How to Prevent Thrush

Donna Murray, RN, BSN has a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Rutgers University and is a current member of Sigma Theta Tau, the Nursing Honor Society.

Meredith Shur, MD, FACOG, is board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology, as well as a certified medical examiner.

How to Prevent Thrush

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Thrush is a common breastfeeding problem. It is a yeast infection, also known as a fungal infection or Candida. Thrush can develop on your breasts and in your baby’s mouth. It’s usually not a serious condition, but it can spread quickly, and it’s tough to treat. The best way to combat thrush is to try to prevent it right from the start.

Thrush and Breastfeeding

Thrush can get in the way of successful breastfeeding. A yeast infection on your nipples is painful, so you may not want to continue breastfeeding. Plus, if it’s in your baby’s mouth and it hurts, your little one may refuse to nurse.

What Causes Thrush?

Some women are more likely to develop thrush than others. If you get frequent vaginal yeast infections, you have to take antibiotics, you have diabetes, or you begin to take birth control pills, your chances of developing thrush are even higher. However, by understanding how Candida grows and spreads, you can reduce your risk of contracting it. Here are eight tips for preventing thrush.

How to Prevent Thrush

  • The best defense against thrush is good hand washing. You should wash your hands often especially before breastfeeding, after using the bathroom, and after changing your baby’s diaper. By regularly washing your hands, you can prevent the spread of many common illnesses including thrush.
  • If you wear breast pads to soak up leaks, don’t get the ones that have plastic or waterproof liners. Nursing pads made with plastic liners do not allow air to circulate to the skin around your breasts and nipples. They also hold in moisture. Instead, use unlined disposable pads or reusable breast pads made from natural fibers.
  • Make sure you change your breast pads often. Nursing pads saturated with breast milk provide the perfect warm, dark, sugary environment for organisms such as yeast to grow.
  • Change your nursing bra every day and whenever it gets wet. And, wash your bras, clothes, and linens in hot water to keep them clean and fresh.
  • Avoid using any type of nipple cream on your breasts unless it is necessary. Nipple creams, lotions, and ointments can hold in moisture and allow bacteria and fungus to develop.
  • Keep anything that comes in contact with your baby and your breasts clean. Wash toys, pacifiers, teethers, bottles, and nipples in hot, soapy water. You should also regularly clean the washable parts of your breast pump by following the instructions for care that comes with your pump.
  • Add probiotics, or yogurt containing active cultures, to your daily diet. These products can help your body keep the growth of yeast under control.
  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced breastfeeding diet and limit the amount of sugar and empty calorie foods that you consume. A diet high in sugar may increase your risk of a yeast infection especially if you are more prone to getting them.

What to Do If You or Your Baby Get Thrush

If you notice any of the signs of thrush on your breasts or in your child’s mouth, call your doctor and your baby’s doctor. You will both need to be treated to prevent passing the infection back and forth to each other. Your other children and your husband or sexual partner may also need treatment because a yeast infection can spread quickly and easily through contact.

How to Prevent Thrush

A common mouth infection, thrush can be treated by anti-fungals and probiotics.

Thrush is an oral infection that occurs when the natural balance of microorganisms inside your mouth is disturbed.

It’s rarely serious, but you’ll want to get it treated right away to relieve the symptoms.

A thrush infection is caused by a type of fungus, or yeast, known as Candida albicans.

Normally, Candida exists in the mouth in small numbers along with various kinds of good bacteria, with each type of organism keeping the other in check.

An upset in this balance clears the way for the yeast to grow, ultimately resulting in thrush.

The infection affects 5 to 7 percent of newborns, 9 to 31 percent of AIDS patients, and about 20 percent of cancer patients, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes.

Signs and Symptoms of Thrush

Symptoms of a thrush infection include:

  • White patches in the mouth or on the tongue that may bleed when rubbed
  • Redness or soreness inside the mouth
  • Cracking at the corner of the mouth (known as angular cheilitis)

The risk of contracting thrush may be increased by:

  • Having cancer, HIV or AIDS, or any other condition that weakens the immune system
  • Undergoing chemotherapy
  • Using antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs
  • Using inhaled corticosteroids for asthma
  • Being very old or very young
  • Having diabetes that is not well controlled
  • Wearing dentures
  • Having oral sexual contact with someone who has a yeast infection

Thrush and Babies

It’s not unusual for newborns and infants to develop thrush, and it’s not considered serious unless the infection persists for more than a week or two.

Thrush usually clears up on its own in infants.

In adults, thrush has been associated with poor oral hygiene, but only in very extreme cases, says Orli Etingin, MD, professor of clinical medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College and medical director of the Iris Cantor Women’s Health Center at NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital in New York City.

“You really have to have massive decay and neglect in order to see thrush,” said Dr. Etingin. “In cases like that, bacterial infection is much more common, and it can be severe.”

Heavy tobacco smoking is also sometimes associated with thrush because smoke can irritate the tissue lining the mouth, making it easier for yeast as well as other organisms to invade and grow.

Thrush on Nipples

Thrush is a common infection on a breastfeeding mother’s nipples and in breast milk ducts.

This infection often occurs after recent antibiotic use, and can cause considerable breast tenderness, pain, and irritation.

Even though the mother’s breasts might appear normal, babies often have white thrush plaques in their mouth.

Both mother and child will need treatment if a thrush infection is diagnosed.

Treatment and Medication Options for Thrush

Your doctor or dentist usually will be able to diagnose an oral yeast infection simply by looking for the characteristic velvety white lesions in your mouth or on your tongue.

If there is any doubt, the diagnosis can be confirmed by gently scraping off some of this material, examining it with a microscope, or sending it to a laboratory where it can be cultured.

Treatment consists of using an anti-fungal mouthwash or lozenges for 5 to 10 days.

Probiotics for Thrush

Dr. Etingin also recommends consuming probiotics to restore the mouth’s healthy balance of bacteria to yeast.

Probiotics are “good” bacteria similar to the bacteria normally found in the body.

They can be found in certain dietary supplements and some brands of yogurt that contain live bacterial cultures.

The amount and type of bacteria in probiotic products varies widely, so compare the labels carefully before you buy.

Complications of Thrush

In otherwise healthy people, thrush has few serious or lasting consequences.

But if your immune system is weak, the infection may also involve the esophagus and spread through the bloodstream to other organs, so prompt and effective treatment is important.

Left untreated, a serious case of thrush can lead to a deadly C. albicans infection called invasive candidiasis.

Intravenous (IV) catheters and other medical equipment contaminated with Candida species can also cause invasive candidiasis.

In fact, the yeast causes up to 10 percent of all bloodstream infections acquired in the hospital (nosocomial infections), according to a report in the journal Clinical Microbiology Reviews.

Symptoms of invasive candidiasis can include fever and chills, but are not specific and depend on which organs the infection spreads to in the body.

Treatment requires several weeks of oral or intravenous antifungal medication.

Thrush may also signal a previously undetected medical condition such as diabetes or, rarely, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Prevention of Thrush

The American Dental Association offers these tips for minimizing your risk of oral thrush:

  • Good oral hygiene is essential. If you wear dentures, clean them regularly and remove them at bedtime.
  • Sometimes a saliva substitute may help, as a dry mouth presents a good growth medium for yeast.
  • If you have an underlying medical condition associated with thrush, such as diabetes, do your best to keep it under control.
  • Don’t smoke, or if you do, quit smoking.
  • Take any anti-fungal medication you’re prescribed exactly as your dentist or doctor tells you to.

If you see any signs or experience any symptoms of thrush, see your doctor right away so that you can get treatment and quickly restore the natural balance to your system.

How to Prevent Thrush

Table of Contents

Thrush is considered a common yeast infection that affects the mucus membranes that line the tongue as well as the mouth. Candida is the fungus responsible for thrush symptoms, but is present on the surface of the skin, under normal conditions.

How to Prevent Thrush

It remains dormant as long as the immune system is strong. However, this condition can be treated effectively by medications. In addition to medications, natural remedies are also effective in treating thrush symptoms. Given below is a list of natural cures for thrush.

Natural Cures For Thrush

Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil is considered an effective herbal treatment for thrush, due to the fact that it exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can prepare an oral mouthwash using tea tree oil by adding few drops of this oil to a cup of water. You can gargle using this mouthwash several times a day.

This herbal remedy is safe to use; however, it is recommended that you do not swallow this oil undiluted, as it may cause serious side effects such as rash, coma and confusion.

How to Prevent Thrush


Diet is known to play a very important role in suppressing thrush symptoms. It is advisable that you abstain from refined sugar, as this is often the cause of thrush symptoms. This is because candida feeds on refined sugar. However, there are several foods that are safe to eat if you suffer from thrush, and they include fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, eggs, legumes and milk.

It is imperative that you avoid consuming processed foods as they often contain yeast, which might worsen thrush symptoms.

Probiotics are considered extremely beneficial for individuals suffering from thrush, due to the fact that they possess good bacteria, which help in balancing the amounts of bad bacteria present in the body, thereby preventing thrush symptoms. Yogurt is considered one of the best foods that possess probiotics.

How to Prevent Thrush

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is considered an effective home remedy for treating thrush symptoms. This is due to the fact that this home remedy exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can treat oral thrush by using apple cider vinegar in the form of a mouthwash.

However, it is advisable that you dilute apple cider vinegar prior to using it. To prepare this mouthwash, add one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to 200 ml water. You can gargle using this remedy several times a day.

How to Prevent Thrush

Also Read


Garlic is an effective home remedy that is used extensively for oral thrush, as it exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can chew a few cloves of garlic along with your food, to treat the symptoms of thrush.

However, it is advisable that you rinse your mouth using peppermint tea, which helps in decreasing bad breath and exhibits anti-fungal properties. You could also gargle using a peppermint rinse, prepared by adding a few drops of peppermint oil to a glass of water.

How to Prevent Thrush


Goldenseal is an effective herbal remedy for thrush symptoms. This is due to the fact that this herb possesses an active ingredient named berberine, which exhibits strong anti-fungal activity against candida. You can prepare a rinse using goldenseal by adding 20 drops of tincture to a glass of water.

In this Article

In this Article

In this Article

  • What Causes Thrush?
  • Oral Thrush Symptoms
  • Oral Thrush Diagnosis
  • Oral Thrush Treatments and Home Remedies
  • Oral Thrush Prevention
  • Oral Thrush Outlook

If you notice a strange white rash inside your mouth, you may have a condition called thrush. It’s also called oral candidiasis. It’s an infection caused by the candida fungus, which is yeast. You can get it in your mouth and other parts of the body. It can cause diaper rash in infants or vaginal yeast infections in women.

Anyone can get thrush, but it happens most often to babies and toddlers, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems.

What Causes Thrush?

Small amounts of the candida fungus are in your mouth, digestive tract, and skin. It’s supposed to be there, and it’s usually kept under control by the other bacteria in your body. But sometimes, certain illnesses or medications — like corticosteroids or antibiotics — can disturb the balance. This can cause the fungus to grow out of control. That’s when you get thrush.

Stress can cause it. So can a number of medical conditions, like:

If you smoke or wear dentures that don’t fit right might, you’re also more likely to get thrush. And babies can pass the infection to their mothers while breastfeeding.

Oral Thrush Symptoms

If you have thrush, you may notice these signs in your mouth:

White, slightly raised areas, often on the tongue, inner cheeks, roof of mouth, gums, tonsils, or back of throat

Raised spots that look like cottage cheese

Cracking and redness at the corners of your mouth (angular cheilitis)

A cottony feeling

Sometimes thrush may also cause:

Redness, irritation, and pain under dentures (denture stomatitis)

A large red, painless mark in the center of the tongue (median rhomboid glossitis)

A band of gum irritation or inflammation (linear gingival erythema)

В In very bad cases, thrush can spread into your esophagus and cause:

Pain when you swallow or difficulty swallowing

A feeling that food is stuck in your throat or in the middle of your chest

Fever, if the infection spreads beyond the esophagus

When breastfeeding infants have thrush, they can pass it to their mother’s breast and cause:

Red, sensitive, cracked, or itchy nipples

Shiny or flaky skin on the areola, the area around the nipple

Painful nursing or painful nipples between feedings

Stabbing pains deeper in the breast

The fungus that causes thrush can spread to other parts of the body, like the lungs, liver, and skin. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.

Thrush may be grouped into three types:

Pseudomembranous — the mouth surfaces look white and creamy

Erythematous — the mouth looks red and raw

Hyperplastic — you’ll have white plaque-like lesions or speckled red spots


Oral Thrush Diagnosis

Your dentist or doctor can probably tell by taking a look inside your mouth. Your doctor might also send a tiny sample of the spot to a lab just to make sure.

If the fungus that causes thrush spreads into your esophagus, you may have to have other tests, like:

A throat culture (a swab of the back of your throat)

An endoscopy of your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

X-rays of your esophagus

Oral Thrush Treatments and Home Remedies

Thrush is easy to treat in healthy children and adults. But the symptoms may be worse and harder to treat in people with weak immune systems.

Your doctor will probably prescribe antifungal medications that you’ll have to take for 10-14 days. These come in tablets, lozenges, or liquids, and are generally easy to take.

Since the infection can be a symptom of other medical problems, your doctor may also want to run other tests to rule these out.

In addition to medical treatment, there are some things you can try at home that may help ease thrush or its symptoms:

Keep your mouth clean with regular brushing and flossing.

Rinse with about ВЅ teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water.

Try rinsing with water mixed with apple cider vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, lemon juice, or baking soda.

Probiotics, such as yogurt or over-the-counter pills may help.

If you are breastfeeding, use nursing pads and keep bras and any bottles or breast pump parts clean.

If you wear dentures, be sure to disinfect them as recommended by your dentist.

Oral Thrush Prevention

Practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day.

Get regular dental checkups. Especially if you have diabetes or wear dentures. Even if you’re healthy and don’t have dental issues, you should get your teeth cleaned by your dentist every 6 months.

Treat chronic health issues . A condition such as HIV or diabetes can disturb the balance of bacteria in your body and lead to thrush. If you’re taking medications for an ongoing health condition, take them regularly, as directed.


Don’t overuse mouthwashes or sprays. Rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash once or twice a day to help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Using any more than that may upset the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth.

Clean inhalers after using them . If you have a condition like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), clean your inhalers after each use to kill germs.

Limit foods that contain sugar and yeast. Bread, beer, and wine will cause extra yeast growth.

If you smoke, quit. Ask your doctor or dentist about ways to help you kick the habit.

Oral Thrush Outlook

With treatment, oral thrush usually goes away after a couple of weeks. If you are prone to it or don’t get better, you may need to see an ear, nose, and throat specialist. Sometimes thrush goes away and comes back. This often happens because the underlying cause hasn’t gone away.В

In some people, thrush can turn into a more serious systemic infection. This happens most often in people with another health condition such as:

Other critical health conditions requiring treatment in an intensive care unit

In this case, doctors will treat the infection with oral or IV antifungal medicines.


Mayo Clinic: “Oral Thrush.”

The Oral Cancer Foundation: “Candida Infection.”

European Journal of Dentistry : “Median Rhomboid Glossitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study.”

Journal of Periodontology : “The Relationship of Candidiasis to Linear Gingival Erythema in HIV‐Infected Homosexual Men and Parenteral Drug Users.”

Frontiers in Microbiology : “Clinical Appearance of Oral Candida Infection and Therapeutic Strategies.” “What is Oral Thrush? Candida Home Remedies, Causes and Prevention.”

Nutrients : “Effect of Probiotics on Oral Candidiasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Thrush — the White Stuff Growing in Your Mouth (and How to Get Rid of it).”

National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences: “Systemic candidiasis.”

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

Some women find taking preventative measures to stop vaginal thrush doesn’t seem to help much, but others find they do make a difference. So it makes sense to try the following:

  • Change underwear daily and wash underwear in hot water (this destroys fungi).
  • Candida likes moist, warm places. So avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing like jeans and pantyhose, and underwear made from synthetic fibres and panty liners.
  • Avoid douching, or taking baths with bubble-bath, soap and bath salts, as these can upset the natural balance of the vagina.
  • Avoid staying in wet clothes like swimming costumes for a long time.
  • Don’t take antibiotics unless you really need them.
  • Don’t clean the skin around your vagina more than once a day. You can use water and a moisturiser as an alternative to soap.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels under control.
  • Always wipe from front to back after going to the toilet.

There isn’t any good evidence that changing your diet will help prevent thrush, although some women find that eating yoghurt or other products containing lactobacilli (so-called ‘good’ bacteria), will help. But applying plain yoghurt directly to the vagina won’t be much help in treating or preventing thrush.

Not sure what to do next?

If you are still concerned about vaginal thrush, why not use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).

This post may contain affiliate links. Please read our disclosure for more info.

How to Prevent Thrush

How to Prevent Thrush

Getting to the Bottom of a Common Problem

Thrush is a prevalent occurrence in the equine world. If you haven’t encountered it yet in your time riding, chances are that you will fairly soon (unless, you know, you live in the Sahara Desert).

Thrush in horses is a disease based in moisture and bacteria. It attacks one of the horse’s most vital body parts: the hooves. Pungent odor and tissue-eating behavior make Thrush relatively easy to diagnose, and a black discharge on the underside of the hoof is also common. Ranging in severity, you may catch Thrush while it’s still in the superficial state — or it may progress to the point of lameness and/or abscess. Luckily, there are ways to prevent and treat it!

How to Prevent Thrush

Growing up riding in Southern California, you would think that I didn’t see much thrush in my lesson horses. San Diego is basically a desert that meets up with the ocean. Even at the barns located farther inland where the dirt was hard-packed, every winter brought thrush. Why?

Because as a drier climate, paddocks weren’t very prepared for rain drainage. So once the rains came, huge mud puddles formed in all the stalls. I’d go to pick my lesson horse’s first hoof and be greeted with an in-your-face half diaper/half stinky sock kind of smell.

In Washington State, we see a lot more rain and endure longer seasons of moisture. A lot of our paddocks, however, are better equipped for drainage. Still, I will occasionally see thrush pop up here and there, and I know how to spot it quickly based on that same ostentatious odor.

Click to see how to keep thrush away

What is Thrush in horses?

Thrush is presumed to be a bacteria-based infection because of its pungent odor and its tissue-eating behavior in the hoof. The root cause is essentially moisture left in the hoof for too long. It centers around the frog and the tissue lining around it. Thrush comes with a pungent, black discharge that causes the frog and the surrounding hoof tissue to become soft and break down. You’ll find that the affected hoof tissue will be easy to remove with a hoof pick, and may reveal more black discharge.

While it starts superficially, the infection can penetrate deeper into the hoof and the sensitive area of the frog if left unchecked. If it progresses to this point, it can cause a really painful, sore lameness not unlike an abscessed hoof.

How to Prevent Thrush

How to Prevent Thrush

Since thrush is caused by moisture left sitting too long in the horse’s hoof, the first step is to create a dry environment for your horse to stand in.

While some climates are harder than others, you can either provide a shelter and/or raised area in an outdoor paddock where the horse can stand outside of mud or accumulated manure, or create a drainage system in an indoor stall. Either way, cleaning your horse’s manure regularly out of their habitation will go a long way in preventing thrush.

After prioritizing a clean, dry stall, the next step to prevent equine thrush is to clean your horse’s hooves on a regular basis. Cleaning your horse’s hooves every time you ride is a given. Riding or lunging your horse will also allow your horse’s hoof to expand and contract, pushing out dirt and debris from the hoof. I would also suggest making a point to pick their hooves even if you don’t ride regularly.

Moisture trapped in the hoof through mud, manure, or under a hoof pad can all create an ideal environment for thrush to grow.

The last step in preventing thrush is scheduling regular farrier checks. Horses with misshapen hooves or unhealthy frogs will be extremely prone to thrush, no matter how much you control their external environment.

How to Treat Thrush in Horses

Thrush can be nasty, but it is pretty simple to treat if you catch it early enough. There are three basic steps to treating thrush.

  • Step One: Clean out the infected tissue from around the frog. It may go deep, so make sure to be gentle on your horse’s hoof. Clean out all the discharge that comes along with it as well.
  • Step Two: You’ll need to apply a thrush-specific topical treatment to help eliminate excess moisture and kill the infection. My absolute favorite treatment is Thrushbuster. I’ve used it almost since I began horseback riding, and it has always been effective in treating my horse’s rank hooves.
    • It has proven to be extremely effective, while also more gentle than alternatives, including bleach, copper sulfate, and turpentine. Its magic is preventing the infected tissue from spreading into the healthy tissue, while also fighting the infection itself.
    • Apply Thrushbuster by holding your horse’s clean hoof with one hand, and dripping several drops of the purple liquid right into the affected area. Let it pool a little at first, and continue holding the hoof in picking position until it soaks into the hoof and begins to dry. You will notice that the less-affected areas will be a lighter purple, while the infected areas will be darker.
  • Step Three: Make sure your horse’s hoof gets time to dry. Don’t treat the thrush and put your horse right back into a muddy stall. Find a good place to rest or ride where he won’t be stepping back into puddles, deep manure, or mud. Keep repeating this process until the infection ceases.

Click to see Thrush Buster at Amazon

Don’t Take Hooves for Granted

If you think that your horse is more prone to thrush, either from past experience or an excessively moist environment, you can use Thrush Buster up to once per week in wet environments and once every two weeks in dry environments, to balance the hoof’s moisture levels and kill any infection that might be lurking.

Thankfully, thrush is easily treated in today’s equine world, especially if you catch it early.

Call your vet if the infection persists, if you have any questions about treatment, or if the infected area is really large. If the thrush seems to be causing lameness or other sensitivity in your horse’s hooves, it could be too advanced for at-home care or, possibly, another issue entirely.

Keep in mind, I am not a veterinarian, so please consult your vet about any health concerns for your horse, including questions about the information in this article.

How to Prevent Thrush

Oral thrush can affect anyone, but it is most commonly seen in babies, the elderly, and those with suppressed immune systems. It is a minor issue in a healthy individual; however, it can be quite severe in someone with a weakened immune system. Those on antibiotics may disturb the natural balance of microorganisms in the body, which commonly causes thrush in an otherwise healthy person.

Denture wearers who develop stomatitis, or mild inflammation of the oral membrane, have thrush in about 90 percent of cases. Here’s how to prevent oral thrush from affecting you if you wear dentures.

Causes of Oral Thrush

The most common cause of oral thrush in adults is improper cleaning and neglectful nighttime removal of an upper denture. Additionally, dry mouth, eating a diet high in carbohydrates, taking antibiotics, immune system issues, or suffering from diabetes may also be factors. Bacterial invasion and irritation of the tissue lead to stomatitis and thrush in individuals who wear dentures.

Symptoms of Oral Thrush

Oral thrush almost always causes symptoms, although they range in severity and duration.

Common symptoms are:

  • raised white lesions that resemble cottage cheese on your tongue, inner cheeks, gums, the roof of your mouth, and tonsils
  • mouth redness or soreness
  • mouth bleeding
  • loss of taste
  • feeling like your mouth is full of cotton
  • difficulty eating and swallowing if lesions spread to your throat or esophagus

Diagnosis and Treatment

A visual exam is often all that is necessary to diagnose stomatitis and thrush accurately. In situations where a visual exam is not sufficient, a swab culture is required to diagnose candidiasis accurately.

It’s critical to treat oral thrush as soon as possible to contain the infection. A topical antifungal medication in either pill form or a dissolving lozenge will be prescribed. Additionally, your doctor or dentist will likely recommend the use of an antimicrobial mouth rinse. The denture device itself must also be thoroughly cleaned in a diluted bleach solution for five to seven nights. Each morning, the denture should be thoroughly rinsed with pure water before use.

Preventing Thrush While Wearing Dentures

Proper cleaning and storage of dentures will significantly reduce the risk of recurrence, or from experiencing oral thrush from the start.


Dentures should be removed and thoroughly rinsed in clean water after meals. The mouth should also be thoroughly cleaned before reinserting the appliance. Your dentures should be removed each night and thoroughly cleaned. Dentures should also be brushed with a special denture brush and a non-abrasive cleaning solution. Remove all denture adhesive and gently scrub each groove in the denture lining to ensure a thorough clean.


Dentures should be soaked overnight in water or a denture solution so that they retain their shape. Over time, dentures may fit loosely and should be realigned by a dentist. Never wear ill-fitting dentures. Should you notice any redness, soreness, white spots, or discomfort in your mouth, contact your dentist right away.

Knowing When To See Your Dentist

Home remedies for oral thrush may help to relieve symptoms, but they will not cure a yeast infection on their own. Home remedies are meant to be used in support, not to replace antifungal medications in the treatment of oral thrush.

Left untreated, a simple infection can become quite dangerous, especially in elderly patients with an already weakened immune system. Contact Elite Dental & Denture PC to schedule an appointment if you have any signs or symptoms of oral thrush, or if your dentures are not fitting correctly . We have the expertise and tools necessary to ensure your dentures are the perfect fit!

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We all know that our inhaled corticosteroid inhalers come with their fair share of potential side effects. While not everyone gets the side effects, some seem to be plagued with them more often than not. One of the most unpleasant side effects of inhaled corticosteroid maintenance inhalers is thrush.

What is oral thrush?

Essentially, it’s a yeast/fungus that develops on the mucous membranes in the mouth & throat. It can happen to anyone, but is more commonly found in the elderly, babies and those who are immunocompromised. Certain medications can cause an overgrowth of the candida fungus, thus causing a thrush infection.

Symptoms of thrush include a thick white film covering the tongue and possibly throat and on occasion the gums. You might have a sore throat as well. If the infection is pretty bad, and the white spots on the tongue are scraped, they might bleed. In minor cases, the tongue might not be very white at all, and just sore and red.

How is oral thrush prevented?

There are several steps you can take to help prevent thrush from happening. First, be sure to rinse your mouth out (and spit it out!) every time you take your steroid inhalers. Really be diligent about doing this. Make it a habit. You can even take it a step further and brush your teeth afterward to be extra cautious especially if you find that you are prone to thrush infections as some are more than others.

Another simple tip is to use a spacer with your metered-dose inhalers. (Spacers aren’t meant to be used with the dry powder inhalers or the Respimat versions of inhalers.) A spacer prevents the medication from hitting the back of your throat and holds it in the chamber long enough for you to inhale it down into your lungs. This makes a huge difference not only in thrush prevention but also in your lungs getting more of the medication and you getting the maximum benefit. Spacers are inexpensive and some times your doctor’s office might be able to give you one or a prescription for one to pick up at your local pharmacy or you can purchase one online.

What is the treatment for oral thrush?

Give your doctor a call. He or she will prescribe an antifungal medication (generally it’s a prescription mouthwash) that you will use for a period of time that they will decide on depending on the severity of your case. Rinsing your mouth with saltwater may feel soothing especially if it’s really sore. You will also want to make sure to clean your mouthpieces of your inhalers really well while recovering from thrush to prevent any reinfections from occurring. Also be sure to replace your toothbrush.

While thrush can be unpleasant, there are steps you can take to prevent it and also steps you can take to get rid of it generally pretty easily with a trip to the doctor.

This article represents the opinions, thoughts, and experiences of the author; none of this content has been paid for by any advertiser. The team does not recommend or endorse any products or treatments discussed herein. Learn more about how we maintain editorial integrity here.


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Thrush can be a common problem for horse owners. Learn how to treat and prevent this equine ailment.

How to Prevent ThrushKeeping hooves clean of dirt and debris is the best way to prevent thrush. Photo by Betsy Greene, University of Vermont, CC BY-SA 2.0

While the thought of spring time is sure to bring a quick smile to your face, this time of year brings its own challenges for horse owners. With higher-than-average snowfalls, we are sure to have a wet spring with excess moisture, and horse owners will be struggling to manage an overabundance of mud. Additionally, these wet conditions create an environment where ailments such as thrush can thrive.

Thrush is the destruction of a portion of the horse’s hoof called the frog. This destruction is caused by an anaerobic bacteria and fungi that is not contagious. Thrush brings with it a recognizable, strong-smelling odor coming from the affected area. Although thrush is a somewhat common condition, it shouldn’t be underestimated. If left untreated, it may penetrate the sensitive structures of the hoof and cause temporary to permanent lameness.

Check out this video of thrush on a hoof depicting just how invasive thrush can be on a horse’s hoof.


Treatment can be relatively easy and inexpensive, especially if caught early. Kopertox and Thrush Buster can work well for treating thrush. Scott Morrison, equine podiatrist at Rood and Riddle Veterinary Clinic, identifies and talks about treating thrush in horses in the video “Identifying and Treating Thrush in Horses.”


To prevent thrush, the best offense is a good defense. In other words, prevention and proactive farm management is crucial. The best control for thrush is proper sanitation, especially where your horses will be spending large amounts of their time. Dark and damp conditions are ideal for thrush-causing bacteria to thrive. It would be logical then, if wanting to prevent thrush, to limit these conditions. Check out this Michigan State University Extension article to help manage the mud at your horse farm.

In addition, be sure the horse’s hooves and stall are being cleaned daily with removal of wet spots and manure. If the horse is kept in a run-in shed, the area should be cleaned weekly to help minimize the buildup of organic matter, such as manure. Keeping hooves clean of dirt, debris and excess moisture is the best way to prevent thrush.

This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. For more information, visit To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit To contact an expert in your area, visit, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464).

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What Is Oral Thrush?

Oral thrush is a very common yeast infection in babies. It causes irritation in and around a baby’s mouth.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Oral Thrush?

Oral thrush (also called oral candidiasis) can affect anyone, but is most common in babies younger than 6 months old and in older adults.

A baby with oral thrush might have cracked skin in the corners of the mouth or white patches on the lips, tongue, or inside the cheeks that look a little like cottage cheese but can’t be wiped away.

Some babies may not feed well or are uncomfortable when sucking because their mouth feels sore, but many babies don’t feel any pain or discomfort.

What Causes Oral Thrush?

Oral thrush is caused by the overgrowth of a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida albicans.

Most people (including infants) naturally have Candida in their mouths and digestive tracts, which is considered normal growth. Usually, a healthy immune system and some “good” bacteria control t he amount of this fungus in the body .

But if the immune system is weakened (from an illness or medicines like chemotherapy) or not fully developed (as in babies), Candida in the digestive tract can overgrow and lead to an infection. Candida overgrowth also causes diaper rash and vaginal yeast infections. Babies can have oral thrush and a diaper rash at the same time.

Candida overgrowth also can happen after a baby has been given antibiotics for a bacterial infection because antibiotics can kill off the “good” bacteria that keep the Candida from growing. Oral thrush also can happen after the use of steroid medicines.

How Is Oral Thrush Treated?

See your doctor if you think your baby may have thrush. Some cases go away without medical treatment within a week or two, but the doctor may prescribe an antifungal solution for your baby’s mouth. This medicine is usually applied several times a day by “painting” it on the inside of the mouth and tongue with a sponge applicator.

Depending on your baby’s age, the doctor also might suggest adding yogurt with lactobacilli to your baby’s diet. The lactobacilli are “good” bacteria that can help get rid of the yeast in your child’s mouth.

If your baby keeps getting oral thrush, especially if he or she is older than 9 months old, talk with your doctor because this might be a sign of another health issue.

Can Oral Thrush Be Prevented?

Oral thrush is a common infection in babies, but you can help prevent it:

  • If you formula-feed your baby or use a pacifier, thoroughly clean the nipples and pacifiers in hot water or a dishwasher after each use. That way, if there’s yeast on the bottle nipple or pacifier, your baby won’t be reinfected. Store milk and prepared bottles in the refrigerator to prevent yeast from growing.
  • If you breastfeed and your nipples are red and sore, you might have a yeast infection on your nipples, which you and your baby can pass back and forth. Talk to your doctor, who might recommend using an antifungal ointment on your nipples while your baby is treated with the antifungal solution.

To prevent diaper rash, change diapers often.

Yet again I have a horrible winter chest infection and am on antibiotics. Whilst I’m hopeful the infection will clear in time for Christmas I’m worried I’ll have thrush by the end of the course. Is there anything preventative I can do to avoid getting it?

TIA [hopeful emoticon]

Eat lots of plain yoghurt? Worth a shot!

I’ve been on antibiotics for a month! I had thrush the first week, did one lot of canesten and it got rid if it. I’d do the pessary as soon as you get symptoms and shouldn’t cause too much aggro.

Take a composite Vitamin B supplement (B6, B12 etc) for as long as you take antibiotics. I guarantee that you will not have thrush with the antibiotics.

I think I have thrush – I feel really sore inside but have no other symptoms. Now I have a period so can’t take canestan pessary so any other suggestions?
Cote – Would the Vitamin B supplement help?

If you don’t itch, can it be thrush? I don’t know. Is there a doctor you can call and ask?

I don’t think Vit B supplements would do much if you already have an infection.

I didn’t feel sore inside with thrush, most of the symptoms seem to be ‘outside’ (itchiness, swelling) as it were. Maybe something else. You should get checked out.

Lots of bio yogurt but you can also buy supplements at pharmacies which contain ‘good’ bacteria. I would ask boots. For children there is a powder which you dissolve in some water and they have to drink it (vanilla taste I believe), might be more effective than yogurt. For vaginal thrush you can use a tampon with bioyogurt leave for 1 hour and then remove.
Good luck.

To each her own and all that, but in the year 2010 when we have easy access to medicine and nutrient supplements, it seems a bit daft to recommend people to stick yoghurt up their vagina. Especially since in will not work.

When you are taking antibiotics, probiotic yoghurt will not be effective when eaten (or rubbed against your inner organs), for the simple and obvious reason that the antibiotic will kill those bacteria just as swiftly as it kills the others in your body.