bonus Tips: How to Find Your Network Security Key on Windows 10

Now, you know how to reset network settings in Windows 10 and what happens when you do it. It’s time we introduce you to another fantastic and useful tool. So, let’s say you have reset your network settings in Windows 10 and set a new WiFi password for yourself but what if you forgot the password? Or perhaps lost it? So, for such panicking situations, we have a lifesaver tool for you. PassFab Wifi Key is a reliable and easy-to-use software that will help you recover your lost passwords in a matter of few clicks. Check the steps below to learn how to use it.

  • 01 First of all, you need to download PassFab Wifi Key from its official website. It is available for Windows 10, 8.1, 8, and 7.
  • 02 Then, launch the software on your Windows-based laptop or Surface tablet.

03 You will see the main interface with passwords for all your networks. It supports wireless protocols like WEP, WPA, WPA3, etc.

04 So, now you have all the passwords visible on the screen. You can simply copy the password from here. Alternatively, you have the option to export the selected password to save it for later uses. To export the password, select the network name, and click “Export.”

05 Then, you will see a pop window asking to save the password in CSV files. Simply choose the target folder and click “Save” to save your password in the CSV file. Now, you won’t ever have to worry. Even if you forgot the password, it would take just one click to recover your windows 10 Wi-Fi password in seconds.

Final Words

So, let’s say you have been facing network issues in windows 10, and you have tried all the troubleshooting methods but couldn’t fix it. Thus, the last resort for you is to reset your network settings in Windows 10 PC. In this article, we first discussed what happens when you reset your network settings on windows 10 and also shared a simple method on how to do it. Now, because resetting deletes all your passwords, we shared a fantastic Wi-Fi password recovery tool for you. If you ever forgot windows 10 WiFi password, PassFab Wifi Key is reliable tool to help you recover your forgotten in just one click.

Frequented-Asked Questions About Network Settings

Q1. Will I lose anything if I reset network settings?

Yes, you will lose all your WiFi network and passwords, including Ethernet, VPN, and Bluetooth connections. Network reset settings erase all the installed network adapters and install them again.

Q2. Will resetting network settings delete anything iPhone?

No data or media on your PC, iPhone, or any other device will be deleted. However, all your network settings are erased including passwords for your internet connections and Bluetooth paired devices.

Q3. How do I fix unable to connect to the network?

You can try windows built-in network troubleshooter and a few command-line utilities. However, if nothing works, windows 10 comes with network reset settings to bring your network to default values.

Walter Glenn is a former Editorial Director for How-To Geek and its sister sites. He has more than 30 years of experience in the computer industry and over 20 years as a technical writer and editor. He’s written hundreds of articles for How-To Geek and edited thousands. He’s authored or co-authored over 30 computer-related books in more than a dozen languages for publishers like Microsoft Press, O’Reilly, and Osborne/McGraw-Hill. He’s also written hundreds of white papers, articles, user manuals, and courseware over the years. Read more.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

If you’re suffering network problems in Windows 10 that you just can’t seem to fix, the Windows 10 Anniversary Update now includes a feature that lets you reset your network back to how it was when you first installed Windows.

Resetting your network really should be used as a last resort in your troubleshooting process. Before trying it, you should try some basic fixes first. Running the built-in network troubleshooter can often solve your problems, or at least point you toward steps you can take that might help. Windows also includes some good command line utilities that can help you figure out where your problem lies. But if all else fails, or you’d just like to take your network back to the beginning, resetting your network might help.

When you reset your network, Windows will forget your Ethernet network, along with all your Wi-Fi networks and passwords. It will also forget additional connections, such as VPN connections or virtual switches, that you’ve created. Resetting will disable and then reinstall all your network adapters and set other networking components back to their original settings. You’ll even have to run through the questions you saw when you first installed Windows where you select whether you want your PC to be discoverable on the network.

Once you’ve exhausted your other troubleshooting efforts, resetting the network is easy. Open Windows Settings by pressing Start and clicking the Settings button (or just by pressing Windows+I on your keyboard). On the Windows Settings screen, click “Network & Internet.”

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

On the “Network & Internet” page, select the “Status” tab on the left and then, on the right, scroll down and click the “Network reset” link.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

The “Network reset” screen warns you about what will happen when your network is reset and also lets you know that a restart will be necessary. Click the “Reset now” button to reset the network and restart your PC.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

When asked to confirm the network reset, click the “Yes” button.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

And that’s all there is to it. After restarting your PC, Windows will walk you through setting up your network. Again, resetting your network should really be a last resort kind of thing. But if all your other troubleshooting efforts have failed, a full reset might be just the answer.

Craig Lloyd is a smarthome expert with nearly ten years of professional writing experience. His work has been published by iFixit, Lifehacker, Digital Trends, Slashgear, and GottaBeMobile. Read more.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

If you plan on moving into a new place, are selling your Eero system, or are just having issues with it, here’s how to factory reset it so you can start fresh from square one.

There are a couple ways that you can factory reset your Eero system: through the Eero app on your phone, or using the reset button on the back of one of your Eero devices.

How to Reset From the Eero App

This is perhaps the quickest and easiest way to reset your entire Eero system, and it completely wipes everything so that it will start from scratch.

To begin, open up the Eero app and tap on the menu button in the top-left corner of the screen.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Select “Network Settings” from the list.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Tap on “Advanced Settings” at the very bottom.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

On the next screen, select “Delete Your Network” at the very bottom.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Be sure to read the warnings and then hit “Delete Network” at the bottom to completely reset everything.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Tap on “Delete Network” again when the pop-up appears.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

After that, you’ll be taken to the setup screen where you can start the setup process again. Or simply close it out if you’re planning on selling your Eero devices.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

How to Reset Using the Reset Button

Using the reset button on the back of your Eero device gives you options for two different kinds of resets: a soft reset and a hard reset. A hard reset accomplishes the same thing as resetting it through the Eero app, but a soft reset still retains some of your network settings.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

More specifically, Eero says says that a soft reset “will clear all network configurations from the Eero, but preserve its sessions.” This will keeps your Eero connected to your network, and any logs and advanced settings (like IP reservations and port forwarding configurations) will still be saved.

To perform a soft reset, simply take an unfolded paperclip, insert it into the reset button hole, and hold down the reset button until the LED light on the Eero unit flashes yellow, which will be about seven seconds.

To perform a hard reset, hold the reset button until the LED flashes red, which will be around 15 seconds.

Be sure to keep the units plugged in until the Eero system is completely reset, at which point the LED light on each unit will begin blinking blue when the reset has complete.

3 different router reset methods

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

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You may want to reset your network router if you can’t remember the administrator password, you’ve forgotten the network wireless security key, or you’re troubleshooting connectivity issues.

The following process is not the same as restarting a router or modem.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Best Methods for Resetting Routers

Several different router reset methods can be used depending on the situation. Hard resets, power cycling, and soft resets are commonly recommended.

How to Reset a Home Network Router

Hard Resets

A hard reset is the most drastic type of router reset and is commonly used when an administrator has forgotten the password or keys and wants to start over with fresh settings.

Some router manufacturers might have a preferred way to reset their router, and some methods to reset a router may differ between models.

Since the software on the router is reset to factory defaults, a hard reset removes all customizations, including passwords, usernames, security keys, port forwarding settings, and custom DNS servers. Hard resets do not remove or revert the currently-installed version of router firmware, however.

To avoid internet connectivity complications, disconnect the broadband modem from the router before performing a hard reset.

To perform a hard reset:

With the router powered on, turn it to the side that has the Reset button. The Reset button is either on the back or the bottom.

With something small and pointed, like a paperclip, hold down the Reset button for 30 seconds.

Release the Reset button and wait 30 seconds for the router to fully reset and power back on.

An alternative method called the 30-30-30 hard reset rule involves holding down the Reset button for 90 seconds instead of 30, and can be tried if the basic 30-second version doesn’t work.

Power Cycling

Shutting off and re-applying power to a router is called power cycling. It’s used to recover from glitches that cause a router to drop connections such as corruption of the unit’s internal memory or overheating. Power cycles do not erase saved passwords, security keys, or other settings saved using the router console.

To power cycle the router:

  • Turn off the power to the router. Either turn off the Power switch or unplug the power cord.
  • On battery-powered routers, remove the battery.

Some people wait 30 seconds out of habit, but it’s not necessary to wait more than a few seconds between unplugging and reattaching the router power cord. As with hard resets, the router takes time after power is restored to resume operation.

Soft Resets

When troubleshooting internet connectivity issues, it can help to reset the connection between the router and modem. This may just involve removing the physical connection between the two, not manipulating the software or disabling power.

Compared to other kinds of resets, soft resets take effect almost instantaneously because they don’t require the router to reboot.

To perform a soft reset, unplug the cable that connects the router to the modem, then reconnect it after a few seconds.

Some routers may have a different way to perform a soft reset:

  • Look for a Disconnect/Connect button on the console. This resets the connection between the modem and the service provider.
  • Open the router console. In the menu, select Restore Factory Defaults or something similar. This feature replaces the router’s customized settings (such as passwords and keys) with the original ones it had at the factory, without requiring a hard reset.
  • Find and press the Reset Security button on the Wi-Fi console screen. This will replace the subset of the router’s wireless network settings with the defaults while leaving other settings unchanged. Specifically, the router name (SSID), wireless encryption, and Wi-Fi channel number settings are all reverted.

To avoid confusion around which settings get changed on a security reset, Linksys owners can avoid this option and use Restore Factory Defaults instead.

Replacing the Router

If you’re trying to solve a problem with the router by resetting it, and that didn’t fix the issue, it may be time to replace it with a better router.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratchWindows 8 Reset and Refresh: Yes, Things Can Go Wrong You’ve got to respect Microsoft for making a big deal out of Windows 8’s reset and refresh features. Useful as they are, the main reason these features exist is because sometimes, PCs can go haywire.

A new blog post by Microsoft’s Desmond Lee explains Windows 8 refresh and reset in detail. Although Microsoft already revealed these Windows 8 features at its BUILD conference last September, the new post help clear up exactly how they work.

Reset, or Really Reset?

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

In Windows 7, the best way to restore to factory settings is to make a backup right after starting up the computer for the first time, then use that backup when you want to restore. Of course, if you forget to create a backup, you’re out of luck. With the reset feature in Windows 8, users can wipe out all their data and start from scratch without creating a backup beforehand.

Starting with the Windows 8 beta, the reset feature will also include a “Thorough” option, which makes personal data harder to recover by writing random patterns to every sector of the drive. This takes longer–about 24 minutes without BitLocker encryption, compared to 6 minutes for a quick reset–but it makes data difficult to recover without expensive special equipment. The Thorough option is ideal if you’re giving a used PC away.

Just a Little Refreshment

Because sometimes things can go wrong, Microsoft has also created a way for users to install a clean copy of Windows 8 while preserving apps, personal data and settings. This entire process takes about eight minutes.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

As Lee explains, bad apps or incorrect settings are often the cause of PC misbehavior. To deal with this, Windows 8’s refresh feature only hangs onto a few key settings, including network connections, BitLocker encryption settings, drive letter assignments and personalization (such as wallpapers and backgrounds). File type associations, display settings and firewall settings are restored to factory defaults.

Also, the refresh feature only re-installs Metro-style apps, which have been approved for the Windows 8 app store. Microsoft argues that it’d be nearly impossible to figure out which non-Metro apps are causing problems, and that some desktop apps use third-party installers that Microsoft doesn’t have much knowledge about. Users who want to reinstall their apps will find a list of deleted software in HTML format on the desktop. Or, they can use a command line tool to create a refresh state of their choosing.

Windows 8 reset and refresh will be accessible through the “PC Settings” Metro-style app. But in case the computer can’t boot properly, they’ll also be part of Windows 8’s redesigned boot menu.

Both these features will be available in the Windows 8 beta, due to launch at the end of February.

Follow Jared on Twitter, Facebook or Google+ for even more tech news and commentary.

Want to image a computer in Windows 10/8/7 but do not know how? This article will show you how to image a PC in two methods.

By Lily / Last update November 10, 2021

What does it mean to image a computer?

Imaging a computer means to make an image backup for the whole hard drive, including the system, boot files, applications, and all the other files. When your hard drive crashes because of Windows update error, unstable drivers, malware, and virus attack, an image backup of your computer can help you to restore system and all your stuff back.

To image a laptop or desktop computer in Windows 10/8/7, Windows built-in Backup and Restore tool can help you make it while the whole process is kind of complicated. If you prefer an easier way, you can try third party backup software named AOMEI Backupper, just scroll down to Method 2 to learn more. And next, we will start to tell you how to image a computer with Windows Backup and Restore utility.

Method 1. Image a computer with Windows Backup and Restore utility

You can create image backup with Backup and Restore tool in Windows 10/7 or with System Image Backup in Windows 8.

Step 1. Open system image backup.

Windows 7/10: Go to Start > type “backup” in the search box > click Backup and Restore > click Create a system image.

Windows 8: Go to Start > type “file history” and click the File History entry > click System Image Backup > click Create a system image.

Windows 11: Go to Settings -> System -> Storage -> Advanced Storage options > Backup options, then scroll down to Looking for an older backup and select Go to Backup and Restore (Windows 7). Click Create a system image.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Note: There’s one option named “Set up backup”. You can also click it to create a system image. On this occasion, you can add other files that you want to backup besides the system.

Now you have opened the tool and the following steps are same in Windows 7/8/10/11.

Step 2. Choose where to store the backup image, and click Next.

Step 3. Check all the hard drives and partitions you want to backup and click Next.

Step 4. Confirm the settings and click Start backup.

When the backup is done, you’ll be asked if you want to create a system repair disc (CD/DVD) to access the recovery options if your computer is unable to boot. If you do not have the CD-ROM device, you can choose to create Windows recovery disk with your USB flash drive instead.

Method 2. Image a computer hard drive with AOMEI Backupper Standard

Besides Windows backup tool, you can also use free backup software to image a laptop computer or desktop computer. AOMEI Backupper Standard is a powerful backup and recovery software that is totally free to use. Compared to Windows Backup and Restore utility, AOMEI Backupper has made it easier and flexible to create an image backup.

It offers 4 backup types: system backup, disk backup, partition backup, and file backup. You can choose to image the whole hard drive or just selected files you need.

It lets you set custom scheduled backup task: daily/weekly/monthly. And it’s possible to set up multiple backups.

It allows you to save the backup to your local disk, external hard drive or network shared folder.

Learn how to image a computer with AOMEI Backupper Standard:

Step 1. Download, install and run this free backup tool.

Step 2. Click Backup and select Disk Backup. If you only want to include Windows system, you can choose System Backup instead.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Step 3. Click Add Disk to select the source disk that you want to include in the backup.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Step 4. In the popup window, select source disks that you want to back up and you can add several disks to be backed up via Disk Backup each time.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Step 5. Click to select a destination path to save the image backup. You can select local hard drive, external hard drive, a partition, or a shared folder over NAS network.

How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

Step 6. Click Start Backup to run the backup.


1. Options: you can click it to add comments for the system backup, enable email notification, set compression level, encrypt the backup.

2. Schedule: click to set your own custom scheduled backup.

3. Scheme: helps you to set up rules to delete older backups automatically so that there is enough space on your backup location. If you are interested in, you can upgrade to AOMEI Backupper Professional to make it.

4. When you need to restore the system, just go to Home > find the backup task > click more options and choose Restore to make it.

5. In order to restore the backup when your computer is failed to boot, you can create a bootable media when the backup finishes.


Now you know how to image a computer in Windows 11/10/8/7. Compared to Windows Backup and Restore utility, AOMEI Backupper Standard can help you finish the job in an easier way.

In addition, if you want to replace the hard drive in the future, this software can also help you clone your computer hard drive to another one directly with its disk clone feature. Just give it a try by yourself now!

Infopackets Reader Mike J. writes:

Thanks for your article on ‘cannot start outlook, cannot open window’. I have a similar problem. I recently had to format my machine and reinstall Windows 10, then reinstall Office 365. I’m now at the part where I want to set up my email account with Outlook, but I’ve made a huge mistake during the setup: I told Outlook that my email address is associated with a Microsoft Exchange server instead of IMAP. Now I can’t undo the changes!

Here’s what’s happening: when I try to launch Outlook, it keeps asking for my login credentials repeatedly and I simply cannot get passed it. What’s worse is that Outlook won’t let me delete the Microsoft Exchange account because it says I need to have another account as the default account and I don’t have any other email addresses to use! Furthermore, I can’t specify IMAP on the existing account because there is no option to do so. I’ve also tried adding a new account using the same email address, but Outlook says that this is a duplicate account and I can’t continue on. I’ve tried deleting the data file associated with my email address but it won’t let me do that either!

Unbelievable! All I want to do is reset Outlook and start over from scratch and create a brand new user profile, but there is NO option to do that. I’ve read many guides online that say you can delete the existing account and add a new one, but – believe me – Outlook will not let me, no matter how hard I try. How in the world am I supposed reset Outlook and start over like a new installation? “

I asked Mike if he would like me to connect to his machine using my remote desktop support service in order to have a closer look at the problem.

Below I will discuss my findings.

How to Fix: Reset Outlook, Start Over (New Install)

After much research on the subject, the only way I could get this to work is through a registry edit. The great thing about this method is that it doesn’t require an MS Office DVD or installation file in order to continue. Some posts I came across suggested uninstalling and reinstalling MS Office to fix the problem (which would require the DVD or install file), but chances are that a reinstall would not remove your old Outlook user profile because this information would most likely remain in the registry.

The script below will kill the Outlook task if it’s running, make a backup of your Outlook settings (in case you need to get it back for some reason), then reset Outlook to factory settings allowing you to start over and create a new profile. Note that I tested this script with Office 365 but it should work with all other versions of Outlook.

  1. Click Start, then type in “cmd” (no quotes); wait for “CMD.EXE” or “Command Prompt” to appear in this list, then right click it and select “Run as Administrator”.
  2. Use the text below to highlight it with your mouse:

taskkill /f /im outlook.exe
ping -n 5 localhost >nul
reg copy HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office.bak /s /f
reg delete HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office /f
echo this is a dummy line

  • Right click the above highlighted text and select “Copy” from the dialogue menu.
  • Go to the command prompt window you opened up in Step #1 above, and right click in the middle of the window and select “Paste”. The text you copied in Step #2 above should now be output to the command line, and Outlook will be reset.
  • Launch Outlook from the Start menu and it should ask you to set up a new user profile.
  • That should fix it!

    How to Undo the Outlook Reset

    If you need to get your old user profile(s) back and you want to undo the reset, follow these instructions:

    1. Click Start, then type in “cmd” (no quotes); wait for “CMD.EXE” or “Command Prompt” to appear in this list, then right click it and select “Run as Administrator”.
    2. Use the text below to highlight it with your mouse:

    taskkill /f /im outlook.exe
    ping -n 5 localhost >nul
    reg query HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office.bak >nul
    if %ERRORLEVEL% EQU 0 reg delete HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office /f
    reg copy HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office.bak HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office /s /f
    reg delete HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office.bak /f
    echo this is a dummy line

  • Right click the above highlighted text and select “Copy” from the dialogue menu.
  • Go to the command prompt window you opened up in Step #1 above, and right click in the middle of the window and select “Paste”. The text you copied in Step #2 above should now be output to the command line, and Outlook will be reset.
  • Launch Outlook from the Start menu and it should ask you to set up a new user profile.
  • I hope that helps.

    Additional 1-on-1 Support: From Dennis

    If all of this is over your head, or if you need help getting Outlook to work, I can help using my remote desktop support service. Simply contact me, briefly describing the issue and I will get back to you as soon as possible.

    This question does not appear to be about Information security within the scope defined in the help center.

    Closed 2 years ago .

    Over time I have installed several additional trusted CA certificates to Windows trust store, sometimes because an app pushed me to do so, other times for reasons of development and testing.

    Is there any command to restore the default (or currently MS recommended) trusted CA certificates and delete any other entries?

    3 Answers 3

    Theoretically, you could apply the following method:

    Delete all root CA certificates except the ones that are absolutely needed by Windows itself, as indicated here.

    Install the current list of trusted root CA from the current package. Note that validation of this package requires that you still trust one of the “necessary” root CA, which is why you must keep them in the first step.

    I emphasize that I have not tested this method. As a preparatory step, you may want to first make a backup of all these certificates: run certmgr.msc , open the Root store, select them all (e.g. with Ctrl-A), then right-click and choose to export them all as a PKCS#7 file. That file will contain a copy of all the certificates, which should allow you to repair things, if the method above fails in some way. There again, the recovery is untested.

    Be wary of the multiplicity of stores. certmgr.msc shows an aggregate view containing certificates from various sources (“physical stores”). To understand what you are about to do, in the certificate manager, right-click on the Certificates node (root node of the tree in the left pane), select View then Options, and select the Physical certificate stores box. This process is described in this blog entry (with screenshots).

    I found the following simple method to remove the locally trusted CA certificates not present in the official and current Microsoft Certificate Trust List:

    Then simply delete all the displayed CAs with something like certmgr.msc .


    • This method will only help to delete locally trusted CA certificates that don’t exist in the Microsoft Certificate Trust List, but it won’t install the Microsoft Certificate Trust List CAs not currently installed in the local store (e.g. the manually removed ones).
    • This checks the current user store, not the machine store. For checking the machine store, just omit the u in the arguments.
    • The output seems to include only valid certificates, e.g. I’ve observed that a locally trusted CA with a signature that Windows was unable to validate wasn’t listed and I had to check it and remove it manually.
    1. Create a VirtualBox VM or download a pre-made VM by microsoft (Premade VM will include a few extra certs for code signing and visual studio)
    2. Install Windows 10 here is a wrapper that uses the official Windows 10 Media Creation Tool, but it will include enterprise releases and serials pre-activating your ISO
    3. Load mmc.msc
    4. Add certificates snap-in
    5. Choose “computer”
    6. Note the certificates listed
    7. Export what you are missing and copy them to your main PC
    8. Back up & then delete every cert on your primary PC that you don’t see in Windows 10 VM.
    9. Import VM Certs into primary windows system.

    Ignore the votes if they are sabotaged, this is the only solution listed here to actually reset to default. I had a lot of illegitimate and distrusted certs in my trusted certificate list thanks to the Rootsupd.exe utility tutorial here. No bad cert detection tool, anti-virus or security software detected them. Thus I removed over 300 Trusted Root certs from my Windows 10 installation and have only 36 left without any issue. I did this because each certificate, even legit ones, increase the attack surface.

    1. Create a VirtualBox VM or download a pre-made VM by microsoft (Premade VM will include a few extra certs for code signing and visual studio)
    2. Install Windows 10 here is a wrapper that uses the official Windows 10 Media Creation Tool, but it will include enterprise releases and serials pre-activating your ISO
    3. Load mmc.msc
    4. Add certificates snap-in
    5. Choose “computer”
    6. Note the certificates listed
    7. Export what you are missing and copy them to your main PC
    8. Back up & then delete every cert on your primary PC that you don’t see in Windows 10 VM.
    9. Import VM Certs into primary windows system.

    This worked better for me than any other method listed above, as I had a lot of illegitimate and distrusted certs in my trusted certificate list thanks to the Rootsupd.exe utility tutorial here. No bad cert detection tool, anti-virus or security software detected them. Thus I removed over 300 Trusted Root certs from my Windows 10 installation and have only 36 left without any issue. I did this because each certificate, even legit ones, increase the attack surface.

    Importing the entire list is not a reset to default, and is a potential security hazard, however if you want to import the entire list of 400 certs you may download the list from Windows Update:

    In Powershell/CMD Run cd C:\ps\rootsupd\ then certutil.exe -generateSSTFromWU roots.sst

    Then In Powershell:

    Import certs from Windows Update using just powershell:

    Last Updated on May 3, 2019 by admin 1 Comment

    Most PC users know that Microsoft Office programs can be repaired via the Control Panel. But the Microsoft Office won’t appear in the Control Panel if you have installed Office 365 from the Windows Store.

    Users who have installed Microsoft Office 365 from Windows Store can repair and reset Office apps via the Settings. The best part is that you can repair and reset all installed Office apps or individual apps.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    If an Office app is not working well, you can reset and repair it rather than repairing the whole Office suite. For instance, you can reset and repair only the Word app when it’s not working right.

    Method 1 of 2

    Reset Office Word/Excel/PowerPoint in Windows 10

    Use this method if you want to reset or repair individual Office apps to default settings.

    Step 1: In the Start/taskbar search field, search for Word, Excel, PowerPoint or any other Office application to see the app’s entry the search results.

    Step 2: Right-click on the app’s entry in the search result and then click the App settings option.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 3: Scroll down the page to see Reset and Repair section. Click on the Repair option to repair the Word/Excel/PowerPoint. Likewise, click on the Reset option to reinstall the app.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    When you repair an Office Word/Excel/PowerPoint app, the data saved in it won’t be affected. Resetting won’t delete your saved documents.

    You will see a check icon once the reset/repair job is completed.

    Method 2 of 2

    Reset all Word/Excel/PowerPoint at once in Windows 10

    If you need to reset all installed Office 365 at once, use this method.

    Step 1: Open the Settings app. Navigate to Apps > Apps & features.

    Step 2: Look for Microsoft Office Desktop Apps entry. Select it to see the Advanced options link.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 3: Click on the Advanced options link.

    Step 4: On the Advanced options page, you will get Reset and Repair options. Click on the Reset button to reset all Office apps, and use the Repair option to repair all installed Office apps.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    As said before, this method doesn’t let you reset or repair individual Office apps.

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    Reset your Windows 10 system with the Remove Everything option

    Reset your Windows 10 system with the Remove Everything option

    If you want to jettison your data and install a new copy of Windows 10, this approach will handle the task.

    Editor’s note: In the video, Brandon Vigliarolo walks through the steps as if you were booting from a USB; also, he’s using a virtual machine, so there are slight differences from the following tutorial by Greg Shultz.

    In last week’s post, Reset your Windows 10 system with the Keep My Files option, I showed you how to reset your Windows 10 system to a new installation state while keeping all your data files intact. This option is a great way to revive a Windows 10 system that has become unstable due to a virus infection or some other unfortunate circumstance. However, Windows 10 also provides you with the Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option. Unlike its counterpart, this option removes all your data and settings and then reinstalls a fresh copy of Windows 10. This approach comes in handy if you want to scrap everything and start over from scratch or you’re getting ready to decommission your PC and want to pass it on.

    Let’s see how the Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option works.

    What you need

    To run Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option as I’ll describe in this article, you’ll need to have created a Recovery Drive. (See Be prepared: Create a Windows 10 Recovery Drive for a description of that process.) If you’re using an optical disc Recovery Drive–or for some reason you couldn’t use the Back Up System Files To The Recovery Drive option–you can still use Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option. You’ll just need to have some form of Windows 10 installation media on either USB or DVD.

    If you find yourself in this situation, you’ll be glad to know that you can create your own Windows 10 installation media using the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool from Microsoft.

    Running Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option

    Using Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option will take some time to complete, but in the end, you’ll find that it is a straightforward operation. To begin, boot your system using your Recovery Drive. Next, select the Troubleshoot | Reset This PC option and choose Remove Everything, as shown in Figure A.

    Figure A

    After you select the Reset This PC tile, choose the Remove Everything option.

    Now you’ll be prompted to choose the target operating system, as shown in Figure B. Just select the Windows 10 tile. The Reset This PC tool will then perform some preliminary work and will momentarily display a message telling you that it is getting things ready.

    Figure B

    You’ll select the Windows 10 tile to continue.

    Choosing a cleaning method

    After you choose a target operating system, you’ll see the screen shown in Figure C, which prompts you to choose how thoroughly you want to clean your drive. You can remove just your files or fully clean your drive. The option you choose will depend on the reason you’re resetting your PC. For example, if you are resetting it to give yourself a completely new start, you’ll probably want to select Just Remove My Files. On the other hand, if you’re going to be passing your PC on to someone else, you may want to choose Fully Clean The Drive. Let’s take a closer look at these two options.

    Figure C

    You can choose how thoroughly you want to clean the drive.

    If you choose the Just Remove My Files option, the Reset This PC tool will perform a Quick Format operation on the hard disk and then reinstall Windows 10. This procedure deletes the file table that contains pointers to the data files. It doesn’t actually delete the data or modify the disk sectors containing the data in any way. As such, you could recover some or all of the data files using an appropriate data recovery tool if you were so inclined.

    If you choose the Fully Clean The Drive option, the Reset This PC tool will perform a full format of the hard disk that will involve a much more methodical and secure erasure of your data. This includes several passes over the hard disk writing 0’s and then other random numbers to every sector on the hard disk. This almost ensures that you’ll never be able to recover any of the data files. As you’d expect, this option will take a long time to complete.


    Once you’ve made your choice, you’ll see the screen shown in Figure D.

    Figure D

    After you select an option, click Reset to begin.

    When you’re ready, click the Reset button and the reset operation will commence immediately. Regardless of which option you selected, you’ll see a screen like the one shown in Figure E. As the format portion of the reset operation chugs along, a counter indicates the percentage of the operation that is complete. The Just Remove My Files option will take somewhere in the neighborhood of two hours, while the Fully Clean The Drive option can take as long as four hours. Of course, your mileage may vary.

    Figure E

    The percentage counter tells you how the reset operation is progressing.

    When the percentage counter hits 100%, the system will reboot and display a series of screens, like the one shown in Figure F, indicating that Setup is installing device drivers and configuring settings. The system will restart a couple of time during this phase of the reset operation. Once this step runs its course, the system will restart again.

    Figure F

    During the second stage of the procedure, the Reset option reinstalls Windows 10.

    When it boots back up, you’ll go through all the steps in the first-time set up procedure. You’ll need to accept the license, choose a network connection, check for updates, set up a Microsoft account, and so on. Your system will restart a couple of times during this part of the installation.

    When it is complete, you’ll have a new installation of Windows 10.

    What’s your take?

    Now that you know how Reset This PC with the Remove Everything option works, you’ll be ready to use it should the need arise. If you’ve already tried this procedure, did it work like you expected? Share your comments and advice in the discussion thread below.

    Last Updated on March 8, 2019 by admin 47 Comments

    Microsoft’s latest iteration of Windows, Windows 7, is undoubtfully the best operating system because of its improved UI, features and overall performance.

    One of the lesser known features of Windows 7 is its Advanced recovery methods. With the advanced recovery feature one can easily reinstall Windows 7 without much hassle.

    You can reinstall Windows 7 either from a recovery image provided by your computer manufacturer, or from your original Windows 7 installation disc or Windows 7 USB flash drive.

    Reinstalling Windows 7 OS

    Step 1: Open Start menu, type in Recovery in the search box and then hit enter to launch Recovery window.

    Step 2: Click Advanced Recovery methods to open Windows 7’s advanced recovery methods.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 3: In the Advanced Recovery window, you will see two options:

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    # Use a system image you created earlier to recover your computer: If you have created a system image, you can use it to replace everything on your computer, including Windows, programs, and all your files, with the information saved on the system image.

    # Reinstall Windows (requires Windows installation disc): This option will reinstall Windows on your computer. Afterward, you can restore your files from a backup. Any programs you have installed will need to be reinstalled using the original installation discs or files. Existing might remain in the Windows.old folder on your hard disk after the reinstall completes.

    Step 4: Click Reinstall Windows option to start the reinstallation procedure. You will be asked to backup your files in the next step. Click Backup now option to backup your files such as document, pictures and music to a USB, DVD or external hard disk.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Click Skip and then click Restart button to restart your PC to start the reinstall process.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Note: When you use this method (Reinstall Windows), the existing Windows installation will be moved to the Windows.old directory. You can retrieve data from that location after the restore completes. Any programs you have installed will need to be reinstalled.

    Step 5: Once you hit the restart button, wait for a few minutes to see the following screen. Select your keyboard input method and click Next.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 6: In following screen, you will be prompted with reinstall Windows 7 confirmation box. Click Yes to proceed to the next step.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 7: Now insert your Windows 7 installation disc and then click Yes to see the Windows 7 installing screen. From here onwards, you need to follow the simple onscreen procedure to complete the reinstallation procedure (you can refer our Windows 7 installation procedure).

    Step 8: Windows will take a few minutes to show the below screen, where you need to enter a username to your account.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 9: Click Next to see the set password box. If you like to set a password for your account, type and then retype the password in respective boxes. Click Next to continue.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 10: In this screen, click Use recommend settings and then select your time zone and again click next button to select your network type from available Home, Word or Public network.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 11: You are almost done! You have successfully reinstalled Windows 7. You might see the Restore my files box on the desktop. Click Restore my files button if you have done a backup in the step 5.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 12: Finally, you might want to delete the Windows.old folder during the reinstallation process by Windows to move your old installation files. Refer our how to safely delete Windows.old folder in Windows 7 guide to free up a few GBs of your hard disk space.

    Step 13: Once the reinstall is done, it’s time to install all your software and device drivers.

    Windows 10 factory reset is done to make the PC go into its older self. The process of Windows 10 factory reset from boot is able to restore all the settings of the PC as it is when it was went down from the assembly line. Although it deletes the entire problems related to booting of the PC it can also delete the important files and changes made on the PC.

    Way 1. Reset Windows 10 from Boot Using Recovery Drive

    If the PC does not start anymore, a recovery drive whether CD/DVD or USB can be used to reset the PC to a restore point. For this method to put in action a recovery drive has to be created beforehand. If the recovery drive exists then follow the steps mentioned below to restore Windows 10 from boot.

    • Insert the recovery disc or USB flash drive into the PC.

    • Restart the PC and boot it from the recovery drive.

    • A screen named as “Choose an option” will pop up on the monitor.

    • Click on “Troubleshoot” from the options.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    • To factory reset Windows 10 laptop from boot, select “Reset your PC” and you can select to keep my files, Remove everything or Restore factory settings. How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Way 2. Restore Windows 10 from Boot Using Installation Disk

    For achieving Windows 10 system restore from boot with installation disk is another way to rest the PC in the factory reset mode. For this method to be applicable installation disk is required. So fetch the installation disk in hand before starting and then follow the steps as mentioned below.

    • Put the windows 10 installation disk in the PC.

    • Restart the PC and boot it from the windows 10 installation disk.

    • A screen named “Install now” will appear on the monitor. Click on the “Repair your computer” option on the screen.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    • Then click on the “Troubleshoot” choice and then select the “Reset this PC” and the user can select to keep his or her files, Remove everything or Restore factory settings.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Way 3. Factory Reset Windows 10 from Boot Using Windows Boot Genius

    Another way to reset the PC is via using windows rescue in Windows Boot Genius . This powerful tool can easily create a bootable disk to boot your problematic computer and give you an option to reinstall Windows system from scratch.

    First the user needs to create a bootable disk to perform the requisite task of re-installing the Windows. To create the same through Windows Boot Genius follow the steps as described below:

    • Download the Windows Boot Genius from the website and install the software on a functional PC.

    • Put an empty CD/DVD or USB flash drive into the PC. This will become the bootable disk

    • Open the Windows Boot Genius and in the main window choose CD/DVD/USB and click on “Burn” for starting the creation of the boot disk.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Now by using the Windows Boot Genius user have a bootable disk. The user can employ this bootable disk to boot his or her PC by following this steps as mentioned:

    • Then press F12 from the keyboard a number of times until the PC goes into Boot mode. In the Boot menu choose the option “CD/DVD/CD-RW Device” or “USB Storage Device” for booting the PC from CD/DVD or USB flash drive respectively.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    • When successfully get into WinPE environment, you will see the icon of Windows Boot Genius. Launch Windows Boot Genius to get into Windows Rescue mode to In the main window click on “Windows Rescue” option.

    • From the options in the left panel of the software interface window click on “Reinstall Windows System”.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    So these were the 3 ways for resetting the Windows 10 PC to factory reset mode. Any one of these 3 methods can be useful for resolving the booting issues related to Windows 10 PC. Use them sequentially is the problems remain after using the previous method.

    Chinenye Anuforo

    Hackers get into your computer for a variety of reasons. Some wish to steal sensitive information and sell it on the dark Web. Others will hold your computer to ransom till you pay up, while others are just in to mess you up or use your computer as a zombie in another elaborate hacking attempt on others. Even if the hacker doesn’t demand anything from you, it is still possible to determine if you have been hacked. And when you realise it, you might need more than an antivirus and malware protection software to be free of the infection. You should take the following steps to restore your computer.

    Before you even decide to use an antivirus or malware remover, the first thing to do when you realise you have been hacked is to quarantine your computer. This means disconnect your computer from any internet source and from all networks and computers. Remember that the hacker needs the internet to siphon sensitive data from your computer. Disconnecting your computer blocks that access even if it doesn’t remove the malicious code from your system.

    Don’t try to turn off the Wi-Fi access through the computer, as a hacked computer can prevent you or even trick you into thinking you are offline. Instead, turn off your router or remove the network cable. Make sure your computer is no longer connected to any company or house network in order to prevent any contagion.

    Remove your hard drive

    The goal now is to try and recover your hard drive. While you might be tempted to use an antivirus or malware remover immediately, note that the virus could have compromised so much that the antivirus or malware remover would miss it. Also, the fact that the hacker got into your system anyway must mean something is up with your antivirus.

    You should therefore disconnect your hard disk. Then set it as a slave drive, and connect it to another computer. You could also install a new drive as primary drive in the same computer and set up your infected drive as a slave drive. By setting it to slave, the new computer will not try to boot from this infected drive. There are different ways of connecting your drive; one is by opening up the PC to remove the drive, the other is via a USB caddy. At this stage, it is important to ensure that you have a well-configured antivirus and malware protection software on your primary drive.

    The next step is to scan the slave drive for the malicious code the hacker used to infiltrate you computer. If you are using a default antivirus that already came with your computer, this might be the time to upgrade to something more powerful. Do multiple full scans where possible, using different antivirus and malware protection software.

    After making sure that the drive is rid of the hacker’s footprint, you can go ahead and save all relevant data. If you have not been backing up your data, this should be the first step to doing so regularly. Make sure you do a back up of only relevant files. Having done that, you can then erase that drive. Do not use only the formatting function. There are different disk erasure utilities you can use. The idea is to have a blank hard drive that has been rid of all of the hacker’s virus or malware no matter how stealth they are.

    Restart all over again

    The next step is to re-install a new operating system onto your blank hard disk. Make sure you are downloading it from a secure marketplace and not a torrent site. You can also install the applications you need. After installing a new, powerful antivirus or malware protection software, you can go ahead and copy the files you salvaged from the old hard disk.

    Make sure you immediately change all passwords you have entered on the old hard drive. Consider using a password manager in the future if you have to log in to a lot of platforms.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    HP printers are some of the most reliable and good quality printers available in the market. However, technical issues may be experienced by HP printer users, especially in the outdated versions of the devices.

    While troubleshooting for possible causes of the error, an option to perform a HP printer hard reset may show up. Are you unsure of how to deal with this issue? This article will bring into the reader’s knowledge what a hp printer hard reset is and how to reset a HP printer.

    Hopefully, that will help you to resolve the issue in no time.

    How to factory reset HP printer- stepwise tutorial

    • The first step to reset HP Printer is to turn off the printer, unplug the cord from the printer and remove the plug from the socket to ensure complete disconnection.
    • Next, disconnect USB cables.
    • Now press the power button on your printer (make sure to hold the power button for at least 30 seconds)
    • Plugin the power cable into the socket and back into the printer.
    • Turn on your HP printer. Make sure to install the printer software too.

    How To Install Printer Software

    • First, go to HP printer official website
    • Type in your device details and search the device for your HP printer.
    • Press download on your hp printer option that showed up.
    • Once the software download finishes, click and open HP easy start.
    • Click on the setup and mark the ‘accept all terms and conditions option.
    • Click on continue.
    • Next, control panel > power button light > on.
    • Press connect after clicking on your printer option and click continue.
    • The Pc will display your printer name and network SSID
    • Take a look at the network SSID to check if it is correct, and click on join.
    • If it is incorrect, manually search for the correct one in the list given and press join.
    • While this connection is being established, your PC might display that it is temporarily disconnected from the wireless network.
    • Once the connection is fully established, click authorize.
    • This will help you retrieve the password for your network; you can use this to connect to your printer.
    • Now start the installation process by following the details on the screen.
    • Select the software to install and press continue.
    • When you see the option of enable printing screens, click on ‘add printer’ to set up a print queue.
    • On the ‘add windows’ screen, choose your printer and press add.
    • Now you can test if your printer is working correctly.

    The step-wise method given above to reset the HP printer is very comprehensive and easy to follow. The support team has tried and tested this method for a HP printer hard reset, and many satisfied customers have given good feedback for it.

    Related Articles
    • How to Find WPS Pin On HP Printer
    • How to Reset HP 61 Ink Cartridge
    • How to Bypass HP Instant Ink
    • How to Fix Ink System Failure on HP Printer
    • How to fix HP Officejet 3830 not printing in color
    • How to Fix HP Envy 4500 Scan to Computer Error
    • How to fix HP printer in error state


    While HP printers offer the most seamless printing experience, technical issues will arise from time to time. Fortunately, there are tried and tested solutions for everything. In addition, the HP support team is very responsive and helpful.

    Hopefully, this tutorial given above will help you resolve the issue in no time. Otherwise, the HP support team can always be contacted for assistance. Leave your feedback below.

    You can conveniently reset or reboot your Deco Whole-Home Wi-Fi System physically or through the Deco app.

    Reset a Deco unit:

    From the Dashboard in the Deco app, tap the Deco unit that you want to reset, and then tap the button in the top right corner. Click Remove to reset the Deco unit.

    Alternatively, you can press the Reset button which on the bottom of the Deco unit for 1s to reset it.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    1. If you fail to reset Deco by either removing the unit on the Deco app or pressing the reset button for one second, it’s recommended to unplug the Deco unit and then plug it back, wait two minutes and then reset it again.

    2. If you would like to reset all Deco units via the Deco app, it is better to remove the expansion units first and primary unit last.

    Reboot your Deco unit:

    Tap a Deco unit that you want to reboot on the Dashboard in the Deco app, and then tap the button in the top right corner. Click Reboot to reboot the Deco unit.

    Alternatively, you can unplug the Deco unit and then plug it in again to reboot it.

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    Windows 10 violates your privacy by default, here’s how you can protect yourself

    Windows 10 violates your privacy by default, here’s how you can protect yourself

    Upon installation, Windows 10 defaults to some pretty serious privacy invasions. Here are some steps you can take to keep your personal data private.

    Since the July 29 release of Windows 10, the tech world has been talking about the latest OS update from Microsoft. A mere 24 hours after its release, more than 14 million users had downloaded Windows 10.

    The quick ramp up was due, in part, to Microsoft releasing the update as a free download for existing Windows users. Windows 10 also came with a new service model as Windows will be releasing service packs every few months to users.

    The model itself got some backlash, especially from organizations that don’t want to upgrade their system that frequently. More recently, though, some criticism has arisen over privacy concerns brought on by the new OS.

    SEE: Information security policy (Tech Pro Research)

    The first issue is that Windows 10 automatically assigns an advertising ID to each user on a device tied to the email address that’s on file. Using that ID, the company can tailor ads for web-browsing and using certain applications.

    The next concern is that much of users’ personal data is synced with Microsoft’s servers. Some of this information, like your Wi-Fi password, can then be encrypted and shared with your contacts, using a feature called Wi-Fi sense. Although, some have argued that this isn’t a security risk, because the user must choose to share the network.

    Additionally, Microsoft’s personal assistant, Cortana, must collect data as well to provide the kind of service it does, but it is likely not better or worse than its Apple and Google contemporaries.

    One of the biggest worries, though, is Microsoft’s policy on disclosing or sharing your personal information. The following is an excerpt from the privacy policy:

    “We will access, disclose and preserve personal data, including your content (such as the content of your emails, other private communications or files in private folders), when we have a good faith belief that doing so is necessary to protect our customers or enforce the terms governing the use of the services.”

    The problem is that many users want personalized services, but it’s difficult to draw the line at what data should be collected. Forrester’s Tyler Shields said that instead of making these features default, Microsoft could have allowed users to opt-in later if they wanted to enable them.

    “This is more of a privacy-friendly stance that may have been palatable to the general public,” Shields said. “However, Microsoft would have had less adoption to its value added services had it made them opt-in, thus lessening the potential success of the Windows 10 launch.”

    So, how do you protect yourself from these issues? Here are some steps you can take to opt-on or disable some of the problematic features.

    The first thing to note is that, if you haven’t yet installed Windows 10 but you plan on doing so, make sure you that you do a custom install so you’ll be able to pick and choose what is enabled at the onset. But, if you installed Windows 10 using Express settings, you can still disable some of the default privacy settings.

    From the start button, click “Settings” and then click “Privacy” and click the “General” tab on the left sidebar. Under that tab you’ll see a few sliders where you can toggle certain features on or off.

    The top toggle button is the most important as it disables the advertising ID for each user. But, if you want to cover your bases, you should go ahead disable the rest of the options as well.

    After turning off the options under the general tab, you can jump down to the next tab down, “Location,” and turn off location data for all apps or specific ones. That’s not necessarily new to WIndows 10, but it’s something that many security-conscious folks like to do.

    Next, you’ll want to head down to the tab labeled “Speech, inking, and typing.” Here you can disable Cortana from gathering information about you by clicking the “Stop getting to know me” button towards the middle of the screen.

    Keep in mind, clicking this will also disable Cortana and dictation.

    Moving on, click the “Other devices” tab at the bottom of the list. Under this tab you’ll be able to turn off the “Sync with devices” feature. In the example given by Microsoft, this could be used for connecting with beacons, which are typically used for advertising purposes.

    If you want to kill this feature, slide the first button to the off position. If you want, you can also turn off syncing for trusted devices as well.

    Now, back out to the general settings and click “Network and internet.” In that window click “Manage Wi-Fi settings” toward the middle of the screen.

    Here you’ll be able to customize your setting for the Wi-Fi Sense feature. If you want to keep everything private, click all the sliders until the read “off” and uncheck the boxes on the page. If not, you can select which features to turn off individually.

    One of the final security checks you can do is to opt out of the personalized ads while browsing in Microsoft Edge. Click the following link or paste it into your browser:

    Click the Xs next to the options to turn off “Personalised ads in this browser” and “Personalised ads wherever I use my Microsoft account.”

    This isn’t a comprehensive security checklist, but hopefully it helps you take care of some of the potential privacy issues in Windows 10.

    What do you think?

    What other security measures should Windows 10 users take? Tell us in the comments.

    Last Updated on March 5, 2020 by admin 22 Comments

    Microsoft Solitaire Collection is introduced as a replacement for the classic games that were part of Windows 7 and previous versions. The Microsoft Solitaire Collection app allows you to play five card games. Classic Solitaire, Spider, FreeCell, Pyramid, and TriPeaks card games are part of the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app in Windows 10.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Microsoft has released several updates to the Solitaire Collection app to iron out various types of issues, but at times, you might encounter problems while using the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app. If the app is not opening or hanging, you can reset the app to fix the issue.

    Reset Microsoft Solitaire Collection

    When you reset the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app, it will reset all data saved by Microsoft Solitaire Collection on your device. So, if you don’t want to reset the data, you should try fixing the issue without resetting the app.

    Complete the given below directions to reset the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app in Windows 10.

    Important: The ability to reset Windows 10 apps feature was introduced with Anniversary update build 14372. So make sure that you’re running 14372 or later build of Windows 10 by typing Winver.exe in Start menu search and then press the Enter key.

    Step 1: Open Settings app, click System, and then click Apps & features.

    Step 2: Look for the entry named Microsoft Solitaire Collection and then click on it.

    Step 3: When you click on the app entry, you will see the Advanced options link. Click the Advanced options link.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 4: Click the Reset button and then click the Reset button again when you see the confirmation dialog. Once the reset job is done, you will see a check sign next to the Reset button.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Step 5: Try opening the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app now. It should open now and work without any issues.

    If resetting the app didn’t help, you can reinstall the Microsoft Solitaire Collection app to fix the issue.

    OS: Vista enterprise

    When i switch between my home and office network, i always face issues with getting connected to the network. Almost always I have to use the diagnostic service in ‘Network and sharing center’ and the problem gets solved when i use the reset network adapter option.

    This takes a lot of time (3-4 min) and so i was trying to find either a command or a powershell script/cmdlet which i can use directly to reset the network adapter and save myself these 5 mins every time i have to switch between the networks. Any pointers?

    13 Answers 13

    You can use WMI from within PowerShell to accomplish this. Assuming there is a network adapter who’s device name has Wireless in it, the series of commands might look something like the following:

    Remember, if you’re running this with Window’s Vista, you may need to run the PowerShell as Administrator.

    was 99% of what I was looking for. The one piece of information that s/he left out, though, was that these commands have to be run as an administrator. Either run cmd.exe as an admin and type them in, or store them in a batch file, and then run that file as admin by right clicking on it and choosing “Run as Administrator” from the context menu.

    You can get the list using

    You can also try this in a .BAT or .CMD file:

    These commands should do the same things as the ‘Diagnose and Repair’ for the network adapter, but is WAY faster!

    Let me know if this helps! JFV

    What worked for me:

    to show the interface name which for me was “Ethernet 2” and then:

    The following command worked for me (on Server 2012 R2):

    Replace “Ethernet 2” with the name of your adapter.

    Note: To create a PS script: create a new document in Notepad, save is as script.PS1 , insert the line above and save. Right click the file -> Run with PowerShell.

    For more see this technet article.

    The post of Scott inspired me to write a very small C# / .Net console application, that uses System.Management. You can name the adapter, that you want to restart, as a command line parameter. The code shows some basics about handling devices, that could be useful for others too.

    This is what I use on PowerShell version 5.0.10586.122 Windows 10 Home. This needs to be run as an administrator:

    Restart-NetAdapter -Name “ethernet”

    To run this as an administrator without having to “Turn off UAC” or ” R-Click -> Run as administrator”: (This is a one time task)

    • Put the above Restart-NetAdapter -Name “ethernet” into a .ps1 file
    • Create a new shortcut ( R-Click on .ps1 file > Create Shortcut)
    • On the Shortcut, R-Click > Properties > Shortcut > Target > (Append Powershell.exe to precede the Location/filename as shown below. Also enclose the Location/filename with double quotes(“), also shown below.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    • On the Shortcut, R-Click > Properties > Shortcut > Advanced > “Run As Administrator”(Check this Check box)

    Now every time you run the shortcut, you will need to just click “Yes” on the UAC screen and it will reset the adapter you’ve specified in the .ps1 file.

    To get the names of the available adapters using PowerShell(WiFi, LAN etc.,):

    Resetting your Windows phone will return it to the same state it was in the first time you turned it on. All of your personal content will be erased, and the phone will be restored to its factory settings.

    If you decide to reset your phone, you can back up apps, text messages, and more in the cloud beforehand. To learn more about how this works, see Back up your stuff.

    Warning: Be careful. Resetting your phone will erase all content stored on your phone, including apps and games (along with app data and game progress), text messages, call history, music, photos, and more.

    Reset your phone

    On Start , swipe over to the All apps list, then select Settings .

    Select System > About > Reset your phone.

    You’ll receive two warnings. If you’re absolutely sure you want to restore your phone to its factory settings, select Yes, and then select Yes again. It might take a little while for the process to complete.

    If your phone is unresponsive and you can’t reach Settings , you may be able to reset your phone using the hardware buttons. On Lumia phones (and some others), use the following procedure to reset your phone.

    Reset an unresponsive phone

    Press and hold the Volume down and Power buttons at the same time until you feel a vibration (about 10 to 15 seconds).

    When you feel the vibration, release the buttons, and then immediately press and hold the Volume down button until you see a large exclamation mark.

    Once the exclamation mark appears, press the following four buttons in this order: Volume up, Volume down, Power, Volume down. Your phone should now reset and restart itself. (It might take a while for the reset to finish.)

    Note: If you lose your phone, you can reset it remotely. To learn how, see Find a lost phone.

    I’ve had a Raspberry Pi now for some time. I did a lot of fun stuff with it. A lot of the fun stuff is still on there, and that’s not always fun.

    I could reset my Raspberry Pi by walking over to it, powering it down, remove the micro SD card, and install a fresh image on it.
    But, from an IT viewpoint, that feels wrong.

    I was wondering if I could achieve a (somewhat) complete reset by executing a set of commands (and later on making a script out of them)

    What I would like to know is:
    – Is it possible at all?
    – What are the minimum steps required to get a clean install?
    – What optional things could be useful (stuff like overwriting the SD with zeroes)

    I’m asking this because I think that once my raspberry bush expands, it would be useful to do this without needing physical access. I have a feeling this method would also be more or less applicable to other Linux distro’s.

    1 Answer 1

    Firstly: doing this by remote is inadvisable especially if, like me, you happen to be 70+ miles from your remote pi. It’s a very long drive if you screw it up. When you do this fir the first time, do it “remotely” while sitting right next to the pi.

    Secondly: yes, this is possible but I’ve never done it and although I believe I could achieve it, I’m not going to give step by step instructions.

    The principle:

    The SD card for raspbian is already partitioned.

    • It has the main OS partition (EXT4 formatted, mounted at / ).
    • It has the boot partition (FAT32 formatted, mounted at /boot ).

    What you could do is

    1. Shrink your main OS partition using resize2fs and fdisk . This is a bad idea with the PI online. But if you want to shoot yourself in your foot then see here:
    2. add an extra “recovery” EXT4 partition using fdisk
    3. Install a working OS (Raspbian) on the new partition as a sort of “recovery OS”.
    4. Reboot into the recovery OS by changing PARTUUID /boot/cmdline.txt and rebooting the pi. You can get the PARTUUID of your partitions by typing sudo blkid
    5. Wipe clean and re-install the main OS partition.
    6. Change /boot/cmdline.txt back and reboot into your new fresh OS. It’s best to check sudo blkid before doing this, it may have changed.

    The Prep

    If you are simply planning to do this in future, then you will do steps 1, 2 and possibly 3 with the pi offline and just leave the recovery partition in place until you need it.

    Installing the OS (Steps 3 and 5)

    Normally you download an SD card image from the website ( and just overwrite your entire disk. but that’s no good because you must not overwrite your partition table.

    The downloaded images will have the exact 2 partitions you started with, so you need to copy the OS partition from the image into whichever partition you want to install to.

    So you can try this:

    The part of this I really can’t help you with is skipping the first boot which usually does something different to simply booting the pi

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Google Home Hub is a combination of smart devices connected to a mobile app that allows you to have complete control of your home.

    This Hub is linked to your Google account, meaning that once you set it up it will store all personalized data, history, and modifications there. Deleting the Google Home Hub essentially means you unlinking your account and resetting your devices.

    If you want to venture into this thorough process, keep reading this article.

    Step One: Unlink Your Account from Google Home Hub Devices

    The first thing that you’ve got to do is remove your Google account from your Google Home Hub. This means that you should unlink your account from all the connected Home Hub devices, so you can perform a factory reset and start all over again.

    Follow these steps:

    1. Make sure that your smart device (either Android or iOS) is connected to the same network as your Google Home Hub.
    2. Launch the Google Home Hub app on your smartphone.
    3. Tap the ‘Devices’ button at the top-right of the screen.
    4. Look for your Google Home device.
    5. Tap the menu at the top-right of your device’s box.
    6. Select ‘Settings’.
    7. Tap ‘Linked accounts’.
    8. Select the ‘X’ beside your Google account.
    9. Confirm account removal and enter your credentials if prompted.
    10. Select ‘Unlink’.
      How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    By following one of these methods, you’ll remove your account from the Google Home Hub. However, the linked devices and everything that you’ve added to them will remain. You should remove your Home Hub and hard reset all your devices one-by-one to completely remove the Hub.

    Step Two: Unlink the Devices and Delete Home

    Now that your account isn’t associated with the Home Hub, you can easily unlink all the connected devices. To do so, you should follow these instructions:

    1. Launch the Google Home Hub app.
    2. Tap the plus sign at the top-right of the screen.
    3. Select the ‘Set up device’ option.
    4. Tap ‘Have something already set up?’ at the bottom of the menu. You’ll see all the devices linked to your Hub system.
    5. Tap ‘x’ next to each one to unlink them from your Google Home.

    After all the devices are unlinked, you can delete your Google Home. To do so, just tap the ‘Settings’ button on the Google Home Hub app and select ‘Delete This Home’.

    If you’ve disconnected all the devices from your home and unlinked all the accounts of your household members, the app will delete your Home Hub. All that remains is to factory reset your Hub devices.

    Step Three: Factory Reset Your Devices

    Although you’ve unlinked all the devices from your Google Home, all the customized data on them will remain. That’s why you need to perform a factory reset on them.

    When you factory reset your devices they will return to their initial settings (the way they were when you first unpacked them). This is the final step that sets your Google Home Hub up for a fresh start.

    Each of the Google Home Hub devices requires a different method for factory reset, and we’ll go through each:

    1. Google Home: Long press the mic mute button at the rear end of the device. Hold it until you hear the Google Assistant confirming the command.
    2. Google Nest Mini: Turn the microphone off (the button is on the side) and wait for the LED light to become orange. Long-press the center of the device (the lights are on top of the center) and the reset will commence shortly.
    3. Google Home Mini: This device has a built-in hard reset button right under the power cord. Press and hold it until you hear the sound confirming that the device is reset.
    4. Google Home Max: Just like the device above, Home Max has a built-in factory reset button at the back of the device. Press and hold it for around 15 seconds and Google Assistant should confirm that it’s resetting the device.
    5. Google Nest Hub: To factory reset this device, you need to long-press both volume keys at the rear end of the device. You can apply the same method for the Google Nest Hub Max.

    Once you unlink your account and then unlink the devices and factory reset them, you are ready to start from scratch. Just launch the app and the device again, set it up (with a new account) and link the devices again.

    Google Account Data Remains on the Account

    Before you venture into deleting Google Home Hub, you should know that anything related to the removed account will remain on the Cloud and won’t disappear. Therefore, if you decide to link the same account again, all data and history such as voice snippets will remain in the activity log.

    So the best way to start over is to create a completely new account for Google Home Hub or to clear your entire account history before you connect it to the hub again.

    Why do you want to erase your Google Home Hub? Would you create a new account? Share your thoughts in the comments section below.

    I am new to Docker containers. I need to create a new image from scratch.

    I have a folder in desktop named “Playground.” Inside that folder I have a Java specific version and OATS folder and inside the OATS folder I have an .exe to install OATS.


    I need to create an image and convert the image to a container, and when I run the container it should install Java and the OATS application.

    My Docker info:

    My Work till now:

    I have created a Dockerfile and below is the code I tried in the Dockerfile:

    Thanks in Advance,

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    1 Answer 1

    There’s a few things wrong that stand out. First, according to the filenames, you appear to be trying to run a Windows binary on a Linux runtime. This won’t work, the Linux kernel will not run Windows binaries.

    Next, when you try to use scratch, you will not have anything on the image filesystem, it’s completely empty. That includes no libraries, no shell, and no distribution package tools. Using scratch is typically done for statically linked binaries, and for OS base images that have their entire OS filesystem packaged as a tar file that gets extracted as the first step. If your jdk doesn’t include all the OS libraries, shell, and other dependencies, then you’ll need more than “scratch” as your base image.

    If you are determined to use scratch for your base, then I’d look at a desired jdk image on the Docker hub and follow back the image tree until you get to scratch and look at all the steps needed to recreate that jdk image. You’ll likely need to checkout multiple repos if you want to recreate this. And if you want to do this with Windows instead of Linux binaries, then you’ll need to change your Docker host settings and look into recreating the Windows core base image.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    If you are planning to rebuild a ‘slow’ computer by reinstalling Windows (XP or Vista) from scratch, here’s a pre-installation checklist + some time saving tips. You existing data on the Windows PC will not be affected even if you do a clean install instead of repair or upgrade.

    Fix Problems by Reinstalling Windows

    As a tech blogger, part of my job involves reviewing software which is so interesting but frequent installation (followed by un-installation) of software programs also tend to slow down the computer.

    To deal with this problem, I did a clean installation of Windows last weekend and re-installed all the important software programs from scratch. As expected, the boot-up time has reduced and the computer’s performance has improved significantly. Luckily, this task is not as complex as it may sound but here are a few things you should remember before taking the plunge:

    1 . Get Magical Jelly to retrieve a list of product keys that were used to install Windows and Microsoft Office on your computer. Print this information. (Also see: Determining Windows version)

    2 . Get Belarc Advisor to create a detailed report of all software programs, hotfixes and hardware devices available in your system. Print this report as well.

    3 . Uninstall all software programs that had to be activated at the time of installation (e.g. Adobe Creative Suite, Dragon Naturally Speaking or Microsoft Office). It’s important that you do a proper un-installation of these programs through Add/Remove Programs because simply deleting the folder from Program Files directory will not free up the license on the manufacturer’s activation server.

    4 . Install Driver Max to create a backup of all device drivers currently installed on your system. This will come handy after reinstallation incase you are not able to locate the driver installers on the vendor’s website.

    5 . Create a backup folder on c: (say c: \ old_files) and add the following files to this folder

    i. Your Outlook pst file that has all the mails, contacts, tasks and other Outlook items. ii. If you have purchased any custom fonts, copy the relevant ttf files from the c: \ windows \ fonts folder. c. All documents, Live Writer drafts, pictures, music and videos from your My Document folder. iii. Backup your custom dictionaries from Firefox, Microsoft Word, Live Writer, etc. iv. Export all browser bookmarks and copy them to the backup folder. v. Open your Firefox add-ons window, take a screenshot and paste that image in the backup folder. This is a good way to remember your favorite Firefox extensions. vi. Export your podcast subscriptions in iTunes as as OPML (XML) file. vii. Product keys (serial numbers) of all licensed software.

    6 . If you have a partitioned hard drive (say C: and D:), just copy * the backup folder created in step 5 to the D: drive. If you don’t have a partitioned hard disk or if the size of partition is small, install Live Mesh, add c: \ old_files folder to your Live Mesh account and wait until all the files are uploaded on to the web. Mesh offers 5 GB of space and it may therefore be a good idea to burn all the heavy files (like videos, music, etc) onto a DVD instead of transferring them online.

    * You can copy large folders across drives through Windows Explorer or the xcopy utility.

    Re-Install Windows from Scratch

    Now is the time to do a clean installation of Windows. This is probably the easiest part. You can either boot your computer from the original Windows installation CD * * or, while you are running Windows, pop-in the installation CD and run the setup.exe program just like you would install any other Windows app. Always choose “Fresh Installation” instead of “Repair”.

    * * If you installation media doesn’t include the latest service packs, try creating one yourself. Windows XP with SP3 is available as a downloadable ISO while you can slipstream SP1 into Vista fairly easily.

    It can take around 30 minutes (or more) for the whole installation to finish. Now jump to the Windows Update website and let your browser download all the hotfixes, security updates, driver updates, etc. If your computer is unable to connect to the Internet, chances are that your computer doesn’t have the proper network drivers. No problem as you can easily get the drivers from the dump that you created using DriverMax utility.

    If your display is acting funny or there’s no audio, just install the right drivers from the vendor’s website (preferred approach) or use your backup media. Once all the patches are installed, Windows Vista users can free up few gigabytes of disk space by making SP1 permanent. Windows XP users may skip this step.

    Now turn on the Firewall and install all the other software programs and associated updates in any order. The next important step is to clone your disk image via DriveImage XML (free software), Acronis True Image or Norton Ghost. Windows Vista Ultimate also comes with a “Backup & Restore Center” that you may use to create a complete backup image of your entire computer to another drive, external disk or a DVD.

    These disk images will come very handy after few months when your Windows PC get slow again. You won’t have to repeat the rebuilding exercise as the PC can be easily restored to the original state through these disk images.

    Don’t experiment on your main PC

    If you are tech enthusiast who loves to try new software / browser add-ons, I would strongly recommend that you don’t install these software on your main system – instead get Virtual PC (it’s free), create a Windows XP / Windows Vista virtual machine and use that environment as your new playground.

    Another recommendation – do get a cane of compressed air to remove all the dirt from components inside the computer case. Sometimes software may not be the reason behind your slow and slugging PC – the culprit could be the dust sticking on the CPU heat sink.

    Since a long time, you may have made so many custom settings in Microsoft Outlook that you can’t reset to the default settings easily. These custom settings may affect your daily work or even make your Outlook collapse. Now you’d better reset your Microsoft Outlook to the factory settings (or first time run).

    To reset Microsoft Outlook to the factory settings (or first time run), please do as following:

    Step 1: Close your Microsoft Outlook, and open the Control Panel in your computer:

    1. In Windows 7, please click the Start button at the bottom-left corner of Taskbar >Control Panel.
    2. In Windows 8, swipe the cursor to the very right edge of the screen, click the Settings button, and then click the Control Panel. See screen shot:
    3. In Windows 10, you can search the Control Panel in the search bar by clicking at the Start button, or click at the Start buuton >Settings, in the Settings window, type Control Panel into the searching box, then enable the Control Panel.

    Step 2: Now you get into the Control Panel:

    (1) Change current view to Small icons (or Large icons) with clicking the text besides View by and select the Small icons (or Large icons) from drop down list;

    (2) Then click the Mail in the Control Panel.

    Step 3: In the popping up Mail Setup dialog box, please click the Show Profiles button.

    Step 4: In the coming Mail dialog box, please click the Add button.

    Step 5: In the popping up New Profile dialog box, enter a name for the new profile in the Profile Name box, and then click the OK button. See screen shot:

    Step 6: In the popping Add (New E-mail) Account dialog box, please click the Cancel to close it; and then click the OK button in the other warning dialog box.

    Step 7: Now you will get back to the Mail dialog box, please check the option of Always use this profile, and then click the box below it and select the new profile name from the drop down list, at last click the OK button.

    Step 8: Exit the Control Panel.

    After configuring the profile settings, the Microsoft Outlook will get back to the factory settings (the status you run for the first time). When you open Microsoft Outlook, it will show as following screen shot:

    Note: Resetting Microsoft Outlook to the factory settings will lose all account information. If you need to undo the resetting, please get into the Mail dialog box (Control Panel > Mail > Show Profiles), and then specify your original profile in the Always use this profile box.

    Published on : April 28, 2021

    Category : Autopilot , Intune

    In this post I will show you how to perform Windows Autopilot Reset. We will trigger a remote Windows Autopilot Reset from the Microsoft Endpoint manager console (via Microsoft Intune).

    Windows Autopilot Reset resets the device and takes the device back to a business-ready state. This allows the next user to sign in and get productive quickly.

    If you are looking to get started with Windows Autopilot, here is the Windows Autopilot Setup guide. This guide covers the steps to set up Windows Autopilot in Microsoft Intune from scratch.

    Before you Trigger a Remote Autopilot Reset

    The steps to perform a remote autopilot reset are simple but you need to understand what is removed from the device and what is preserved after Autopilot Reset. According to Microsoft, a Windows Autopilot Reset does the following.

    • Removes personal files, apps, and settings.
    • Reapplies a device’s original settings.
    • Maintains the device’s identity connection to Azure AD.
    • Maintains the device’s management connection to Intune.

    The Microsoft Autopilot Reset process automatically keeps information from the existing device.

    • Set the region, language, and keyboard to the original values.
    • Wi-Fi connection details.
    • Provisioning packages previously applied to the device
    • A provisioning package present on a USB drive when the reset process is started
    • Azure Active Directory device membership and MDM enrollment information.

    One thing to note here is that Autopilot Reset does not support Hybrid Azure AD joined devices. During the Autopilot Reset, the user is blocked from accessing the desktop until the information is restored, including reapplying any provisioning packages. For devices enrolled in an MDM service, Autopilot Reset will also block until an MDM sync is completed. After you perform the Autopilot reset on a device, the device’s primary user will be removed. The next user who signs in after the reset will be set as the primary user.

    Ways to Perform Windows Autopilot Reset

    There are two ways to trigger the Windows Autopilot reset.

    • Trigger local Windows Autopilot Reset – Usually performed by IT personnel or other administrators from the organization.
    • Trigger Remote Windows Autopilot Reset – Initiated remotely by IT personnel via an MDM service such as Microsoft Intune.

    Perform Windows Autopilot Reset via Intune

    To trigger a remote Windows Autopilot Reset via Intune, follow these steps:

    • Navigate to Devices tab in the Intune console.
    • In the All devices view, select the targeted reset devices and then click More to view device actions.
    • Select Autopilot Reset to start the reset task.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratchPerform Windows Autopilot Reset

    Autopilot Reset – DESKTOP-8LQPN3I
    Windows Autopilot Reset quickly removes personal files, apps, and settings. It resets Windows 10 devices from the lock screen, and applies original management settings from Azure Active Directory and Intune device management. This returns the device to a fully configured or known IT-approved state. (If an enrollment status page wasn’t configured for this device during initial device enrollment, the device will go straight to the desktop after sign-in. It might take up to eight hours to sync and appear compliant in Intune.)

    Click Yes to trigger a remote Autopilot Reset of Windows 10 device.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratchPerform Windows Autopilot Reset

    Now you see the status as Autopilot Reset pending. The Date and Time stamp is also logged along with status.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratchAutopilot Reset Pending

    It took approximately 60 minutes to trigger the autopilot reset. Ideally the reset should have been initiated within 30-60 seconds but I am not sure why it took 60 minutes in my case. Under Device actions status, we see the Autopilot reset is complete.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratchWindows Autopilot Reset Successful

    After the Autopilot reset is complete, you must configure Windows hello and set a PIN. Typically you see the same screens when you complete Autopilot setup normally.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    The Group Policy Editor is a very handy tool in Windows 10 Professional, Enterprise and Education for controlling many advanced aspects of access and function for other users. This may include the kinds of programs people can access, the icons available on their desktops, or even basic things like enabling or disabling “Aero Shake” as a means of minimizing windows.

    As useful as it is, maybe you’ve previously created a group policy and want to reset it and start afresh? If so, then read on.

    Note: you need to be running Windows 10 Professional, Enterprise or Education to use this feature.

    Also read: Latest Windows 10 Update Problems and How to Fix Them

    Computer vs. User Configuration

    A key thing you’ll come across in the Group Policy Editor is a distinction between computer and user configuration. What’s the difference between the two?

    Computer configuration applies to a specific computer or computers on the network. Whatever you set within computer configuration will apply to all users who log in on that computer(s).

    User configuration will apply to a specific user on the network, so whatever computer on the network that user logs into, the settings within that configuration will apply.

    Reset Individual Group Policy Settings

    If you’ve only done a couple of changes, then you can reset the Group Policy settings individually. To start, press Win + R , type gpedit.msc and press the Enter button.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    In the Group Policy Editor window, find and double-click on the policy you want to reset. Typically, the policies you changed will have either “Enabled” or “Disabled” status. In my case, I’m resetting the Aero Shake window to minimize policy.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    The above action will open the policy settings window. By default, all policies in the Group Policy Editor are set to “Not Configured.” To reset the policy, all you have to do is select the radio button “Not Configured,” then click on the “OK” button to save the changes.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    This action will change the policy to its default behavior. To make the changes take effect, either restart the system or use the below command as an administrator:

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Bulk Reset Group Policy Settings

    If you are not sure which policies you’ve changed or when there are too many changes and it is not feasible to find and change them one at a time, you can just delete the folders where the policy settings are stored. This will bulk reset the group policy settings to its default value.

    To start, search for the Command Prompt in the Start menu, right-click on it and then select the option “Run as Administrator.”

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    The above action will open the Command Prompt with admin rights. Here, copy the below command and execute it.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    Now, execute this command:

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    When you execute the above commands, Windows will not give you any feedback, so don’t worry if you don’t see any confirmation message.

    Again, you can either restart your system or use the below command as an administrator to update the Group Policy settings.

    How to reset your entire network in windows 10 and start from scratch

    That being said, there are limitations to this approach. This method will only reset locally stored settings. If your system is being maintained by a network administrator, then you need to contact the admin to make any changes.

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    Performs a best effort revert of changes made by kubeadm init or kubeadm join .

    Performs a best effort revert of changes made to this host by ‘kubeadm init’ or ‘kubeadm join’


    Performs a best effort revert of changes made to this host by ‘kubeadm init’ or ‘kubeadm join’

    The “reset” command executes the following phases:


    The path to the directory where the certificates are stored. If specified, clean this directory.

    Path to the CRI socket to connect. If empty kubeadm will try to auto-detect this value; use this option only if you have more than one CRI installed or if you have non-standard CRI socket.

    Don’t apply any changes; just output what would be done.

    Reset the node without prompting for confirmation.

    A list of checks whose errors will be shown as warnings. Example: ‘IsPrivilegedUser,Swap’. Value ‘all’ ignores errors from all checks.

    The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. If the flag is not set, a set of standard locations can be searched for an existing kubeconfig file.

    List of phases to be skipped

    Options inherited from parent commands

    [EXPERIMENTAL] The path to the ‘real’ host root filesystem.

    Reset workflow

    kubeadm reset is responsible for cleaning up a node local file system from files that were created using the kubeadm init or kubeadm join commands. For control-plane nodes reset also removes the local stacked etcd member of this node from the etcd cluster.

    kubeadm reset phase can be used to execute the separate phases of the above workflow. To skip a list of phases you can use the –skip-phases flag, which works in a similar way to the kubeadm join and kubeadm init phase runners.

    External etcd clean up

    kubeadm reset will not delete any etcd data if external etcd is used. This means that if you run kubeadm init again using the same etcd endpoints, you will see state from previous clusters.

    To wipe etcd data it is recommended you use a client like etcdctl, such as:

    See the etcd documentation for more information.

    What’s next

    • kubeadm init to bootstrap a Kubernetes control-plane node
    • kubeadm join to bootstrap a Kubernetes worker node and join it to the cluster


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