Everyone wants to be more productive–and we’re willing to try all kinds of hacks including working remotely, working four days a week versus five, or trying calendar management tricks.
It’s nice when you find a pleasant, low-effort option like listening to music. But not all music, at all times, for all occasions is created equal.
Listening to music you like causes the brain to release the chemical dopamine, which makes you feel good and eases stress and anxiety. A cross-section of 400 studies (conducted in 2013) showed that pre-surgery patients listening to music lowered their levels of the stress hormone cortisone more than those that took anti-anxiety drugs.
Music has the power to improve your mood, sharpen your focus, and improve mental and physical performance–but there are rules to using music for productivity. Six of them, specifically:
1. Music with lyrics kills your productivity.
This just makes sense, doesn’t it? How many times have you had the headphones strapped on while working on something and found yourself concentrating more on whether or not you could hit that high note in the Mumford & Sons song than on what you’re trying to accomplish? 2012 occupational therapy research confirms this phenomenon.
2. Familiar music is best for focus.
Neuroscience research (from 2011) shows that listening to music you’re familiar with is better for focus. Unfamiliar music causes you to lose focus as you try to take in the new sounds.
I’ve certainly noticed this, even with music with lyrics. If it’s a song I’ve heard many times, it can become relaxing background that helps me concentrate. (Still though, when I really need to get stuff done, I ditch the lyrics.)
3. Listening to music during repetitive tasks helps you complete them quicker, with fewer errors, and less boredom.
One classic,1994 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found surgeons who take on repetitive nonsurgical lab tasks all performed more quickly, accurately, and with less boredom. The study also confirmed that doctors listening to music while performing surgery experienced the same benefits. That might explain why one U.K. survey showed that 90 percent of U.K. surgeons jam out while they’re performing operations.
4. For cognitive tasks, no music is best, with one exception.
Research from Ohio Wesleyan University (1989) shows that relaxing, repetitive, low-information load background music improves concentration, focus and performance (while reducing stress) even more so than working in silence. Within this camp, natural sounds (like rain falling and ocean waves) and classical music are best.
A 2012 study in Learning and Individual Differences showed that students performed better on an exam while listening to classical music. There are, of course, tons of classical music playlists you can access on Spotify or Apple Music. As for sounds from nature, I use an app called RelaxMelodies when I need to concentrate and get articles like this one done. I’m a total machine to the “Urban Rain” setting.
5. Upbeat music can boost physical performance.
A 2010 sports psychology study showed that listening to motivating music improves your physical performance by increasing the capacity to exercise longer and harder while delaying fatigue. I can confirm this; it’s amazing how much more I can lift to “Sweet Child O’ Mine”.
Upbeat music has also been shown to increase alertness levels, incredibly important for the hard-driving entrepreneur putting in long hours.
6. Listening to music between tasks can boost productivity.
One study from the University of Toronto (2007) shows that if you can’t listen to tunes while you’re working for whatever reason, listening in between tasks can still help productivity. It helps you clear your mind, relax, and be better prepared for the tasks to follow.
The bottom line here is that music makes the world go round and productivity go up. Just follow these notes and you’ll be singing a more productive tune.
There are only so many hours in the day, so making the most of your time is critical. There are two ways increase your output–either put in more hours or work smarter. I don’t know about you, but I prefer the latter.
Being more productive at work isn’t rocket science, but it does require being more deliberate about how you manage your time. This post will walk you through 15 simple but effective strategies for increasing your productivity at work.
1. Track and limit how much time you’re spending on tasks.
You may think you’re pretty good at gauging how much time you’re spending on various tasks. However, some research suggests only around 17 percent of people are able to accurately estimate the passage of time. A tool like Rescue Time can help by letting you know exactly how much time you spend on daily tasks, including social media, email, word processing, and apps.
2. Take regular breaks.
It sounds counterintuitive, but taking scheduled breaks can actually help improve concentration. Some research has shown that taking short breaks during long tasks helps you to maintain a constant level of performance; while working at a task without breaks leads to a steady decline in performance.
3. Set self-imposed deadlines.
While we usually think of a stress as a bad thing, a manageable level of self-imposed stress can actually be helpful in terms of giving us focus and helping us meet our goals. For open-ended tasks or projects, try giving yourself a deadline, and then stick to it. You may be surprised to discover just how focused and productive you can be when you’re watching the clock.
4. Follow the “two-minute rule.”
Entrepreneur Steve Olenski recommends implementing the “two-minute rule” to make the most of small windows of time that you have at work. The idea is this: If you see a task or action that you know can be done in two minutes or less, do it immediately. According to Olenski, completing the task right away actually takes less time than having to get back to it later. Implementing this has made him one of the most influential content strategists online.
5. Just say no to meetings.
Meetings are one of the biggest time-sucks around, yet somehow we continue to unquestioningly book them, attend them and, inevitably, complain about them. According to Atlassian, the average office worker spends over 31 hours each month in unproductive meetings. Before booking your next meeting, ask yourself whether you can accomplish the same goals or tasks via email, phone, or Web-based meeting (which may be slightly more productive).
6. Hold standing meetings.
If you absolutely must have a meeting, there’s some evidence that standing meetings (they’re just what they sound like–everyone stands) can result in increased group arousal, decreased territoriality, and improved group performance. For those times when meetings are unavoidable, you may want to check out these 12 unusual ways to spur creativity during meetings.
7. Quit multitasking.
While we tend to think of the ability to multitask as an important skill for increasing efficiency, the opposite may in fact be true. Psychologists have found attempting to do several tasks at once can result in lost time and productivity. Instead, make a habit of committing to a single task before moving on to your next project.
8. Take advantage of your commute.
This goes for any unexpected “bonus” time you may find on your hands suggests author Miranda Marquit. Instead of Candy-Crushing or Facebooking, use that time to pound out some emails, create your daily to-do list, or do some brainstorming.
9. Give up on the illusion of perfection.
It’s common for entrepreneurs to get hung up on attempting to perfect a task–the reality is nothing is ever perfect. Rather than wasting time chasing after this illusion, bang out your task to the best of your ability and move on. It’s better to complete the task and move it off your plate; if need be, you can always come back and adjust or improve it later.
10. Take exercise breaks.
Using work time to exercise may actually help improve productivity, according to a study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. If possible, build in set times during the week for taking a walk or going to the gym. Getting your blood pumping could be just what’s needed to clear your head and get your focus back.
11. Be proactive, not reactive.
Allowing incoming phone calls and emails to dictate how you spend your day will mean you do a great job of putting out fires–but that may be all you get accomplished. My friend and business partner Peter Daisyme from free hosting company Hostt says, “Set aside time for responding to emails, but don’t let them determine what your day is going to look like. Have a plan of attack at the start of each day, and then do your best to stick to it.”
12. Turn off notifications.
No one can be expected to resist the allure of an email, voicemail, or text notification. During work hours, turn off your notifications, and instead build in time to check email and messages. This is all part of being proactive rather than reactive (see number 11).
13. Work in 90-minute intervals.
Researchers at Florida State University have found elite performers (athletes, chess players, musicians, etc.) who work in intervals of no more than 90 minutes are more productive than those who work 90 minutes-plus. They also found that top performing subjects tend to work no more than 4.5 hours per day. Sounds good to me!
14. Give yourself something nice to look at.
It may sound unlikely, but some research shows outfitting an office with aesthetically pleasing elements–like plants–can increase productivity by up to 15 percent. Jazz up your office space with pictures, candles, flowers, or anything else that puts a smile on your face. For other ideas on increasing your happiness quotient at work, see my post 15 Proven Tips to Be Happy at Work.
15. Minimize interruptions (to the best of your ability).
Having a colleague pop her head into your office to chat may seem innocuous, but even brief interruptions appear to produce a change in work pattern and a corresponding drop in productivity. Minimizing interruptions may mean setting office hours, keeping your door closed, or working from home for time-sensitive projects.
If you feel the need to increase your productivity at work, resist the temptation put in longer hours or pack more into your already-full calendar. Instead, take a step back, and think about ways you can work smarter, not harder.
Looking for more productivity tips? Check out my posts 7 Productivity Hacks Every Busy Entrepreneur Should Try and 5 Things Productive Entrepreneurs Do Each Day.
What are your best work-related productivity tips? Have you found the secret to maximizing your own productivity in the office? Share below!